Bibliotek

Bibliotek över vetenskapliga artiklar i vilka COPSOQ ingår

I biblioteket kan du söka på olika variabler; typ av studie, yrkesgrupper som studien är gjord på och i vilket land studien är genomförd. Vi har valt att begränsa utbudet till artiklar som publicerats på något av de skandinaviska språken eller engelska, dvs. vetenskapliga artiklar i vilka COPSOQ ingår men som är publicerade på andra språk (exempelvis tyska, spanska, portugisiska och koreanska) finns inte med i databasen.

I biblioteket kan du söka med fri text, och du kan också välja att söka på svenska eller engelska. När du har gjort din sökning kan du trycka på "Läs mer" vid varje artikel för att få mer information om just den artikeln, bla. abstract, författare och publiceringsår. Du kan också markera och spara dina favoriter, genom att markera stjärnan vid sidan av vald artikel. De valda favoriterna, kan sedan sparas som PDF.

De flesta artiklarna har även ett DOI-nummer, vilket kan underlätta om man vill hitta fram till artikeln där den är publicerad. Det är lite olika för artiklarna om huruvida de är open access, dvs tillgänglig gratis – detta kan du snabbt ta reda på genom att kopiera in DOI-nummret och göra en sökning i din webbläsare. Du kan alltid fråga ditt bibliotek för hjälp med åtkomst till en artikel som inte har open access.

Biblioteket uppdaterades senast i september 2021.

Language: English | Svenska
Markerade artiklar: 0

Work limitations due to neck-shoulder pain and physical work demands in older workers: cross-sectional study

Bayattork, M., Skovlund, S.V., Sundstrup, E. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: Many older workers are working despite having neck-shoulder pain (NSP), which may give rise to work limitations due to pain, especially among those with high physical work demands. This study investigated the joint association of neck-shoulder pain intensity and physical work demands with work limitations among older workers. Methods: In SeniorWorkingLife, workers ≥ 50 years (n = 11,800) replied to questions about NSP intensity, work limitations due to pain, and physical activity demands at work. The odds ratio for having a higher level of work limitations due to pain in relation to neck-shoulder pain intensity and physical work demands were modeled using logistic regression controlled for various confounders. Results: The results showed that the neck-shoulder pain intensity was associated with work limitations in a dose–response fashion (p < 0.0001). Importantly, a significant interaction existed between neck-shoulder pain intensity and physical activity at work (p < 0.0001), e.g., 77% of workers with high pain and high work demands experienced work limitations due to the pain. Conclusion: Higher neck-shoulder pain intensity and higher physical work demands—and particularly in combination—were associated with higher odds of work limitation due to pain among older workers. Thus, it seems especially important to accommodate work demands through a better work environment for these groups of workers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-020-01594-7

Referens

Bayattork, M., Skovlund, S.V., Sundstrup, E. et al. (2020). Work limitations due to neck-shoulder pain and physical work demands in older workers: cross-sectional study. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

Working conditions and health in Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic: Minding the gap

Salas-Nicás, S., Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Navarro, A.

Sammanfattning

Background: The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic has had major consequences in the workplace, both in terms of the number of cases among the working population and the enormous changes made to cope with it. The objective of this study is to describe the impact of COVID-19 on the working conditions and health of wage-earners in Spain. Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out between the end of April and the end of May 2020 among the wage-earning population. Sample included n = 20,328 participants obtained through an online survey. Results: A situation of high-strain was reported by 44.3% of workers, 42.6% were concerned about possible job loss, 75.6% about finding a new job if they lost the present one, 69.7% were worried about salary reduction, 68% about becoming infected at work and 72.3% of being a transmitter of the virus. Among those who regularly went to work, 13.1% did so with symptoms compatible with COVID-19 and 71.2% stated that they had done so without adequate protection measures. 36.7% of workers believe that their health worsened, 41.6% had severe trouble sleeping during the last month, 55.1% were at risk of poor mental health and consumption more than doubled of tranquilisers and opioid analgesics, compared to the pre-pandemic situation. Conclusion: The impact of COVID-19 on the wage-earning population has been enormous, with high exposures to harmful working conditions and very poor health indicators, which, compared to the pre-pandemic situation, means significant deterioration. Important inequalities are observed according to class, gender, age and wage.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1016/j.ssci.2020.105064

Referens

Salas-Nicás, S., Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Navarro, A. (2021). Working conditions and health in Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic: Minding the gap. Safety Science, 134.

High-performance work practices, employee well-being, and supportive leadership: spillover mechanisms and boundary conditions between HRM and leadership behavior

Hauff, S., Felfe, J. & Klug, K.

Sammanfattning

The aim of this paper is to deepen our understanding of the relationships between high-performance work practices (HPWPs) and employee well-being. In particular, we integrate three employee well-being types, proposing that HPWPs positively affect employee health (i.e. health status, sickness absence, and sleep quality), mediated by job satisfaction and employee engagement. We also analyze the influence of supportive leadership as a key contextual factor. We hypothesize that the positive relationships between HPWPs and employee health via job satisfaction and engagement will be reinforced by supportive leadership, since the relationships between HPWPs and a) job satisfaction and b) work engagement should be stronger when leadership is more supportive. These hypotheses are tested with representative data from German-speaking countries (Austria, Germany, and Switzerland; N = 3325). The results support the mediating roles of job satisfaction and work engagement. Interestingly, the remaining direct relationships between HPWPs and sleep quality are negative, which supports a counteracting effects model. We further find a moderating effect where, in contrast to our assumption, supportive leadership attenuates HPWPs’ effects.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland, Österrike, Schweiz

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1080/09585192.2020.1841819

Referens

Hauff, S., Felfe, J. & Klug, K. (2020). High-performance work practices, employee well-being, and supportive leadership: spillover mechanisms and boundary conditions between HRM and leadership behavior. The International Journal of Human Resource Management.

The Relationship between Empowering Leadership, Work Characteristics, and Work Engagement among Academics: A SEM Mediation Analysis

Helland, E., Christensen, M., & Innstrand, S. T.

Sammanfattning

Using theories of empowering leadership, empowerment and social exchange, this paper aims to add to the literature on leadership in higher education by exploring how and why empowering leadership is linked to academics’ work engagement through mediation of work characteristics that are crucial to academics: job autonomy, social community at work, recognition, and unreasonable tasks. To investigate this, data from a cross-sectional survey of N = 3759 (n = 3059) academics and doctoral research fellows from three major Norwegian universities were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results show that empowering leadership is related to academics’ work engagement through the following work characteristics: job autonomy, social community at work, and unreasonable tasks. Empowering leadership was also related to academics’ recognition, but recognition was not, in turn, associated with work engagement. Future researchers may consider prospective, experimental, and qualitative designs to extend the results of this study.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Norge

Yrken

Akademiker

DOI

10.16993/sjwop.84

Referens

Helland, E., Christensen, M., & Innstrand, S. T. (2020). The Relationship between Empowering Leadership, Work Characteristics, and Work Engagement among Academics: A SEM Mediation Analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 5 (1), 11.

Public managers' role in creating workplace social capital (WSC) and its effect on employees' well-being and health: a protocol of a longitudinal cohort study (PUMA-WSC)

Pihl-Thingvad, S., Hansen, S. W., Winter, V., Hansen, M. S., & Willems, J.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: Workplace social capital (WSC) has been shown to affect employees’ well-being and health, yet it is not clear how public managers can create WSC and which forms of WSC are most important. This study is the first prospective cohort study to examine the relationship between management behaviour, WSC, well-being and sickness absence. It uses a validated and detailed scale on WSC, which can distinguish between bonding, bridging, linking and organisational WSC over time. The study thereby provides rich data giving a much-needed detailed image of how WSC impacts on public employees’ well-being and health. Additionally, the study pays special attention to the fact that these relationships can be different for different types of employees and therefore tests a set of relevant employee and context-related variables. Methods and analysis: Project preparations in terms of agreements and data preparation of existing data started in 2019. This prospective cohort study considers and collects organisational data from 2016 to 2025. Annual employee surveys of more than 8000 employees (in a large Danish municipality) will be combined with register data in all years. This generates a unique cohort of public employees in different professions that are traceable over several years. The annual surveys include information on the management behaviour, WSC and employee outcomes. Fine-grained information on sickness absences will be matched for all employees and years under study. Moreover, confounders and the nested nature of the data will be considered. Ethics and dissemination: Approval has been obtained from The Regional Committee on Health Research Ethics from Southern Denmark and from the University of Southern Denmark. The results will be presented at conferences and published in international peer-reviewed journals and in a practice-oriented monography targeted at public managers. The result will furthermore be disseminated to the involved employees through seminars and workshops in the participating organisations.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039027

Referens

Pihl-Thingvad, S., Hansen, S. W., Winter, V., Hansen, M. S., & Willems, J. (2020). Public managers' role in creating workplace social capital (WSC) and its effect on employees' well-being and health: a protocol of a longitudinal cohort study (PUMA-WSC). BMJ open, 10 (10).

Eating Habits and Lifestyle during COVID-19 Lockdown in the United Arab Emirates: A Cross-Sectional Study

Cheikh Ismail, L. et al.

Sammanfattning

The coronavirus disease is still spreading in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with subsequent lockdowns and social distancing measures being enforced by the government. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of the lockdown on eating habits and lifestyle behaviors among residents of the UAE. A cross-sectional study among adults in the UAE was conducted using an online questionnaire between April and May 2020. A total of 1012 subjects participated in the study. During the pandemic, 31% reported weight gain and 72.2% had less than eight cups of water per day. Furthermore, the dietary habits of the participants were distanced from the Mediterranean diet principles and closer to "unhealthy" dietary patterns. Moreover, 38.5% did not engage in physical activity and 36.2% spent over five hours per day on screens for entertainment. A significantly higher percentage of participants reported physical exhaustion, emotional exhaustion, irritability, and tension "all the time" during the pandemic compared to before the pandemic (p < 0.001). Sleep disturbances were prevalent among 60.8% of the participants during the pandemic. Although lockdowns are an important safety measure to protect public health, results indicate that they might cause a variety of lifestyle changes, physical inactivity, and psychological problems among adults in the UAE.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Förenade Arabemiraten

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3390/nu12113314

Referens

Cheikh Ismail, L. et al. (2020). Eating Habits and Lifestyle during COVID-19 Lockdown in the United Arab Emirates: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients, 12(11), 3314.

Intensity Matters: The Role of Physical Activity in the Job Demands-Resources Model

Fodor, P. D., Pohrt, A., Gekeler, S. B., Knoll, N., Heuse, S.

Sammanfattning

Research indicates that physical activity is associated with lower perceived job stress and burnout. Recent literature shows that regular vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity (VPA) may have beneficial effects going well beyond those of regular moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity (MPA). However, research investigating the competing roles of VPA and MPA in the context of deleterious job conditions is scarce. Using data from an online-study with 847 employees, we tested if VPA and MPA relate to lower symptoms of burnout and whether they moderate the relationship of job demands and burnout. Results point towards a negative main effect between MPA and burnout whereas no main effect has been found between VPA and burnout. However, results indicate that VPA moderates the deleterious relationship of high job demands and burnout. Findings suggest that employees may benefit from MPA independently from level of job demand whereas VPA may additionally help coping with high job demands.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.5093/jwop2020a21

Referens

Fodor, P. D., Pohrt, A., Gekeler, S. B., Knoll, N., Heuse, S. (2020). Intensity Matters: The Role of Physical Activity in the Job Demands-Resources Model. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 36 (3), 223-229.

Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on psychological distress in health workers: A three-arm parallel randomized controlled trial

Errazuriz, A. et al.

Sammanfattning

Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) has shown good efficacy for improving wellbeing in employees experiencing occupational stress. However, comparisons with other interventions, longer-term follow-up, and data from varying sociocultural contexts are lacking. This three-arm, parallel randomised controlled trial (RCT) examined the effects of MBSR on psychological distress in non-physician health workers in direct contact with patients. 105 participants were randomly allocated to either: (1) MBSR (N = 35), (2) Stress Management Course (SMC; N = 34) or (3) wait-list (N = 36). Participants and those assessing outcomes were blinded to group assignment. Participants completed questionnaires pre- and post-intervention and four months after the intervention. Psychological distress was measured using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and Outcome Questionnaire (OQ-45). Secondary outcomes included perceived stress, job satisfaction, mindfulness skills and changes in salivary cortisol. 77 participants completed measures post-intervention and 52 at 4-month follow-up. MBSR showed a post-intervention effect in reducing GHQ-12 (ß = −0.80 [SE = 1.58] p < 0.01) and OQ-45 (ß = −0.72, [SE = 5.87] p < 0.05) psychological distress, compared to SMC and in reducing GHQ-12 (ß = −1.30 [SE = 1.38] p < 0.001) and OQ-45 (ß = −0.71, [SE = 5.58] p < 0.01) psychological distress compared to wait-list condition. In our secondary outcome, only MBSR was associated with a decrease in the cortisol awaking response by 23% (p < 0.05). At follow-up, only effects of MBSR on the psychological distress ‘social role’ subscale (ß = −0.76 [SE = 1.31] p < 0.05) remained significant, compared to SMC. In conclusion, MBSR appears useful in reducing short-term psychological distress in healthcare workers, but these effects were not maintained at follow-up. Trial registration: ISRCTN12039804.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Chile

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1016/j.jpsychires.2020.11.011

Referens

Errazuriz, A. et al. (2020). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on psychological distress in health workers: A three-arm parallel randomized controlled trial. Journal of Psychiatric Research.

Psychological Demands and Health: An Examination of the Role of Core Self-evaluations in the Stress-Coping Process

Pujol-Cols, L., Lazzaro-Salazar, M.

Sammanfattning

This study examined the direct and interactive effects of core self-evaluations (CSEs), psychological demands (i.e., quantitative and emotional demands) and coping strategies on mental and physical health in a sample of Argentinian managers. A total of 112 managers completed an online survey on CSEs, psychological demands, coping strategies, mental health, and physical health. First, the results of the hierarchical regression analyses revealed that both quantitative and emotional demands were significant predictors of individuals’ mental and physical health. Second, CSEs were found to significantly explain individuals’ mental health but not their physical health. Third, the findings showed that CSEs moderated the relationship between emotional demands and physical health, suggesting that the negative effects of emotional demands on physical health are greater for those individuals with less positive CSEs. Fourth, the results demonstrated that CSEs moderated the relationship between problem-solving coping and physical health, which suggests that this strategy is more effective when individuals have more positive CSEs. Finally, practical implications, limitations and future lines of research are discussed in this article.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Argentina

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s12646-020-00569-5

Referens

Pujol-Cols, L., Lazzaro-Salazar, M. (2020). Psychological Demands and Health: An Examination of the Role of Core Self-evaluations in the Stress-Coping Process. Psychol Stud, 65, 408–419.

Prospective cohort study on the social determinants of health: Tehran University of Medical Sciences employees` cohort (TEC) study protocol

Nedjat, S., Mehrdad, R., Yunesian, M. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: In this study, the association between the social determinants of health (SDH) as well as other health risk factors and outcomes will be evaluated at different socioeconomic layers. Methods/design: This is a prospective cohort study that was launched in January 2018 on Tehran University of Medical Sciences’ employees. The initial enrolment phase will continue up to March 2021, or until a sample size of 5500 is reached. In addition to annual phone-calls, the participants will be followed thrice at 5-year intervals. Data are collected through blood and urine samples, complete physical examination, anthropometric evaluation, and the completion of questionnaires related to SDH, such as socioeconomic status and social capital, history of diseases, lifestyle (including, nutrition, physical activity, cigarette and hookah smoking), occupational exposures (including psychosocial factors at work and work-family conflicts), and different aspects of physical, mental and occupational health as health outcomes. The association between independent variables and health (objective or subjective) are examined using multiple models and by controlling the confounding effects. Moreover, the trend in lifestyle changes and its impact on health are evaluated. Discussion: Our study will explore the key social determinants as well as other factors including socioeconomic status and social capital, history of diseases, lifestyle and occupational exposures that affect health. This will provide social and occupational health decision-makers and stakeholders with new and valuable evidence in an era in which we are witnessing huge changes in lifestyle.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Iran

Yrken

Universitetspersonal

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-09798-9

Referens

Nedjat, S., Mehrdad, R., Yunesian, M. et al. (2020). Prospective cohort study on the social determinants of health: Tehran University of Medical Sciences employees` cohort (TEC) study protocol. BMC Public Health, 20, 1703.

A Time-Lagged Examination of the Greenhaus and Allen Work-Family Balance Model

Landolfi, A., Barattucci, M., & Lo Presti, A.

Sammanfattning

The work-family interface is a compelling topic that calls into question labor market dynamics and work processes, together with important social and family composition changes. The present study aimed at examining the antecedents of Work-Family Balance (WFB) in Italy consistent with Greenhaus and Allen’s (2011) conceptual model in which the characteristics of work and family roles have an indirect impact on work-family balance through Work-Family Conflict (WFC) and Work-Family Enrichment (WFE), and where job and family satisfaction are considered as predictors of WFB. A total of 568 workers participated in a time-lagged correlational study, filling a questionnaire. The theoretical model was tested by assessing the mediating role of job and family satisfaction as well as related antecedents, conflict, and enrichment between the family and work contexts, through Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results partially confirmed the theoretical model: work-to-family enrichment and work-to-family conflict predicted family satisfaction, which also mediated their association with WFB. The results in the family-to-work direction did not support the initial research hypotheses. The hypotheses about associations between demands and resources, conflict and enrichment in both directions, and of the moderating role of core self-evaluations were partially confirmed. The results highlighted that organizations need to carry out periodic assessments of WFC and WFE, in order to provide benefits and resources, to reduce conflict, and increase enrichment, through proper interventions (training activities, professional development, mentoring, and forms of flexibility).

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3390/bs10090140

Referens

Landolfi, A., Barattucci, M., & Lo Presti, A. (2020). A Time-Lagged Examination of the Greenhaus and Allen Work-Family Balance Model. Behavioral sciences (Basel, Switzerland), 10(9), 140.

Is low-back pain a limiting factor for senior workers with high physical work demands? A cross-sectional study

Nygaard, P.P., Skovlund, S.V., Sundstrup, E. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Low-back pain (LBP) is highly prevalent among senior workers and may affect work ability, especially among those with hard physical work. This study determined the joint association of LBP intensity and physical work demands with work limitiations due to pain in senior workers. Methods: In the SeniorWorkingLife study (2018), 11,738 senior workers (≥50 years) replied to questions about physical work demands, LBP intensity, and work limitations due to pain. Using logistic regression analyses and controlling for potential confounders, associations between the physical work demands and LBP intensity (interaction) with work limitiations due to pain (outcome) was modeled. Results: Higher LBP intensity, as well as higher physical work demands, significantly increased the odds of experiencing work limitiations due to pain, and these two factors interacted with each other (p < 0.0001). In analyses stratified for LBP intensity, higher physical work demands gradually increased the odds of experiencing work limitiations due to pain. Conclusions: Senior workers with a combination of physically demanding work and LBP are more affected by their pain during everyday work tasks compared to workers with similar LBP-intensity in sedentary occupations. Accommodation of work demands seems especially relevant for this group of workers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12891-020-03643-1

Referens

Nygaard, P.P., Skovlund, S.V., Sundstrup, E. et al. (2020). Is low-back pain a limiting factor for senior workers with high physical work demands? A cross-sectional study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 21, 622.

The Effect of Psychosocial Work Environment on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Health Care Providers

Alshahrani, B., Alumran, A.

Sammanfattning

Background: Psychosocial work environment is a significant factor in the provision of quality health care. Understanding the psychosocial work environment in the Saudi Arabian health care system is critical in opening up new paths for future workplace interventions and the promotion of quality health care practices. We determined the relationship between psychosocial work environment and quality of life of employees in a major Saudi health care setting. Methods: We designed a quantitative cross-sectional study conducted at King Fahad University Hospital using a Web-based, validated survey targeting all hospital employees. Results: The study results showed that males have significantly higher quality of life and psychosocial work environment scores (t = -2.992, p < .001) than females (t = -2.07, p < 0.05). Employees with day shifts only had significantly higher quality of life scores compared to regular rotation shifts (t = 3.228, p < 0.001). Pearson correlation showed a significant association between quality of life and psychosocial work environment (r = .349, p < .001). The multivariable regression model showed a significant effect of psychosocial work environment, gender, and type of shift on quality of life (adjusted r2 = 0.2665, f = 16.26, p < 0.001). Conclusion: We anticipated that with higher quality of life, employees’ productivity increases. Thus, we expected patient care to improve by increasing health care providers’ quality of life scores. This study showed a significant correlation between psychosocial work environment and quality of life.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Saudiarabien

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.21203/rs.3.rs-64779/v1

Referens

Alshahrani, B., Alumran, A. (2020). The Effect of Psychosocial Work Environment on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Health Care Providers. Research Square.

Feeling of insecurity in Khaki: its effects on burnout and allied consequences in Haryana Police officers

Kumar, A., Narula, S.

Sammanfattning

The study aimed to assess feeling of insecurity at job, its association with burnout and the role of burnout in the relationships of feeling of insecurity with certain outcomes in Haryana Police officers. Adopting a cross-sectional design (sample size 1,223), the study observed feeling of insecurity at job in the officers; its positive association with burnout; burnout as a mediator in the relationships of feeling of insecurity with job satisfaction, commitment to the workplace, health, work-family conflict, and feeling to quit. The study identified burnout acting more like a suppressor variable in the relationships of feeling of insecurity with organisational citizenship behaviours, and physical aggression. The study found both feeling of insecurity and burnout as unrelated to verbal aggression. For the police administrators, study findings have key practical implications. The findings highlight feeling of insecurity and burnout as key venues to target with appropriate interventions for attenuating their adverse effects.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Indien

Yrken

Poliser

DOI

10.1504/IJICBM.2020.109358

Referens

Kumar, A., Narula, S. (2020). Feeling of insecurity in Khaki: its effects on burnout and allied consequences in Haryana Police officers. International Journal of Indian Culture and Business Management, vol. 21(1), pages 94-117.

Working conditions of healthcare workers and clients’ satisfaction with care: study protocol and baseline results of a cluster-randomised workplace intervention

Montano, D., Kuchenbaur, M., Geissler, H. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: In the present investigation the study protocol and the results at baseline of a workplace intervention are reported. It is hypothesised that the reduction of the physical and psychosocial workload of healthcare workers increases 1 their self-assessed physical and mental work ability, and 2. clients’ satisfaction with care. Methods: Two-arm, cluster-randomised trial. Outcome data on workers and clients are collected in questionnaires at baseline, and two follow-ups between 2019 and 2021. Participants of the interventions are healthcare workers of 11 healthcare providers in Germany. At baseline, the intervention arm comprised 22 clusters (n = 174 workers); the control arm, 47 clusters (n = 276). The intervention consists of interviews and workshops, in which employees propose measures aiming to reduce the physical and psychosocial load, and strengthen resources at work. The primary outcome is the workers’ physical and mental work ability. The secondary outcome is the clients’ satisfaction with care. Results: There was no evidence of substantial differences between trial arms at baseline concerning the outcomes. The design effect estimates for physical and mental work ability were 1.29 and 1.05, respectively. At the end of the trial, effect sizes of at least 0.30 and 0.27 at the 80% power and 5% significance levels can be attained. Conclusions: The results suggest that the implementation of the study design has been satisfactory. The intervention is expected to provide evidence of relatively small to medium-size effects of the intervention activities on the work ability of healthcare workers and the clients’ satisfaction with care. Trial registration: Registration trial DRKS00021138 on the German Registry of Clinical Studies (DRKS), retrospectively registered on 25 March, 2020.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-09290-4

Referens

Montano, D., Kuchenbaur, M., Geissler, H. et al. (2020). Working conditions of healthcare workers and clients’ satisfaction with care: study protocol and baseline results of a cluster-randomised workplace intervention. BMC Public Health, 20, 1281.

Changing to improve? Organizational change and change-oriented leadership in hospitals

Øygarden, O., Olsen, E. and Mikkelsen, A.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: This paper aims to fill gaps in one’s knowledge of the impact of organizational change on two outcomes relevant to hospital service quality (performance obstacles and physician job satisfaction) and in one’s knowledge of the role of middle manager change-oriented leadership in relation to the same outcomes. Further, the authors aim to identify how physician participation in decision-making is impacted by organizational change and change-oriented leadership, as well as how it mediates the relationships between these two variables, performance obstacles and job satisfaction. Design/methodology/approach: The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design including data from Norwegian hospital physicians (N = 556). A hypothetical model was developed based on existing theory, confirmatory factor analysis was carried out in order to ensure the validity of measurement concepts, and the structural model was estimated using structural equation modelling. Findings: The organizational changes in question were positively related to performance obstacles both directly and indirectly through participation in decision-making. Organizational change was also negatively related to job satisfaction, both directly and indirectly. Change-oriented leadership was negatively related to performance obstacles, but only indirectly through participation in decision-making, whereas it was positively related to job satisfaction both directly and indirectly. Originality/value: The authors developed a theoretical model based on existing theory, but to their knowledge no other studies have tested these exact relationships within one model. These findings offer insights relevant to current and ongoing developments in the healthcare field and to the question of how hospitals may deal with continuous changes in ways that could contribute positively towards outcomes relevant to service quality.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Norge

Yrken

Läkare

DOI

10.1108/JHOM-09-2019-0280

Referens

Øygarden, O., Olsen, E. and Mikkelsen, A. (2020). Changing to improve? Organizational change and change-oriented leadership in hospitals. Journal of Health Organization and Management, Vol. 34 No. 6, 687-706.

Differential Work Design for Different Age Groups? A Systematic Literature Review of the Moderating Role of Age in the Relationship Between Psychosocial Work Characteristics and Health

Mühlenbrock, I., Hüffmeier, J.

Sammanfattning

Aging and the shrinkage of the working population increase the importance of preserving employee health. To analyze how associations between psychosocial work characteristics (e. g., quantitative work demands or social support) and individual health vary across age groups, we systematically reviewed a large sample of relevant published articles. Overall, we included 30 articles that reported 107 associations and found significant evidence of interactions between work characteristics and age for 61 % of these associations. To analyze these interactions further, we formed consistent age groups (younger [≤ 34 years], middle-aged [35 – 49 years], and older employees [≥ 50 years]). While we found differences across these age groups (e. g., a stronger association between low job autonomy and poor health in older employees), we did not identify crossover interactions with contradictory associations between work characteristics and health for different age groups. Implications for future research and an age-sensitive work design are discussed.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Ej relevant

DOI

10.1026/0932-4089/a000330

Referens

Mühlenbrock, I., Hüffmeier, J. (2020). Differential Work Design for Different Age Groups? A Systematic Literature Review of the Moderating Role of Age in the Relationship Between Psychosocial Work Characteristics and Health. Zeitschrift für Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie A&O, 64, 171-195.

What makes them happy? Professional care-givers’ job satisfaction

Höld, J., Späth, J. & Kricheldorff, C.

Sammanfattning

Background: Nurses’ job dissatisfaction can be seen as an early warning indicator of occupational change and (early) termination intentions. A better understanding of job satisfaction and its determinants can help to prevent nurses from leaving their profession. Aim: We assessed the impact of nurses’ perception of job characteristics on their overall job satisfaction in order to identify the most relevant factors. We also investigated the potential mechanisms through which the most relevant factor influences job satisfaction. Method: We used multiple regression analysis based on a standardized survey of about 800 registered nurses (in long-term care facilities) in both inpatient care and outpatient care in Germany as well as qualitative content analysis of about 50 semi-structured interviews with nurses. Results: We found that collaboration with the team and supervisor to be the most relevant factor associated with job satisfaction. A good team can create professional support and ideational support for professional caregivers and enhance their professional development and the quality of care. Discussion: Our results point to the importance of leadership training, team building methods and other measures for establishing and cultivating a pleasant working atmosphere with flexible shift handovers and team meetings.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1007/s00391-020-01759-6

Referens

Höld, J., Späth, J. & Kricheldorff, C. (2020). What makes them happy? Professional care-givers’ job satisfaction. Z Gerontol Geriat, 53, 655–662.

The WHO/ILO report on long working hours and ischaemic heart disease – Conclusions are not supported by the evidence

Kivimäki, M., Virtanen, M., Nyberg, T.S., Batty, G. D.

Sammanfattning

Working hours is a ubiquitous exposure given that most adults are employed, and one that is modifiable via legislative change if not always through individual-level choice. According to a recent report from the World Health Organization (WHO) and International Labour Organization (ILO), there is currently sufficient evidence to conclude that long working hours (i.e., ≥55 h per week) elevate the risk of fatal and non-fatal ischaemic heart disease to a clinically meaningful extent. After assessing the data used by the ILO/WHO, we feel that the expert group has not correctly applied their own framework for assessing the strength of the evidence. In the meta-analysis of observational studies in the report, the association between long working hours and incident heart disease appeared stronger in lower quality cohort studies with a high risk of bias (minimally-adjusted hazard ratio 1.20, 95% CI 1.01–1.41, compared to standard 35–40 weekly hours) than in the superior-quality studies with a lower risk of bias for which the estimate was not significantly different from the null (1.08, 95% CI 0.93–1.25). There was also marked effect modification, such that there was no increase in ischaemic heart disease for those working long hours in high socioeconomic status occupations, a finding also reported in analyses of a recent census-based cohort study which was not included in the report. Our meta-analysis of all these studies confirm that the findings are not consistent but differ between subgroups and that the summary age- and sex-adjusted hazard ratio for long working hours in high socioeconomic status occupations does not support excess risk: 0.85, 95% CI 0.63–1.13 (Pinteraction = 0.005, total N = 451,982). For these and other reasons detailed in this commentary, we advance a more cautious interpretation of the existing evidence. The conclusions should be restricted to low socioeconomic status occupations only and more research is still needed to confirm or refute harmfulness and determine clinical relevance.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Ej relevant

DOI

10.1016/j.envint.2020.106048

Referens

Kivimäki, M., Virtanen, M., Nyberg, T.S., Batty, G. D. (2020). The WHO/ILO report on long working hours and ischaemic heart disease – Conclusions are not supported by the evidence. Environment International, Volume 144.

The mediating role of unhealthy behaviors and body mass index in the relationship between high job strain and self-rated poor health among lower educated workers

van Oostrom, S.H., Nachat, A., Loef, B. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: The objective of this study is to examine the mediating role of unhealthy behaviors and body mass index (BMI) in the relationship between high job strain and self-rated poor health in workers with a low education. Methods: A total of 8369 low educated workers, who participated in the Lifelines cohort study during the period 2012–2017, were included. Self-reported job strain, health behaviors (smoking, physical activity, and fruit and vegetable consumption), and BMI were assessed at baseline, and self-rated health after 2 years. To assess mediation by the health behaviors and BMI, structural equation modeling with logistic and multinomial regression analyses were performed. Results: Workers with high job strain had a higher odds of poor health (OR 1.34; 95% CI 1.13–1.60) compared to those with low job strain. Workers with high job strain were more likely to have a lack of physical activity (OR 1.14; 95% CI 1.01–1.28), but were not more likely to smoke, to be overweight or obese, or to have a low fruit or vegetable consumption. Workers who smoke, have a lack of physical activity or are overweight or obese are more likely to report poor health (OR 1.37; 95% CI 1.16–1.60, OR 1.25; 95% CI 1.08–1.43, OR 1.37; 95% CI 1.16–1.61, OR 2.25; 95% CI 1.86–2.72). Indirect (mediating) effects of unhealthy behaviors and BMI in the relationship between high job strain and poor health were small and not statistically significant. Conclusions: No mediating effects of unhealthy behaviors or BMI were found in the relationship between high job strain and self-rated poor health among workers with a low educational level.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-020-01565-y

Referens

van Oostrom, S.H., Nachat, A., Loef, B. et al. (2020). The mediating role of unhealthy behaviors and body mass index in the relationship between high job strain and self-rated poor health among lower educated workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

The association between supervisor support and ethical dilemmas on Nurses' intention to leave: The mediating role of the meaning of work

Hognestad Haaland, G., Olsen, E., Mikkelsen, A.

Sammanfattning

Aim: To examine the association between supervisor support and ethical dilemmas on nurses' intention to leave health care organisations, both directly and through the mediating role of the meaning of work. Background: The shortage of nurses makes it vital that organisations retain nurses and so reduce the costs associated with replacing experienced nurses. Methods: This cross‐sectional study samples 2,946 registered nurses from a selected health region in Norway. Structural equation modelling was used to test a hypothesized model. Results: Social support from the supervisor and ethical dilemmas is associated with nurses' intention to leave, both directly and indirectly through the mediating role of the meaning of work. Conclusion: Health care organisations should enhance social support from supervisors and the meaning of work, and reduce the level of ethical dilemmas in hospitals. Implications for Nursing Management: Health care organisations should continuously develop and offer training in nurse manager skills, such as being empathic, understanding employees' needs and how to communicate and handle ethical dilemmas. Managers should value staff contributions, encourage staff involvement in ethical questions and highlight the impact of nurses' work on improving the welfare of others.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Norge

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1111/jonm.13153

Referens

Hognestad Haaland, G., Olsen, E., Mikkelsen, A. (2020). The association between supervisor support and ethical dilemmas on Nurses' intention to leave: The mediating role of the meaning of work. J Nurs Manag, 00: 1– 8.

The moderating role of psychosocial working conditions on the long-term relationship between depressive symptoms and work ability among employees from the Baby Boom generation

Weber, J., Hasselhorn, H.M., Borchart, D. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objective: Mental disorders have been identified as a leading cause for reduced work ability in industrialized countries. Identification of workplace factors that can increase the work ability of employees with depressive symptoms from the Baby Boom generation is, therefore, highly relevant. This study thus aims to investigate whether changes in psychosocial working conditions can moderate the negative association between depressive symptoms and work ability. Methods: Two waves with a 3-year time lag of the German lidA cohort study with 3609 participants born in 1959 and 1965 (aged 46 and 52 years at first wave) were analyzed. Self-report data about depressive symptoms at baseline and changes of working conditions from baseline to follow-up were used to calculate main and interaction effects on perceived work ability at follow-up. These analyses were controlled for baseline work ability and working conditions. Results: Depressive symptoms were predictive for an unfavorable course of work ability from baseline to follow-up (B = − 0.173, 95% CI = − 0.219 to − 0.128). However, no interaction effect between depressive symptoms and psychosocial working conditions was found. Instead, independent from the level of depressive symptoms, a decrease in quantitative demands (B = − 0.279, 95% CI = − 0.326 to − 0.232) and increases in leadership quality (B = 0.242, 95% CI = 0.192–0.292) and development opportunities (B = 0.177, 95% CI = 0.127–0.277) were related to a more favorable course of work ability. Only small effects were found for social support (B = 0.057, 95% CI = 0.008–0.106) and job control (B = 0.043, 95% CI = − 0.005–0.091). Conclusions: The results indicate that the lagged and negative effect of depressive symptoms on work ability was not moderated by changes in psychosocial working conditions. However, the promotion of favorable working conditions may contribute to a positive development of work ability among employees from the Baby Boom generation independently from the level of depressive symptoms.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-020-01570-1

Referens

Weber, J., Hasselhorn, H.M., Borchart, D. et al. (2020). The moderating role of psychosocial working conditions on the long-term relationship between depressive symptoms and work ability among employees from the Baby Boom generation. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

Leaving and staying with the employer—Changes in work, health, and work ability among older workers

Garthe, N., Hasselhorn, H.M.

Sammanfattning

Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to examine employer changes among older workers and to relate them to psychosocial work factors, health, and work ability. Four groups of employees as elaborated by Hom et al. (2012) were distinguished: Enthusiastic leavers (EL), reluctant leavers (RL), enthusiastic stayers (ES), and reluctant stayers (RS). Methods: Repeated Measures ANOVA analyses were based on data from the second and third waves (2014, 2018) of the German lidA Cohort Study, a representative study of employees born in 1959 or 1965. Results: The largest proportion of participants was ES (73.3%), 13.2% stayed with their employer although they would have preferred to leave (RS). 7.1% changed employer between 2014 and 2018 voluntarily (EL), 6.4% involuntarily (RL). Analyses confirmed that the four groups already differed in 2014 in terms of health, work ability, and psychosocial work factors and that these outcomes change in different characteristic patterns over time. Most outcomes improved substantially following the change among EL. RS already reported poor outcomes in 2014 and exhibited a further deterioration while staying at the undesired workplace. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that an employer change is followed by improvements of work, health, and work ability. We conclude that an inclusive labor market policy for older workers allowing for high job mobility may have the potential to contribute to considerable improvements of workers’ individual working conditions, health, and work ability, thereby increasing the work participation. Also, the considerable group of RL requires increased political and scientific attention.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-020-01563-0

Referens

Garthe, N., Hasselhorn, H.M. (2020). Leaving and staying with the employer—Changes in work, health, and work ability among older workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

Working conditions as risk factors for early exit from work—in a cohort of 2351 employees in Germany

d’Errico, A., Burr, H., Pattloch, D. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: We would assess the possible impact of a range of physical and psychosocial working conditions on early exit from paid employment (i.e., before retirement age) in a representative employee population in Germany. Methods: We analysed a cohort from the German Study on Mental Health at Work (S-MGA) with a baseline of 2351 employees in 2011/12, sampled randomly from the register of integrated employment biographies (IEB) at the Institute for Employment Research (IAB). Follow-up ended mid-2015. Early Exit comprised episodes of either pensioning, long-term sickness absence or unemployment ≥ 18 months. Total follow-up years were 8.422. Working conditions were partly assessed by the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). Through Cox regressions, associations of baseline working conditions with time to event of exit were estimated—adjusting for baseline age, gender, poverty, fixed-term contract and socioeconomic position. Results: In multiple regressions, awkward body postures (HR = 1.24; 95% CI = 1.07–1.44), heavy lifting (1.17; 1.00–1.37) and high work pace (1.41; 1.16–1.72) were associated with exit. The estimated attributable fraction of exit for being exposed to less than optimal work environment was 25%. Regarding specific exit routes, repetitive movements (1.25; 1.03–1.53) increased the risk for the long-term sickness absence; work pace (1.86; 1.22–2.86) and role clarity (0.55; 0.31–1.00) were associated to unemployment; and control over working time (0.72; 0.56–0.95) decreased the risk of the early retirement. Conclusions: Work environment seems to be important for subsequent early exit from work. Physical and psychosocial demands seem to be associated to exit to a stronger extent than resources at work.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-020-01566-x

Referens

d’Errico, A., Burr, H., Pattloch, D. et al. (2020). Working conditions as risk factors for early exit from work—in a cohort of 2351 employees in Germany. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

Work profiles of older employees in Germany-results from the lidA-cohort study

Hasselhorn, H.M., Stiller, M., du Prel, JB. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: This study investigates whether a typology of work exposure can be established among older workers in Germany. Work exposure comprises physical work, working time quality, work intensity, skills & discretion, social environment, leadership, continued education, earnings and work prospects. Methods: Latent profile analysis was conducted on a representative sample of the socially insured workforce in Germany born in 1959 or 1965 (N = 6277). Seven year-prospective associations between the typology and work-related outcomes (physical and mental health, work ability and work-privacy-conflict) were investigated to establish the distinctness of the profiles. Results: Five profiles were identified: “Poor Quality” (19%), “Relaxed Manuals” (30%), “Strained non-Manuals” (16%), “Smooth Running” (33%) and “High Flying” (3%). These profiles exhibited diverging patterns of association with the selected outcomes, thus representing qualitatively distinct subgroups of older workers in Germany. Conclusions: We conclude that a typological approach may broaden the understanding of the ageing work force and the complex interplay of the overall work situation with outcomes of high individual and social relevance such as health, work ability and employment. The five work profiles identified in this study may constitute crucial clusters needed to reliably mirror today’s over-all work exposure patterns in the older work force in Germany. They may allow for the comprehensible monitoring of quality of work and personal life among the older work force during their last working years and their transition to retirement in current times of extending working lives.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-09542-3

Referens

Hasselhorn, H.M., Stiller, M., du Prel, JB. et al. (2020). Work profiles of older employees in Germany-results from the lidA-cohort study. BMC Public Health, 20, 1452.

Physical and psychosocial work factors as explanations for social inequalities in self-rated health

Brønholt, R.L.L., Hansen, M.B., Islamoska, S. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objective: We investigated the contribution of physical and psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in self-rated health (SRH) in a sample of Danish 40 and 50 years old occupationally active women and men. Methods: In this longitudinal study, the study population consisted of 3338 Danish women and men. Data were collected by postal questionnaires in 2000 (baseline) and 2006 (follow-up). The independent variable, socioeconomic position (SEP), was assessed by the highest achieved educational level at baseline. We conducted gender-stratified parallel multiple mediation analyses. In the mediation analyses, SEP was categorised as SEP I, II, III, VI and V among men. Among women, SEP was dichotomised into SEP I–IV and V. The outcome, SRH, was assessed at baseline and follow-up. A wide range of physical and psychosocial work factors were included as potential mediators. Results: We found a social gradient in SRH across all levels of SEP among men. Among women, we only found a poorer SRH among those with the lowest SEP. Mediation analyses showed that work factors together accounted for 56% of the social inequalities in SRH among men and 44% among women. In both genders, ergonomic exposures and job insecurity seemed to play the major role for social inequalities in SRH. For women only, we also found noise to contribute to the social inequalities in SRH. Conclusion: Physical and psychosocial work factors partially explained social inequalities in SRH among both genders. Improvement of the working environment can potentially contribute to the reduction of social inequalities in health.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-020-01582-x

Referens

Brønholt, R.L.L., Hansen, M.B., Islamoska, S. et al. (2020). Physical and psychosocial work factors as explanations for social inequalities in self-rated health. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

Validation Of The Copsoq And Bdjd-24 As A Job Demand Scale For Assessing Taxi Drivers’ Safety Performance: Specific Vs. General Job Demands

Husain, N., & Mohamad, J.

Sammanfattning

Background: The Job Demand – Resource Model (JD-R) is a job-stress model that focuses on assessing the effect of the employees’ health-related outcomes, and their performances due to stress induced by their job demands, and job resources. Different occupations possess different combinations of specific job-related demands, and job resources. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) is an established self-reported tool that has been widely used to measure general job demands through the JD-R model. In contrast, the BDJD-24 is a model that was developed to assess the specific job demands of the bus drivers’ job demands. Objective: This study aims to measure the validity and reliability of the job demand questionnaire by applying it on the taxi drivers of Malaysia so as to assess their safety performance (safety motivation and safety compliance). Method: A sample of 33 (N = 333) taxi drivers from the Klang Valley, Malaysia was recruited. Participants completed the questionnaire in the native language (Malay). To examine the psychometric properties of the COPSOQ and BDJD-24, we used the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) derived from SPSS, and then confirmed it with the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) derived from AMOS. Results: The internal consistency was found to be acceptable, between 0.71 to 0.84. The CFA revealed that the taxi drivers’ job demands, as proposed, had a 5-dimensional influence. The five demands (i.e. emotional, hiding emotion, sensory, time, and safety) were clearly distinguished in the factor analysis. The KMO was adequate, at 0.78, and the variance for the 5-factor structure was 51.97%. The CFA also confirmed the correlation among these demands. Discussion: It is found that the COPSOQ and the BDJD-24 measurement were both reliable and valid for measuring the taxi drivers’ job demands. However, the general vs. specific job demands hypothesis, as proposed by the JD-R model, was not supported. The general job demands (emotional demands) were found to be more strongly associated with safety motivation, and safety compliance. The practical implications and limitations of the present study are further discussed in the paper.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Malaysia

Yrken

Taxichaufförer

Referens

Husain, N., & Mohamad, J. (2020). Validation Of The Copsoq And Bdjd-24 As A Job Demand Scale For Assessing Taxi Drivers’ Safety Performance: Specific Vs. General Job Demands. Journal Of Health And Translational Medicine, 41 - 51.

The Correlation Between Psychosocial Risk Factors And Work Performance In Manufacturing Industry

Nuruzzakiyah, M.I., Ezrin Hani, S., & Hanida, A.A.

Sammanfattning

Nature of psychosocial risk as to the unseen hazards in the working population, potentially exposing the workers towards the adverse effect of mental health. Compromising the well- being of mental health could lead to deterioration of work performance. The objective of this study is to analyze the constructed measure of psychosocial risk factors and work performance of manufacturing workers using statistical analysis. Then, the constructed measure is used to find the correlations between the two factors. A set of the questionnaire is administered to 258 manufacturing workers. The questionnaires were adapted and adopted from Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ III), NIOSH Generic Job Stress Questionnaire, and Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ 1.0) and the instrument were found to be reliable (Cronbach Alpha value = 0.7 ). After conducting Exploratory Factor Analysis by using Principal Component Analysis, the construct validity to conduct data collection in the manufacturing industry is tested. Using eight factors understudy that already extracted using factor analysis, it is found that there are significant psychosocial risk factors present in the manufacturing industry. As for the association between psychosocial and work performance, it is found that there is a significant association between psychosocial risk factors and work performance. This study is essential to explore the presence of psychosocial risk factors that underlies in the manufacturing industry, which might affect worker performance and well-being. For future research, it is recommended so that this study can be replicated to other manufacturing industry or different types of industries to see the robustness of the developed instruments. At the same time, the issue of psychosocial risk factors and workers' performance also can be identified, and the mitigation can be planned.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Malaysia

Yrken

Fabriksarbetare

DOI

10.37268/mjphm/vol.20/no.Special1/art.664

Referens

Nuruzzakiyah, M.I., Ezrin Hani, S., & Hanida, A.A. (2020). The Correlation Between Psychosocial Risk Factors And Work Performance In Manufacturing Industry. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, Special Volume (1): 23-29.

The importance of appraisal in stressor–well-being relationships and the examination of personality traits as boundary conditions

Smith, R.W., DeNunzio, M.M., Haynes, N.J. and Thiele, A.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of appraisals in three stressor–wellbeing relationships: (1) the mediating role of challenge appraisals in the relationship between daily skill demands and daily work engagement, (2) the mediating role of hindrance appraisals in the relationship between daily interruptions and daily depletion and (3) the mediating role of threat appraisals in the relationship between daily emotional demands and daily anxiety. We also examined the moderating influence of conscientiousness on the daily skill demands–challenge appraisal relationship, the moderating role of extraversion on the daily interruptions–hindrance appraisal relationship and the moderating influence of neuroticism on the daily emotional demands–threat appraisal relationship. Supplemental analyses also examined the moderating influence of the aforementioned personality traits on the respective direct effects of stressors on well-being outcomes. Design/methodology/approach: We tested our hypotheses using a 5-days experience sampling design in a sample of 114 working adults and employed multilevel modeling. Findings: All hypothesized mediating mechanisms were supported, however, the majority of moderation hypotheses were not supported. Originality/value: We sought to extend the relatively recent advancement in the challenge–hindrance framework to provide additional evidence of the utility of distinguishing between challenge, hindrance and threat stressors. Although not supported, this is the one of the first papers to test the moderating influence of personality traits on the stressor–appraisal relationship.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

USA

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1108/JMP-11-2019-0649

Referens

Smith, R.W., DeNunzio, M.M., Haynes, N.J. and Thiele, A. (2020). The importance of appraisal in stressor–well-being relationships and the examination of personality traits as boundary conditions. Journal of Managerial Psychology.

Work‐related stress and wellbeing among nurses: Testing a multi‐dimensional model

Vallone, F., Smith, A.P., Zurlo, M.C.

Sammanfattning

Aim: Basing on the Demands‐Resources and Individual‐Effects (DRIVE) Model developed by Mark and Smith in 2008, the study aims to propose and test a multi‐dimensional model that combines work characteristics, individual characteristics, and work–family interface dimensions as predictors of nurses' psychophysical health. Methods: Self‐report questionnaires assessing work characteristics (effort; rewards; job demands; job control; social support), individual characteristics (socio‐demographic characteristics; coping strategies; Type A behavioral pattern; Type D personality), work–family interface dimensions (work–family interrole conflict; job and life satisfaction), and health outcomes (psychological disease; physical disease) were completed by 450 Italian nurses. Logistic regression analyses and Hayes' PROCESS tool were used to test the proposed model by exploring main, moderating and mediating hypotheses. Results: Findings confirmed the proposed theoretical framework including work characteristics, individual characteristics, and work–family interface dimensions as significant predictors of nurses' psychophysical disease. Specific main, moderating and mediating effects were found, providing a wide set of multiple risks and protective factors. Conclusions: The study allowed a broader understanding of nurses' work‐related stress process, providing a comprehensive tool for the assessment of occupational health and for the definition of tailored policies and interventions in public healthcare organizations to promote nurses' wellbeing.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1111/jjns.12360

Referens

Vallone, F., Smith, A.P., Zurlo, M.C. (2020). Work‐related stress and wellbeing among nurses: Testing a multi‐dimensional model. Jpn J Nurs Sci, 17:e12360.

Downsizing and surviving employees' engagement and strain: The role of job resources and job demands

Dlouhy, K., Casper, A.

Sammanfattning

Downsizing is widely assumed to detrimentally affect surviving employees' engagement and health through increased demands and decreased resources. Building on job demands–resources theory, we assess whether these effects occur and whether job demands and resources moderate the detrimental effects of downsizing on employee health and engagement. We conceptualize downsizing as a stressor event, and we explain its relationship with employee health through the job demands work overload and job insecurity are (two) job demands, as well as its relationship with employee engagement through the job resources supervisor support and opportunities for development are job resources. Using data from two large representative samples of German employees, we show that job demands mediate the negative relationship between downsizing and employees' psychological and physical health and that job resources mediate the negative relationship between downsizing and engagement. We find little support for the assumption that job resources alleviate the indirect effects of downsizing on surviving employees' health, or that job demands strengthen the indirect effects of downsizing on surviving employees' engagement. We discuss how these findings expand our understanding of downsizing and outline practical implications for human resource practitioners.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1002/hrm.22032

Referens

Dlouhy, K., Casper, A. (2020). Downsizing and surviving employees' engagement and strain: The role of job resources and job demands. Hum Resour Manage, 1-20.

Comparing perceived psychosocial working conditions of nurses and physicians in two university hospitals in Germany with other German professionals - feasibility of scale conversion between two versions of the German Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ)

Wagner, A., Nübling, M., Hammer, A. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: In 2015, the WorkSafeMed study assessed, amongst others, perceived psychosocial working conditions in nurses (n = 567) and physicians (n = 381) from two German university hospitals using scales from the German standard version of the COPSOQ (Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire). This standard version is based on the international COPSOQ I and II. Since 2017, a further developed version of the German COPSOQ (G-COPSOQ III) has been available and data from this version are stored in the German COPSOQ database. The aim of the present study was to compare scales depicting perceived psychosocial workloads and strain in hospital staff from the WorkSafeMed study with reference data (hospital care nurses, general hospital physicians, reference values across all occupations) from the German COPSOQ database (2012–2017). As preliminary work, we explored whether a conversion of COPSOQ scales based on data from the WorkSafeMed study to the G-COPSOQ III scales was possible. Methods: We applied a multistep approach for conversion. First, we compared 17 COPSOQ scales used in the WorkSafeMed study with the corresponding scales from the G-COPSOQ III according to content and then decided if a conversion was appropriate. If possible, we converted WorkSafeMed scales - the converted scales comprised the same content and number of items as in G-COPSOQ III. An explorative statistical analysis for each original and converted WorkSafeMed scale followed detecting possible statistical and relevant differences between the scales. We then compared converted WorkSafeMed scales with reference data from the German COPSOQ database. Results: Based on the comparison undertaken according to content, a conversion was possible for 16 scales. Using the data from the WorkSafeMed study, the statistical analysis showed only differences between original and converted COPSOQ scales “control over working time” (mean 40.2 vs. 51.8, dCohen = 0.56) and “social relations” (mean 55.6 vs. 41.8, dCohen = − 0.55). Comparing converted WorkSafeMed scales with reference data revealed higher values for “quantitative demands”, “work-privacy-conflict”, and “job satisfaction” in the WorkSafeMed sample. Conclusions: The conversion of WorkSafeMed scales was appropriate, allowed a comparison with three reference values in the German COPSOQ database and revealed some implications for improving psychosocial working conditions of nurses and physicians in university hospitals in Germany.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12995-020-00277-w

Referens

Wagner, A., Nübling, M., Hammer, A. et al. (2020). Comparing perceived psychosocial working conditions of nurses and physicians in two university hospitals in Germany with other German professionals - feasibility of scale conversion between two versions of the German Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). J Occup Med Toxicol, 15, 26.

Meaning of work in a group of school principals: the role of organizational variables

Buonomo, I., Benevene, P. and Fiorilli, C.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: Principals’ beliefs about their profession are of great interest for schools in terms of organizational development and success. Furthermore, as meaning is a dimension of eudaimonic well-being, studying the principal meaning of work allows us to deepen the knowledge about their professional well-being, too. According to studies on non-educational contexts, the meaning of work is influenced by several organizational variables (such as possibilities for professional development and organizational commitment). Despite this, several school workers still lack to recognize the role played in this regard. Trying to fulfill these gaps partially, the purpose of this study is to verify the incremental effect of organizational dimensions and positive feedback from colleagues above and beyond positive beliefs about work. Design/methodology/approach: An Italian version of the COPSOQ II adapted to school principals was administered to 1,616 school principals. Hierarchical multiple regression was conducted, considering three blocks of variables, namely, positive personal beliefs about work (job satisfaction and self-efficacy); organizational dimensions (role clarity, possibilities for development and sense of belonging to the workplace); positive feedback from colleagues. Findings: Overall, the variables explained 45% of the variance of the meaning of work. While organizational variables accounted for an incremental 24% of the variance, above and beyond the personal experience of work (F (5, 1,610) = 267.378, p = 0.000), positive feedback from colleagues did not show a significant effect originality. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study regarding the meaning of work at school with specific reference to school principals. Originality/value: To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study regarding the meaning of work at school and with specific reference to school principals.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Rektorer

DOI

10.1108/JWL-12-2019-0146

Referens

Buonomo, I., Benevene, P. and Fiorilli, C. (2020). Meaning of work in a group of school principals: the role of organizational variables. Journal of Workplace Learning, Vol. 32 No. 6, 389-403.

Assessing Work Stressors in the Health Care Sector by Combining External Observation and Health Professionals’ Self-report in a Cross-sectional Study Design

Peter, K., Hahn, S., Stadelmann, E., Halfens, R.J.G., Schols, J.M.G.A.

Sammanfattning

Objective: Health professionals are particularly affected by work stressors and various methods have already been used to assess them. Linking health professionals’ self-report and external observations can provide a more detailed assessment of stressors, since conclusions for interventions can be derived from their agreement. Since there is a lack of studies in the health sector linking both data sources, the aim of this study is to identify the convergence between health professionals’ self-reports and external observations. Methods: Data were collected in general hospitals, nursing homes, psychiatric institutions and home-care organizations in a cross-sectional study design. 110 health professionals were observed during one entire shift, by one of eight trained external observers. Health professionals and observer separately filled out a questionnaire on work stressors after the observation. For data analysis multiple regression models using bootstrap were calculated considering possible observer effects. Results: Convergent scores for 3 of 9 tested scales on ‘predictability’ of work, ‘social community’ and ‘social relations’ (p>0.05) at work, were identified. However, health professionals rated their ‘quantitative’ (p=0.001), ‘sensorial’ (p=0.001) and ‘physical demands’ (p=0.001) significantly higher than the external observers did. On the contrary, external observers perceived the ‘possibilities for development’ (p=0.007), ‘influence at work’ (p=0.032) and ‘social support at work’ (p=0.002) as lower than did the health professionals. Results also indicate a significant influence of different work settings (p<0.05) on the convergence of self-assessed and observed work stressors. Conclusions: This study reveal that results on work stressors can be influenced by the chosen method for data collection, which should be considered when using one method only. Moreover, differences between the settings indicate that results on work stressors from one health-care setting cannot be easily transferred to another.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Schweiz

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

Referens

Peter, K., Hahn, S., Stadelmann, E., Halfens, R.J.G., Schols, J.M.G.A. (2020). Assessing Work Stressors in the Health Care Sector by Combining External Observation and Health Professionals’ Self-report in a Cross-sectional Study Design. Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs, 8, 1.

Analyzing the effect of social interaction on job demands and health in the example of flexible shiftwork

Niessen, P., Stockinger, C., Zoeller, I.

Sammanfattning

In the literature, shiftwork-related stress is often connected with health complaints. However, it has been shown that these are not equally distributed. Further reasons must exist as to why stress resulting from shiftwork only affects health in some cases. In a study with 653 employees working in highly flexible shiftwork conditions, an examination was made of the factors affecting the relationship between job demands and health status. The results show that satisfaction with leadership influences whether unevenly distributed work and time pressure have a significant impact on health. The factor of other people living in the household significantly influences whether time pressure and emotional stress lead to health complaints. The study concluded that the impact of social interaction as a resource is not limited to the workplace. Social interaction, as a personal resource, can be helpful in both the professional and private spheres.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Skiftarbetare

DOI

10.1080/10803548.2020.1789318

Referens

Niessen, P., Stockinger, C., Zoeller, I. (2020). Analyzing the effect of social interaction on job demands and health in the example of flexible shiftwork. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics.

Social Networks of Nursing Units as Predictors of Organizational Commitment and Intent to Leave of Nurses

Won, H.-J.

Sammanfattning

This study attempted to examine the structural characteristics of the social network of nursing units by dividing them into a job-related advice network and a friendship network, and to analyze the relationship between nurse organizational commitment and intent to leave. The subjects were 420 nurses working in 4 hospitals and 30 nursing units. Data were analyzed using UCINET 6.0, SPSS 20.0 and HLM 7.0. In job-related advice networks, degree centrality of head nurse contributed to organizational commitment. Network density contributed to intent to leave. In friendship networks, closeness centrality of head nurses and betweenness centrality of charge nurse contributed to organizational commitment. Density and betweenness centrality of charge nurses contributed to intent to leave. Accordingly, it is necessary to foster good relationships between nurses and to develop various types of strategies for building effective networks.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sydkorea

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.5392/JKCA.2020.20.06.187

Referens

Won, H.-J. (2020). Social Networks of Nursing Units as Predictors of Organizational Commitment and Intent to Leave of Nurses. The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 20(6), 187–196.

Why busy leaders may have exhausted followers: a multilevel perspective on supportive leadership

Stein, M., Vincent-Höper, S. and Gregersen, S.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: This study of leaders and followers working in day-care centers aims to use a multilevel perspective on supportive leadership to examine its role in linking workload at the leader level and emotional exhaustion at the follower level. Integrating theoretical work on social support with conservation of resources (COR) theory, leaders' workload is proposed to be positively related to followers' feelings of emotional exhaustion through constraining the enactment of supportive leadership. Design/methodology/approach: Multisource survey data from 442 followers and their leaders from 68 teams were collected to test the hypotheses. Findings: Multilevel analyses showed that leader workload was negatively related to followers' perception of supportive leadership, which, in turn, was positively related to followers' levels of emotional exhaustion. Leader workload was indirectly and positively related to follower emotional exhaustion via supportive leadership. Research limitations/implications: This study provides initial support for the idea that work contextual factors at the leader level create boundaries for the extent to which leaders may provide support to their followers and draws attention to the accountability of leaders' work contextual factors for followers' well-being. Practical implications: The findings suggest that organizations must not focus narrowly on training leaders on how to benefit followers but should also aim to optimize leaders' levels of workload to enable them to act in a supportive manner. Originality/value: By considering both the receivers (i.e. followers) and providers (i.e. leaders) of support simultaneously, we take a crossover approach to COR theory and acknowledge that work contextual factors at higher organizational levels may spread to employee well-being at lower levels of the organization.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Förskolelärare

DOI

10.1108/LODJ-11-2019-0477

Referens

Stein, M., Vincent-Höper, S. and Gregersen, S. (2020). Why busy leaders may have exhausted followers: a multilevel perspective on supportive leadership. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 41 No. 6, 829-845.

Telework in academia: associations with health and well-being among staff

Heiden, M., Widar, L., Wiitavaara, B. et al.

Sammanfattning

As the development of technical aids for telework has progressed, work has become more flexible in time and space. Among academics, the opportunity to telework has been embraced by most, but it is unclear how it relates to their health and well-being. The aim of this study was to determine how frequency and amount of telework is associated with perceived health, stress, recuperation, work-life balance, and intrinsic work motivation among teaching and research academics. An electronic questionnaire was sent to junior lecturers, senior lecturers, and professors at Swedish public universities. It included the General Health Questionnaire, Work Stress Questionnaire, items for assessing recuperation, the Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction at Work scale, and parts of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, as well as questions about the frequency and amount of telework performed. In total, 392 academics responded to the survey. Multivariate analysis of variance showed significant differences between groups of academics with different telework frequency (p < 0.05). Univariate analyses of variance showed that ratings of stress related to indistinct organization and conflicts were higher among academics that telework several times per week or more than among academics that telework less than once per month. In regression analyses of associations between amount of telework (in hours per week) and the dependent variables, no significant effects were found. Although it cannot be concluded whether stress is a cause or an effect of frequent telework, the findings warrant further attention to academics who telework frequently.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Akademiker

DOI

10.1007/s10734-020-00569-4

Referens

Heiden, M., Widar, L., Wiitavaara, B. et al. (2020). Telework in academia: associations with health and well-being among staff. High Educ.

Improving Early Care and Education Professionals’ Teaching Self-Efficacy and Well-Being: A Mixed Methods Exploratory Study

Tanaka, R. N., Boyce, K. L., Chinn, C. C., Murphy, N. K.

Sammanfattning

Research Findings: Early care and education (ECE) professionals experience a myriad of challenges that adversely impact their well-being as well as their ability to have the greatest teaching impact on the children they serve. There is general agreement that Professional Development (PD) can improve teaching practices. The current study examined the impact of a PD experience that included both adaptive work (e.g., addressing educators’ existing strengths, challenges, belief systems, stress levels, and self-care) and technical training (e.g., strategies for addressing children’s challenging behavior). This PD experience was implemented with 62 ECE professionals living on the islands of Hawai’i over 10 weeks and consisted of in-person sessions, web-based sessions, and a community of practice. Findings from this study suggest high ratings of effectiveness of the PD experience and positive improvements in ECE professionals’ ratings of their teaching self-efficacy and well-being. Practice or Policy: The results from this study suggest that PD incorporating adaptive work can improve teaching self-efficacy and could be implemented as part of every PD session. PD that incorporates an emphasis on teachers’ well-being and actively strives to promote their well-being may be as important to ECE professionals as some other strategies targeted to improve work environments and classroom quality.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

USA

Yrken

Förskolelärare

DOI

10.1080/10409289.2020.1794246

Referens

Tanaka, R. N., Boyce, K. L., Chinn, C. C., Murphy, N. K. (2020). Improving Early Care and Education Professionals’ Teaching Self-Efficacy and Well-Being: A Mixed Methods Exploratory Study. Early Education and Development, 31:7, 1089-1111.

Prevalence and predictors of suicidal thoughts and behaviours among Australian police and emergency services employees

Kyron, M.J., Rikkers, W., Page, A.C. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objective: This study presents rates of suicide thoughts and behaviours of police and emergency services personnel around Australia. In addition, it examines personal (i.e. mental health, substance use) and working environment risk and protective factors. Method: A stratified random sample of personnel from 33 Australian emergency services organisations were invited to participate in a mental health and wellbeing survey. In total, 14,868 Australian ambulance, fire and rescue, police and state emergency services employees participated and self-reported any suicidal thoughts, plans and/or attempts in the 12 months prior to the survey or at any stage in their life. Logistic regressions assessed factors associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviours. Results: Employees reported notably higher rates of suicidal thoughts and plans than the general Australian adult population, but not attempts. Male, single/divorced, non-heterosexual or longer-serving employees reported higher rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviours across each sector. Perceptions of stigma regarding mental health conditions from others in the workplace, negative impact of work on one’s private life and low meaning of work were associated with suicidal thoughts, while bullying significantly differentiated who planned and attempted suicide from those who reported suicidal thoughts only. Higher resilience and social support were associated with lower suicidal thoughts, while intermittent explosive anger and illegal drug use were associated with higher rates of suicidal thoughts. Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms significantly differentiated who planned suicide, while misuse of prescription drugs and psychological distress differentiated who attempted suicide from those who only reported suicidal thoughts. Conclusion: Amid inherently stressful occupations, it is important that workplaces function in a way that supports their personnel. Access to mental health services should be promoted and readily available to personnel.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Australien, Nya Zeeland

Yrken

Poliser, Räddningstjänstpersonal

DOI

10.1177/0004867420937774

Referens

Kyron, M.J., Rikkers, W., Page, A.C. et al. (2020). Prevalence and predictors of suicidal thoughts and behaviours among Australian police and emergency services employees. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry.

The Association Between Prosocialness, Relational-Interdependent Self-construal and Gender in Relation to Burnout Among Swedish Clergy

Buratti, S., Geisler, M. & Allwood, C.M.

Sammanfattning

Serving as a clergyperson is a highly variable profession and in recent decades, the role has evolved and expanded even further. Consequently, the demands have increased and with it the risk for stress-related ill-health and absenteeism. The aim of the current study was to evaluate, in a larger sample of Swedish clergy (N = 871), two possible antecedents of burnout, namely prosocialness and relational-interdependent self-construal. A further aim was to explore potential gender differences in the investigated associations. The direct and indirect relationships of prosocialness and relational-interdependent self-construal to two dimensions of burnout, exhaustion, and disengagement were investigated in a structural equation-modelling framework. The results showed that clergy who reported higher prosocialness experienced more stress in their work, in terms of both quantitative and emotional demands, which in turn was associated with higher levels of exhaustion and disengagement. But prosocialness was also found to be directly associated with lower levels of disengagement, as well as indirectly associated with higher levels of role clarity. However, no direct or indirect associations were found between relational-interdependent self-construal and any dimension of burnout. Regarding gender differences, female clergy reported higher levels of prosocialness and job demands, less role clarity, and in turn more exhaustion compared to male clergy. This indicated a more stressful situation for female clergy. Our study contributes new insights into the role that personality plays in different dimensions of burnout in clergy, as well as insights into an understanding of gender differences in burnout among clergy.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Präster

DOI

10.1007/s13644-020-00420-3

Referens

Buratti, S., Geisler, M. & Allwood, C.M. (2020). The Association Between Prosocialness, Relational-Interdependent Self-construal and Gender in Relation to Burnout Among Swedish Clergy. Rev Relig Res, 62, 583–602.

Design and validity of a questionnaire for measuring psychosocial risk factors and burnout

Jacobo-Galicia, G., Máynez-Guaderrama, A. I.

Sammanfattning

In recent years, burnout has emerged as one of the most important work risks. Continuous chronical emotional and interpersonal stressors at the workplace can lead to burnout. Among those, psychosocial risk factors are things, events, or circumstances that may affect workers' health due to their work and workplace conditions and may result in burnout. The purpose of this research was to design and validate a scale to evaluate the relationship between psychosocial risk factors and burnout within the aerospace manufacturing industry. A reliable, valid scale was obtained, which can be applied to operative personnel.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Fabriksarbetare

DOI

10.15446/dyna.v87n214.85187

Referens

Jacobo-Galicia, G., Máynez-Guaderrama, A. I. (2020). Design and validity of a questionnaire for measuring psychosocial risk factors and burnout. DYNA, 87(214), 66-74.

Joint association of physical and psychosocial working conditions with risk of long-term sickness absence: Prospective cohort study with register follow-up

Sundstrup, E., Andersen, L.L.

Sammanfattning

Aims: The interplay between physical and psychosocial working conditions for the risk of developing poor health is not well understood. This study aimed to determine the joint association of physical and psychosocial working conditions with risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in the general working population. Methods: Based on questionnaire responses about physical working conditions and psychosocial working conditions (influence at work, emotional demands, support from colleagues and support from managers) and two-year prospective follow-up in a national register on social transfer payments, we estimated the risk of incident LTSA of >30 days among 9544 employees without previous LTSA from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study. The analyses were censored for all events of permanent labour market drop-out (retirement, disability pension, immigration or death) and controlled for potential confounders. Results: In the total cohort, more demanding physical working conditions were associated with risk of LTSA in a dose–response fashion (trend test, p<0.0001). The combination of poor overall psychosocial working conditions (index measure of influence at work, emotional demands, support from managers and support from colleagues) and hard physical working conditions showed the highest risk of LTSA. However, poor overall psychosocial working conditions did not interact with physical working conditions in the risk of LTSA (p=0.9677). Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that workplaces should strive to improve both psychosocial and physical work factors in order to ensure the health of workers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1177/1403494820936423

Referens

Sundstrup, E., Andersen, L.L. (2020). Joint association of physical and psychosocial working conditions with risk of long-term sickness absence: Prospective cohort study with register follow-up. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

The relationship between psychosocial characteristics of the work environment and job satisfaction in an Italian public ECE service: A cross-lagged study

Viotti, S., Sottimano, I., Converso, D., Guidetti, G.

Sammanfattning

The present study uses a revised version of the Motivation–Hygiene theory as a theoretical framework to examine the cross-lagged associations in a sample of Italian pre-kindergarten (pre-k) teachers between job satisfaction and two types of psychosocial characteristics of the work environment: motivating factors (i.e., job demands, work meaning, and role clarity) and hygiene factors (i.e., work–family conflict, rewards, peer support, and superior support). In total, 349 pre-k teachers employed in a municipal early childhood education system of a city in Northwest Italy completed a questionnaire at two time points one year apart. Cross-lagged path analysis indicated a positive reciprocal relationship between job satisfaction and work meaning. The paths from job demands and superior support at Time 1 to job satisfaction at Time 2 were found to be significant. Finally, the path from job satisfaction at Time 1 to role clarity at Time 2 was positive and significant. The present study confirms the results of previous literature suggesting that motivating factors are more strictly associated than hygiene factors with job satisfaction. Moreover, it expands current knowledge by highlighting the importance of examining both the directionality of associations between the psychosocial characteristics of the work environment and job satisfaction. From a practical point of view, the study findings are important because they help identify possible interventions to promote the quality of work life and improve the quality of the service provided by Italian pre-k teachers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Förskolelärare

DOI

10.1016/j.ecresq.2020.06.002

Referens

Viotti, S., Sottimano, I., Converso, D., Guidetti, G. (2020). The relationship between psychosocial characteristics of the work environment and job satisfaction in an Italian public ECE service: A cross-lagged study. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Volume 53, 464-475.

Factors associated with musculoskeletal symptoms and heart rate variability among cleaners – cross-sectional study

Sotrate Gonçalves, J., de Oliveira Sato, T.

Sammanfattning

Background: The professionals who perform cleaning activity constitute a major economic sector in Brazil. Cleaners may develop health problems related to the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems. It is necessary to understand the working and health conditions of cleaners in Brazil. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify factors associated with musculoskeletal symptoms and heart rate variability (HRV) among cleaners. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted at a public higher education institution with 45 outsourced cleaners following approval from the institutional ethics committee. The participants answered a questionnaire addressing sociodemographic, occupational and health data, the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire, the Physical Activity Questionnaire (work and leisure) and the short version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Clinical data (height, body mass, waist-to-hip ratio and blood pressure) and heart rate variability (HRV) were also collected. Logistic and linear regression models were created to identify factors associated with symptoms and HRV. Results: The sample consisted of women (100%) predominantly older than 50 years of age (44%), without a conjugal life (64%), with three or more children (59%), low educational level (58%) and who worked less than 12 months at the company (87%). Systemic arterial hypertension (23%) was the most reported health problem. The highest frequency of musculoskeletal symptoms was identified in the lower limbs (ankles/feet: 31% in the previous 12 months and 24% in the previous 7 days; knees: 31% in the previous 12 months and 20% in the previous 7 days). Moreover, the workers reported not practicing physical activity during leisure time (84%). Psychosocial aspects indicated health risks for the dimensions “influence at work” (74%), “burnout” (59%) and “stress” (52%). Associations were found between ankle/foot symptoms and body mass index, shoulder symptoms and predictability, and knee symptoms and self-rated health and burnout. HRV indices were associated with age. Conclusions: This study outlined the profile of female cleaners and identified risk factors. The workers exhibited musculoskeletal symptoms, which were associated with the body mass index and some psychosocial factors. HRV indices were associated with age. Thus, health promotion and prevention measures should be taken to benefit this population of workers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Brasilien

Yrken

Lokalvårdare

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-08928-7

Referens

Sotrate Gonçalves, J., de Oliveira Sato, T. (2020). Factors associated with musculoskeletal symptoms and heart rate variability among cleaners – cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 20, 774.

The relationship between personality, work, and personal factors to burnout among clinical psychologists: exploring gender differences in Sweden

Allwood, M. C., Geisler, M., Buratti, S.

Sammanfattning

This study investigated the effects of gender, personality (prosocialness, relational-interdependent self-construal, and brooding), job demands, affective work rumination, and personal-to-work conflict on burnout (exhaustion and disengagement), among clinical public-health psychologists in Sweden. The participants answered a self-report questionnaire (n = 828). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that affective work-rumination, brooding and personal-to-work conflict were most strongly associated with exhaustion, whereas affective work-rumination, brooding, role conflict, and prosocialness most strongly predicted disengagement. Furthermore, in the full models, quantitative job demands and relational-interdependent self-construal related to exhaustion, whereas emotional demands related to disengagement. Interestingly, role conflict had a positive relation and emotional demands a negative relation to disengagement. Women reported higher exhaustion, but not higher disengagement, than men. Women also reported higher levels on most of the independent variables. In sum, the results show that a broad range of factors influence burnout among clinical psychologists.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Psykologer

DOI

10.1080/09515070.2020.1768050

Referens

Allwood, M. C., Geisler, M., Buratti, S. (2020). The relationship between personality, work, and personal factors to burnout among clinical psychologists: exploring gender differences in Sweden. Counselling Psychology Quarterly.

Work factors facilitating working beyond state pension age: Prospective cohort study with register follow-up

Andersen, L.L., Thorsen, S.V., Larsen, M., Sundstrup, E., Boot, C.R., Rugulies, R.

Sammanfattning

Objectives The demographic changes in Europe underline the need for an extension of working lives. This study investigates the importance of physical work demands and psychosocial work factors for working beyond the state pension age (65 years). Methods We combined data from three cohorts of the general working population in Denmark (DWECS 2005 and 2010, and DANES 2008), where actively employed workers aged 55-59 years replied to questionnaires about work environment and were followed until the age of 66 years in the Danish AMRun register of paid employment. Using logistic regression analyses, we calculated prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between physical and psychosocial work factors and working beyond state pension age, adjusted for age, sex, cohort, cohabiting, sector, income, vocational education, working hours, lifestyle, and previous sickness absence. Results Of the 2884 workers aged 55-59 years, 1023 (35.5%) worked beyond the state pension age. Higher physical work demands was associated with a lower likelihood (PR 0.69, 95% CI 0.58-0.82) and a good psychosocial work environment was associated with higher likelihood (average of 7 items: PR 1.81, 95% CI 1.49-2.20) of working beyond state pension age. Stratified analyses did not change the overall pattern, ie, a good overall psychosocial work environment - as well as several specific psychosocial factors - increased the likelihood of working beyond state pension age, both for those with physically active and seated work. Conclusion While high physical work demands was a barrier, a good psychosocial work environment seems to facilitate working beyond state pension age, also for those with physically active work.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.5271/sjweh.3904

Referens

Andersen, L.L., Thorsen, S.V., Larsen, M., Sundstrup, E., Boot, C.R., Rugulies, R. (2020). Work factors facilitating working beyond state pension age: Prospective cohort study with register follow-up. Scand J Work Environ Health, 28:3904.

Burnout and Its Correlates in Research Administrators

Tabakakis, K., Sloane, K., Besch, J., To, Q. G.

Sammanfattning

Aim: To identify the prevalence and correlates of burnout among research administrators. Background: Research administration is characterized by increasing government regulation, hyper-competitiveness, institutional management of growing complexity, and changing economic conditions. However, there is a lack of research on burnout among research administrators. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2,416 research administrators from four associations in Australia, Canada, the U.K, and the U.S. between October 2018 and January 2019. An online questionnaire was used for data collection. Burnout and workplace factors were measured using the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II. respectively. Results: The prevalence of high personal burnout, work-related burnout, and client-related burnout was 68.3%, 60.0%, and 37.0%, respectively. Gender, considered leaving the profession, average working hours/week, self-rated health, job satisfaction, quantitative demands, tempo (work pace), influence at work, predictability, recognition, role clarity, quality of leadership, work-family conflict, justice and respect, vertical trust, threats of violence, and bullying were associated with all three forms of burnout among research administrators. Conclusion: Burnout is common among research administrators. Research organizations are responsible for providing healthy work environments to ensure positive client, research administrator, and organizational outcomes. Future research is required to examine workplace approaches to improving the psychosocial work environment.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Kanada, Australien, Storbritannien, USA

Yrken

Forskningsadministratörer

Referens

Tabakakis, K., Sloane, K., Besch, J., To, Q. G. (2020). Burnout and Its Correlates in Research Administrators. Research Management Review, 24, 1.

Precarious working conditions and psychosocial work stress act as a risk factor for symptoms of postpartum depression during maternity leave: results from a longitudinal cohort study

Karl, M., Schaber, R., Kress, V. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: The majority of Western women work during their reproductive years, but past research has often neglected the influence of work-related factors on postpartum mental health. Especially postpartum depression (PPD) is an enormous psychological burden for mothers. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the prospective impact of precarious working conditions and psychosocial work stress during pregnancy (such as work-privacy conflict and effort-reward imbalance at the job) on symptoms of maternal PPD. Methods: In the prospective-longitudinal cohort study DREAM (DResdner Studie zu Elternschaft, Arbeit und Mentaler Gesundheit), N = 587 employed women were questioned about their work during pregnancy and their mental health 8 weeks after delivery. Results: Multiple regression analyses revealed that work-privacy conflict, low reward at work, and precarious working conditions significantly predicted symptoms of PPD, even when controlling for lifetime depression, anxiety, education, parity, and age. Conclusion: Our results indicate that psychosocial work stress and precarious working conditions have important implications for maternal peripartum mental health. They might act as prospective risk factors for PPD during the period of maternal leave. Hence, future research should focus on preventative measures targeting work life.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-09573-w

Referens

Karl, M., Schaber, R., Kress, V. et al. (2020). Precarious working conditions and psychosocial work stress act as a risk factor for symptoms of postpartum depression during maternity leave: results from a longitudinal cohort study. BMC Public Health, 20, 1505.

Cardiovascular health outcomes of mobbing at work: results of the population-based, five-year follow-up of the Gutenberg health study

Romero Starke, K., Hegewald, J., Schulz, A. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: The aim of this study was to determine if there is an increased risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) resulting from workplace mobbing measured with two mobbing instruments in the Gutenberg Health Study. Methods: In this prospective study, we examined working persons younger than 65 years for the presence of mobbing at baseline and at a 5-year follow-up using a single-item and a 5-item instrument. We used multivariate models to investigate the association between mobbing and incident CVD, hypertension, and change in arterial stiffness and further stratified the models by sex. Results: After adjustment for confounders, mobbed workers appeared to have a higher risk of incident CVD than those not mobbed (single-item HR = 1.28, 95% CI 0.73–2.24; 5-item HR = 1.57, 95% CI 0.96–2.54). With the 5-item instrument, men who reported mobbing had a higher risk of incident CVD (HR = 1.77, 95% CI 1.01–3.09), while no association was observed for women (HR = 1.05, 95% CI 0.38–2.91). There was no difference in risks between men and women with the single-item instrument. No association between mobbing and incident hypertension and arterial stiffness was seen. Conclusions: Our results show an indication of an increased risk of incident CVD for those mobbed at baseline when using the whole study population. Differences in risks between men and women when using the five-item instrument may be due to the instrument itself. Still, it is essential to detect or prevent workplace mobbing, and if present, to apply an intervention to halt it in order to minimize its adverse effects on CVD.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12995-020-00266-z

Referens

Romero Starke, K., Hegewald, J., Schulz, A. et al. (2020). Cardiovascular health outcomes of mobbing at work: results of the population-based, five-year follow-up of the Gutenberg health study. J Occup Med Toxicol, 15, 15.

On-site multi-component intervention to improve productivity and reduce the economic and personal burden of neck pain in Swiss office-workers (NEXpro): protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial

Aegerter, A.M., Deforth, M., Johnston, V. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Non-specific neck pain and headache are major economic and individual burden in office-workers. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of a multi-component intervention combining workstation ergonomics, health promotion information group workshops, neck exercises, and an app to enhance intervention adherence to assess possible reductions in the economic and individual burden of prevalent and incident neck pain and headache in office workers. Methods/design: This study is a stepped wedge cluster-randomized controlled trial. Eligible participants will be any office-worker aged 18–65 years from two Swiss organisations in the Cantons of Zurich and Aargau, working more than 25 h a week in predominantly sedentary office work and without serious health conditions of the neck. One hundred twenty voluntary participants will be assigned to 15 clusters which, at randomly selected time steps, switch from the control to the intervention group. The intervention will last 12 weeks and comprises workstation ergonomics, health promotion information group workshops, neck exercises and an adherence app. The primary outcome will be health-related productivity losses (presenteeism, absenteeism) using the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire. Secondary outcomes are neck disability and pain (measured by the Neck Disability Index, and muscle strength and endurance measures), headache (measured by the short-form headache impact test), psychosocial outcomes (e.g. job-stress index, Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire), workplace outcomes (e.g. workstation ergonomics), adherence to intervention, and additional measures (e.g. care-seeking). Measurements will take place at baseline, 4 months, 8 months, and 12 months after commencement. Data will be analysed on an intention to treat basis and per protocol. Primary and secondary outcomes will be examined using linear mixed-effects models. Discussion: To the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first that investigates the impact of a multi-component intervention combining current evidence of effective interventions with an adherence app to assess the potential benefits on productivity, prevalent and incident neck pain, and headache. The outcomes will impact the individual, their workplace, as well as private and public policy by offering evidence for treatment and prevention of neck pain and headache in office-workers. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04169646. Registered 15 November 2019 - Retrospectively registered.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Schweiz

Yrken

Kontorspersonal

DOI

10.1186/s12891-020-03388-x

Referens

Aegerter, A.M., Deforth, M., Johnston, V. et al. (2020). On-site multi-component intervention to improve productivity and reduce the economic and personal burden of neck pain in Swiss office-workers (NEXpro): protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 21, 391.

Health and intention to leave the profession of nursing - which individual, social and organisational resources buffer the impact of quantitative demands? A cross-sectional study

Diehl, E., Rieger, S., Letzel, S. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: The aim of this study was to analyse the buffering effect of individual, social and organisational resources on health and intention to leave the profession in the context of burden due to quantitative job demands. Methods: In 2017, a cross-sectional survey was carried out anonymously among nurses in palliative care in Germany. One thousand three hundred sixteen nurses responded to the questionnaire (response rate 38.7%), which contained, amongst others, questions from the German version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). Moderator analyses were conducted to investigate the buffering effect of different resources on health (‘self-rated health’ and ‘burnout’) and ‘intention to leave’ in the context of quantitative demands. Results: ‘Self-rated health’ was significantly buffered by the resources ‘recognition through salary’ (p = 0.001) and ‘good working team’ (p = 0.004). Additionally, buffering effects of the resources ‘workplace commitment’ and ‘good working team’ on ‘burnout’ (p = 0.001 and p = 0.006, respectively) as well as of the resources ‘degree of freedom’, ‘meeting relatives after death of patients’, ‘recognition from supervisor’ and ‘possibilities for development’ on ‘intention to leave’ (p = 0.014, p = 0.012, p = 0.007 and p = 0.036, respectively) were observed. Conclusions: The results of our study can be used to develop and implement job (re) design interventions with the goal of reducing the risk of burnout and enhancing job satisfaction among nurses in palliative care. This includes for example adequate payment, communication training and team activities or team events to strengthen the team as well as the implementation of some rituals (such as meeting relatives after the death of patients). As our study was exploratory, the results should be confirmed in further studies.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1186/s12904-020-00589-y

Referens

Diehl, E., Rieger, S., Letzel, S. et al. (2020). Health and intention to leave the profession of nursing - which individual, social and organisational resources buffer the impact of quantitative demands? A cross-sectional study. BMC Palliat Care, 19, 83.

A complex view of perceived job insecurity: Relationship between three domains and their respective cognitive and affective components

Salas-Nicás, S., Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Moriña, D., Navarro, A.

Sammanfattning

The aim of this paper is to examine the relationships between three domains of job insecurity, namely job loss insecurity, insecurity regarding working conditions and labor market insecurity, taking into account both their cognitive and affective components. Relationships with other related factors such as worker’s sociodemographic characteristics, household economic circumstances and occupational factors related to job insecurity are also shown. In order to achieve this we have used log-linear models and multiple correspondence analysis. By considering three domains and two components of perceived insecurity simultaneously, relevant aspects not previously observed of the relationships between them and related factors are revealed. This cross-sectional study of the wage-earning population in Spain in 2016 introduces therefore an element of complexity in the discussion on job insecurity which it would be advisable to incorporate in future research.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104796

Referens

Salas-Nicás, S., Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Moriña, D., Navarro, A. (2020). A complex view of perceived job insecurity: Relationship between three domains and their respective cognitive and affective components. Safety Science, Volume 129.

Influence of changing working conditions on exit from paid employment among workers with a chronic disease

Schram JLD, Robroek, S.J.W., Ots, P., et al

Sammanfattning

Objectives: To investigate the relation between changes in working conditions and exit from paid employment among workers with a chronic disease. Methods: Six waves from the longitudinal Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (2010–2016), enriched with tax-based employment information from Statistics Netherlands (2011–2017), were available for 4820 chronically ill workers aged 45–63 years (mean 55.3 years, SD 5.1). A change in working conditions (physical workload, psychological job demands, job autonomy, emotional job demands and social support) was defined as an increase or decrease between two consecutive waves of at least one SD. Discrete-time survival models with repeated measurements were used to estimate the relative risk (RR) of a change in working conditions on exiting paid employment in the following year compared with no change and consecutive favourable working conditions. Results: A favourable change in physical workload lowered the risk to exit paid employment (RR 0.46, 95% CI 0.22 to 0.94). An adverse change in psychosocial working conditions, especially a decrease in social support (RR 2.07, 95% CI 1.52 to 2.81), increased the likelihood to exit paid employment. In contrast, a favourable change in psychological job demands increased the risk to exit paid employment (RR 1.57, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.24). Multiple adverse changes increased the risk to exit paid employment up to six times (RR 6.06, 95% CI 2.83 to 12.98). Conclusions: Changes in working conditions among workers with chronic diseases influence exit from paid employment. Ensuring that working conditions can be adapted to the needs of workers with a chronic disease may help to extend working life.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1136/ oemed-2019-106383

Referens

Schram JLD, Robroek, S.J.W., Ots, P., et al (2020). Influence of changing working conditions on exit from paid employment among workers with a chronic disease. Occup Environ Med, 1-6.

Leaving the Teaching Profession: Examining the Role of Social Support, Engagement and Emotional Intelligence in Teachers’ Intentions to Quit

Mérida-López, S., Sánchez-Gómez, M., & Extremera, N

Sammanfattning

The study aimed to test mediator and moderator factors in the relationship between workplace social support (i.e., perceived support from colleagues and supervisors) and intentions to quit in a sample of teaching professionals. Specifically, utilizing job-demands-resources theory to focus on social support, we examined whether work engagement mediated the relationship between workplace social support and intentions to quit. Moreover, the potential moderator role of emotional intelligence in the proposed model was tested. The study sample comprised 1,297 teaching professionals (64.8% females) working as preschool, primary, and secondary teachers in several centers in eastern and southern Spain. The main results demonstrated that work engagement totally mediated the relationship between social support from colleagues/supervisors and intentions to quit. The findings showed that teachers’ levels of emotional intelligence significantly moderated the indirect paths between perceived support from colleagues/supervisors and intentions to quit. Teachers with the lowest levels of work engagement reported low support from colleagues or supervisors, together with low emotional intelligence. Similarly, highest intentions to quit was reported by those teachers reporting low work engagement and low emotional intelligence. Finally, we discuss the relevance of these findings for basic and applied research seeking to retain a more engaged teaching force.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Lärare

DOI

10.5093/pi2020a10

Referens

Mérida-López, S., Sánchez-Gómez, M., & Extremera, N (2020). Leaving the Teaching Profession: Examining the Role of Social Support, Engagement and Emotional Intelligence in Teachers’ Intentions to Quit. Psychosocial Intervention.

Job insecurity, economic hardship, and sleep problems in a national sample of salaried workers in Spain

Salas-Nicás, S., Sembajwe, G., Navarro, A., Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Buxton, M, O.

Sammanfattning

Objective: To check for associations between various types of job insecurity and self-reported sleeping problems. Design: A population-based, cross-sectional study. Setting: Spain, 2016. Participants: Salaried workers included in the third Psychosocial Risks Survey (n = 1807). Measurements: We investigated the association between 6 subjective and 2 attributed indicators of job insecurity (exposure) with 5 sleep problem variables (difficulty falling sleep, difficulty sleeping through the night, waking up too early, sleeping restlessly, and a composite variable summing all the sleeping problems) using Poisson regression, and controlling for socioeconomic, occupational, and demographic factors. Results: Anticipating a salary decrease or working at a company where staff restructuring had occurred in the preceding year were associated with sleeping problems. Having a temporary or informal employment contract and most domains of perceived job insecurity were not a significant factor in adjusted models. Conclusions: Recent or anticipated economic hardship within a worker's household was the main predictor of sleeping problems. More research is needed to elucidate the exact mechanisms through which the experience of aspects of downsizing might manifest in disruptions to employees’ sleep. Sleep health should be an active part of all employee wellness programs.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1016/j.sleh.2020.02.014

Referens

Salas-Nicás, S., Sembajwe, G., Navarro, A., Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Buxton, M, O. (2020). Job insecurity, economic hardship, and sleep problems in a national sample of salaried workers in Spain. Sleep Health, Volume 6, Issue 3.

Psychosocial risks analysis for employees in public administration

Pastare, D., Roja, Z., Kalkis, H., Roja, I

Sammanfattning

Nowadays psychosocial risks at work have a serious impact not only on the health of employees, but also on the economic performance of organisations, and this is the biggest challenge in working environment. In Latvia, employees in public administration comprise 11% of the total population. Hence the aim of this study was to analyse the causes of psychosocial risks and the differences in their prevalence among inspectorate officials employed in the State Administration compared to office staff employed by the State Administration. A modified Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire from the Danish National Research Centre for the Working Environment was used to assess psychosocial risks at work. One public administration organisation was selected for the study, which involved 111 staff (60 inspecting officers and 51 office staff). The analysis of the results of the psychosocial risk assessment shows that there are statistically significant differences in the assessment of four out of 11 psychosocial risks to the working environment. The most common psychosocial work environment risk factor among inspectors is the inadequate attitude of management, but the most common risk factor among office employees is the lack of impact on work. To reduce the spread of psychosocial risks more effectively, an individual approach is required for each worker.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Lettland

Yrken

Tjänstemän inom offentlig sektor

DOI

10.15159/ar.20.076

Referens

Pastare, D., Roja, Z., Kalkis, H., Roja, I (2020). Psychosocial risks analysis for employees in public administration. Agronomy Research, 18(S1), 945–957.

Return-to-work-experts for inpatient treatment of patients with mental illnesses– a proof-of-concept-study (RETURN): the study protocol

Riedl, L., Blank, D., Kohl, M. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Patients with mental illnesses often have massive difficulties returning to work after inpatient treatment at a psychiatric clinic and are often at risk of losing their jobs. The psychosocial support for this patient group at the interface of clinic/outpatient care is often insufficient. Methods/design: The RETURN-study prospectively assesses and surveys 200 patients with mental disorders in a cluster randomized intervention study, i.e. treatment teams and patients from intervention wards receive a return-to-work (RTW) intervention. Patients in control wards obtain treatment as usual (TAU). Pairs of comparable wards (similar patient population, similar staff density) have been identified and then randomized for control and intervention (n = 14 for each condition). On intervention wards return-to-work experts (RTW experts) who focus treatment on the workplace-related needs of patients with mental illnesses have been established. These RTW experts ensure the use of available resources within the framework of work-related discharge management and should lead to a more successful return to the workplace. The days at work in the year after release will be evaluated in a mixed methods approach as well as the return rate in the year after release, disability days in the year after return, relapse rate after 12 months, cost-benefit ratio of the intervention, analysis of the predictors / barriers for a successful return to the workplace (e.g. psychopathology, cognition, stigma, social-psychiatric support, company support, etc.), possibilities to implement the concept of RTW experts in standard psychiatric care (TAU - treatment as usual), the impact of the RTW experts’ approach on the treatment process in standard psychiatric care. Discussion: This approach is already internationally established in the field of somatic rehabilitation and supported employment [Am J Psychiatry 171:1183–90, 2014; Lancet 370:1146–52, 2007; Cochrane Database Syst Rev, doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006237.pub3, 2014]; the innovative aspect of this project is to implement and evaluate it in standard psychiatric care in Germany. This project requires no new interventions to be developed and tested, as the techniques of the case manager/job coach is applied to the field of return to work. Trial registration: The study was registered in Deutsches Register Klinische Studien searchable via its Meta-registry (http://apps.who.int/trialsearch/), Trial registration number: DRKS00016037, Date of registration: 21/12/2018, URL of trial registry record.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12888-020-02504-4

Referens

Riedl, L., Blank, D., Kohl, M. et al. (2020). Return-to-work-experts for inpatient treatment of patients with mental illnesses– a proof-of-concept-study (RETURN): the study protocol. BMC Psychiatry, 20, 177.

Sexually Harassing Behaviors from Patients or Clients and Care Workers’ Mental Health: Development and Validation of a Measure

Vincent-Höper, S., Adler, M., Stein, M., Vaupel, C., Nienhaus, A.

Sammanfattning

Although evidence reveals severe effects of sexual harassment on care workers’ mental health, there is a scarcity of studies that investigate care workers’ experiences of sexually inappropriate behavior from patients or clients. One reason for this lack of research is that validated measures that assess different types of sexual harassment experienced by employees working with patients or clients are lacking. In this study, we seek to establish a conceptual framework for investigating extraorganizational sexual harassment in healthcare work. Based on this theoretical framework, we developed and validated a measure for assessing sexually harassing behaviors from patients or clients. Data were gathered from heterogeneous samples of employees working in a variety of settings in healthcare. To evaluate the factorial structure of the measure, we conducted exploratory factor analysis (EFA) using a calibration sample (N = 179) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using a cross-validation sample (N = 305). The construct validity of the measure was demonstrated by investigating relationships with indicators of care workers’ mental health. EFA revealed three factors, namely, nonverbal, verbal, and physical acts of sexual harassment. Examination of the measure comprising 14 items revealed acceptable internal consistencies and substantial correlations with indicators of care workers’ mental health. This study provides a useful and sound measure for assessing sexual harassment from patients or clients and paves the way for the development of a comprehensive theoretical framework for the assessment of sexual harassment. Furthermore, it facilitates future investigations of risk factors for sexual harassment and protective factors helping healthcare workers cope with sexual harassment from patients or clients.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17072570

Referens

Vincent-Höper, S., Adler, M., Stein, M., Vaupel, C., Nienhaus, A. (2020). Sexually Harassing Behaviors from Patients or Clients and Care Workers’ Mental Health: Development and Validation of a Measure. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 9;17(7):2570.

Leveraging Justice: How Leaders Influence Performance Determinants in the Fire Service

Huntsman, D., Greer, A., Murphy, H.

Sammanfattning

Disasters are increasing in both number and severity. Thus, effective emergency response is becoming increasingly important to lessen human and economic impacts from disasters. Little research has been performed, however, on how leaders influence the attitudes of responders that motivate them toward increased performance and overall effectiveness. Using survey data from two separate fire departments, this study explores the relationships between distributive and procedural justice, and the affective outcomes of organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Perceived organizational support is also tested for mediation using bootstrapping procedures for indirect effects. Overall, the results for both departments show that perceived organizational support mediates the positive and significant relationships between the justice dimensions and affective outcomes. In turn, this suggests that leaders in the fire service may build more successful fire departments by providing fair treatment, procedures, and outcomes to firefighters as favorable treatment is reciprocated to benefit the organization.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Information saknas

Yrken

Brandmän

DOI

10.1002/rhc3.12188

Referens

Huntsman, D., Greer, A., Murphy, H. (2020). Leveraging Justice: How Leaders Influence Performance Determinants in the Fire Service. Risks, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, 11: 270-295.

Vad händer med arbetsmiljön när man inför aktivitetsbaserade kontor inom akademin?

Berthelsen, H., Muhonen, T., Toivanen, S.

Sammanfattning

År

2017

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Akademiker

Referens

Berthelsen, H., Muhonen, T., Toivanen, S. (2017). Vad händer med arbetsmiljön när man inför aktivitetsbaserade kontor inom akademin?. Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, 23:3, 9-23.

Can staff-assessed care quality predict early failure of dental fillings? A prospective study

Berthelsen, H., Owen, M., Wretlind, K., Westerlund, H.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate staff-assessed care quality as an indicator of register-based measures of care quality at dental clinics, more specifically register-based measures of survival of dental fillings and initiation of preventive treatments for caries patients. Methods: This prospective study includes data from cross-sectional workplace psychosocial risk assessment surveys at dental clinics and register data on survival of dental fillings, and initiation of preventive treatment for caries patients obtained from the Swedish Quality Registry for Caries and Periodontal Disease (SKaPa) Demographic background data on the age, gender, income level and place of birth of patients was obtained from Statistics Sweden (SCB). The data were analysed using discrete-time multilevel survival analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. Results: The results showed that staff-assessed care quality rated by the total staff or by dental nurses at the clinic predicted the risk of replacement of dental fillings made due to a caries diagnosis during the 3-year follow-up period, controlling for potential confounding due to patient demographic characteristics (age, sex, income and country of birth). In contrast, the better the staff-assessed care quality at the clinic, the smaller the proportion of the patients received preventive care in addition to operative caries therapy when controlling for potential confounding due to patient demographics. Care quality assessed by dentists at the clinic did not predict either of these outcome measures. Conclusions: Premature failure of dental fillings is costly for both patients and society, which leads to a need for relevant measures for following dental care quality. Our findings indicate that staff-assessed care quality - a cheap and easy measure to collect and follow continuously in dental practice - can be used to monitor aspects of quality in real time in order to facilitate continuous improvement and quickly amend quality problems. Also, it can be used for integrating quality improvement in systematic work environment risk management.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1111/cdoe.12543

Referens

Berthelsen, H., Owen, M., Wretlind, K., Westerlund, H. (2020). Can staff-assessed care quality predict early failure of dental fillings? A prospective study. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 48(5), 387-394.

Benchmarks for Evidence-Based Risk Assessment with the Swedish Version of the 4-Item Psychosocial Safety Climate Scale

Berthelsen, H., Muhonen. T., Bergström, G., Westerlund, H., Dollard, M.F.

Sammanfattning

The purpose of the present study was to validate the short version of The Psychosocial Safety Climate questionnaire (PSC-4, Dollard, 2019) and to establish benchmarks indicating risk levels for use in Sweden. Cross-sectional data from (1) a random sample of employees in Sweden aged 25-65 years (n = 2847) and (2) a convenience sample of non-managerial employees from 94 workplaces (n = 3066) were analyzed. Benchmarks for three PSC risk levels were developed using organizational compliance with Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) regulations as criterion. The results support the validity and usefulness of the Swedish PSC-4 as an instrument to indicate good, fair, and poor OSH practices. The recommended benchmark for indicating good OSH practices is an average score of >12.0, while the proposed cutoff for poor OSH practices is a score of ≤8.0 on the PSC-4. Scores between these benchmarks indicate fair OSH practices. Furthermore, aggregated data on PSC-4 supported its reliability as a workplace level construct and its association with quantitative demands, quality of leadership, commitment to the workplace, work engagement, job satisfaction, as well as stress and burnout. Thus, the Swedish version of PSC-4 can be regarded as a valid and reliable measure for both research and practical use for risk assessment at workplaces.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17228675

Referens

Berthelsen, H., Muhonen. T., Bergström, G., Westerlund, H., Dollard, M.F. (2020). Benchmarks for Evidence-Based Risk Assessment with the Swedish Version of the 4-Item Psychosocial Safety Climate Scale. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 22;17(22) 8675.

Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version III and Establishment of Benchmarks for Psychosocial Risk Management in Sweden

Berthelsen, H., Westerlund, H., Bergström, G., Burr, H.

Sammanfattning

This study presents the Swedish standard version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, COPSOQ III, and investigates its reliability and validity at individual and workplace levels with the aim of establishing benchmarks for the psychosocial work environment. Cross-sectional data from (1) a random sample of employees in Sweden aged 25–65 years (N = 2847) and (2) a convenience sample of non-managerial employees at 51 workplaces (N = 1818) were analysed. Internal consistency reliability was evaluated as well as the effects of sex, work sector and blue/white-collar work. Population benchmarks and mean scores for major occupational groups were computed based on weighted data. ICC(1) and ICC(2) estimates were computed to evaluate aggregation to the workplace level and Pearson inter-correlations to evaluate construct validity at individual and aggregated levels. The reliability and scale characteristics were satisfactory, with few exceptions, at both individual and workplace levels. The strength and direction of correlations supported the construct validity of the dimensions and the amount of variance explained by workplace justified aggregation to the workplace level. The present study thus supports the use of COPSOQ III for measurement at the workplace level and presents benchmarks for risk management as well as for research purposes.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17093179

Referens

Berthelsen, H., Westerlund, H., Bergström, G., Burr, H. (2020). Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version III and Establishment of Benchmarks for Psychosocial Risk Management in Sweden. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 17(9), 3179.

The Third Version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire

Burr et al.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: A new third version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ III) has been developed in response to trends in working life, theoretical concepts, and international experience. A key component of the COPSOQ III is a defined set of mandatory core items to be included in national short, middle, and long versions of the questionnaire. The aim of the present article is to present and test the reliability of the new international middle version of the COPSOQ III. Methods: The questionnaire was tested among 23,361 employees during 2016–2017 in Canada, Spain, France, Germany, Sweden, and Turkey. A total of 26 dimensions (measured through scales or single items) of the middle version and two from the long version were tested. Psychometric properties of the dimensions were assessed regarding reliability (Cronbach α), ceiling and floor effects (fractions with extreme answers), and distinctiveness (correlations with other dimensions). Results: Most international middle dimensions had satisfactory reliability in most countries, though some ceiling and floor effects were present. Dimensions with missing values were rare. Most dimensions had low to medium intercorrelations. Conclusions: The COPSOQ III offers reliable and distinct measures of a wide range of psychosocial dimensions of modern working life in different countries; although a few measures could be improved. Future testing should focus on validation of the COPSOQ items and dimensions using both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Such investigations would enhance the basis for recommendations using the COPSOQ III.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Kanada, Spanien, Frankrike, Tyskland, Sverige, Turkiet

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1016/j.shaw.2019.10.00

Referens

Burr et al. (2019). The Third Version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Safety and Health at Work, Volume 10, Issue 4, 482-503.

Legitimacy of work tasks, psychosocial work environment, and time utilization among primary care staff in Sweden

Anskär, E., Lindberg, M., Falk, M., & Andersson, A.

Sammanfattning

Objective: Primary care staff faces a complex work environment including a heavy administrative work load and perceive some work tasks as illegitimate. This study aimed to elucidate associations between the perceived legitimacy of work tasks, the psychosocial work environment, and the utilization of work time among Swedish primary care staff. Design and setting: The study was designed as a multicenter study involving all staff categories, i.e. registered nurses, primary care physicians, care administrators, nurse assistants and allied professionals, at eleven primary care centers in Sweden. Subjects: Participants completed the Bern Illegitimate Tasks Scale and the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. They also recorded time spent on all work tasks, day by day during two separate weeks. Main outcome measures and results: More than a quarter (27%) of primary care physicians perceived a high proportion of unnecessary work tasks. After adjusting for profession, age and gender, the perception of having to perform unreasonable work tasks was positively associated with experiencing role conflicts and with the proportion of organization-related administration and service work tasks. Conclusion: Across all staff groups, the perception of unreasonable work tasks was more pronounced among staff with a high proportion of non-patient related administration. Also, the perception of having to perform a large amount of illegitimate work tasks affected the psychosocial work environment negatively, which might influence staffs perception of their professional roles. These results illuminate the importance of decision makers to thoroughly consider the distribution and allocation of non-patient related work tasks among staff in primary care.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Primärvårdspersonal

DOI

10.1080/02813432.2019.1684014

Referens

Anskär, E., Lindberg, M., Falk, M., & Andersson, A. (2019). Legitimacy of work tasks, psychosocial work environment, and time utilization among primary care staff in Sweden. Scandinavian journal of primary health care, 37(4), 476–483..

Study protocol of a co-created primary organizational-level intervention with the aim to improve organizational and social working conditions and decrease stress within the construction industry – a controlled trial

Cedstrand, E., Nyberg, A., Bodin, T. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Within construction industry, physical work exposures have long been recognized as possible determinants for musculoskeletal disorders, but less attention has been given the increasing organizational and social work hazards and stress within this industry. There is to date a lack of knowledge about how to improve organizational and social working conditions and decrease stress within the construction industry. Methods: This paper outlines the design of a controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a co-created organizational-level intervention with the aim to improve role clarity, quantitative demands, staffing, planning, team effectiveness, psychosocial safety climate and stress. Two regions (> 700 employees) within one large construction company in Sweden will participate as intervention and control group. Further we present the design of the process evaluation assessing fidelity, support from managers, readiness for change and contextual factors. We will utilize questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, observations and documentation as means for data collection, hence a mixed methods approach is applied. Discussion: The study is expected to contribute to the understanding of how adverse organizational and social working conditions and stress can be improved within the construction industry. By applying co-creation we wish to develop an intervention and implementation strategies that fit to the context, are in line with the needs of end-users and are supported by all management levels - all of which are highlighted features in successful workplace interventions.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Byggarbetare

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-08542-7

Referens

Cedstrand, E., Nyberg, A., Bodin, T. et al. (2020). Study protocol of a co-created primary organizational-level intervention with the aim to improve organizational and social working conditions and decrease stress within the construction industry – a controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 20, 424.

Employees' perceptions of their own and their supervisor's emotion recognition skills moderate emotional demands on psychological strain

Tucker, MK, Jimmieson, NL, Bordia, P.

Sammanfattning

This research builds on prior studies showing the role of employee emotion recognition in the stress process to be mixed and conflicting. As such, it was proposed that the extent to which employees' emotion recognition skills buffer or exacerbate emotional demands depends on the extent to which employees believe their supervisor also is skilled in emotion recognition. Two samples of Australian employees completed cross‐sectional questionnaires. Sample 1 consisted of 149 employees in a medical research institution, and Sample 2 consisted of 161 government employees in an equipment supplies and logistics service. A three‐way interaction among emotional demands, employee emotion recognition, and perceived supervisor emotion recognition was found on psychological strain in both samples and on job dissatisfaction in Sample 1. As predicted, when employee emotion recognition was high, those who perceived their supervisor to be high in emotion recognition were buffered from emotional demands. In contrast, stress‐exacerbating effects were found when employees were high in emotion recognition, but supervisors were perceived to be low in emotion recognition. Overall, these results highlight the importance of emotion recognition in the stress process, and that the same skill set needs to be perceived in one's supervisor, an interpersonal resource, for this intrapersonal resource to be adaptive for employees.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Australien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1002/smi.2919

Referens

Tucker, MK, Jimmieson, NL, Bordia, P. (2020). Employees' perceptions of their own and their supervisor's emotion recognition skills moderate emotional demands on psychological strain. Stress Health, 1– 12.

Neck and upper extremity pain in sonographers – a longitudinal study

Gremark Simonsen, J., Axmon, A., Nordander, C. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Sonographers have reported a high occurrence of musculoskeletal pain for more than 25 years. Assessments of occupational risk factors have previously been based on cross-sectional surveys. The aim of this longitudinal study was to determine which factors at baseline that were associated with neck/shoulder and elbow/hand pain at follow-up. Methods: A questionnaire was answered by 248 female sonographers at baseline and follow-up (85% of the original cohort). 208 were included in the analyses. Physical, visual, and psychosocial work-related conditions were assessed at baseline. Pain in two body regions (neck/shoulders and elbows/hands) was assessed at both baseline and follow up. Results: Pain at baseline showed the strongest association with pain at follow-up in both body regions [prevalence ratio (PR) 2.04; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.50–2.76], for neck/shoulders and (PR 3.45; CI 2.29–5.22) for elbows/hands. Neck/shoulder pain at follow-up was associated with inability of ergonomic adjustments at the ultrasound device (PR 1.25; CI 1.05–1.49), a high mechanical exposure index (PR 1.66; CI 1.09–2.52), and adverse visual conditions (PR 1.24; CI 1.00–1.54) at baseline. Moreover, among participants with no neck/shoulder pain at baseline, high job demands (PR 1.78; CI 1.01–3.12), and a high mechanical exposure index (PR 2.0; CI 0.98–4.14) predicted pain at follow-up. Pain in the elbows/hands at follow-up was associated with high sensory demands at baseline (PR 1.63; CI 1.08–2.45), and among participants without pain at baseline high sensory demands predicted elbow/hand pain at follow-up (PR 3.34; CI 1.53–7.31). Conclusion: Pain at baseline was the strongest predictor for pain at follow-up in both body regions. We also found several occupational factors at baseline that were associated with pain at follow-up: inability to adjust equipment, adverse visual conditions, a high MEI, high job demands and high sensory demands. These results point at a possibility to influence pain with better ergonomics.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

DOI

10.1186/s12891-020-3096-9

Referens

Gremark Simonsen, J., Axmon, A., Nordander, C. et al. (2020). Neck and upper extremity pain in sonographers – a longitudinal study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 21, 156.

Provider burnout: Implications for our perinatal patients

Tawfik, S. D., Profit, J.

Sammanfattning

Objective: To describe the syndrome of physician burnout within neonatology, its relation to neonatal quality of care, and outline potential solutions. Findings: Burnout affects up to half of physicians, including up to one-third of neonatologists, at any given time. It is linked to suicidality, substance abuse, and intent to leave practice, and it is strongly associated with reduced quality of care in the published literature. Resilience and mindfulness interventions rooted in positive psychology may reduce burnout among individual providers. Because burnout is largely driven by organizational factors, system-level attention to leadership, teamwork, and practice efficiency can reduce burnout at the level of the organization. Conclusions: Burnout is common among neonatologists and consistently relates to decreased quality of patient care in a variety of dimensions. Personal resilience training and system-wide organizational interventions are needed to reverse burnout and promote high-quality neonatal care.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

USA

Yrken

Läkare

DOI

10.1016/j.semperi.2020.151243

Referens

Tawfik, S. D., Profit, J. (2020). Provider burnout: Implications for our perinatal patients. Seminars in Perinatology.

Association between physical work demands and work ability in workers with musculoskeletal pain: cross-sectional study

Skovlund, S.V., Bláfoss, R., Sundstrup, E. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Musculoskeletal pain is common in the working population and may affect the work ability, especially among those with high physical work demands. This study investigated the association between physical work demands and work ability in workers with musculoskeletal pain. Methods: Workers with physically demanding jobs (n = 5377) participated in the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study in 2010. Associations between physical work ability and various physical work demands were modeled using cumulative logistic regression analyses while controlling for possible confounders. Results: In the fully adjusted model, bending and twisting/turning of the back more than a quarter of the workday (reference: less than a quarter of the workday) was associated with higher odds of lower work ability in workers with low-back pain (OR: 1.38, 95% CI: 1.09–1.74) and neck-shoulder pain (OR: 1.29, 95% CI: 1.01–1.64). When adding up the different types of demands, being exposed to two or more physical work demands for more than a quarter of the workday was consistently associated with lower work ability. Conclusions: Work that involves high demands of the lower back seems especially problematic in relation to work ability among physical workers with musculoskeletal pain. Regardless of the specific type of physical work demand, being exposed to multiple physical work demands for more than a quarter of the workday was also associated with lower work ability.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12891-020-03191-8

Referens

Skovlund, S.V., Bláfoss, R., Sundstrup, E. et al. (2020). Association between physical work demands and work ability in workers with musculoskeletal pain: cross-sectional study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 21, 166.

Equal health at work? Protocol for an observational study of work organisation, workload and musculoskeletal complaints among women and men in grocery retail

Mathiassen, S. E., Bolin, M., Olofsdotter, G., Johansson, E.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: Women generally report more work-related musculoskeletal complaints than men and have higher rates of sickness absence, even within occupations. One likely reason is that work tasks within the occupation are gendered, that is, women and men have different tasks, even when sharing the same job title. Retail is an appealing sector for studying working conditions and work environment in a gender context. The prevalence of work-related complaints is high, physical loads may differ considerably between tasks and the distribution of tasks is likely gendered. The overall aim of this study in retail is to examine factors at the organisational and individual level that may, in a gender perspective, explain working conditions, work tasks, workloads and musculoskeletal health. Methods and analyses: Data will be collected in two grocery stores, each with 50–70 workers, at two occasions interspersed by about 1 year. In each of these four waves, data collection will include a web-based questionnaire to all workers addressing, for example, work tasks, psychosocial factors, fatigue and pain; semistructured interviews with managers and approximately 10 workers addressing, for example, competences and decision levels; and technical measurements of postures, movements and heart rate in about 30 workers. The study is novel in combining an organisational gender perspective addressed through qualitative methods with a quantitative analysis of tasks, workload and health. The design allows an examination of both how genders may differ, and why they may differ, as well as analyses of the extent to which gendered working conditions change over time in the two participating stores. Ethics and dissemination: Approval of the study by the Swedish Ethical Review Authority (reference number 2017/404) has been obtained. This work will be disseminated by publication of peer-reviewed papers in scientific journals, presentations at scientific conferences and in meetings with representatives from Swedish retail, including unions and employers’ organisations.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Butiksarbetare

DOI

10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032409

Referens

Mathiassen, S. E., Bolin, M., Olofsdotter, G., Johansson, E. (2020). Equal health at work? Protocol for an observational study of work organisation, workload and musculoskeletal complaints among women and men in grocery retail. BMJ Open, 10(1): e032409.

Development and validation of the Spanish Work-Family Conflict Scale (SP-WFCS): Evidence from two independent samples in Argentina

Pujol-Cols, L.

Sammanfattning

Research on work-family conflict has increased dramatically in recent years. In this study, we developed a Spanish version of the Work-Family Conflict Scale (Carlson et al. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 56(2), 249–276, 2000) and examined its reliability, dimensionality, factor invariance, gender invariance, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and empirical validity. To this end, we analyzed data collected from two independent samples of Argentinian employees (N = 618). The results from the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed that the Spanish Work-Family Conflict Scale (SP-WFCS) displayed a six-dimensional factor structure (CFI ≥ .96, TLI = .96, RMSEA = .06). Furthermore, each dimension showed satisfactory levels of internal consistency (α estimates ranged from .80 to .92), convergent validity (AVE estimates ranged from .59 to .80, and CR estimates ranged from .81 to .92) and discriminant validity (AVE values ≥ shared variance estimates). Moreover, the results from the multi-group confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the six-dimensional model of the SP-WFCS was statistically invariant across samples and gender. Finally, most work-family conflict dimensions displayed significant correlations with three antecedents (i.e., quantitative demands, emotional demands, and core self-evaluations) and two outcomes (i.e., affective job satisfaction and burnout). Taken together, the results provided support to the validity of the SP-WFCS in Argentina, suggesting that it may be a reliable and valid instrument to measure work-family conflict in Spanish-speaking countries. Limitations to the study and opportunities for future research are discussed in this article.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Argentina

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s12144-019-00544-y

Referens

Pujol-Cols, L. (2019). Development and validation of the Spanish Work-Family Conflict Scale (SP-WFCS): Evidence from two independent samples in Argentina. Curr Psychol.

Can work-unit social capital buffer the association between workplace violence and long-term sickness absence? A prospective cohort study of healthcare employees

Török, E., Rod, N.H., Ersbøll, A.K. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: To determine the prospective relation between workplace violence and the risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA), and study if work-unit social capital could buffer this effect. As an explorative analysis, the association between work-unit social capital and workplace violence is also tested. Methods: The study is based on the Well-being in HospitAL Employees (WHALE) cohort, including healthcare employees in Denmark. The study sample consisted of 30,044 employees nested within 2304 work-units. Exposure to workplace violence and threats of violence during the past 12 months was measured by self-report. Work-unit social capital was computed by aggregating the mean individual responses within work-units. LTSA was defined as one or more episodes of ≥ 29 consecutive sickness absence days initiated within 2 years following baseline. Results: Employees experiencing workplace violence had a higher risk of LTSA (OR = 1.55; 95% CI 1.39–1.72), but there was no evidence in support of work-unit social capital buffering the effect of workplace violence on LTSA (RERI = 0.24; 95%CI: − 0.36 to 0.84; p = 0.12 for multiplicative interaction). High compared to low work-unit social capital was associated with a lower prevalence of workplace violence (OR = 0.47; 95% CI 0.36–0.61). Conclusion: There was a prospective association between workplace violence and LTSA, but work-unit social capital did not buffer this effect. Furthermore, the results revealed an inverse association between work-unit social capital and workplace violence. The findings indicate that in order to effectively reduce LTSA, preventive interventions need to both prevent workplace violence and strengthen social capital.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1007/s00420-019-01484-7

Referens

Török, E., Rod, N.H., Ersbøll, A.K. et al. (2019). Can work-unit social capital buffer the association between workplace violence and long-term sickness absence? A prospective cohort study of healthcare employees. Int Arch Occup Environ Health, 93, 355–364.

A Salutogenic Approach to Understanding the Potential of Green Programs for the Rehabilitation of Young Employees With Burnout: Protocol for a Mixed Method Study on Effectiveness and Effective Elements

Pijpker, R., Vaandrager, L., Veen, E.J., Koelen, M.A.

Sammanfattning

Background: Burnout is the leading cause of absenteeism in the Netherlands, with associated sick leave costs amounting to around €1.8 billion. Studies have indicated that burnout complaints increased from almost 14.4% in 2014 to 17.3% in 2018, especially among employees between the ages of 18 and 35 years, and further increases are expected. Although there are many published articles on burnout, not much is known about what constitutes effective rehabilitation (ie, the reduction of burnout complaints and the facilitation of returning to work). At the same time, multiple pilot studies have indicated that green programs are effective in both reducing burnout complaints and facilitating return to work. Green programs have been developed by professionals experienced in using the natural environment to facilitate rehabilitation (eg, through green exercise and healing gardens). The literature nevertheless lacks comprehensive and contextual insight into what works and why. Objective: The overarching aim of this study is to explore the potential of green programs for young employees with burnout. We present the study protocol from an ongoing research project consisting of 2 phases, each composed of 2 research objectives that sequentially build upon each other. Methods: The study is based on a sequential design with 4 research objectives, using both qualitative and quantitative research methods. In the first phase, a systematic literature review (research objective 1) and in-depth interviews (research objective 2) will be used to explore mechanisms underlying the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout. In the second phase, a multicase study will be conducted to examine the extent to which green programs are built on mechanisms identified in the first phase (research objective 3). By employing a pretest and posttest design, a specific green program that captures most of those mechanisms will then be evaluated on its effect and process with regard to the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout (research objective 4). The project started in June 2018 and will continue through June 2022. Results: The first phase (research objectives 1 and 2) is intended to generate information on the mechanisms underlying the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout. The second phase (research objectives 3 and 4) is designed to demonstrate the extent to which and how the selected green program facilitates the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout. Conclusions: Understanding how green programs can facilitate the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout complaints can help to address this societal issue.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.2196/15303

Referens

Pijpker, R., Vaandrager, L., Veen, E.J., Koelen, M.A. (2019). A Salutogenic Approach to Understanding the Potential of Green Programs for the Rehabilitation of Young Employees With Burnout: Protocol for a Mixed Method Study on Effectiveness and Effective Elements. JMIR Res Protoc, 8(10):e15303.

Perceived and content-related emotional demands at work and risk of long-term sickness absence in the Danish workforce: a cohort study of 26 410 Danish employees

Framke E, Sørensen JK, Nordentoft M, et al

Sammanfattning

Objectives: This study aimed to examine whether high emotional demands at work predict long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in the Danish workforce and whether associations differ by perceived and content-related emotional demands. Methods: We included 26 410 individuals from the Work Environment and Health in Denmark Study, a nationwide sample of the Danish workforce. Emotional demands at work were measured with two items: one assessing perceived emotional demands (asking how often respondents were emotionally affected by work) and one assessing content-related emotional demands (frequency of contact with individuals in difficult situations). LTSA was register based and defined as spells of ≥6 weeks. Respondents with LTSA during 2 years before baseline were excluded. Follow-up was 52 weeks. Using Cox regression, we estimated risk of LTSA per one-unit increase in emotional demands rated on a five-point scale. Results: During 22 466 person-years, we identified 1002 LTSA cases. Both perceived (HR 1.20, 95% CI 1.12 to 1.28) and content-related emotional demands (HR 1.07, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.13) predicted risk of LTSA after adjustment for confounders. Further adjustment for baseline depressive symptoms substantially attenuated associations for perceived (HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.16) but not content-related emotional demands (HR 1.05, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.11). Individuals working in occupations with above-average values of both exposures had an increased risk of LTSA (HR 1.32, 95% CI 1.14 to 1.52) compared with individuals in all other job groups. Conclusions: Perceived and content-related emotional demands at work predicted LTSA, also after adjustment for baseline depressive symptoms, supporting the interpretation that high emotional demands may be hazardous to employee’s health.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1136/oemed-2019-106015

Referens

Framke E, Sørensen JK, Nordentoft M, et al (2019). Perceived and content-related emotional demands at work and risk of long-term sickness absence in the Danish workforce: a cohort study of 26 410 Danish employees. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 76:895-900.

Adjusting work conditions to meet the declined health and functional capacity of older construction workers in Hong Kong

Peng, L., Chan, H.S.A.

Sammanfattning

Aging of the workforce in Hong Kong has led to a labor shortage and increased occupational safety risks, particularly for physically demanding occupations. Work conditions should be designed to match the health and functional capacity of older workers to partly address the problems of labor shortage and safety. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted with a sample of 340 older (aged 50 and above) construction workers of Hong Kong in this study. The prevalence of health problems and occupational accidents suffered by older construction workers were investigated. The patterns of occupational accidents characterized by job demands, job resources, physical work capacity, and health conditions of workers were analyzed. Results showed that older construction workers suffered poor physical and mental health. The rate for severe accidents for older construction workers was considerably higher than for the younger workers. Physical work capacity and physical and mental health were critical factors that affected the occupational safety of older construction workers. However, the proper design of job resources and job demands to match individual health-related factors can mitigate the increasing occupational safety risks for older construction workers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Hong Kong

Yrken

Byggarbetare

DOI

10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104711

Referens

Peng, L., Chan, H.S.A. (2020). Adjusting work conditions to meet the declined health and functional capacity of older construction workers in Hong Kong. Safety Science, Vol 127.

Is physical and psychological work stress associated with fatigue in Danish ferry ship employees?

Dohrmann, B.S., Herttua, K., Leppin, A.

Sammanfattning

Background: Fatigue is a recognised risk factor for safety in seafaring. While always dangerous, fatigue in ferry shipping is especially hazardous as it may jeopardise passengers’ safety. To counteract fatigue, knowledge on its determinants is important. Little, however, is known on the influence from physical and psychosocial work environment factors within ferry shipping. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between work stress in terms of physical stressors, perceived job demands and job control and different dimensions of fatigue among ferry ship employees and to test whether a potential effect of work stress was mediated by sleep satisfaction. Materials and methods: The design was cross-sectional. 193 respondents answered to a self-administered questionnaire including standardised scales, i.e. the Swedish Occupational Fatigue Inventory and the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire for job demands and control. The association of risk factors with fatigue was determined using hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses. Results: Physical work stressors were positively associated with only one of five fatigue subscales: lack of energy. Higher levels of demands were related to more lack of energy, lack of motivation, physical exertion and sleepiness, while more control was related to lesser lack of energy, lack of motivation and sleepiness. No demand-control interaction was found. Effects of demand and control were partly mediated by sleep satisfaction. Conclusions: Although limited by its cross-sectional design this study provides support for the independent relevance of demands and control for employee fatigue in ferry shipping and for a mediating role of sleep satisfaction.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Sjömän

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2020.0011

Referens

Dohrmann, B.S., Herttua, K., Leppin, A. (2020). Is physical and psychological work stress associated with fatigue in Danish ferry ship employees?. International Maritime Health, 71(1):46-55.

Lagged versus concurrent changes between burnout and depression symptoms and unique contributions from job demands and job resources

Hatch, D.J., Potter, G.G., Martus, P., Rose, U., Freude, G.

Sammanfattning

Burnout and depression pose significant threats to emotional and occupational functioning; however, questions exist over how these 2 conditions are associated with each other over time, and how these are related to underlying job stressors. The job demands-resources model provides a useful framework for understanding how job demands and job resources may lead to burnout, but questions remain about their distinct association with depression symptoms. The current study examined these questions in a sample of 402 nursing workers. The Exhaustion subscale of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 depression assessment, and items reflecting job demands and job resources from the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire were assessed at baseline; additionally, Oldenburg Burnout Inventory Exhaustion and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 depression were assessed over 12 monthly follow-ups. Linear mixed models assessed longitudinal bidirectional associations between burnout and depression in both concurrent and lagged models. Longitudinal models found bidirectional relationships between burnout and depression symptoms over time, with relatively stronger associations for concurrent models relative to lagged models. Job demands and job resources each predicted unique variance in burnout and depression symptoms over time. Results provide evidence that burnout and depression symptoms change in the same direction, in tandem, rather than one condition having a distinctly stronger temporal association over the other. Results also indicate that both job demands and job resources are associated with depression symptoms independent from their association with burnout symptoms. Our results highlight the importance of considering burnout symptoms, depression symptoms, and job stressors concurrently in evaluating worker mental health.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1037/ocp0000170

Referens

Hatch, D.J., Potter, G.G., Martus, P., Rose, U., Freude, G. (2019). Lagged versus concurrent changes between burnout and depression symptoms and unique contributions from job demands and job resources. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 24(6):617-628.

Investigating work-related stress among health professionals at different hierarchical levels: A cross-sectional study

Peter, K. A., Schols, J.M.G.A., Halfens, R.J.G., Hahn, S.

Sammanfattning

Aim: To determine the extent of stress at work among health professionals working in upper-, middle- and lower-management positions and those not working in management positions. Design: Cross-sectional design and randomly selected hospitals, nursing homes and home care organizations. Methods: The study sample included nursing staff and midwives, physicians, medical–technical and medical–therapeutic professionals at all hierarchical levels (N = 8,112). Data were collected using self-report questionnaires and analysed using multiple regression models. Results: Health professionals in upper- and middle-management positions reported higher quantitative demands, severe work–private life conflicts (p < .05) as well as less role clarity in middle-management positions (B = −1.58, p < .05). In lower-management positions, health professionals reported higher physical (B = 3.80, p < .001) and emotional demands (B = 1.79, p < .01), stress symptoms (B = 1.81, p < .05) and job dissatisfaction (B = −1.17, p < .05). Health professionals without management responsibilities reported the poorest working conditions in relation to various stressors, job satisfaction (B = −5.20, p < .001) and health-related outcomes (e.g. burnout symptoms: B = 1.89, p < .01).

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Schweiz

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1002/nop2.469

Referens

Peter, K. A., Schols, J.M.G.A., Halfens, R.J.G., Hahn, S. (2020). Investigating work-related stress among health professionals at different hierarchical levels: A cross-sectional study. Nursing Open.

Flexible work arrangements in open workspaces and relations to occupational stress, need for recovery and psychological detachment from work

Mache, S., Servaty, R., Harth, V.

Sammanfattning

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12995-020-00258-z

Referens

Mache, S., Servaty, R., Harth, V. (2020). Flexible work arrangements in open workspaces and relations to occupational stress, need for recovery and psychological detachment from work. J Occup Med Toxicol, 15, 5.

Stress does not appear to negatively affect testicular function in infertile men

Coward, R. M.

Sammanfattning

Although a link between stress and infertility has been well established, most previous studies have focused on female partners. Only a few studies have thoroughly addressed the role of stress for male partners, particularly the direct relationship between stress and male reproductive function. Bräuner et al. (1) should be commended for their well-designed study evaluating male partner stress as a potential cause of gonadal dysfunction. The authors performed a cross-sectional study of 423 Danish men (149 [35.2%] infertile men and 274 [64.8%] fertile control men) recruited from an academic medical center to assess the association between psychological stress, stressful life events (SLEs), and male reproductive function as measured by semen quality, serum reproductive hormones, and erectile dysfunction.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Coward, R. M. (2020). Stress does not appear to negatively affect testicular function in infertile men. Fertility and Sterility, Volume 113, Issue 4, 771.

The Assessment of Psychosocial Work Conditions and Their Relationship to Well-Being: A Multi-Study Report

Kuczynski, I., Mädler, M., Taibi, Y., Lang, J.

Sammanfattning

The aim of this multi-study report is to present a questionnaire that enables researchers and practitioners to assess and evaluate psychosocial risks related to well-being. In Study 1, we conducted a cross-sectional online-survey in 15 German companies from 2016 to 2017 to verify factor- and criterion-related validity. Data consisted of 1151 employee self-ratings. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses resulted in an eight-factor structure (CFI = 0.902, RMSEA = 0.058, and SRMR = 0.070). All scales held to excellent internal consistency values (α = 0.65–0.90) and were related significantly to well-being (r = 0.17–0.35, p < 0.001). A second, longitudinal study in 2018 showed satisfying convergent and discriminant validity (N = 293) to scales from KFZA and COPSOQ. Test-retest reliability (N = 73; α = 0.65–0.88, p < 0.05) was also good. The instrument provides incremental validity above existing instruments since it explains additional variance in well-being.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Kuczynski, I., Mädler, M., Taibi, Y., Lang, J. (2020). The Assessment of Psychosocial Work Conditions and Their Relationship to Well-Being: A Multi-Study Report. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 17, 1654.

The Extent of Psychosocial Distress among Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Homecare Nurses — A Comparative cross Sectional Survey

Schilgen, B., Nienhaus, A., Mösko, M.

Sammanfattning

In times of demographic change, most developed countries are increasingly looking to cover the growing domestic demand for healthcare by hiring nurses from abroad. The evidence concerning the health of immigrant care workers is inconsistent since studies report that it is either better or more impaired than that of their non-immigrant counterparts. This study compared the extent of occupational psychosocial stressors and resources affecting immigrant and non-immigrant homecare nurses. The cross-sectional survey was conducted in the homecare nursing service sector in Hamburg. Psychosocial distress, depressive symptomatology, generalized anxiety, somatic symptom burdens, homecare-specific qualitative stressors, as well as resources, have been measured using a standardized questionnaire. There was no significant difference in the extent of psychosocial distress experienced by immigrant and non-immigrant homecare nurses. Somatic symptom burdens most strongly predicted nurses’ psychosocial distress, in general. For immigrant nurses, greater influence and freedom at work, as well as fixed-term employment, was related to increased levels of distress, while age, working full time, and working overtime predicted distress in non-immigrant nurses. A functioning relationship with colleagues and superiors had a declining effect on immigrant nurses’ psychosocial distress, while shift work arrangements benefitted non-immigrant nurses. Even though the extent of psychosocial distress experienced by immigrant and non-immigrant nurses did not significantly differ, the nurse’s individual explanatory model of psychosocial health should be considered in every occupational and political context.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Hemtjänstpersonal

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17051635

Referens

Schilgen, B., Nienhaus, A., Mösko, M. (2020). The Extent of Psychosocial Distress among Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Homecare Nurses — A Comparative cross Sectional Survey. International journal of environmental research and public health.

Stimulated by insight: Exploration of critical care nurses' experience of research participation in a recovery programme for intensive care survivors

Lehmkuhl, L., Egerod, I., Overgaard, D., Bestle, H. M., Jensen, F. J.

Sammanfattning

Aims and objectives: To explore critical care nurses' experiences of research participation during a one‐year recovery programme for intensive care survivors. Background: Nurse‐led postintensive care follow‐up consultations have emerged to help patients to recover and overcome problems related to critical illness and admission at the intensive care unit (ICU). Previous research exploring post‐ICU follow‐up programmes have shown inconclusive evidence of their effectiveness on patient‐reported outcome measurements, and provider evaluation is scarce. The context of this study is the Recovery and Aftercare in Postintensive care Therapy (RAPIT) trial. Design: A qualitative descriptive telephone interview study. Methods: Data were collected after completion of the RAPIT trial. Participants (n = 14) were trained intensive care nurses, who delivered the post‐ICU recovery programme, representing nine out of ten sites from the RAPIT trial. Two focus group discussions were used to construct a semistructured interview guide. A thematic data analysis was performed using Braun and Clark's six‐step method. This study conforms to the COREQ Research Reporting Guidelines for qualitative studies. Results: Our study indicated that nurses considered participation in research as a positive experience. The main finding “Stimulated by insight” described how nurses' engagement and professional growth was gained by reflection, patient feedback and research competencies acquired in the clinical setting. The research programmes stimulated to new knowledge, broaden their perspectives and enhanced critical reflection of ICU nursing practice. Conclusions: The study indicates that nurses developed research competencies and enhanced their job satisfaction by using critical reflection and patient feedback. However, there is still a substantial need for support to strengthen nurses' competencies in collaboration with colleagues, managers and researchers. Relevance to Clinical Practice: This study can contribute to the development of recommendations supporting nurses doing research and to optimise implementation of clinical research.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1111/jocn.15193

Referens

Lehmkuhl, L., Egerod, I., Overgaard, D., Bestle, H. M., Jensen, F. J. (2020). Stimulated by insight: Exploration of critical care nurses' experience of research participation in a recovery programme for intensive care survivors.

The design and development of a hybrid off-job crafting intervention to enhance needs satisfaction, well-being and performance: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Kosenkranius, M.K., Rink, F.A., de Bloom, J. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Employees dealing with job demands such as high workload and permeable work-life boundaries could benefit from bottom-up well-being strategies such as off-job crafting. We have developed a hybrid off-job crafting intervention to promote off-job crafting, a proactive pursuit to adjust one’s off-job time activities to satisfy one’s psychological needs. This hybrid intervention contains both on-site (two trainings) and online elements (smartphone app) to enhance employees’ well-being and performance within different life domains. Methods: The study is designed as a randomized controlled trial with an intervention group and a waitlist control group. The study population will be Finnish knowledge workers. The intervention program focuses on six psychological needs (detachment, relaxation, autonomy, mastery, meaning, and affiliation) proposed by the DRAMMA model. The intervention will consist of the following components: 1) an on-site off-job crafting training, 2) an individual off-job crafting plan for the four-week intervention period, 3) Everydaily smartphone app usage, and 4) a training session for reflection. The study outcomes are assessed with online questionnaires once at baseline, weekly during the intervention period and twice after the intervention (two-week and six-week follow-up). Moreover, during the second training session, participants will participate in a process evaluation to shed light on the mechanisms that can affect the effectiveness of the intervention. Discussion: We expect that the intervention will stimulate off-job crafting behaviors, which may in turn increase well-being and performance in both non-work and work domains during and after the intervention (compared to baseline and to the control group). The intervention may provide employees with additional resources to deal with various stressors in life. Furthermore, this off-job crafting intervention could also offer performance benefits for the employers such as increased organizational citizenship behaviors among employees. Trial registration: The Netherlands Trial Register (NTR): NL8219, December 9, 2019. Registered retrospectively. https://www.trialregister.nl/trial/8219

År

2020

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Finland

Yrken

Kunskapsarbetare

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-8224-9

Referens

Kosenkranius, M.K., Rink, F.A., de Bloom, J. et al. (2020). The design and development of a hybrid off-job crafting intervention to enhance needs satisfaction, well-being and performance: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 20, 115.

How can evidence-based interventions give the best value for users in social services? Balance between adherence and adaptations: a study protocol

Hasson, H., Gröndal, H., Rundgren, Å.H. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Using evidence-based interventions (EBIs) is a basic premise of contemporary social services (e.g., child and family social services). However, EBIs seldom fit seamlessly into a specific setting but often need to be adapted. Although some adaptions might be necessary, they can cause interventions to be less effective or even unsafe. The challenge of balancing adherence and adaptations when using EBIs is often referred to as the adherence and adaptation dilemma. Although the current literature identifies professionals’ management of this dilemma as problematic, it offers little practical guidance for professionals. This research aims to investigate how the adherence and adaptation dilemma is handled in social services and to explore how structured decision support can impact the management of the dilemma. Methods: The design is a prospective, longitudinal intervention with a focus on the feasibility and usefulness of the structured decision support. The project is a collaboration between academic researchers, embedded researchers at three research and development units, and social service organizations. A multi-method data collection will be employed. Initially, a scoping review will be performed, and the results will be used in the development of a structured decision support. The decision support will be further developed and tested during a series of workshops with social service professionals. Different forms of data—focus group interviews, questionnaires, and documentation—will be used on several occasions to evaluate the impact of the structured decision support. Qualitative and quantitative analysis will be performed and usefulness for practice prioritized throughout the study. Discussion: The study will contribute with knowledge on how the adherence and adaption dilemma is handled and experienced by social service professionals. Most importantly, the study will generate rich empirical data on how a structured decision support impacts professionals’ management of adherence and adaptions. The goal is to produce more strategic and context-sensitive implementation of EBIs in social service, which will increase value for service users.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Ej relevant

DOI

10.1186/s43058-020-00005-9

Referens

Hasson, H., Gröndal, H., Rundgren, Å.H. et al. (2020). How can evidence-based interventions give the best value for users in social services? Balance between adherence and adaptations: a study protocol. Implement Sci Commun, 1, 15.

Occupational strain and job satisfaction: The job demand–resource moderation–mediation model in haemodialysis units

Ghanayem, M., Srulovici, E., Zlotnick, C.

Sammanfattning

Aim: To examine whether job resources moderate the relationship between job demands and occupational strain, and whether occupational strain mediates the relationship between job demands and job satisfaction. Background: The job demand–resource model suggests that job demands and job resources are related to occupational strain, and occupational strain is associated with job satisfaction. Methods: In 2018, a cross‐sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 85 nurses from six haemodialysis units. Linear regression with moderation–mediation analysis was conducted using SPSS software. Results: Under low workload levels, no association between autonomy and occupational strain existed, but under high workload levels, a negative relationship was found between autonomy and occupational strain. Under low workload levels, a negative relationship was found between social support and occupational strain, but under high workload levels, a positive relationship was found. Finally, there was no association between occupational strain and job satisfaction. Conclusion: Job resources are moderators of the relationship between job demands and occupational strain. However, there was no significant association between occupational strain and job satisfaction. Implications for Nursing Management: Nurse leaders should strengthen nurses' autonomy, which can reduce occupational strain. Additionally, sources of support are needed to help nurses cope with the workload and occupational strain.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Israel

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1111/jonm.12973

Referens

Ghanayem, M., Srulovici, E., Zlotnick, C. (2020). Occupational strain and job satisfaction: The job demand–resource moderation–mediation model in haemodialysis units. J Nurs Manag, 00: 1– 9.

Job Demands and Job Resources on Job Satisfaction: A Study of Staff Nurses at a General Hospital in Malaysia

Tahir, N. K. M., Hussein, N., & Rahim, A. R. A.

Sammanfattning

The complexity of nursing working environment can adversely affect their satisfaction towards the job. In general, job characteristics can be categorized into job demands and job resources. Job demands can be managed by having sufficient job resources to meet the favourable work outcome. Job satisfaction is much influenced by both job demands and job resources. Therefore, this paper attempts to examine the relationship between job demands and job resources on job satisfaction among staff nurses at a general hospital in Malaysia. A total of 180 staff nurses were randomly selected from a general hospital in Malaysia to determine the relationship. The finding of present study found that there is only one dimension that is emotional demands under job demands was found a significant negative relationship with job satisfaction. Meanwhile, only one dimension that is feedback at work under job resources was found to have a significant positive relationship with job satisfaction among staff nurses in Malaysia.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Malaysia

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

Referens

Tahir, N. K. M., Hussein, N., & Rahim, A. R. A. (2020). Job Demands and Job Resources on Job Satisfaction: A Study of Staff Nurses at a General Hospital in Malaysia. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 10(13), 41–50.

Temporal work stressors and satisfaction with work, life and health among health professionals in Switzerland

Siebenhüner, K., Battegay, E., Hämmig, O.

Sammanfattning

Background: Working in a hospital can be both rewarding and stressful. Whether one or the other is dominant depends on a number of factors ranging from shift work, physical demands, responsibilities and time pressure to job autonomy, work climate and leisure time. Aim: This study aimed to examine associations between temporal work stressors and satisfaction with work, life and health among health professionals in general, and nurses and physicians in particular. Associations were further investigated for possible mediating and intervening factors. Methods: Cross-sectional survey data on 1232 health professionals at three public hospitals and two rehabilitation clinics were collected in 2015/2016. Stepwise multiple linear regression analyses were used to estimate the standardised effects (beta coefficients) of temporal work stressors (overtime and time pressure), and organisational and personal resources (job autonomy, work climate, internal control belief) on general stress as the assumed mediator and finally on satisfaction with work, life and health. Results: Temporal work stressors were found to strongly predict general stress symptoms among health professionals (β = 0.25) and particularly physicians (β = 0.30), independently of the observed stress-buffering effects of organisational resources such as job autonomy (β = −0.09) or work climate (β = −0.22). Associations between temporal work stressors (as predictors) and satisfaction with work, life and health (as outcomes) turned out to be mostly indirect, mediated by general stress. General stress in turn was observed to be the strongest predictor of domain-specific satisfaction (β = −0.17 to −0.34), sometimes only surpassed by resources such as work climate or internal control belief. Explained variance of the three satisfaction outcomes in the fully specified regression or explanatory models ranged between 14% and 45% depending on the (sub-)sample (nurses, physicians, all health professionals) or the outcome. Control belief was revealed to be a strong and independent personal resource, particularly regarding satisfaction with life and health in general (β = 0.25/0.21). Conclusion: Satisfaction and well-being of health professionals are strongly affected by job stressors such as frequent or excessive overtime work or permanent time pressure at work. Negative consequences of temporal work stressors are attenuated by organisational and personal resources such as a high level of job autonomy, a good work climate or a strong internal control belief.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Schweiz

Yrken

Läkare, Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.4414/smw.2020.20175

Referens

Siebenhüner, K., Battegay, E., Hämmig, O. (2020). Temporal work stressors and satisfaction with work, life and health among health professionals in Switzerland. Swiss medical weekly.

Stressors and protective factors among regional and metropolitan Australian medical doctors: A mixed methods investigation

Clough, A. B., Ireland, J. I., Leane, S., March, S.

Sammanfattning

Objective: This study aimed to compare stress, burnout, stressors, and protective factors among regional‐ and metropolitan‐based Australian medical doctors. Method: A mixed methods design was utilized with 252 Australian medical doctors completing an online questionnaire package. A subsample also completed qualitative interviews. Results: Stress was significantly higher among doctors compared with population norms. Over half of doctors reported burnout on one or more dimensions. The strongest unique predictors were being female, working late, and work–family conflict. Qualitatively, 12 stressors (e.g., training and competition, workload, and time management) and 9 protective subthemes (e.g., being well resourced, clinical interest) emerged across system‐level, clinical environment‐level, and individual factor and personal response themes. Conclusions: Stress and burnout among doctors are alarmingly high and both system/organization‐level (e.g., communication systems, workload, flexible work arrangements) and individual‐level (e.g., fostering resilience/coping strategies) predictors are implicated by our results. These may be useful targets for future interventions.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Australien

Yrken

Läkare

DOI

10.1002/jclp.22940

Referens

Clough, A. B., Ireland, J. I., Leane, S., March, S. (2020). Stressors and protective factors among regional and metropolitan Australian medical doctors: A mixed methods investigation. Journal of Clinical Psychology.

Predicting Sustainable Employability in Swedish Healthcare: The Complexity of Social Job Resources

Roczniewska, M., Richter, A., Hasson, H., von Thiele Schwarz, U.

Sammanfattning

Achieving sustainable employability (SE), i.e., when employees are able to continue working in a productive, satisfactory, and healthy manner, is a timely challenge for healthcare. Because healthcare is a female-dominated sector, our paper investigated the role of social job resources in promoting SE. To better illustrate the complexity of the organizational environment, we incorporated resources that operate at different levels (individual, group) and in different planes (horizontal, vertical): trust (individual-vertical), teamwork (group-horizontal), and transformational leadership (group-vertical). Based on the job demands-resources model, we predicted that these resources initiate the motivational process and thus promote SE. To test these predictions, we conducted a 3-wave study in 42 units of a healthcare organization in Sweden. The final study sample consisted of 269 professionals. The results of the multilevel analyses demonstrated that, at the individual level, vertical trust was positively related to all three facets of SE. Next, at the group level, teamwork had a positive link with employee health and productivity, while transformational leadership was negatively related to productivity. These findings underline the importance of acknowledging the levels and planes at which social job resources operate to more accurately capture the complexity of organizational phenomena and to design interventions that target the right level of the environment.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17041200

Referens

Roczniewska, M., Richter, A., Hasson, H., von Thiele Schwarz, U. (2020). Predicting Sustainable Employability in Swedish Healthcare: The Complexity of Social Job Resources. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(4).

High leisure‐time physical activity reduces the risk of long‐term sickness absence

López‐Bueno, R., Sundstrup, E., Vinstrup, J., Casajús, A. J., Andersen, L. L.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: This study examined the association of leisure‐time physical activity (LTPA) with the risk of long‐term sickness absence (LTSA). Methods: A total of 10 427 subjects from the general working population in Denmark answered questions about physical activity habits, health and work environment in the 2010 Danish Work Environment Cohort Study (DWECS). Data on LTSA (≥6 consecutive weeks during 2‐year follow‐up) were obtained from the Danish Register for Evaluation of Marginalization (DREAM). Cox regression analysis censored for competing events and adjusted for potential confounders (age, sex, BMI, smoking habits, depression, cancer, back diseases, previous LTSA, occupational social class, and psychosocial work environment) estimated the association between the predictor (LTPA) and the outcome variable (LTSA). During the 2‐year follow‐up period, 9.2% of the studied population experienced LTSA. Results: In the general working population, moderate LTPA was not associated with LTSA (HR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.72‐1.09), while high LTPA showed a tendency (HR = 0.77, 95% CI: 0.59‐1.01). In subgroup analyses, women below the age of 45 years with high LTPA showed a significantly lower risk of LTSA when compared with their low LTPA counterparts (HR = 0.44, 95% CI: 0.25‐0.78). Conclusion: The results suggest that high levels of physical activity during leisure are associated with a lowered risk of LTSA, especially among younger women.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1111/sms.13629

Referens

López‐Bueno, R., Sundstrup, E., Vinstrup, J., Casajús, A. J., Andersen, L. L. (2020). High leisure‐time physical activity reduces the risk of long‐term sickness absence. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports.

Predictors of well-being and burnout: the case of female professional footballers in the Netherlands

Mason, O.

Sammanfattning

Background: Little is known about well-being and burnout in female professional soccer. Aims and Objectives: This study aimed to delineate and predict these outcomes in female players in the Netherlands. Study design/setting: A cross-sectional study using validated self-report instruments assessed the basic emotional needs, work-life balance, coaching support and wellbeing/burnout in female professional football players. Materials and Methods: 67 players from across all nine Dutch Eredivisie league clubs completed a range of self-report measures. These assessed perceived coach autonomy support, work-life conflict, basic needs (for autonomy, competence and relatedness), subjective vitality and burnout on scales specific to elite athletes. Statistics/Results: These suggested that the environment in terms of coaching is broadly supportive for most individuals and is not leading to burnout and poor wellbeing across the sample. A minority of players were nevertheless identified to have significantly poor wellbeing and high levels of burnout. Conclusion: Consistent with basic need theory, poor wellbeing was predicted by several unmet needs, while burnout was predicted by both work-life conflict and unmet needs. There are clear implications that female professionals frequently experience high levels of work-life conflict.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Fotbollsspelare

Referens

Mason, O. (2019). Predictors of well-being and burnout: the case of female professional footballers in the Netherlands. International Journal of Sport, Exercise and Health Research, 3 (2), 28-32.

Positive Health Behaviors and Their Determinants Among Men Active on the Labor Market in Poland

Hildt-Ciupińska, K., Pawłowska-Cyprysiak, K.

Sammanfattning

This paper reports on results from research conducted on health behaviors undertaken of men. Health behavior is one of the determinants of our health. The way in which people care for their health affects not only their health, but also their well-being, quality of life, and work ability. The lifestyle and health behavior have a significant impact on health, whereas a lack of pro-health behavior may cause the risk of many diseases and mortality, especially among men. The aim of the study was to define the determinants of positive health behaviors among men aged 20–65, active on the labor market. To check the attitudes of men toward health and health behavior, a questionnaire-based research has been carried out among 600 men active on the labor market. Several tools were used: Positive Health Behaviour Scale (Woynarowska-Sołdan & Węziak-Białowolska, 2012), Work Ability Index (Tuomi et al., 1998), work–life balance—with the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (subscale “Work-home conflict”) (Kristensen & Borg, 2005), Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (Wallston & Wallston, 1978, in polish adaptation Juczyński, 2001), Inventory for Psychological Sex Assessment (Kuczyńska, 2012) and Personal Values (Juczyński, 2001), and questionnaire “Work conditions” (developed in CIOPPIB). These studies have shown which factors determine their health behavior. The positive health behaviors of men were associated with good economic status, high self-assessment of care for health, positive opinions about life and work, and masculinity. They were also white-collar workers with good work ability.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Polen

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1177/1557988319899236

Referens

Hildt-Ciupińska, K., Pawłowska-Cyprysiak, K. (2020). Positive Health Behaviors and Their Determinants Among Men Active on the Labor Market in Poland. American Journal of Men's Health, 14 (1).

Stress of Dialysis Nurses—Analyzing the Buffering Role of Influence at Work and Feedback

Kersten, M., Vincent-Höper, S., Nienhaus, A.

Sammanfattning

Dialysis nurses face complex and demanding working conditions. Due to demographic changes, the number of dialysis patients has increased, while the number of skilled personnel is expected to decrease, leading to tremendous increases in quantitative demands in the near future. Against the background of increasing workload, focusing on the provision of job resources is considered a promising approach because resources can buffer the negative effects of job demands. The aim of this study is to investigate whether different job resources—in particular influence at work and feedback—play a buffering role in the relationship between job demands and employee well-being. The study used a cross-sectional paper–pencil survey design. Data were collected from 951 dialysis nurses working in dialysis facilities in Germany between October 2010 and March 2012 using validated measures of quantitative job demands, job-related resources (influence at work and feedback), and cognitive stress symptoms. To test the moderating role of resources, we applied hierarchical regression analyses. The findings indicate that feedback buffers the relationship between quantitative demands and well-being; that is, the positive relationship between quantitative demands and cognitive stress symptoms was weaker when feedback was high. However, we found no buffering role of influence at work. The results suggest that feedback is a promising resource that may buffer the negative impact of quantitative demands on well-being of dialysis nurses. The findings offer new approaches for training nurses and implementing a feedback culture.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17030802

Referens

Kersten, M., Vincent-Höper, S., Nienhaus, A. (2020). Stress of Dialysis Nurses—Analyzing the Buffering Role of Influence at Work and Feedback. International journal of environmental research and public health.

Malay Validation of Copenhagen Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire in Context of Second Generation Statistical Techniques

Javald, U. M. et al.

Sammanfattning

Psychosocial hazards present in workplaces are being actively investigated by researchers from multiple domains. More research and resources are required to investigate the debilitating consequences of these hazards in the developing and underdeveloped countries where this issue remains one of grave concern. This study aims at investigating the psychometric properties of Malaysian version of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire for reliability and validity purpose. The Malaysian version of COPSOQ is a multidimensional questionnaire; it comprises of 7 major formative constructs and 28 variables with an additional inclusion of two variables which are organizational loyalty and physiological health biomarkers (blood pressure and body mass index) that explicate a reflective construct which has 93 items all catering to assess psychosocial determinants present in workplace environments. Each formative second-order construct is further categorized into different reflective first-order constructs. The focus of this study was only on first-order reflective constructs. Probability sampling was used for data collection from 300 respondents working in industries with a response rate of 100%; structural equation modeling technique was applied for data analysis. All psychometric analysis performed on reflective constructs gave reliable results which demonstrate the validity of Bahasa Melayu (BM-COPSOQ) and its comprehensiveness of including relevant dimensions particularly in context to Asian region. The BM-COPSOQ will fill up the knowledge gap and provide a bridge between researchers, work professionals and practitioners, and many other workplaces for the best understanding of psychosocial work environment.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Malaysia

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1155/2020/7680960

Referens

Javald, U. M. et al. (2020). Malay Validation of Copenhagen Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire in Context of Second Generation Statistical Techniques. BioMed Research International, Volume 2020.

Global prevalence of burnout symptoms among nurses: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Woo, T., Ho, R., Tang, A., Tam, W.

Sammanfattning

WHO recently declared burnout as a “occupational phenomenon” in the International Classification of Diseases 11th revision (ICD-11), recognizing burnout as a serious health issue. Amongst healthcare workers, nurses are known to struggle with burnout symptoms the most, carrying serious consequences for patients, other healthcare professionals and healthcare organisations. Evidence has suggested that burnout symptoms in nurses is high across specialties and countries, but no meta-analysis have been performed to investigate burnout symptoms prevalence in nurses globally. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine burnout symptoms prevalence in nurses worldwide using 8 academic research databases. Risk of bias, heterogeneity and subgroup analyses were further conducted in the meta-analysis. 113 studies were included for systematic review and 61 studies for the meta-analysis, consisting 45,539 nurses worldwide in 49 countries across multiple specialties. An overall pooled-prevalence of burnout symptoms among global nurses was 11.23%. Significant differences were noted between geographical regions, specialties and type of burnout measurement used. Sub-Saharan African region had the highest burnout symptoms prevalence rate while Europe and Central Asia region had the lowest. Paediatric nurses had the highest burnout symptoms prevalence rates among all specialties while Geriatric care nurses had the lowest. This study is the first study to synthesize published studies and to estimate pooled-prevalence of burnout symptoms among nurses globally. The findings suggest that nurses have high burnout symptoms prevalence warranting attention and implementation. This study serves as an impetus for intervention studies and policy change to improve nurses’ work conditions and overall healthcare quality.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1016/j.jpsychires.2019.12.015

Referens

Woo, T., Ho, R., Tang, A., Tam, W. (2020). Global prevalence of burnout symptoms among nurses: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Psychiatric Research, Vol 123, 9-20.

Worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses: A comprehensive meta‐analysis of observational studies

Lu, L, Dong, M, Lok, GKI, et al.

Sammanfattning

Aims: Sexual harassment towards nurses is a major concern universally, but no meta‐analysis on the worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses has yet been published. This study examined the worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment against nurses and explored its moderating factors. Design: Meta‐analysis of observational studies. Data sources: The PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases from their commencement date to February 2018 were systematically and independently searched by two investigators. Review methods: Data on the prevalence of sexual harassment experienced by nurses were extracted and pooled using the random‐effects model. Results: A total of 43 studies covering 52,345 nurses were included in the analyses. Female nurses accounted for 83.87% of the 32,970 subjects in 25 studies with available data on gender ratio. The prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses in the past 12 months and during nursing career were 12.6% (95% CI: 10.9–14.4%) and 53.4% (95% CI: 23.1–83.7%), respectively. Gender, use of the WHO questionnaires, lower middle‐income and high‐income countries, sample size, survey year, and mean age of subjects were significantly associated with the prevalence of sexual harassment. Conclusion: The high prevalence of sexual harassment against nurses found in this meta‐analysis represents the ongoing sexism and deleterious effects (e.g., poor work quality and efficiency, increased stress and job dissatisfaction) in the profession. Appropriate preventive measures, training, and empowerment of nurses are needed to ensure workplace safety and equality in this profession. Impact: The study addressed the worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment against nurses and its moderating factors. Health authorities and hospital administrators should develop organizational policy and preventive strategies to ensure nurses’ workplace safety and equality.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1111/jan.14296

Referens

Lu, L, Dong, M, Lok, GKI, et al. (2020). Worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses: A comprehensive meta‐analysis of observational studies. J Adv Nurs., 76: 980-990.

Correction to: Healthcare professionals’ perspectives on working conditions, leadership, and safety climate: a cross-sectional study

Wagner, A., Rieger, M.A., Manser, T. et al.

Sammanfattning

In the original publication of this article [1], the authors missed that reverse coding was necessary for the item “Do you work separate from your colleagues?” before calculating the scale ‘social relations’. So they corrected the analysis accordingly. The results with the revised scale show that there are no longer any significant differences between nurses and physicians with regard to this scale.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Läkare, Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1186/s12913-019-4838-y

Referens

Wagner, A., Rieger, M.A., Manser, T. et al. (2020). Correction to: Healthcare professionals’ perspectives on working conditions, leadership, and safety climate: a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res, 20, 53.

(Un)bounded Social Work?—Analysis of Working Conditions in Refugee and Homeless Aid in Relation to Perceived Job Stress and Job Satisfaction

Robelski, S., Mette, J., Wirth, T., Kiepe, N., Nienhaus, A., Harth, V., Mache, S.

Sammanfattning

Little is known about working conditions of social workers providing help in homeless and refugee aid. Therefore, the present study examined their work-related demands, job and personal resources as well as workplace violence, domain-specific demands, and gender related differences. Job demands and resources were analyzed with regard to their association with job stress and job satisfaction. Two hundred and fifty-three social workers (69.2% female, 30.8% male) from four federal states in Germany (Berlin, Hamburg, Schleswig Holstein, and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania) took part in the cross-sectional quantitative online survey that included validated scales and exploratory items especially developed for the target group. Multiple regression analysis showed that resilience as a personal resource was a significant negative predictor of perceived job stress. Emotional demands were positively related with perceived job stress. Meaning of work and social support were strongly associated with job satisfaction. Language and bureaucratic barriers as well as being affected by clients’ experiences were the domain-specific demands named most often. The study offers insights into the work-related demands and resources and their respective impact on perceived job stress and job satisfaction experienced by social workers in refugee and homeless aid. In order to ensure health and safety for this occupational group, health promotion measures focusing on structural aspects are recommended.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Socialsekreterare

Referens

Robelski, S., Mette, J., Wirth, T., Kiepe, N., Nienhaus, A., Harth, V., Mache, S. (2020). (Un)bounded Social Work?—Analysis of Working Conditions in Refugee and Homeless Aid in Relation to Perceived Job Stress and Job Satisfaction. International journal of environmental research and public health.

“Engaged, Burned Out, or Both?” A Structural Equation Model Testing Risk and Protective Factors for Social Workers in Refugee and Homeless Aid

Mette, J., Robelski, S., Wirth, T., Nienhaus, A., Harth, V., Mache, S.

Sammanfattning

The present study sheds light on social workers’ working conditions in highly demanding settings and examines the associations between their perceived job demands, resources, resilience, personal burnout, and work engagement. A cross-sectional quantitative online survey was conducted with employees in social work institutions of independent and public sponsors providing help for refugees and homeless persons. The study participants were 243 social workers (68.8% female and 31.3% male) from four federal states in Germany. Correlations between social workers’ job demands, resources, burnout, and work engagement were confirmed in accordance with the Job Demands–Resources model. Results of the structural equation modelling revealed significant positive effects of employees’ job demands on their personal burnout, but no significant effects on their work engagement. The meaning of work as a job resource was significantly positively related to work engagement and negatively related to burnout. Although resilience did not moderate the relationship between employees’ job demands and burnout, it had a significant negative effect on burnout and a positive effect on work engagement. The results indicate a need for the development of health promotion measures for social workers in homeless and refugee aid. Structural approaches should target the reduction of employees’ job demands to diminish their potentially health-depleting effects. Of equal importance, behavioural measures should foster employees’ meaning of work and resilience, since both resources showed beneficial effects on their work engagement and were negatively related to burnout.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Socialsekreterare

Referens

Mette, J., Robelski, S., Wirth, T., Nienhaus, A., Harth, V., Mache, S. (2020). “Engaged, Burned Out, or Both?” A Structural Equation Model Testing Risk and Protective Factors for Social Workers in Refugee and Homeless Aid. International journal of environmental research and public health.

Occupation as a Proxy for Job Exposures? Routine Data Analysis Using the Example of Rehabilitation

Brünger, M., Bernert, S., Spyra, K.

Sammanfattning

Aim of the study: Job exposures are associated with health-related outcomes including sick leave and reduction in earning capacity. Rehabilitation of persons in working age aims primarily to secure or restore work capacity. Information concerning job exposures is, however, not directly available in routine data of healthcare payers. Since exposures relate to specific occupations and the current occupation is part of routine data, job exposures may be determined indirectly via job-exposure matrices (JEM). The aim of the study is to describe the possibilities and challenges of the representation of job exposures by the occupation according to routine data using the example of rehabilitation. Methods: The Scientific Use File 'SUFRSDLV15B' of the German Pension Insurance was analysed. We used data from n=1 242 171 persons in work with at least one completed medical rehabilitation between 2008 and 2015 (dataset 1). The occupation is coded according to KldB 88 or KldB 2010 (German Classification of Occupations). In addition, data from a nationwide survey with 2530 rehabilitation patients was available (dataset 2). Job exposures are operationalized by the Job Exposure Index via JEM. The relationship to the return-to-work prognosis at the end of rehabilitation (dataset 1) and to patient reported outcome measures (dataset 2) is described. Results: Information concerning the occupation is available for about 91% of rehabilitation measures of employed patients for the year prior to rehabilitation. At high levels of job exposures, the proportion of persons with a predicted working capacity in the last job of fewer than 3 h per day increased by a factor of 4 compared to low-level job exposures (23.5 vs. 6.1%). On the other hand, there is a low association only to reduced working capacity in the general labour market (2.9 vs. 2.4%). High-level job exposures are associated with self-reported, work-related impairments. Conclusion: The Job Exposure Index may offer a valid approach to depict occupation-related exposures. The index can be used in the analysis of routine data of the pension insurance and other social security funds, as well as in the linkage of individual assessment data with routine data containing the occupation, without any additional data collection effort. Due to its construction based on job classifications, it will not replace the assessment of individual burdens.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1055/a-0965-6777

Referens

Brünger, M., Bernert, S., Spyra, K. (2019). Occupation as a Proxy for Job Exposures? Routine Data Analysis Using the Example of Rehabilitation. Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband der Arzte des Offentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (Germany)).

Predictors of work engagement among Australian non-government drug and alcohol employees: Implications for policy and practice

Duraisingam, V., Roche, M. A., Kostadinov, V., Hodge, S., Chapman, J.

Sammanfattning

Background: The alcohol and other drugs (AOD) workforce faces multiple challenges including stigma, limited resources, ideological conflicts and complex demands. An engaged, supported and stable workforce is essential for optimal service provision, quality care, effective harm reduction implementation and cost efficiency. However little research has examined factors that impact worker engagement in the AOD sector. To inform policy and practice on cost efficient service provision and effective workforce development, this study examined a range of potential predictors of work engagement among Australian AOD non-government workers. Methods: An online, cross-sectional survey of 294 non-government AOD workers measuring demographic, work-related psychosocial, and health and wellbeing variables was conducted in New South Wales, Australia. Multiple hierarchical linear regressions were conducted to identify significant predictors of worker engagement. Results: Most AOD workers demonstrated high work engagement levels. Significant predictors of engagement included role clarity, leadership quality, growth opportunities, resilience and social support, and older age. These workers were likely to be more energised, enthusiastic and dedicated in their jobs. Conclusions: This study is an important initial step in understanding work engagement among AOD workers. It offers valuable insights into ways to foster engagement, which in turn may ensure a more sustainable workforce that can deliver high quality care. Workers with high levels of engagement are more likely remain in their AOD roles over longer periods of time, acquire more skills and experience, and be better equipped to address complex demands. Workforce policies and programs specifically designed to enhance leadership skills and role clarity, while enhancing professional growth, resilience, and social supports, particularly for younger workers, are highlighted as essential strategies to promote engagement among AOD workers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Australien

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.102638

Referens

Duraisingam, V., Roche, M. A., Kostadinov, V., Hodge, S., Chapman, J. (2020). Predictors of work engagement among Australian non-government drug and alcohol employees: Implications for policy and practice. International Journal of Drug Policy, Volume 76.

Association between work unit prevalence of poor work ability and social capital – a cross-sectional analysis of 63 public sector work units

Kiss, P., Meester De, M., Kristensen, S. T., Clays, E., Braeckman, L.,

Sammanfattning

Purpose: The aim of the study was to explore the association between work unit prevalence of poor work ability and social capital within a public sector population. Methods: 836 subjects belonging to 63 well defined work units (mean response rate per work unit: 84.8%) in seven public sector organizations took part in a cross-sectional questionnaire study. Associations between poor work ability (Work Ability Index <37), physical workload, need for recovery and social capital were explored on work unit level using bivariate correlations and multiple linear regression analysis. Results: Significant correlations were found between work ability, work unit social capital (r: -0.311) and high need for recovery (r: 0.501). In the multivariate analysis need for recovery (standardized β 0.521) and workplace social capital (standardized β -0.321) were significantly associated with work ability at work unit level. Conclusions: The findings of our study are suggestive for an important role of need for recovery and workplace social capital in maintaining work ability in the public sector. Factors that decrease need for recovery and increase workplace social capital need to be considered for improving work ability.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Information saknas

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.33573/ujoh2019.04.299

Referens

Kiss, P., Meester De, M., Kristensen, S. T., Clays, E., Braeckman, L., (2019). Association between work unit prevalence of poor work ability and social capital – a cross-sectional analysis of 63 public sector work units. Ukrainian journal of occupational health.

Effects of a cognitive ergonomics workplace intervention (CogErg) on cognitive strain and well-being: a cluster-randomized controlled trial. A study protocol

Kalakoski, V., Selinheimo, S., Valtonen, T. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Cognitively straining conditions such as disruptions, interruptions, and information overload are related to impaired task performance and diminished well-being at work. It is therefore essential that we reduce their harmful consequences to individual employees and organizations. Our intervention study implements practices for managing the cognitive strain typical to office work tasks and working conditions in offices. We will examine the effects of a cognitive ergonomics intervention on working conditions, workflow, well-being, and productivity. Methods/design: The study is a stratified cluster randomized trial. The clusters are work units, for example, teams or offices. The four participating organizations entered a total of 36 clusters, and we invited all 1169 knowledge employees of these units to participate. We randomly allocated the clusters into an intervention group (cognitive ergonomics) or an active control group (recovery supporting). We invited an additional 471 participants to join a passive control group only for baseline and follow-up measurements, with no intervention. The study consists of a baseline survey and interviews and observations at the workplace, followed by an intervention. It starts with a workshop defining the specific actions for the intervention implementation stage, during which we send task reminder questionnaires to all employees to support behaviour change at the individual and team levels. The primary outcome measure is perceived frequency of cognitive strain from working conditions; the secondary outcome measures include subjective cognitive load, well-being, workflow/productivity, and cognitive stress symptoms. Process evaluation uses the quantitative and qualitative data obtained during the implementation and evaluation phases. The baseline measurements, intervention phase, and end-of-treatment measurements are now complete, and follow-up will continue until November 2019. Discussion: There is a need to expand the research of cognitive strain, which poses a considerable risk to work performance and employee well-being in cognitively demanding tasks. Our study will provide new information about factors that contribute to such strain. Most importantly, the results will show which evidence-based cognitive ergonomic practices support work performance in knowledge work, and the project will provide concrete examples of how to improve at work. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03573674. Registered 29 June 2018.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Finland

Yrken

Kunskapsarbetare

DOI

10.1186/s40359-019-0349-1

Referens

Kalakoski, V., Selinheimo, S., Valtonen, T. et al. (2020). Effects of a cognitive ergonomics workplace intervention (CogErg) on cognitive strain and well-being: a cluster-randomized controlled trial. A study protocol. BMC Psychol, 8, 1.

Psychosocial factors and symptoms of stress in workers of a tire manufacturing company, Jalisco, Mexico

Aranda-Beltrán, C., González-Galindo, L., & Vázquez-García, R.

Sammanfattning

The objective of this study was to increase the knowledge of social and labor stressors that make up one of the main causes of occupational hazards. A census was conducted on the 60 workers of a tire manufacturing company. The study was descriptive, transversal and analytical. The presence of psychosocial factors was expressed by 49.1% of operational workers, the prevalence of stress symptoms in 36.4%. In the results of the relationship between psychosocial factors with the symptoms of stress and being sick, the two highest significant correspondences are observed in “Labor requirements” and “Job role and career development” with being sick, both with a p = 0.007.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Mexiko

Yrken

Fabriksarbetare

Referens

Aranda-Beltrán, C., González-Galindo, L., & Vázquez-García, R. (2020). Psychosocial factors and symptoms of stress in workers of a tire manufacturing company, Jalisco, Mexico. CIENCIA UNEMI, 13(32), 78-86.

Utilisation of rehabilitation services for non-migrant and migrant groups of higher working age in Germany – results of the lidA cohort study

Schröder, C.C., Dyck, M., Breckenkamp, J. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: An ageing and a shrinking labour force implies that the prevention of a premature exit from work due to poor health will become more relevant in the future. Medical rehabilitation is a health service that aims at active participation in working life. The provision of this service will be relevant for an increasing part of the ageing labour force, namely, employees with a migrant background and their different subgroups. Thus, this study examines whether first- and second-generation employees with migrant background differ from non-migrants in their utilisation of rehabilitation services and whether within the subsample of migrant employees, those persons with foreign nationality differ from those with German nationality. Methods: Socially insured employees born in 1959 or 1965 were surveyed nationwide in 2011 as part of the lidA cohort study (n=6303). Survey data of the first study wave were used to identify the dependent variable of the utilisation of rehabilitation (in- and outpatient), the independent variable of migrant status and the covariates of sociodemographic, work- and non-work-related factors. Applying bivariate statistics with tests of independence and block-wise logistic regressions, differences between the groups were investigated. Additionally, average marginal effects were computed to directly compare the adjusted models. Results: The study showed that first-generation migrants had a significantly lower likelihood of utilising outpatient rehabilitation than non-migrants (fully adj. OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.22-0.82) and that average marginal effects indicated higher differences in the full model than in the null model. No significant differences were found between the first- or second-generation migrants and non-migrants when comparing the utilisation of inpatient rehabilitation or any rehabilitation or when analysing German and foreign employees with migrant background (n=1148). Conclusions: Significant differences in the utilisation of outpatient rehabilitation between first-generation migrants and non-migrants were found, which could not be explained by sociodemographic, work- and non-work-related factors. Thus, further factors might play a role. The second-generation migrants resemble the non-migrants rather than their parent generation (first-generation migrants). This detailed investigation shows the heterogeneity in the utilisation of health services such as medical rehabilitation, which is why service sensitive to diversity should be considered.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12913-019-4845-z

Referens

Schröder, C.C., Dyck, M., Breckenkamp, J. et al. (2020). Utilisation of rehabilitation services for non-migrant and migrant groups of higher working age in Germany – results of the lidA cohort study. BMC Health Serv Res, 20, 31.

Work–family conflict and psychophysical health conditions of nurses: Gender differences and moderating variables

Zurlo, C. M., Vallone, F., Smith, P. A.

Sammanfattning

Aim: This study aims to investigate the associations of perceived work–family conflict with nurses' psychophysical health conditions, exploring gender differences and analyzing the potential moderating effects of perceived job control (skill discretion and decision authority), social support, and job satisfaction. Methods: The study was carried out in five hospitals of the Italian Public Health Service. Participants were 450 nurses (206 men, 244 women). Self‐administered questionnaires were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted. Results: Female nurses perceived significantly higher levels of work–family conflict, anxiety, depression and somatization. Significant gender differences emerged in the associations between work–family conflict and nurses' psychological health conditions and in moderating variables. Work–family conflict was significantly associated with anxiety and depression in male nurses and with somatization in both genders. The associations of work–family conflict with nurses' psychophysical health conditions were moderated by decision authority and job satisfaction, in male nurses, and by social support, in female nurses. Conclusions: Findings suggest including gender‐specific moderating variables for defining tailored policies and interventions within healthcare organizations to reduce perceived work–family conflict and to promote nurses' wellbeing.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1111/jjns.12324

Referens

Zurlo, C. M., Vallone, F., Smith, P. A. (2020). Work–family conflict and psychophysical health conditions of nurses: Gender differences and moderating variables. Jpn J Nurs Sci, e12324.

Mobbing and Violence at Work as Hidden Stressors and Work Ability Among Emergency Medical Doctors in Serbia

Nikolić, D., Višnjić, A.

Sammanfattning

Background and Objectives: People employed in emergency medical services represent a professional group which encounters events beyond ordinary human experience, great work demands, the risk of professional disputes, and stressful situations. The goal of this study is to examine the presence of mobbing and violence at work, as well as their influence on work ability of emergency medical doctors. Materials and Methods: The survey is conducted in Emergency Medical Service (EMS) in Niš in the period between December 2017 and January 2018. Using standardized questionnaires on psychosocial conditions in work environment (COPSOQ II) and work ability index (WAI) this study encompasses 79 doctors. For estimation of the examined factors' influence on WAI linear regression analysis was used. Results: EMS doctors were exposed to abuse in 30.4% of the cases. The decline in WAI is significantly related with exposure to violence by patients (β = 0.727), exposure to physical violence (β = 0.896), exposure to abuse several times (β = 0.691) and exposure to ill-treatment by patients (β = 0.750). Conclusion: The results indicate that in the examined doctors mobbing and workplace violence are very much present and have a negative impact on their work, and therefore on the quality of health care.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Serbien

Yrken

Läkare

DOI

10.3390/medicina56010031

Referens

Nikolić, D., Višnjić, A. (2020). Mobbing and Violence at Work as Hidden Stressors and Work Ability Among Emergency Medical Doctors in Serbia. Medicina (Kaunas), 56(1).

Association Between Empathy and Burnout Among Emergency Medicine Physicians

Wolfshohl, J. A., Bradley, K., Bell, C. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: The association between physician self-reported empathy and burnout has been studied in the past with diverse findings. We aimed to determine the association between empathy and burnout among United States emergency medicine (EM) physicians using a novel combination of tools for validation. Methods: This was a prospective single-center observational study. Data were collected from EM physicians. From December 1, 2018 to January 31, 2019, we used the Jefferson scale of empathy (JSE) to assess physician empathy and the Copenhagen burnout inventory (CBI) to assess burnout. We divided EM physicians into different groups (residents in each year of training, junior/senior attendings). Empathy, burnout scores and their association were analyzed and compared among these groups. Results: A total of 33 attending physicians and 35 EM residents participated in this study. Median self-reported empathy scores were 113 (interquartile range (IQR): 105 - 117) in post-graduate year (PGY)-1, 112 (90 - 115) in PGY-2, 106 (93 - 118) in PGY-3 EM residents, 112 (105 - 116) in junior and 114 (101 - 125) in senior attending physicians. Overall burnout scores were 43 (33 - 50) in PGY-1, 51 (29 - 56) in PGY-2, 43 (42 - 53) in PGY-3 EM residents, 33 (24 - 47) in junior attending and 25 (22 - 53) in senior attending physicians separately. The Spearman correlation (ρ) was -0.11 and β-weight was -0.23 between empathy and patient-related burnout scores. Conclusion: Self-reported empathy declines over the course of EM residency training and improves after graduation. Overall high burnout occurs among EM residents and improves after graduation. Our analysis showed a weak negative correlation between self-reported empathy and patient-related burnout among EM physicians.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Information saknas

Yrken

Läkare

DOI

10.14740/jocmr3878

Referens

Wolfshohl, J. A., Bradley, K., Bell, C. et al. (2019). Association Between Empathy and Burnout Among Emergency Medicine Physicians. Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, 11(7), 532–538.

The role of personal characteristics, work environment and context in working beyond retirement: A mixed-methods study

Van der Zwaan, G. L., Oude Hengel, K. M., Sewdas, R., Wind, A. d., Steenbeek, R., van der Beek, A. J., Boot, C. R. L.

Sammanfattning

Objective: To investigate the role of personal characteristics, work environment and context in working beyond retirement. Methods: In the current study, a mixed-methods design was applied including quantitative survey data and semi-structured telephone interviews. Respondents (N = 568) were selected from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM). Personal characteristics, work characteristics and contextual factors were measured using a questionnaire at baseline. Concurrently, qualitative data of 30 persons aged over 65 years were gathered. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify quantitative associations and thematic analyses were used for qualitative purposes. Results: Quantitative data revealed that being in good physical health (OR = 1.80), developmental proactivity (OR = 1.38), interesting work (OR = 2.02), appreciation (OR = 1.62) and voluntary work (OR = 1.58) were associated with working beyond the statutory retirement age. Additionally, qualitative findings suggested that working beyond retirement was mainly driven by the desire to contribute to society (e.g., mentor younger coworkers), and identified the employers’ willingness to hire an older worker despite existing stereotypes as an important precondition. Conclusions: Working beyond retirement is influenced by physical health and work characteristics, as well as motivational determinants such as the desire to contribute to society. However, to meet the increasing demands for paid jobs by individuals aged over 65 years, the willingness of employers to actually hire them is crucial. Therefore, recognition and utilization of older workers’ potentials is of great importance.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-018-1387-3

Referens

Van der Zwaan, G. L., Oude Hengel, K. M., Sewdas, R., Wind, A. d., Steenbeek, R., van der Beek, A. J., Boot, C. R. L. (2019). The role of personal characteristics, work environment and context in working beyond retirement: A mixed-methods study. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 92(4), 535–549.

Do perceived working conditions and patient safety culture correlate with objective workload and patient outcomes: A cross-sectional explorative study from a German university hospital

Sturm, H., Rieger, M. A., Martus, P., Ueding, E., Wagner, A., Holderried, M., Maschmann, J.

Sammanfattning

Background: Workload and demands on hospital staff have been growing over recent years. To ensure patient and occupational safety, hospitals increasingly survey staff about perceived working conditions and safety culture. At the same time, routine data are used to manage resources and performance. This study aims to understand the relation between survey-derived measures of how staff perceive their work-related stress and strain and patient safety on the one hand, and routine data measures of workload and quality of care (patient safety) on the other. Methods: We administered a written questionnaire to all physicians and nurses in the inpatient units at a German university hospital. The questionnaire was an amalgam of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) scale to assess patient-related burnout of and portions of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSPSC). Indicators from administrative data used to assess workload and patient-related work-strain were: amount of overtime worked, work intensity recording of nurses, cost weight, occupancy rate and DRG-related length of stay. Quality of care was assessed using readmission rates and disease-related length of stay. Univariate associations were tested with Pearson correlations. Results: Response rate were 37% (224) for physicians and 39% (351) for nurses. Physicians’ overtime correlated strongly with perceived quantitative demands (.706, 95% CI: 0.634 to 0.766), emotional demands (.765; 95% CI: 0.705 to 0.814), and perceived role conflicts (.655, 95% CI: 0.573 to 0.724). Nurses’ work-intensity measures were associated with decreasing physician job satisfaction and with less favorable perceptions of the appropriateness of staffing (-.527, 95% CI:-0.856 to 0.107). Both professional groups showed medium to strong associations between the morbidity measure (cost weight) and role conflicts; between occupancy rates and role clarity (-.482, 95% CI: -0.782 to -0.02) and predictability of work (-.62, 95% CI: -0.848 to -0.199); and between length of stay and internal team functioning (-.555, 95% CI: -0.818 to -0.101). Higher readmission rates were associated with lower perceived patient safety (-.476, 95% CI: -0.779 to 0.006), inadequate staffing (-.702, 95% CI: -0.884 to -0.334), and worse team functioning (-.520, 95% CI: -0.801 to -0.052). Shorter disease-related length of stay was associated with better teamwork within units (-.555, 95% CI: -0.818 to -0.101) and a lower risk of physician burnout (-.588, 95% CI: -0.846 to -0.108). Conclusion: Perceptions of hospital personnel regarding sub-optimal workplace safety and teamwork issues correlated with worse patient outcome measures. Furthermore, objective measures of overtime work as well as objective measures of workload correlated clearly with subjective work-related stress and strain. This suggests that objective workload measures (such as overtime worked) could be used to indirectly monitor job-related psychosocial strain on employees and, thus, improve not only staff wellbeing but also patient outcomes. On the other hand, listening to their personnel could help hospitals to improve patient (and employee) safety.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Läkare, Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0209487

Referens

Sturm, H., Rieger, M. A., Martus, P., Ueding, E., Wagner, A., Holderried, M., Maschmann, J. (2019). Do perceived working conditions and patient safety culture correlate with objective workload and patient outcomes: A cross-sectional explorative study from a German university hospital. PloS One, 14(1).

Depressive Symptoms Following Work-Related Violence and Threats and the Modifying Effect of Organizational Justice, Social Support, and Safety Perceptions

Sønderbo Andersen, L. P., Hogh, A., Andersen, J. H., Biering, K.

Sammanfattning

Work-related threats and violence is a major occupational hazard and the consequences for victims may be a range of physical and psychological symptoms. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between exposure to work-related violence and threats and subsequent risk for depression and to examine whether the associations were modified by social support, organizational justice and safety perceptions. Questionnaire data was collected in 2010, 2011 and in 2015. A total of 5,342 employees from special schools, psychiatric wards, eldercare and the Prison and Probation Services (PPS) participated in the first round in 2010. The analysis was performed by multivariate logistic regression. Staff exposed for work-related threats and violence had an increased risk for depression compared to non-exposed staff. The risk was highest for staff working in PPS. Compared to low levels, there were a tendency for high levels of social support, organizational justice and safety perception to attenuate the associations between work-related threats and violence and depression. However, none of the differences were statistically significant. Many employees working in human service sectors are exposed to work-related threats and violence which increases the risk for depression. The risk for depression following work-related threats and violence may be modified by social support, organizational justice and the perception of safety workplace. It is recommended that workplaces adopt an integrated organizational approach including both prevention of work-related threats and violence and intervention to modify the health consequences of work-related threats and violence.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Kontaktyrken

DOI

10.1177/0886260519831386

Referens

Sønderbo Andersen, L. P., Hogh, A., Andersen, J. H., Biering, K. (2019). Depressive Symptoms Following Work-Related Violence and Threats and the Modifying Effect of Organizational Justice, Social Support, and Safety Perceptions. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Determinants of voluntary early retirement for older workers with and without chronic diseases: A Danish prospective study

Sewdas, R., Thorsen, S. V., Boot, C. R. L., Bjørner, J. B., van der Beek, A. J.

Sammanfattning

Aims: This study explored differences in determinants (i.e. health-related, work-related and social factors) of voluntary early retirement between older workers with and without chronic diseases in Denmark. Methods: Workers aged 56–64 years who were members of a voluntary early retirement scheme were selected from the Danish National Working Environment Survey (2008–2009) and were followed in a public register for four years. Cox regression analyses were performed separately for older workers with and without chronic disease to identify the associations between determinants and voluntary early retirement. To explore the differences between groups, an interaction term between the determinant and having a chronic disease was included in the analyses for the total population. Results: Among 1861 eligible older workers, determinants associated with a higher risk of voluntary early retirement included poorer self-rated health, more depressive symptoms, a higher physical workload, lower job satisfaction and lower influence at work. For older workers with a chronic disease (n=1185), the presence of work–family conflict was also associated with a higher risk of voluntary early retirement, whereas for those with no chronic disease (n=676), a poorer relationship with colleagues was an additional determinant. Higher emotional demands, a higher work pace and higher quantitative demands were not significantly associated with voluntary early retirement for either group. None of the interaction terms was found to be statistically significant (p>0.05). Conclusions: Determinants associated with voluntary early retirement did not significantly differ between older workers with or without a chronic disease in Denmark. We conclude that several health-related, work-related and social factors are important for prolonged labour force participation of older workers (with and without a chronic disease).

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1177/1403494819852787

Referens

Sewdas, R., Thorsen, S. V., Boot, C. R. L., Bjørner, J. B., van der Beek, A. J. (2019). Determinants of voluntary early retirement for older workers with and without chronic diseases: A Danish prospective study. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

Crucial Work Environment Factors for Different Generations’Employee – Organisation Fit

Savanevičienė, A., Stankevičiūtė, Ž., Navickas, V., Grėbliūnaitė, M., Okręglicka, M.

Sammanfattning

Recently, the challenges of managing different generations have been increasingly emphasised, arguing that different environmental factors are important for different generations, leading to the employee-organisation fit. Drawing upon the job demands-resources (JD-R) theory, employee-organisation fit approach, and cohort perspective, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the crucial work environment factors for different generations’ employee-organisation fit. While studying this issue, several presumptions were proposed and tested using a linear regression method. The quantitative data were collected from questionnaires distributed in Lithuania using simple random sampling (311 responses). The empirical research findings show that the factors of job resources (autonomy, feedback, trust, and leadership) affect the all different generations’ employee-organisation fit more substantially than job demands factors (workload, work pressure, and emotional demands). Moreover, results confirm that the employee-organisation fit for different generations is ultimately determined by different environmental factors.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Litauen

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.17512/pjms.2019.19.1.28

Referens

Savanevičienė, A., Stankevičiūtė, Ž., Navickas, V., Grėbliūnaitė, M., Okręglicka, M. (2019). Crucial Work Environment Factors for Different Generations’Employee – Organisation Fit. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 19(1), 364–375.

Dispositional and situational factors at work

Pujol-Cols, L., Dabos, G. E.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Core Self-Evaluations Scale (CSES) and the Brief Index of Affective Job Satisfaction (BIAJS) in terms of internal consistency and factor structure and to, subsequently, analyze the influence of a set of dispositional factors (namely, core self-evaluations, CSEs) and situational factors (namely, psychosocial factors) on job satisfaction. Design/methodology/approach: In total, 209 academics from an Argentinian university completed online surveys at two stages, separated in time, to reduce the common method bias. Findings: The Spanish version of the CSES and the BIAJS showed acceptable psychometric properties, which were similar to those previously reported in North-American, European and Asian settings. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that both situational and dispositional factors are significant predictors of job satisfaction. Research limitations/implications: The CSES and the BIAJS seem to be valid and reliable instruments for assessing CSEs and job satisfaction, respectively, in Latin America. The adoption of an interactionist approach that includes both situational and dispositional factors is crucial in future research examining job satisfaction. Practical implications: Managers should carefully evaluate the personality traits of candidates during personnel selection, as well as the working conditions they offer to their employees, since both factors seem to affect job satisfaction. Originality/value: This paper contributes to the validation of two scales that may promote future organizational behavior/psychology research in Latin America. In addition, it provides empirical evidence on the relative influence of a set of situational and dispositional factors on job satisfaction, thus contributing to the resolution of the person-situation debate.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Argentina

Yrken

Akademiker

DOI

10.1108/ARLA-12-2017-0355

Referens

Pujol-Cols, L., Dabos, G. E. (2019). Dispositional and situational factors at work. Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración, 359.

Complementary and Integrative Medicine in Nursing Homes: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study in Residents and Caregivers

Ortiz, M., Schnabel, K., Binting, S., Fischer, H. F., Teut, M., Suhr, R., Brinkhaus, B.

Sammanfattning

Objective: Some nursing homes for the elderly in Germany integrate complex complementary and integrative medicine interventions in the form of hydrotherapy, herbal and mind-body therapies, physical activities, and healthy eating, known as Kneipp therapy (KT), in care. This pilot study explored health- and work-related characteristics and acceptance of KT amongst residents and caregivers. Methods: Within a mixed-methods cross-sectional study in nursing homes who had integrated KT, we assessed work ability, psychosocial burden at work and health-related quality of life of caregivers, as well as a broad selection of health-related data of residents by questionnaires and assessments. Data were analyzed descriptively. Results: The data from 29 female caregivers (42.0 ± 11.7 years) and 64 residents (83.2 ± 8.1 years) were analyzed. Both caregivers (96%) and residents (89%) considered KT to be beneficial for health and well-being. Ninety percent of the caregivers indicated an improved relationship to residents since implementing KT. Caregivers showed a good work ability and quality of life. Residents attained remarkable ratings in social relation and affect-related aspects of quality of life. Conclusion: The results of this cross-sectional study indicate a high acceptance of integrating KT by residents and caregivers. The effectiveness and safety of KT should be explored in further comparative studies.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Äldreomsorgspersonal

DOI

10.1159/000500515

Referens

Ortiz, M., Schnabel, K., Binting, S., Fischer, H. F., Teut, M., Suhr, R., Brinkhaus, B. (2019). Complementary and Integrative Medicine in Nursing Homes: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study in Residents and Caregivers. Complementary Medicine Research, 1–12.

Critical Incidents of Financial Hardship and Worker Health: A Mixed-Methods Retrospective Study

Odle-Dusseau, H. N., Matthews, R. A., Wayne, J. H., Huang, S.

Sammanfattning

Rooted in Social Cognitive Career theory, we present a mixed-methods analysis of the perceived impacts of a financial hardship on workers’ job outcomes, the work-family interface, and physical and emotional health. We used the Critical Incidents Technique to gather worker perceptions (n = 571) of the most challenging financial hardship they had recently experienced, as well as the effects of this hardship on work, family, and health. Workers’ qualitative responses overwhelmingly indicate health as an outcome of the financial hardship as well as, to a lesser extent, a cause of a financial hardship, suggesting a damaging reciprocal effect among financial hardships and health. Family was often noted in responses as both impacted by and as a source of the hardship, as were negative effects of financial hardships on employment-related outcomes (i.e., underemployment, difficulty finding a new job, job insecurity). Quantitative results suggest a process whereby financial insecurity affects stress and WFB satisfaction which, in turn, negatively relates to health outcomes (sleep disturbances, musculoskeletal pain, and general health perceptions) as well as organizational outcomes (job satisfaction, organizational commitment, organizational justice). Given the potential cost to organizations when worker health and job attitudes are negatively impacted, our results suggest organizations should be mindful of workers’ experiences of financial hardships.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

USA

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s41542-019-00042-4

Referens

Odle-Dusseau, H. N., Matthews, R. A., Wayne, J. H., Huang, S. (2019). Critical Incidents of Financial Hardship and Worker Health: A Mixed-Methods Retrospective Study. Occupational Health Science, 3(2), 145–165.

An Analysis of the Correlation between Psychosocial Hazard and Work Accidents at Velodrome-Kelapa Gading Light Rail Transit Project by Pt Xyz in 2018

Nina, A. N., Erwandi, D., Djunaidi, Z., Hastiti, L. R.

Sammanfattning

Background: This research examined the field workers in Kelapa Gading LRT project that were susceptible to the psychosocial risk of work stress. Currently, psychosocial hazards raise a concern as this type of workplace hazard along with its significant impact are often unrecognized by workers or management. The number of work accidents also increased due to various factors ranging from physical, chemical, biological, radiological and psychosocial hazards factors. The purpose of this research is to analyze the correlation between psychosocial hazard towards work accident of workers at the Kelapa Gading LRT project by PT XYZ in 2018. Methods: This research employs a quantitative cross-sectional descriptive method by using the COPSOQ II modified questionnaire and research questionnaire from Goldenhar to measure the independent variable; and research questionnaire to measure the moderating variable. There are three variables: independent variable (eight psychosocial factors), moderating variable (psychosocial risk) and the dependent variable (work accident). This research analyzes the independent variable with moderating variable and then analyzes moderating variable's relationship with work accident as the dependent variable using Fisher Exact test. Result: The results show that there is a significant relationship between home-work interface, career development, and job certainty with psychosocial risk; and psychosocial risk has a significant relationship towards work accident. To minimize the adverse impacts of the psychosocial factors, the company should apply a reward system that can be given in material or appreciation of hard work to increase worker motivation and to create active communication between management and workers.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Indien

Yrken

Lantarbetare

DOI

10.5958/0976-5506.2019.01119.7

Referens

Nina, A. N., Erwandi, D., Djunaidi, Z., Hastiti, L. R. (2019). An Analysis of the Correlation between Psychosocial Hazard and Work Accidents at Velodrome-Kelapa Gading Light Rail Transit Project by Pt Xyz in 2018. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 10(5), 1355.

Risk of childhood asthma following prenatal exposure to negative life events and job stressors: A nationwide register-based study in Denmark

Liu, X., Madsen, K. P., Sejbaek, C. S.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the association between negative life events, job stressors (low job control or high psychosocial job demands) and offspring asthma phenotypes (early-onset transient, early-onset persistent and late-onset asthma). Methods: In a population-based cohort study comprising 547 533 liveborn singletons, we determined negative life events and offspring asthma at age six years using data from Danish nationwide registers. We assessed job demands and job control from gender-specific job exposure matrices. Prevalence ratios (PR) of each asthma phenotype were estimated using log-binomial regression. Results: Maternal exposure to negative life events prenatally was not significantly associated with offspring asthma. Among mothers with low job demands, low job control was associated with increased risk for early-onset transient asthma [PR=1.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.09–1.19], early-onset persistent asthma (PR=1.17, 95% CI 1.11–1.23), and late-onset asthma (PR=1.06, 95% CI 1.00–1.14). Among mothers with high job demands, low job control was not associated with offspring asthma apart from a reduced risk of early-onset persistent asthma (PR=0.94, 95% CI 0.90–0.97). These associations were independent of child sex and parental atopic history. Conclusions: Maternal stressors in private life do not seem to influence offspring asthma significantly. Low job control is associated with offspring asthma, which is modified by maternal psychosocial job demands. Our findings warrant further exploration.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.5271/sjweh.3785

Referens

Liu, X., Madsen, K. P., Sejbaek, C. S. (2019). Risk of childhood asthma following prenatal exposure to negative life events and job stressors: A nationwide register-based study in Denmark. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 45(2), 174–182.

The Impact of Parental Role Distributions, Work Participation, and Stress Factors on Family Health-Related Outcomes: Study Protocol of the Prospective Multi-Method Cohort "Dresden Study on Parenting, Work, and Mental Health" (DREAM)

Kress, V., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Kopp, M. et al.

Sammanfattning

The Dresden Study on Parenting, Work, and Mental Health (“DResdner Studie zu Elternschaft, Arbeit, und Mentaler Gesundheit”, DREAM) aims to prospectively investigate the relationship between parental work participation, role distribution, stress factors, and their effects on perinatal outcomes and long-term family mental and somatic health in a community sample targeting N = 4,000 individuals, i.e., 2,000 couples, expecting a child and residing in Dresden, Germany (interim sample of N = 1,410 participants, recruitment ongoing). Various questionnaires are completed at four measurement points from pregnancy to 2 years postpartum (prolongation into middle childhood planned). Applying a multi-method approach, long-term endocrinological data (analyses of hair cortisol concentrations and other endogenous hormones, “DREAMHAIR”) and qualitative interview data (regarding gender role attitudes and distribution of domestic work, child care, and paid employment; “DREAMTALK”) are obtained. In this study protocol, the theoretical background, methods, and preliminary results considering sociodemographic characteristics during pregnancy and birth-related factors at 8 weeks postpartum are presented. Additionally, there is a focus on our endocrinological sub-study DREAMHAIR. In this sub-study currently comprising N = 152 participants, i.e., 88 families (recruitment ongoing), we want to gain knowledge on the transgenerational processes of stress regulation and psychopathology in the whole family by analyzing hair cortisol concentrations in both parents and children during the course from pregnancy (or after birth regarding children) to at least 2 years postpartum. By comparing data of the community sample to a clinical sample of mothers with postpartum mental disorders, their children, and their partners during the period between admission and discharge from a mother-baby unit and post-treatment (“DREAMMBU”), the course of mothers' psychopathology, parent-infant interaction, and infant regulation disorders with special regard to long-term endocrine correlates will be examined. With previous studies neglecting the fathers or partners involved, a major advantage of DREAM is the use of a multi-method and multi-level approach by examining the whole family in a longitudinal design. Therefore, the DREAM study will contribute to a better understanding of the role of social, work, and stress factors for mental and somatic health and its long-term endocrine correlates in the natural course of becoming a family.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01273

Referens

Kress, V., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Kopp, M. et al. (2019). The Impact of Parental Role Distributions, Work Participation, and Stress Factors on Family Health-Related Outcomes: Study Protocol of the Prospective Multi-Method Cohort "Dresden Study on Parenting, Work, and Mental Health" (DREAM). Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1273.

Longitudinal associations between organizational change, work-unit social capital, and employee exit from the work unit among public healthcare workers: A mediation analysis.

Jensen, J. H., Flachs, E. M., Skakon, J., Rod, N. H., Bonde, J. P.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: Organizational changes are associated with higher rates of subsequent employee exit from the workplace, but the mediating role of social capital is unknown. We examined the associations between organizational changes and subsequent employee exit from the work unit and mediation through social capital. Methods: Throughout 2013, 14 059 healthcare employees worked in the Capital Region of Denmark. Data on work-unit changes (yes/no) from July‒December 2013 were collected via a survey distributed to all managers (merger, split-up, relocation, change of management, employee layoff, budget cuts). Eight employee-reported items assessing social capital were aggregated into work-unit measures (quartiles: low-high). Data on employee exit from the work unit in 2014 were obtained from company registries. Results: We found a somewhat higher rate of employee exit from the work unit after changes versus no changes [hazard ratio (HR) 1.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01–1.19] and an inverse dose‒response relationship between social capital and employee-exit rates (low versus high: HR 1.65, 95% CI 1.46–1.86). We also showed a higher risk of low social capital in work units exposed to changes [low versus high: odds ratio (OR) 2.04, 95% CI 1.86–2.23]. Accounting for potential mediation through social capital seemed slightly to reduce the association between changes and employee-exit rates (HR 1.07, 95% CI 0.98–1.16 versus HR 1.10). Conclusions: Work-unit organizational changes prospectively predict lower work-unit social capital, and lower social capital is associated with higher employee-exit rates. Detection of weak indications of mediation through social capital, if any, were limited by inconsistent associations between changes and employee exit from the work unit.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.5271/sjweh.3766

Referens

Jensen, J. H., Flachs, E. M., Skakon, J., Rod, N. H., Bonde, J. P. (2019). Longitudinal associations between organizational change, work-unit social capital, and employee exit from the work unit among public healthcare workers: A mediation analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 45(1), 53–62.

Sick leave due to musculoskeletal pain: Determinants of distinct trajectories over 1 year

Hallman, D. M., Holtermann, A., Björklund, M., Gupta, N., Nørregaard Rasmussen, C. D.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: This study aimed to identify sub-groups of workers with different trajectories of sick leave due to musculoskeletal pain over 1 year, and to investigate the extent to which the identified trajectories are associated with personal, occupational, lifestyle, and pain-related factors at baseline. Methods: Data on 981 blue- and white-collar workers were analyzed in the DPHACTO cohort (2012–2014). The number of days on sick leave due to pain was reported using text messages at 4-week intervals across 1 year. Latent class growth analysis was used to distinguish sub-groups with different trajectories of sick leave. A web-based questionnaire at baseline was used to assess personal, occupational (physical and psychosocial), lifestyle, and pain-related factors. Multinomial regression models were constructed to determine associations between baseline factors and trajectories of sick leave (referencing no sick leave), with adjustment for potential confounders. Results: Four distinct sub-groups were identified, with trajectories of sick leave due to pain ranging from no sick leave (prevalence 76%; average 0.5 days/year) to some days and increasing sick leave due to pain over 1 year (2%; 89 days/year). The increasing trajectory of sick leave was associated with higher perceived physical exertion, more time in manual work, less social community and influence at work, less leisure-time physical activity, smoking, and more severe symptoms (e.g., multisite pain, low back pain intensity, and pain interference). Conclusions: We identified four distinct trajectories of sick leave due to musculoskeletal pain. The sub-group with increasing sick leave due to pain was associated with several modifiable physical and psychosocial factors at work and outside work, which may have implications for prevention.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-019-01447-y

Referens

Hallman, D. M., Holtermann, A., Björklund, M., Gupta, N., Nørregaard Rasmussen, C. D. (2019). Sick leave due to musculoskeletal pain: Determinants of distinct trajectories over 1 year. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health.

"Workplace Physical Activity Program" (WOPAP) study protocol: A four-arm randomized controlled trial on preventing burnout and promoting vigor

Ginoux, C., Isoard-Gautheur, S., Sarrazin, P.

Sammanfattning

Background: WOPAP is a theoretically-grounded workplace physical activity intervention that aims to reduce work-related burnout and to improve vigor at work and other work-related outcomes. Using a randomized controlled trial, we investigate whether a 10-week program including two Nordic walking sessions per week is effective in improving employee well-being at work, in comparison with another attractive leisure activity (Theatre condition) or a waiting list control condition. The design of the study makes it possible to test the effect on burnout and vigor of the instructor’s style during physical activity (i.e., traditional vs. need-supportive style). Finally, this study is also interested in several possible psychological (i.e., detachment, relaxation, mastery, control, relatedness, and positive affects experiences) and physiological (i.e., cardiorespiratory fitness) mechanisms through which the practice of physical activity in the intervention could influence burnout and vigor. Methods: Employees of the authors’ University (N = 140) will be recruited via email, leaflets, and posters. Participants will be randomized to one of the four arms of the trial: (1) Physical Activity Traditional Style, (2) Physical Activity Need-Supportive Style, (3) Theatre condition, and (4) Waiting List Control. The experimental phase will last 10 weeks, followed by a six-month follow-up. During the ten weeks of the intervention, all groups – except the waiting list control – will carry out two activity sessions per week. Primary outcomes are burnout and vigor, secondary outcomes are work motivation, job satisfaction, work performance and work ability. These variables will be assessed before and after the intervention, and at three and six months after the end of the intervention. Moreover, burnout, vigor, needs satisfaction at work and psychological mediators will be assessed weekly throughout the intervention period. Discussion: If effective, this study will provide evidence for the promotion of workplace physical activity interventions including a need-supportive climate to improve employee well-being. Results could be used to design new research protocols, but also to implement more efficient programs in the workplace.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Frankrike

Yrken

Universitetspersonal

DOI

10.1186/s12889-019-6598-3

Referens

Ginoux, C., Isoard-Gautheur, S., Sarrazin, P. (2019). "Workplace Physical Activity Program" (WOPAP) study protocol: A four-arm randomized controlled trial on preventing burnout and promoting vigor. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 289.

Depression in the workplace: Screening and treatment

Domingos Neto, J., Myung, E., Murta, G., Vieira, A., Lima, P. R., Lessa, L. A., Bernardo, W. M.

Sammanfattning

The Guidelines Project, an initiative of the Brazilian Medical Association, aims to combine information from the medical field in order to standardize producers to assist the reasoning and decision-making of doctors. The information provided through this project must be assessed and criticized by the physician responsible for the conduct that will be adopted, depending on the conditions and the clinical status of each patient. Screening depression in the occupational setting has the potential of diagnosing workers with depression symptoms in different levels of severity. Depression and its treatment have the potential of modifying occupational outcomes of functionality, productivity, absenteeism, presenteeism, return to work, work engagement, unemployment, among others. It was carried out from the systematic review of literature in the medline database, recovering 21,232 papers, 54 being selected to answer the clinical questions: is it necessary to screen workers for depression? And is treatment effective and safe? The details of the methodology and the results of this guideline are exposed in annex I. Key points: Screening depression in the occupational setting has the potential to diagnose, in impactful prevalence and with acceptable accuracy, workers with symptoms of depression at different levels of severity, knowledge about the disease and volition for adherence to treatment. Depression and its treatment have the potential to modify occupational outcomes of functionality, productivity, absenteeism, presenteeism, return to work, work engagement, unemployment, among others. Healthcare teams in the occupational setting have the potential to educate about depression and its treatment, promote adherence to treatment, coordinate and prescribe treatment for depression, just as it happens in studies published in the workplace or in primary care. Periodic testing is one of the tools for implementing depression screening. Mapping and interventions by electronic means can promote adherence to screening and treatment, and optimize the distribution of educational content. Interventions involving treatment with antidepressants, interventions based on cognitive behavioral therapy in person or by phone or via the web, multimodal interventions, among others, have potential of positive benefit for both depression symptoms and occupational outcomes, and are implementable in an occupational setting.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Ej relevant

DOI

10.1590/1806-9282.65.3.295

Referens

Domingos Neto, J., Myung, E., Murta, G., Vieira, A., Lima, P. R., Lessa, L. A., Bernardo, W. M. (2019). Depression in the workplace: Screening and treatment. Revista Da Associacao Medica Brasileira, 65(3), 295–315.

An Examination of the Links Between Organizational Social Capital and Employee Well-Being: Focusing on the Mediating Role of Quality of Work Life

Chul Ko, M.

Sammanfattning

Although organizational social capital (OSC) is widely considered a potential resource for improving organizational performance, extensive research has paid limited attention to how employee well-being may be a positive outcome of OSC. Drawing on social exchange theory, need satisfaction, and spillover approaches, this study explores the effects of OSC on subjective well-being (SWB) through quality of work life (QWL) and job-related outcomes, such as organizational commitment and turnover intention. Using survey data obtained from public employees in South Korea, the results show that QWL mediates not only the association between OSC and organizational commitment but also the relationship between OSC and SWB. These findings highlight the importance of OSC as an intangible asset that can generate both organizational outcomes and employee well-being. In practice, these findings also imply that organizational resources and work environments should favorably respond to employees’ human needs to ensure improved employee well-being.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sydkorea

Yrken

Tjänstemän inom offentlig sektor

DOI

10.1177/0734371X19865996

Referens

Chul Ko, M. (2019). An Examination of the Links Between Organizational Social Capital and Employee Well-Being: Focusing on the Mediating Role of Quality of Work Life. SAGE journals.

Objective and subjective stress, personality, and allostatic load

Christensen, D. S., Dich, N., Flensborg-Madsen, T., Garde, E., Hansen, Å. M., Mortensen, E. L.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: Despite the understanding of allostatic load (AL) as a consequence of ongoing adaptation to stress, studies of the stress–AL association generally focus on a narrow conceptualization of stress and have thus far overlooked potential confounding by personality. The present study examined the cross‐sectional association of objective and subjective stress with AL, controlling for Big Five personality traits. Methods: Participants comprised 5,512 members of the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank aged 49–63 years (69% men). AL was measured as a summary index of 14 biomarkers of the inflammatory, cardiovascular, and metabolic system. Objective stress was assessed as self‐reported major life events in adult life. Subjective stress was assessed as perceived stress within the past four weeks. Results: Both stress measures were positively associated with AL, with a slightly stronger association for objective stress. Adjusting for personality traits did not significantly change these associations. Conclusions: The results suggest measures of objective and subjective stress to have independent predictive validity in the context of personality. Further, it is discussed how different operationalizations of stress and AL may account for some of the differences in observed stress–AL associations.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1002/brb3.1386

Referens

Christensen, D. S., Dich, N., Flensborg-Madsen, T., Garde, E., Hansen, Å. M., Mortensen, E. L. (2019). Objective and subjective stress, personality, and allostatic load. Brain and Behavior, 9(9).

Is the effect of work-related psychosocial exposure on depressive and anxiety disorders short-term, lagged or cumulative?

Boini, S., Kolopp, M., Grzebyk, M., Hédelin, G., Chouanière, D.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: To determine the short-term, lagged, and cumulative effects of psychosocial factors (PSF) on the incidence of depression and anxiety. Method: Major depressive disorders (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) were diagnosed in 2006 and 2010 using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview among 5684 workers from the French SIP cohort. The outcome considered here was diagnosis of MDD and/or GAD (MDD/GAD) in 2010. The frequency of 17 PSF, covering labour intensity and working time, emotional demand, autonomy, social relationships, conflict of values, and job insecurity, was self-reported in 2006 and 2010. For each PSF, four groups (A–D) were considered: exposed neither in 2006 nor in 2010 (A as the reference), exposed in 2010 but not in 2006 (B as a short-term association), exposed in 2006 but not in 2010 (C as a lagged association), exposed in both 2006 and 2010 (D as a cumulative association). Results: In men, short-term and cumulative—and to a lesser extent lagged—associations of four labour-intensity factors with MDD/GAD occurrence were observed (high volume of work, pressure at work, high complexity, and long working hours). In women, the short-term and cumulative associations of five PSF were observed, mostly emotional demand factors, lack of reward and work–family imbalance. Job insecurity had strong, short-term, cumulative and lagged associations in both men and women. Conclusion: According to PSF and gender, the results suggest that the relationships between PSF exposure and MDD/GAD were mostly short-term and cumulative rather than lagged.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Frankrike

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-019-01466-9

Referens

Boini, S., Kolopp, M., Grzebyk, M., Hédelin, G., Chouanière, D. (2019). Is the effect of work-related psychosocial exposure on depressive and anxiety disorders short-term, lagged or cumulative?. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health.

Construct validity of a global scale for Workplace Social Capital based on COPSOQ III

Berthelsen, H., Westerlund, H., Pejtersen, J. H., Hadzibajramovic, E.

Sammanfattning

Background and aim: Workplace Social Capital has been suggested as a useful concept when addressing organizational and social factors of the work environment. The overall aim of the present study is to establish and evaluate the construct validity of a measure of Workplace Social Capital based on the operationalization suggested in the third version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial questionnaire. Methods: The present study is based on data collected as part of a validation and development project for the use of the Swedish version of COPSOQ at workplaces and includes responses from 1316 human service workers answering a workplace survey. Six items from scales for organizational justice, vertical trust and horizontal trust in COPSOQ III were included in the analyses. Rasch Analysis was used for scale validation. Results: The analyses showed that the psychometric properties of the suggested COPSOQ scale for Workplace Social Capital were satisfactory after accommodation for local dependency. Each individual item worked as intended, the scale was unidimensional and functioned invariantly for women and men, and for younger and older employees. The scale was furthermore found to be valid for use for distinguishing groups, not individuals. Conclusion: We have established that the scale for Workplace Social Capital measured by COPSOQ III is valid for distinguishing groups, e.g. work teams. The scale exhibits good construct validity as it satisfies the measurement criteria defined by the Rasch model.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Kontaktyrken

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0221893

Referens

Berthelsen, H., Westerlund, H., Pejtersen, J. H., Hadzibajramovic, E. (2019). Construct validity of a global scale for Workplace Social Capital based on COPSOQ III. PloS One, 14(8).

Occupational Stress in Helicopter Emergency Service Pilots From 4 European Countries

Bauer, H., Herbig, B.

Sammanfattning

Objective: Working conditions are known to affect motivation, well-being, and ultimately work performance. Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) pilots’ work is highly demanding and safety critical, but virtually no published data on occupational stress and strain symptoms in HEMS pilots are available. We investigated work stressors and resources and their association with work engagement, subjective well-being, and energy levels in European HEMS pilots. Methods: Cross-sectional questionnaire data were collected consecutively from 72 European HEMS pilots (24 Western European and 48 Eastern European, mean age = 51.9 years). We examined the stressor, resource, and strain symptom levels by age group and region of origin and the association of stressors and resources with work engagement, well-being, and energy. Results: Although the responses differed notably between the Eastern and Western European pilots, their overall profile was quite favorable. At the same time, those stressor/resource variables, which on average had the most favorable ratings, were the most strongly associated with (reduced) well-being and energy. Conclusion: On the whole, the HEMS pilots’ perception of their work situation appears to be positive, and they are highly engaged in their work. The pilots’ strong identification with their work should be taken into account in pilot mental health support systems.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Europa

Yrken

Helikopterpiloter inom räddningstjänst

DOI

10.1016/j.amj.2018.11.011

Referens

Bauer, H., Herbig, B. (2019). Occupational Stress in Helicopter Emergency Service Pilots From 4 European Countries. Air Medical Journal, 38(2), 82–94.

Study protocol for SeniorWorkingLife - push and stay mechanisms for labour market participation among older workers

Andersen, L. L., Sundstrup, E.

Sammanfattning

Background: Due to demographic changes across Europe there are strong political interests in maintaining the labour force by prolonging working life, i.e. increasing retirement age. This may pose both challenges and opportunities for societies, workplaces, and individuals. The SeniorWorkingLife (Danish: SeniorArbejdsLiv) project investigates push and stay mechanisms for labour market participation – now and in the future - among older workers (≥50 years). Methods: In July 2018, 30,000 Danes age 50 or older (18,000 employed, 7000 unemployed, 3000 voluntary early retirements, 2000 disability pensions) were invited to participate, of which 15,721 (52.4%) replied to the entire questionnaire and 17,885 (59.6%) replied at least in part. Baseline data collection was terminated in October 2018. The questionnaire covers 14 domains in relation to push and stay mechanisms for labour market participation: 1) basic information (demographics, employment status etc.), 2) multiple-choice question covering a wide range of push and stay mechanisms, 3) role of the workplace, 4) age-discrimination, 5) personal economy, 6) possibility for voluntary early retirement among employed and unemployed, 7) gradual retirement, 8) competencies and continued education, 9) return-to-work, 10) new technologies at the workplace, 11) job satisfaction and well-being, 12) working environment, 13) lifestyle, 14) health and functional capacity. The project aspires to repeat the survey as a prospective cohort every 2–3 years and to perform longitudinal follow-up in Danish high-quality registers about work and health. Discussion: The SeniorWorkingLife project will provide important knowledge about push and stay mechanisms for labour market participation among older workers. Push refers to mechanisms that increase the risk of premature exit from the labour marker, e.g. due to poor health, poor working environment, age discrimination, and stay to mechanisms prolonging working life e.g. due to attractive working conditions and a good working environment. The project will also to some degree investigate stuck, pull and jump mechanisms. Collaboration and use of the data for scientific purposes by other researchers are encouraged. Interested researchers should contact the corresponding author. Trial Registration: Registered as cohort study in ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT03634410 (August 16, 2018).

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12889-019-6461-6

Referens

Andersen, L. L., Sundstrup, E. (2019). Study protocol for SeniorWorkingLife - push and stay mechanisms for labour market participation among older workers. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 133.

iWorkHealth: An instrument to identify workplace psychosocial risk factors for a multi-ethnic Asian working population.

Abdin, E., Subramaniam, M., Chan, A., Chen, J.-A., Chong, C.L., Wang, C. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objective: The current study aimed to develop iWorkHealth, a valid and reliable self-administered instrument which identifies workplace psychosocial risk factors in Singapore. Methods: The survey was conducted among 2718 employees who were primarily salaried workers and working in five companies from the healthcare, banking and finance, and legal sectors in Singapore. Factor extraction and item reduction were conducted using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and Mokken scale analysis (MSA). Construct validity, internal consistency and convergent validity of the final scale were confirmed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), Cronbach's alpha and Pearson correlation coefficients, respectively. Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes model was used to detect Differential Item Functioning (DIF). Results: EFA and MSA identified a five-factor solution (job demand, job control, employee and management engagement, supervisor support and colleague support) for the 27 items iWorkHealth instrument. CFA demonstrated that the five-factor model fitted the data with high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.79 to 0.92). The convergent validity was shown through significant association with existing scales—high job demand was significantly associated with high burnout and depression, while high job control, employee and management engagement, supervisor support and coworker support were significantly associated with low burnout and depression. Ten items were detected with significant DIF, but impact was minimal on the associations between socio-demographics factors and iWorkHealth subscales. Conclusions: The findings provided evidence that the iWorkHealth instrument which comprises 27 items in five domains of psychosocial risk at the workplace is a reliable and valid instrument that could be used to measure and compare the level of psychosocial risk factors across companies and industries in Singapore.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Singapore

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0220566

Referens

Abdin, E., Subramaniam, M., Chan, A., Chen, J.-A., Chong, C.L., Wang, C. et al. (2019). iWorkHealth: An instrument to identify workplace psychosocial risk factors for a multi-ethnic Asian working population. PloS One, 14(8).

The DPhacto cohort: An overview of technically measured physical activity at work and leisure in blue-collar sectors for practitioners and researchers

Birk, M., Gupta, N., Korshøj, M., Lagersted-Olsen, J. et al.

Sammanfattning

For improved prevention of health issues among blue-collar workers, there is a need for an overview of the physical activity at work and leisure using technical long-term measurements in blue-collar sectors investigation of differences between the sectors. Thus, the objective of this paper was to provide an overview and investigate differences in physical activities and body postures at work and leisure among blue-collar sectors. The Dphacto cohort consists of 1087 workers from manufacturing, transportation and cleaning sectors (901 blue-collar and 186 white-collar workers) in Denmark. Eligible workers provided physical activity and heart rate measurements over several days with follow-up on health-related outcomes by self-report and registers. Considerable differences in sitting, standing, time on feet (walking, shuffling and standing combined) and forward bending of the back were found between work and leisure, and between the sectors. This overview of physical activity at work and leisure can be useful for better prevention of work-related health issues among blue-collar workers.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Arbetare

Referens

Birk, M., Gupta, N., Korshøj, M., Lagersted-Olsen, J. et al. (2019). The DPhacto cohort: An overview of technically measured physical activity at work and leisure in blue-collar sectors for practitioners and researchers. Applied Ergonomics, 77, 29-39.

Factors that influence the work motivational profile of millennials

Sainz Álvarez, E.

Sammanfattning

The present research examined the possible relationships between personality traits and the motivational work profile; taking into account the incidence of psychosocial risks in the relationship between both variables. It is an ex post facto, cross-sectional design of a descriptive and correlational type, observational of an analytical and non-experimental type. This study was composed of a sample of 50 workers, belonging to the millennial generation, aged between 22 and 37 years; and was made up of 29 women and 21 men. It has been recorded that there is a significant and positive correlation between the personality traits of Openness and Responsibility, with the motivational features of Achievement, Exploration and Contribution. Likewise, a significant and negative relationship was also found between the personality traits of Openness and Responsibility, and the motivational features of Hedonism, Safety and Conservation. On the other hand, it was found that in this relationship, the mediating factors of psychosocial risks such as Insecurity, Leadership, Development and Estimation are related to the personality traits of Hedonism, Education and Responsibility, the Hedonism, Exploration, Security and Contribution.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Sainz Álvarez, E. (2018). Factors that influence the work motivational profile of millennials. Psychology Research Journal, Vol 1 n. 1.

Affective organizational commitment among nursing home employees: A longitudinal study on the influence of a health‐promoting work environment

Grødal, K., Innstrand, S.T., Haugan, G., André, B.

Sammanfattning

Aim: To investigate whether affective organizational commitment (AOC) among nursing home employees is enhanced by a health‐promoting work environment, conceptualized as high levels of job resources, work‐related sense of coherence (work‐SOC) and low levels of job demands. Design: This study used a longitudinal design. Survey data were collected with a 1‐year interval between 2015/2016–2016/2017 among nursing home employees in Norway. Methods: Structural equation modelling was used to analyse the longitudinal data (N = 166) and cross‐sectional data from the first time point (N = 558). Results: The results supported that work‐SOC was strongly and positively related to AOC. Job resources and job demands were positively and negatively related, respectively, to work‐SOC but were not related to future AOC. The indirect effects of autonomy and supervisor support on AOC, via work‐SOC, were significant. The indirect effects regarding social community at work, emotional demands and role conflict were unclear.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Norge

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

Referens

Grødal, K., Innstrand, S.T., Haugan, G., André, B. (2019). Affective organizational commitment among nursing home employees: A longitudinal study on the influence of a health‐promoting work environment. Nursing Open, 00: 1– 10.

The predictive value of individual and work-related resources for the health and work satisfaction of German school principals

Dadaczynski, K., Paulus, P., Horstmann, D.

Sammanfattning

Objective: This study aimed to investigate individual and work-related resources (decision latitude, selfefficacy and work-related sense of coherence) and their relationship to health and work outcomes (general health, cognitive and emotional irritation, and work satisfaction) among German school principals. Method: In 2016, all teachers and principals in Lower Saxony, Germany, were invited to participate in an online-based cross-sectional study. Data from a sub-set of 1,026 school principals and members of the school leadership team (i.e. vice principals) were analysed using univariate and bivariate analysis and stepwise linear regression. Results: Findings revealed fairly high levels of self-efficacy and decision latitude and low levels of sense of coherence for administrative tasks. With regards to health, more than one quarter of respondents reported a poor general health status, and more than one third reported being dissatisfied or very dissatisfied with their work. Primary school principals were more often affected by low levels of resources as well as lower health status and work satisfaction. Based on a series of regression analyses, decision latitude and selfefficacy proved to be the strongest predictors of all health and work outcomes. Conclusion: Given that school leaders are of critical importance for their entire school, this professional group should be placed more firmly in the focus of school health education and promotion. There is a particular need for health promotion measures for primary school principals, who have the least resources and the lowest health status.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Rektorer

DOI

10.1177/0017896919867118

Referens

Dadaczynski, K., Paulus, P., Horstmann, D. (2019). The predictive value of individual and work-related resources for the health and work satisfaction of German school principals. Health Education Journal, pp 1-12.

Desired improvements of working conditions among medical assistants in Germany: a cross-sectional study

Scharf, J., Vu-Eickmann, P., Li, J. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: In outpatient care in Germany, medical assistants (MAs) are the contact persons for patients’ concerns and their working conditions are relevant to their own health and the provided quality of care. MAs working conditions have been described as precarious leading to high levels of work stress. Consequently, we aimed to examine MAs’ needs for work-related improvements. Methods: We surveyed 887 employed MAs between September 2016 and April 2017. A 20-item questionnaire measured desired improvements. To measure correlations between variables we computed a matrix of tetrachoric correlations for binary variables and performed an exploratory factor analysis. We ran ordinal logistic regression models employing 11 independent variables to examine determinants of needs. Results: A total of 97.3% of the participants expressed any need and, on average, 10.27 needs were reported. Most frequently, needs were expressed related to a higher salary (87.0%), less documentation (76.0%) and more recognition from society (75.4%). Exploratory factor analysis suggested three dimensions of needs for work-related improvements (i.e. working conditions, reward from the supervisor and task-related independence). Ordinal logistic regression models only identified determinants for the outcome variable task-related independence, which was more frequent in those with longer work experience or in a leadership position. Conclusions: The high prevalence of desired workplace-related improvements among MAs highlights the relevance of modifying their working conditions. The fact that we found only few determinants signals that there are no specific high-risk subgroups, but interventions to improve MAs’ working conditions should target the entire MA population.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Medicinsk personal

Referens

Scharf, J., Vu-Eickmann, P., Li, J. et al. (2019). Desired improvements of working conditions among medical assistants in Germany: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 0.59583333333333.

Sometimes It Drains, Sometimes It Sustains: The Dual Role of the Relationship with Students for University Professors

Martini, M., Guidetti, G., Viotti, S., Loera, B., Converso, D.

Sammanfattning

University organizational contexts have been changing significantly in recent years, and academic staff are expected tomanage larger workloads at an increased pace.This can threaten their well-being and exacerbate work-related stress—possibly creating negative impacts on their mental and physical states. Surprisingly, academic occupational psychological health is still rarely studied. By referring to the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) conceptual model, this study aimed to analyze the relationship between university teachers’well-being and job demands and resources,with a particular focus on the role of the relationshipwith students. Specifically, 550 associate and full professors were studied to determine the impact of job characteristics, quality of relationships in the work environment, and negative and positive relationswith students regarding emotional exhaustion andwork engagement.Hierarchical multiple regression models allowed us to highlight the fact that emotional exhaustion was positively and significantly associated with workload, conflicts with colleagues, and requests from students, and it was negatively associated with work meaning. Work engagement was positively and significantly associated with work meaning and social support from students. Our study points out that the flexible and renowned JD-Rmodel can successfully be used to analyze the occupational psychological health of academics. Further, our study underscores the fact that, among job demands and resources, the often-neglected relations with external users (the students) can play an important role in university teachers’ perceptions of exhaustion and engagement.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Professorer

Referens

Martini, M., Guidetti, G., Viotti, S., Loera, B., Converso, D. (2019). Sometimes It Drains, Sometimes It Sustains: The Dual Role of the Relationship with Students for University Professors. BioMed Research International.

A structural framework for sustainable processes in ergonomics

Sarbat, I., Ozmehmet Tasan, S.

Sammanfattning

Considering today’s globalised world, new concepts that assist ergonomics are needed to provide human well-being. Accordingly, the sustainability concept is used in this study to satisfy the needs of stakeholders, put environmentally-friendly and cost-effective interventions into practice and provide ergonomically well-designed and easily managed processes that are more flexible, adaptable and human-sensitive. To achieve this, a practical and easily adaptable framework, which integrates ergonomics and sustainability by presenting the relations between fundamental elements of ergonomics and sustainability dimensions (SDs), is proposed. Within this base framework, ergonomic indicators (EIs) and sub-dimensions proposed for the classification of EIs are structured for ergonomics under a sustainability point-of-view. The sub-dimensions proposed in this study, which have direct or indirect relations to humans, are ‘Loss’, ‘Investment’, ‘Conditions’, ‘Contribution’, ‘Self-Development’, and ‘Satisfaction’. This structural framework, which can be easily used by ergonomists or managers, ensures a good starting point for providing sustainable processes in ergonomics. Practitioner summary: This study proposes a structural framework to present the relations between ergonomics and sustainability. In the context of ergonomics, fundamental elements of ergonomics are chosen, while three dimensions of sustainability and proposed sub-dimensions are used in the context of sustainability. The adapted ergonomic indicators are also classified within these sub-dimensions.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Ej relevant

Referens

Sarbat, I., Ozmehmet Tasan, S. (2019). A structural framework for sustainable processes in ergonomics. Ergonomics.

Job demands and work–family conflict in preschool teachers: The buffering effects of job resources and off-job recovery experiences

Gu, Y., Wang, R.

Sammanfattning

Drawing on the job demands-resources model and effort-recovery model, this two-wave study among preschool teachers explored whether job demands (i.e., workload and surface acting) increase work–family conflict over time. The authors further predicted that job resources (i.e., supervisor support and the perceived meaning of work) as well as recovery experiences during after-work hours (i.e., psychological detachment and relaxation) act as buffers and mitigate the detrimental effects of job demands on work–family conflict. This study was conducted among 337 preschool teachers in Chinese societies over the period of 1 year. In line with these hypotheses, results indicated that job demands (i.e., workload and surface acting) significantly increase work–family conflict over time and, more importantly, job resources and recovery experiences during after-work hours protect against increased work–family conflict over time despite high job demands. These findings contribute to work–family research and show how the detrimental impacts of job demands on the family domain can be prevented through enhancing job resources and fostering well-functioning recovery experiences during after-work hours.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Kina

Yrken

Förskolelärare

Referens

Gu, Y., Wang, R. (2019). Job demands and work–family conflict in preschool teachers: The buffering effects of job resources and off-job recovery experiences. Current Psychology, pp 1-12.

Working in preschool increases the risk of hearing-related symptoms: a cohort study among Swedish women

Fredriksson, S., Kim, J.L., Torén, K. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: To assess whether working in preschools increases the risk of hearing-related symptoms and whether age, occupational noise, and stressful working conditions affect the risk. Methods: Questionnaire data on hearing-related symptoms were analysed in women aged 24–65 (4718 preschool teachers, and 4122 randomly selected general population controls). Prevalence and risk ratio (RR) of self-reported hearing loss, tinnitus, difficulty perceiving speech, hyperacusis and sound-induced auditory fatigue were assessed by comparing the cohorts in relation to age and self-reported occupational noise and stressful working conditions (effort–reward imbalance and emotional demands). RR was calculated using log-binomial regression models adjusted for age, education, income, smoking, hearing protection, and leisure noise. Incidence rates and incidence rate ratios (IRR) were calculated for retrospectively reported onset of all symptoms except sound-induced auditory fatigue. Results: Compared to the controls, preschool teachers had overall more than twofold RR of sound-induced auditory fatigue (RR 2.4, 95% confidence interval 2.2–2.5) and hyperacusis (RR 2.3, 2.1–2.5) and almost twofold for difficulty perceiving speech (RR 1.9, 1.7–2.0). Preschool teachers had a threefold IRR of hyperacusis (IRR 3.1, 2.8–3.4) and twofold for difficulty perceiving speech (IRR 2.4, 2.2–2.6). Significantly although slightly less increased RR and IRR were observed for hearing loss and tinnitus. RR and IRR were generally still increased for preschool teachers when stratified by age and occupational exposure to noise and stress. Conclusions: This large cohort study showed that working as preschool teacher increases the risk of self-reported hearing-related symptoms, indicating a need of preventative measures.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Förskolelärare

Referens

Fredriksson, S., Kim, J.L., Torén, K. et al. (2019). Working in preschool increases the risk of hearing-related symptoms: a cohort study among Swedish women. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, pp 1-12.

Work-related Sense of Coherence and Longitudinal Relationships with Work Engagement and Job Satisfaction

Grødal, K., Innstrand, S.T., Haugan, G., André, B.

Sammanfattning

The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate the relationships between work-related sense of coherence (work-SOC) and the two well-being concepts of job satisfaction and work engagement. The study was conducted among nursing home employees, who answered a survey in two waves with a one-year interval. The results of structural equation modelling analyses showed that work-SOC was related to future work engagement but not job satisfaction, indicating that work-SOC contributes to active rather than passive states of well-being. Hypotheses of neither reversed nor reciprocal relationships were supported. The longitudinal relationship with work engagement suggests that work-SOC is an important factor to consider in workplace health promotion and management of employee health, and further research is therefore recommended to learn more about the nature and development of work-SOC.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Norge

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

Referens

Grødal, K., Innstrand, S.T., Haugan, G., André, B. (2019). Work-related Sense of Coherence and Longitudinal Relationships with Work Engagement and Job Satisfaction. Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 4(1).

Work ability and burnout: What comes first? A two-wave, cross-lagged study among early childhood educators

Viotti, S., Guidetti, G., Sottimano, I., Martini, M., Converso, D.

Sammanfattning

Although previous evidence suggests an association between work ability and burnout, no study has been specifically dedicated at establishing which is the directionality of the relationship between these two important constructs either in educational or in other occupational contexts. Studies shedding light on the directionality of this relationship are essential, as their results may address organizational management and occupational health practitioners in choosing the most proper interventions capable of early interrupting a possible loss spiral initiated by decreased work ability or increased burnout. In view of that, the aim of the present study was to examine the cross-lagged association between work ability and burnout (i.e., exhaustion, enthusiasm toward the job, and cynicism) at a distance of one year. In total, 349 early childhood educators completed a self-report questionnaire at two-time points. Data analyses were performed employing cross-lagged structural equation model (SEM). The findings indicated that work ability positively predicts enthusiasm toward the job and negatively predicts exhaustion. Conversely, work ability did not significantly affect cynicism. Moreover, none of the three-burnout sub-dimensions were found to significantly affect work ability measured at one years of distance. The main contribution of the present study was to have clarified the directionality of the association between work ability and burnout and to have identified the burnout sub-dimensions specifically affected by work ability. From a practical point of view, the present study highlighted the importance of investing in promoting work ability in order to prevent job burnout.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Undervisare

Referens

Viotti, S., Guidetti, G., Sottimano, I., Martini, M., Converso, D. (2019). Work ability and burnout: What comes first? A two-wave, cross-lagged study among early childhood educators. Safety Science, Volume 118, Pages 898-906.

Assessment and Management of Psychosocial Risks at Workplace

Gorblyansky, Y. Y., Kontorovich, E. P., Ponamareva, O. P. et al.

Sammanfattning

The result of the study, which was aimed at defining the psychosocial work factors and establishing their relationship with the health status of employees of electric locomotive building enterprise, shows the significance of these factors. Assessment of psychosocial factors is the basis of the management of psychosocial risks in the workplace.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Ryssland

Yrken

Arbetare

Referens

Gorblyansky, Y. Y., Kontorovich, E. P., Ponamareva, O. P. et al. (2019). Assessment and Management of Psychosocial Risks at Workplace. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, Vol 321.

Impact of social and occupational factors over job control

Moreno-Pimentel, A.G., Meneses Monroy, A., Martín-Casas, P., Zaragoza-García, I., Girón-Daviña, P.

Sammanfattning

Background: Psychosocial risk factors, among which job control has proved to be a key dimension, can have a negative impact on the health of workers. Various research projects have found a relationship between low levels of free time at work and stress and job satisfaction indicators. Objectives: to assess to what extent certain social and employment variables influence “job control”. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out on a sample of workers to analyse the influence of certain socio-demographic and work-related variables on job control, by means of an assessment survey on psychosocial risk and the general state of workers’ health. The tools used in this study were the COPSOQ-ISTAS 21 version 1.5 psychosocial risk assessment questionnaire and a specific survey on the perceived state of health. Results: Three hundred fourteen workers were asked to participate in the study. One hundred and ninety workers completed the questionnaire and were finally included. For the “job control” variable, 47.4% of workers described their situation as good. The results show that workers with a higher educational level (+78%), who have seniority in the job, have a good understanding of their situation at work (+15%), and are employed as white collars (34%), are more likely to show high job control and, therefore, could be less at risk from psychosocial factors. Conclusions: There are two parameters influencing “job control”: social factors concerning educational level, and work situation factors, including seniority and being a white collar worker.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Moreno-Pimentel, A.G., Meneses Monroy, A., Martín-Casas, P., Zaragoza-García, I., Girón-Daviña, P. (2019). Impact of social and occupational factors over job control. La Medicina Del Lavoro, 110(3), 226-233.

Study the relation between factors effecting on creating conflict of interests and quality of care: The case of Ayat-Allah-Taleghani hospital, Arak, Iran

Ghasemi, M., Samadi, A., Anbari, Z., Amini, S.

Sammanfattning

Background: Conflict of interests (COI) refers to conditions that professional judgment about patient, which is a professional and main interest, is influenced by subsidiary and personal interests. The aim of current study is to assess the relation between factors effecting on creating COIand quality of care in Ayat-Allah-Taleghani hospital. Methods: The opinions of 119 hospital employees were assessed about performance improvement, quality of care and 5 components of COI using valid and reliable questionnaires. The data were analyzed through Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) using SPSS23 and LISREL8.80. Results: COI components including different and inconsistent goals (t=-2.39), tasks interference (t=-249), inconsistency in the assessment process and system of rewards and penalties (t=-2.64), mutual tasks and their interdependence (t=-2.49) and the effect of difference in dignity and financial level (t=-2.03) had significant negative impact on patients’ care (p<0.05). There was no significant relationship between gender, marital status and age group of employees with the study variables (p>0.05). Conclusions: Hospital managers should plan about decreasing vulnerable point’s regardingCOI. The important measures in this regards include strengthening the sense of responsibility, revise work processes, definition the role and authorities of beneficiaries, formulation, implementation and monitoring ethical guidelines and coordination between personal and organizational goals.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Iran

Yrken

Sjukhuspersonal

Referens

Ghasemi, M., Samadi, A., Anbari, Z., Amini, S. (2019). Study the relation between factors effecting on creating conflict of interests and quality of care: The case of Ayat-Allah-Taleghani hospital, Arak, Iran. Medical Science, 23(98), 577-585.

Assessment of Psychosocial Risk Factors and their Impact on Health-Care Workers’ Mental Health: An Empirical Study in Estonian Nursing

Sepp, J., Järvis, M., Reinhold, K.

Sammanfattning

According to the World Health Organization, the psychosocial work environment is one of the most important factors in preserving the wellbeing of healthcare workers and ensuring the quality of healthcare services. The psychosocial environment in healthcare is complicated and related to stressful work, high demands and working in shifts. The purpose of the study is to explore the relationships between work-related psychosocial risk factors and the mental health of care workers. The study used the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, version II and the statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 24. Our results show that the work environment influences the mental health of care workers. Psychosocial hazards, such as low quality of management, lack of staff, role conflicts, low dedication among workers, physically and mentally challenging work and stress at work, are prevalent in the healthcare sector. The management of the organization including the management of safety issues should be proactive and oriented towards preserving the health of the employees and offering patient-centred services.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Estland

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

Referens

Sepp, J., Järvis, M., Reinhold, K. (2019). Assessment of Psychosocial Risk Factors and their Impact on Health-Care Workers’ Mental Health: An Empirical Study in Estonian Nursing. Research in Economics and Business: Central and Eastern Europé, Vol 11 (1).

The relationship between psychosocial risk factors, burnout and quality of life among primary healthcare workers in rural Guangdong province: a cross-sectional study

Asante, J.O., Li, M.J., Liao, J., Huang, Y.X., Hao, Y.T

Sammanfattning

Background: Healthcare workers are often exposed to stressful working conditions at work which affect their quality of life. The study investigated the relationship between psychosocial risk factors, stress, burnout, and quality of life among primary healthcare workers in general medical practice in Qingyuan and Chaozhou cities in Guangdong province. Method: The cross-sectional study was conducted in 108 primary health facilities including 36 community health centers (CHCs) across two developing cities in Guangdong province. A total of 873 healthcare workers completed the questionnaires. Quality of life was evaluated using The World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) and psychological risk factors were evaluated by the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). General quality of life and the quality of life domains were transformed into a score range from minimum 0 to 100 maximum. Higher scores indicated better quality of life and vice versa. Significant associations were verified using multiple regression analysis. Results: Poor quality of life was observed in 74.6% of healthcare workers surveyed. General poor quality of life was significantly higher among workers who reported higher burnout (Beta = − 0.331, p < 0.001). In addition, workers with high levels of burnout, unmarried workers and female workers had a higher possibility of physical health. A greater risk of poor psychological health was observed among workers with high burnout, poor sense of community and those with lower educational levels. Workers who lacked social support, those with fewer possibilities for development had increased probability of poor quality of life in the social domain. Poor quality of life in the environmental domain was observed among workers who were dissatisfied with their jobs and workers with low salaries. Conclusions: Primary healthcare workers in developing cities in China have a highly demanding and strained working environment and poor quality of life. Reducing job stress and improving work conditions may ultimately improve the well-being of primary healthcare workers.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Kina

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

Referens

Asante, J.O., Li, M.J., Liao, J., Huang, Y.X., Hao, Y.T (2019). The relationship between psychosocial risk factors, burnout and quality of life among primary healthcare workers in rural Guangdong province: a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Services Research, Vol 19.

Psychosocial Work Factors, Job Stress and Strain at the Wheel: Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) in Professional Drivers

Useche A. S., Luis, M., Francisco, A., Pastor, C. J.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: Psychosocial work environment has been related to many negative health outcomes in different workforces. However, evidence in this regard is still limited in the case of transport workers, and most of the tools used in research, often excessively generic, do not fully consider the specific key stressors, and adverse issues present in the psychosocial environment of professional driving. Objective: Thus, the purpose of this study was to obtain a complete description of the validation of measurement applied to psychosocial factors at work in professional drivers, using the Enterprise version (2018) of COPSOQ-III. Methods: The data was collected from 726 Spanish professional drivers, and the analyses were conducted using the competitive Confirmatory Factor Analysis or CFA, obtaining basic psychometric properties and an optimized structure for the instrument applied to active transport workers. Results: The results suggest a clear factorial structure, high factorial weights, internal consistency, and an improved adjustment to the psychosocial conditions of this group, excluding a set of items with low psychometrical adjustment and keeping the five-factor structure of the questionnaire: demands, influence and development, interpersonal relationships and leadership, job insecurity, and strain-effects and outcomes. Conclusion: Overall, what was found in this study supports the hypothesis that the validated version of COPSOQ in professional drivers, together with complementary information sources specific for their work environment, may have a relevant research value and some important practical implications for the improvement of the occupational safety, and health within the typically vulnerable industry of transportation.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Professionella chaufförer

DOI

10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01531

Referens

Useche A. S., Luis, M., Francisco, A., Pastor, C. J. (2019). Psychosocial Work Factors, Job Stress and Strain at the Wheel: Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) in Professional Drivers. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol 10.

Prevention of Professional Burnout of Teachers

Gorblyansky, Y., Ponamareva, O., Kontorovich, E., et al.

Sammanfattning

A comprehensive study of the risk factors of occupational burnout of teachers of primary general education, secondary general education and further education was conducted. Reliable associations between working conditions (including psychosocial work factors), health, and occupational burnout among teachers were established. The development of prevention strategies for occupational burnout of teachers is based on an integrated approach to the assessment of working conditions and the health of teachers, taking into account the organizational practice of the administration of educational institutions.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Ryssland

Yrken

Lärare

Referens

Gorblyansky, Y., Ponamareva, O., Kontorovich, E., et al. (2019). Prevention of Professional Burnout of Teachers. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, Vol 321.

Occupational ergonomics research and applied contextual design implementation for an industrial shop-floor workstation

Sanjog, J., Patel, T., Karmakar, S.

Sammanfattning

The aim of this original research article is to identify the occurrence of work-related ergonomics risk factors, in order to implement context specific human centered design interventions in the injection molding shop-floor workstations of plastic furniture manufacturing factories within the framework of industrially developing countries. Questionnaire study, postural assessment tools, computer aided design, digital human modeling and simulation, and basic work study techniques were used. Plastic processing industry is highly fragmented, consisting of small, medium scale enterprises with tremendous growth potential. Occupational design ergonomics research in the injection molding plastic furniture manufacturing shop-floor workstations is very scarce in industrially developing countries. Shop-floor workers are affected by prevalent awkward working postures and consequent body part discomforts. Useful and easily implementable accessories/fixtures with convenient design features were conceptualized. Virtual ergonomics evaluation of the workstation with proposed accessories/fixtures showed significant reduction of awkward working postures. Physical prototypes of the proposed fixtures were constructed and real human trials were performed in the factories. Time study indicated reduction in operator cycle time when compared with time taken before design modifications. Research methodology, results and design solutions described from an ergonomics perspective would definitely serve as a helpful guide for existing as well as upcoming factories in the injection molded plastic furniture manufacturing industry of industrially developing countries and further similar research endeavors.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Yrken

Butiksarbetare

Referens

Sanjog, J., Patel, T., Karmakar, S. (2019). Occupational ergonomics research and applied contextual design implementation for an industrial shop-floor workstation. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Volume 72, Pages 188-198.

Burnout among school teachers: quantitative and qualitative results from a follow-up study in southern Sweden

Arvidsson, I., Leo, U., Larsson, A., Håkansson, C., Persson, R., Björk, J.

Sammanfattning

Background: Teachers are at high risk of stress-related disorders. This longitudinal study aimed to (a) identify which occupational, sociodemographic and life-style factors and self-efficacy at baseline that were of importance for burnout, (b) explore associations between changes in the studied factors versus changes in burnout, and (c) by interviews increase the understanding of perceived job demands among teachers. Methods: A cohort of 310 Swedish teachers in school-years 4–9 responded to a questionnaire of occupational, sociodemographic and life-style factors, self-efficacy and burnout, at baseline and at follow-up (mean 30 months later). A combined measure with four levels of burnout was crafted, based on exhaustion, cynicism and professional efficacy (Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey). Quantitative data were analysed with multiple ordinal regression, and qualitative data were analysed with content analysis of interview responses from a subgroup of the teachers (n = 81). Results: The occurrence of high burnout (level 2 and 3 combined) were similar at baseline and follow-up (14% vs. 15%). However, many teachers fluctuated between the levels of burnout (28% increased and 24% decreased). Burnout at baseline was of importance for change of work or being off duty at follow up. In the multi-exposure model, low self-efficacy [OR 0.42; CI 0.26–0.68] and high job demands [OR 1.97; CI 1.02–3.8] were the strongest explanatory variables. Low self-efficacy remained as the strongest explanatory factor after adjustment for burnout at baseline. Increased job demands during follow-up was associated with an increased level of burnout [OR 3.41; CI 1.73–6.69], whereas increased decision latitude was associated with a decreased level of burnout [OR 0.51; CI 0.30–0.87]. Two major categories of demands emerged in the qualitative analysis; i.e. too high workload and a sense of inadequacy. Conclusions: A substantial proportion of teachers showed signs of burnout at both occasions. Low self-efficacy and high job demands was of importance for burnout, and changes in burnout was further associated with changes in decision latitude. The results points to the need of actions on individual, organizational and a societal levels.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Lärare

Referens

Arvidsson, I., Leo, U., Larsson, A., Håkansson, C., Persson, R., Björk, J. (2019). Burnout among school teachers: quantitative and qualitative results from a follow-up study in southern Sweden. BMC Public Health, Vol 19.

Ankle Sprains’ Risk Factors in a Sample of French Firefighters: A Preliminary Prospective Study

Vaulerin, J., Chorin, F., Emile, M., d’Arripe-Longueville, F., Colson, S. S.

Sammanfattning

Context: Firefighters participating in mandatory physical exercise sessions are exposed to a high risk of ankle sprain injury. Although both physiological and psychological risk factors have been identified, few prospective studies considered the complex interaction of these factors in firefighters. Objective: To prospectively determine whether intrinsic physical risk factors and work-related environments predict ankle sprains occurring during on-duty physical exercise in firefighters during an 8-month follow-up period. Design: Prospective. Setting: Fire Department and Rescue Service. Participants: Thirty-nine firefighters were selected based on convenience sampling. Intervention: Participants performed physical tests and completed questionnaires. Main Outcome Measures: Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test, Weight-Bearing Lunge Test, anthropometric measures, postural stability, chronic ankle instability (Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool) scores, previous injuries, and perceived psychosocial work environment (Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire [COPSOQ]). Results: During the follow-up, 9 firefighters sustained an injury. Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test and Weight-Bearing Lunge Test performances, Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool scores, history of previous ankle sprain, and specific dimensions of the COPSOQ significantly differed between injured and uninjured firefighters. Lower-limbs asymmetries of the Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (ie, anterior, posteromedial, and posterolateral directions) and the Weight-Bearing Lunge Test were predictors of ankle sprains. Conclusions: These findings originally provide evidence that intrinsic factors mainly contribute to ankle sprains, although psychosocial work environment assessment could also characterize firefighters at risk.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Frankrike

Yrken

Brandmän

Referens

Vaulerin, J., Chorin, F., Emile, M., d’Arripe-Longueville, F., Colson, S. S. (2019). Ankle Sprains’ Risk Factors in a Sample of French Firefighters: A Preliminary Prospective Study. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 1-8.

Exploring links between witnessed and instigated workplace incivility

Holm, K., Torkelson, E., Bäckström, M.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore how witnessing workplace incivility from coworkers and supervisors relates to instigating incivility toward others. A further aim was to investigate if witnessed incivility is indirectly related to instigated incivility via perceived stress and low job satisfaction. An additional aim was to study if control, social support and job embeddedness moderate the relationships between witnessed and instigated incivility. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 978 individuals, sourced from a Swedish trade union, completed an online questionnaire. Findings: The results showed that witnessed incivility, mainly from coworkers but also from supervisors, was related to instigated incivility. Although witnessed incivility was related to both perceived stress and low job satisfaction, witnessed incivility was not linked to instigated incivility via perceived stress or low job satisfaction. In addition, the results showed that participants who had witnessed coworker incivility and at the same time perceived high levels of control, social support (from coworkers) or job embeddedness on average reported higher levels of instigated incivility. Similarly, participants who had witnessed supervisor incivility and at the same time perceived high levels of control, social support (from coworkers and supervisors) or job embeddedness on average reported higher levels of instigated incivility. Originality/value: The findings expand the literature on bystander workplace incivility and highlight the importance of including experienced psychosocial work factors in models of incivility.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Holm, K., Torkelson, E., Bäckström, M. (2019). Exploring links between witnessed and instigated workplace incivility. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 160-175.

Emotional demands and exhaustion: cross-sectional and longitudinal associations in a cohort of Danish public sector employees

Vammen, M.A., Mikkelsen, S., Forman, J.L. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: To examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between content-related emotional demands at work and exhaustion, and to investigate if these associations were modified by other psychosocial work characteristics. Methods: In 2007, 4489 Danish public service employees participated in the PRISME study by completing postal questionnaires, and 3224 participated in the follow-up in 2009. Content-related emotional demands were measured by a scale (scored 1 to 5) based on five work-content-related items, and exhaustion was measured with the general exhaustion scale from the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) (scored 1 to 5). The cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with exhaustion were analysed in the same model and adjusted for effects of potential confounders. Effect modifications were examined separately for self-reported emotional enrichment, meaningful work, job control, social support at work and quantitative demands. Results: Exhaustion increased with increasing emotional demands, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. However, although statistically significant, the effect was small. In the longitudinal analysis, a one unit increase in emotional demands was associated with a 0.03 unit (95% CI: 0.01–0.06) increase in exhaustion. We found statistically significant effect modification for three of six potentially modifying work characteristics. The effect of emotional demands on exhaustion was lower for participants with high levels of emotional enrichment (cross-sectionally and longitudinally), high levels of meaningful work (longitudinally), and higher for high levels of quantitative demands (cross-sectionally). Conclusions: Increasing content-related emotional demands were associated with increasing levels of exhaustion, cross-sectionally and longitudinally. This effect was reduced if the work was experienced as emotionally enriching and meaningful.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Vammen, M.A., Mikkelsen, S., Forman, J.L. et al. (2019). Emotional demands and exhaustion: cross-sectional and longitudinal associations in a cohort of Danish public sector employees. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Volume 92, Issue 5, pp 639–650.

No Job Demand Is an Island – Interaction Effects Between Emotional Demands and Other Types of Job Demands

Geisler, M., Berthelsen, H., Hakanen, J. J.

Sammanfattning

Emotional demands are an inevitable feature of human services, and suggested to be a defining antecedent for workers’ stress and ill health. However, previous research indicate that emotional demands can have a favorably association to certain facets of human service workers’ motivation and well-being. Furthermore, recent research report that the effect of emotional demands on workers’ health and well-being seem to be contingent on the parallel level of other job demands. Still, initial investigations of interaction effects between emotional demands and other types of job demands have primarily focused on negative outcomes in terms of stress-related concerns and absenteeism. The present study investigated interaction effects between emotional demands and other types of job demands in relation to positive outcomes. In a larger sample of human service workers (social workers, n = 725), interaction effects were investigated between emotional demands and other job demands (quantitative demands, work pressure, and role conflict) for meaning in work and quality of work. Hypotheses stated that other job demands would moderate the relationship between emotional demands and positive outcomes, so that emotional demands would have a positive relation (i.e., act as a challenge) when the level of other demands is lower, but have a negative relation (i.e., act as a hindrance) when the level of other demands is high. Overall, the results provided support for the idea that emotional demands may act as a challenge. We found small but significant interaction effects between emotional demands and work pressure – in relation to meaning of work, as well as between emotional demands and quantitative demands, work pressure, and role-conflict, respectively – in relation to quality of work. Yet, the results did not support the assumption that emotional demands act as a hindrance when the level of other types of job demands is high. In sum, the results contribute by showing that emotional demands may promote human-service workers’ job attitudes when the level of parallel job demands is lower. We discuss the contribution of the study and the potential practical implications of the results, and give some suggestions for future research.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Kontaktyrken

Referens

Geisler, M., Berthelsen, H., Hakanen, J. J. (2019). No Job Demand Is an Island – Interaction Effects Between Emotional Demands and Other Types of Job Demands. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol 10.

The association of vertical and horizontal workplace social capital with employees’ job satisfaction, exhaustion and sleep disturbances: a prospective study

Framke, E., Sørensen, O.H., Pedersen, J. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: Workplace social capital (WSC) may be beneficial for employees’ health and well-being; however, most studies have analyzed WSC on the individual and not the workplace level. We test whether higher compared to lower levels of vertical WSC (WSC between employees and superiors) and horizontal WSC (WSC between employees), measured at the workplace level, is prospectively associated with higher levels of employees’ well-being. Methods: Using data from an intervention study, we analyzed associations between workplace aggregated vertical and horizontal WSC at baseline with job satisfaction, exhaustion and sleep disturbances at 24-months follow-up. The sample included 606 municipal pre-school employees (71 workplaces). We adjusted for individual and workplace characteristics, baseline scores of outcomes, intervention status, and the interaction of exposure with intervention status. We used the Genmod procedure in SAS with a repeated statement to account for correlation of individuals within workplaces. We repeated analyses using individual-level WSC measurements. Results: Higher levels of vertical and horizontal WSC at baseline predicted a higher level of job satisfaction (0.20, p = 0.01 and 0.24, p = 0.01, respectively) and a lower level of exhaustion (− 0.33, p = 0.04 and − 0.43, p = 0.04) at follow-up in the most adjusted model. Analyses with individual-level measures yielded similar results and further showed an association of a higher level of horizontal WSC with a lower level of sleep disturbances. Conclusions: Higher levels of vertical and horizontal WSC were prospectively associated with better well-being of employees in municipal pre-schools. Workplaces may thus consider focusing on improving WSC as a means for ensuring or improving employees’ well-being.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Framke, E., Sørensen, O.H., Pedersen, J. et al. (2019). The association of vertical and horizontal workplace social capital with employees’ job satisfaction, exhaustion and sleep disturbances: a prospective study. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Volume 92, Issue 6, pp 883–890.

Does leadership support buffer the effect of workplace bullying on the risk of disability pensioning? An analysis of register-based outcomes using pooled survey data from 24,538 employees

Clausen, T., Conway, P.M., Burr, H. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: To investigate whether self-reported exposure to workplace bullying predicts the risk of disability pensioning among employees in two occupational groups—(1) employees working with clients or customers and (2) office workers and manual workers—and whether leadership support and occupational group moderates that association. Methods: Survey data from 24,538 employees (112,889 person years) were fitted to a national register containing information on disability-pension payments. Using multi-adjusted Cox-regression analysis, observations were followed in the register to assess the risk of disability pensioning. The average follow-up time was 4.6 years (standard deviation [SD] = 1.5). Results: Self-reported exposure to workplace bullying predicted an increased risk of disability pensioning (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.46; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.15–1.86). This association was moderated by leadership support: the association between workplace bullying and disability pensioning was significantly different for respondents who reported low leadership support (HR = 1.97; 95% CI: 1.38–2.80) compared to respondents who reported medium (HR = 1.03; 95% CI: 0.60–1.76) or high leadership support (HR = 1.08; 95% CI: 0.60–1.95). Further analyses showed similar associations between workplace bullying and the risk of disability pensioning among the two occupational groups. Conclusions: Self-reported workplace bullying increases the risk of disability pensioning, and this association is buffered by leadership support. Workplace bullying should be considered an important workplace stressor. This study indicates that workplaces may enhance worker retention by actively promoting measures to eliminate the occurrence of workplace bullying and to enhance leadership support.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Clausen, T., Conway, P.M., Burr, H. et al. (2019). Does leadership support buffer the effect of workplace bullying on the risk of disability pensioning? An analysis of register-based outcomes using pooled survey data from 24,538 employees. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Volume 92, Issue 7, pp 941–948.

Physical workload and bodily fatigue after work: cross-sectional study among 5000 workers

Bláfoss, R., Sundstrup, E., Jakobsen, M. D., Brandt, M., Bay, H., Andersen, L. L.

Sammanfattning

Background: Persistent bodily fatigue after working days may indicate an imbalance between work demands and capacity of the workers. This study aimed to investigate associations between physical exposures at work and bodily fatigue after work. Methods: Danish workers with physical work (N=5377) answered questions about various physical exposures during work and bodily fatigue after work in the 2010 round of the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study. Associations were modeled using binary logistic regression controlled for various confounders. Results: Mean age among the younger (<50 years) and older (≥50 years) workers was 36 and 56 years, respectively. Younger and older workers exposed to various physical exposures (e.g. ‘bending/twisting the back’) for more than a quarter of the workday were more fatigued after work. An exposure–response relationship was observed between the number of physical exposures and bodily fatigue, with odds ratios (OR) for fatigue in the body among younger workers being 1.01 (95%CI 0.63–1.63), 1.59 (95%CI 1.01–2.50), 2.37 (95%CI 1.54–3.66) and 2.84 (95%CI 1.85–5.36) for 1, 2, 3 and ≥4 types of combined physical exposures, respectively. Correspondingly, for older workers, ORs were 1.95 (95%CI 1.09–3.51), 4.06 (95%CI 2.32–7.12), 4.10 (95%CI 2.28–7.37) and 4.90 (95%CI 2.72–8.82) for 1, 2, 3 and ≥4 exposures, respectively. Conclusion: While some of the single factor exposures were associated with increased bodily fatigue, the most marked associations were found when summing the number of different exposures. These results indicate that workplaces should focus on the sum of combined physical exposures rather than focusing solely on single exposures.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Bláfoss, R., Sundstrup, E., Jakobsen, M. D., Brandt, M., Bay, H., Andersen, L. L. (2019). Physical workload and bodily fatigue after work: cross-sectional study among 5000 workers. European Journal of Public Health, Volume 29, Issue 5, Pages 837–842.

Dissecting the effect of workplace exposures on workers’ rating of psychological health and safety

Ramkissoon, A., Smith, P., Oudyk, J..

Sammanfattning

Objectives: To validate the factor structure of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) in a North American population and dissect the associations between psychosocial factors and workplace psychological health and safety. Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis and multivariate linear regression were used to determine the associations between COPSOQ dimensions and a global rating of workplace psychological health and safety. Models were stratified by sex, gender roles, and age. Results: The COPSOQ factor structure was verified among Canadian workers. Three factors were found to significantly contribute to the global rating of the psychological health and safety for all workers. Few differences were observed across sex, gender roles, and age. Conclusions: This study identified dimensions of the psychosocial work environment that are strongly associated with the global rating of workplace psychological health and safety. Using a standardized questionnaire like the COPSOQ allows for comparisons over time, between different industries, and worker populations.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Kanada

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Ramkissoon, A., Smith, P., Oudyk, J.. (2019). Dissecting the effect of workplace exposures on workers’ rating of psychological health and safety. Am J Ind Med, 62: 412‐ 421.

Occupational stress and musculoskeletal symptoms in firefighters

Soteriades, E. S., Psalta, L., Leka, S., Spanoudis, G.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential association between occupational stress and musculoskeletal symptoms in firefighters. Material and Methods: Data were collected among Cypriot firefighters through a battery of adapted questionnaires completed anonymously. Results: A total of 430 firefighters (a response rate of 68%) completed the survey (the age range: 21–60 years). A total of 11% of firefighters reported moderate to extremely severe stress through the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale. A total of 40% of firefighters reported musculoskeletal symptoms, the most frequent being back pain. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models showed that occupational stress was associated with a 50% higher risk of musculoskeletal symptoms in firefighters after adjusting for age, smoking and obesity (OR = 1.52, p = 0.04). In addition, a positive dose-response relationship was found between occupational stress and musculoskeletal symptoms. Conclusions: Occupational stress constitutes a significant risk for firefighters and is associated with higher prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms at work.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Cypern

Yrken

Brandmän

DOI

10.13075/ijomeh.1896.01268

Referens

Soteriades, E. S., Psalta, L., Leka, S., Spanoudis, G. (2019). Occupational stress and musculoskeletal symptoms in firefighters. International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 32(3), 341-352.

Job demands and emotional labor as antecedents of female preschool teachers’ work-to-family conflict: The moderating role of job resources

Gu, Y., You, X., Wang, R.

Sammanfattning

Using the job demands–resources model and conservation of resources theory, this study examines job demands, job resources, and emotional labor as antecedents of work-to-family conflict. The study was conducted among 320 female preschool teachers in China over a 1-year period. Based on hierarchical regression, job demands (i.e., work overload and interpersonal conflict) and surface acting led to an increase in work-to-family conflict over time. More importantly, supervisor work–family support as well as deep acting directly reduced work-to-family conflict over time, while meaning of work protected against increased work-to-family conflict in the presence of work overload and higher levels of surface acting. These findings contribute to prior literature and show how the unfavorable effects of job demands as well as emotional labor may be avoided in the family domain through enhancing supervisor work–family support and fostering meaning of work.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Kina

Yrken

Förskolelärare

Referens

Gu, Y., You, X., Wang, R. (2019). Job demands and emotional labor as antecedents of female preschool teachers’ work-to-family conflict: The moderating role of job resources. International Journal of Stress Management.

Work-related neck and upper limb disorders – quantitative exposure–response relationships adjusted for personal characteristics and psychosocial conditions

Balogh, I., Arvidsson, I., Björk, J., Hansson, GÅ., Ohlsson, K., Skerfving, S., Nordander, C.

Sammanfattning

Background: We have previously reported quantitative exposure-response relationships between physical exposures recorded by technical methods, and complaints and diagnoses in the neck/shoulders, and the elbows/hands, based on group data. In the present study the number of workers was doubled, and information on individual factors, and psychosocial working conditions was used. Relationships between various kinds of exposure and response have been analysed in this larger and more detailed sample. Methods: The prevalence of complaints (Nordic Questionnaire) and diagnoses (clinical examination) were recorded in a number of occupational groups within which the participants had similar work tasks, 34 groups of female employees (N = 4733 women) and 17 groups of male employees (N = 1107 men). Age and other individual characteristics were recorded, as well as psychosocial work environment factors (job-content questionnaire) for most participants. Postures and velocities (inclinometry) of the head (N = 505) and right upper arm (N = 510), right wrist postures and velocities (electrogoniometry; N = 685), and muscular activity (electromyography; EMG) in the right trapezius muscle (N = 647) and forearm extensors (N = 396) were recorded in representative sub-groups. Exposure-response relationships between physical exposure and musculoskeletal disorders, adjusted for individual factors with Poisson regression were then calculated. The effect of introducing psychosocial conditions into the models was also assessed. Results: Associations were found between head velocity, trapezius activity, upper arm velocity, forearm extensor activity and wrist posture and velocity, and most neck/shoulder and elbow/hand complaints and diagnoses. Adjustment for age, other individual characteristics and psychosocial work conditions had only a limited effect on these associations. For example, the attributable fraction for tension neck syndrome among female workers with the highest quintile of trapezius activity was 58%, for carpal tunnel syndrome versus wrist velocity it was 92% in men in the highest exposure quintile. Conclusions: Based on the findings, we propose threshold limit values for upper arm and wrist velocity.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Balogh, I., Arvidsson, I., Björk, J., Hansson, GÅ., Ohlsson, K., Skerfving, S., Nordander, C. (2019). Work-related neck and upper limb disorders – quantitative exposure–response relationships adjusted for personal characteristics and psychosocial conditions. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, Vol 20.

Can mindfulness mitigate the energy-depleting process and increase job resources to prevent burnout? A study on the mindfulness trait in the school context

Guidetti, G., Viotti, S., Badagliacca, R., Colombo, L., Converso, D.

Sammanfattning

Background: Past studies in the teaching context provided evidence of the role of mindfulness-based intervention in improving occupational wellbeing. This study aims to increase the extant knowledge by testing the mechanism that links teachers’ mindfulness at work to occupational wellbeing. Rooted in the job demand–resource model, the mindfulness trait is conceptualized as a personal resource that has the ability to impact and interact with job demands and resources, specifically workload stress appraisal and perceived meaningfulness of work, in affecting teachers’ burnout. Methods: A sample of primary, middle, and secondary school teachers (N = 605) completed a questionnaire that aimed to assess teachers’ mindfulness trait and the measures of the quality of occupational life in the school context. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to test the model fit indices; further analyses were performed to test the hypotheses about mediation and moderation effects. Results: The CFA showed good model fit indices. Further analyses highlighted that teachers’ mindfulness is negatively associated with workload stress appraisal and that positively influenced work meaning, in turn mediating the relationship between mindfulness and burnout. Finally, mindfulness moderated the effect of workload stress appraisal on burnout. Conclusions: Rooted in the job demand–resource model, this study emphasizes an underrepresented personal resource, that is, the mindfulness trait at work, and the links that favor its impact on burnout. Practical and future research implications are also discussed.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Lärare

Referens

Guidetti, G., Viotti, S., Badagliacca, R., Colombo, L., Converso, D. (2019). Can mindfulness mitigate the energy-depleting process and increase job resources to prevent burnout? A study on the mindfulness trait in the school context. PLoS ONE, 14(4): e0214935.

Humanized care and psychosocial risks: a relationship perceived by professional nurses in Chile

Guajardo, S.R., Vasquez, P.C.

Sammanfattning

The aim of this article is to evaluate if there is relationship between work-related psychosocial factors and the humanized care given by the nurses in a public hospital in Chile. Karasek and Siegrist gave the theoretical support for this research in terms of the psychosocial factors. Jean Watson provides the disciplinary support from humanized caring. The design of the study is not experimental, cross-sectional, with a quantitative approach. A census was performed to 240 nurses that work in a public hospital in Chile. In order to recollect the data, an instrument divided into three parts was used. Part I: “Personal and work-related background”, created by the master’s degree student. Part II: “Questionnaire of evaluation of work-related psychosocial risks SUSESO-ISTAS 21”, validated in Chile with an alpha of Cronbach: 0.80. Part III: Nyberg´s Caring Assessment, validated in the Chilean population with an internal consistency of 0.82. The statistical analysis was descriptive and correlational, using Chi square (p≤0.05). During the present research, the ethical principles of E. Emanuel were followed. The results show that 56.25% of the nurses report a high perception of humanized care delivery. In terms of psychosocial risks, a high risk is present in three different dimensions (Psychological demand; Social support in the company and Leadership quality and double presence). Besides, a negative association between the exposition to psychosocial risks and the perception of humanized care was found. In conclusion, the perception of humanized care is associated in a relevant way with the perception of psychosocial risks in the working performance of nurses.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Chile

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.22235/ech.v7i1.1537

Referens

Guajardo, S.R., Vasquez, P.C. (2018). Humanized care and psychosocial risks: a relationship perceived by professional nurses in Chile. Enfermería: Cuidados Humanizados, Vol. 7, no 1.

Workplace violence and development of burnout symptoms: a prospective cohort study on 1823 social educators

Pihl-Thingvad, J., Elklit, A., Brandt, L.P.A. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: Burnout and workplace violence (WPV) have been associated in cross-sectional studies, but longitudinal studies with solid methods and adequate sample sizes are lacking. This study investigates whether WPV increases burnout symptoms during a 12-month period. Methods: Questionnaire data were collected on 1823 social educators at baseline and 12-month follow-up, coupled with additionally 12 monthly text-message surveys on exposure to WPV. Using general linear modelling for repeated measures, we estimated change over time in burnout symptoms in three WPV exposure groups (none, low, high). Results: A time by exposure to WPV interaction existed for development of burnout; F(2) = 7.2, p = 0.001 η2 = 0.011. Burnout increased significantly within the group of low exposure; F(1) = 6.8, p = 0.01 and high exposure; F(1) = 6.7 p = 0.001, but not within the non-exposed F(1) = 2.1 p = 0.15. At follow-up, both the low exposed and high exposed had significantly higher levels of burnout compared to the non-exposed. Conclusion: Exposure to WPV increases level of burnout within a 12-month period. We propose that assessment of burnout in future studies should utilize instruments capable of detecting small changes. We further propose that prevention against employee burnout could be improved using monitoring targeted at employees exposed to WPV.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Undervisare

DOI

10.1007/s00420-019-01424-5

Referens

Pihl-Thingvad, J., Elklit, A., Brandt, L.P.A. et al. (2019). Workplace violence and development of burnout symptoms: a prospective cohort study on 1823 social educators. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Volume 92, Issue 6, pp 843–853.

Exposure to work stress and use of psychotropic medications: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Milner, A., Scovelle, A. J., King, T. L., Madsen, I.

Sammanfattning

Background: There is good evidence that job stressors are prospectively related to mental health problems, particularly depressive symptoms. This review aimed to examine whether job stressors were also related to use of psychotropic medications. Methods: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses approach, we examined seven electronic databases that indexed literature from a wide range of disciplines. Inclusion criteria were (1) the study included a job stressor or psychosocial working condition as an exposure, and (2) psychotropic medication was an outcome. All effect-size estimates were considered but needed to present either a SE or 95% CIs to be included in meta-analyses. Data were pooled between studies using the relative risk (RR) or odds ratio (OR) and 95% CIs. Results: There were 18 unique studies with non-overlapping exposures eligible for inclusion in the quantitative meta-analysis. High job demands were associated with a statistically significant increased risk of psychotropic medication use (RR 1.16, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.31). There was also an elevated RR in relation to work–family conflict (RR 1.26, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.48). In studies reporting OR, high job demands were associated with an OR of 1.39 (95% CI 1.06 to 1.71). Conclusions: The findings of this review highlight the need for policy and programme attention to reduce harmful exposure to psychosocial job stressors. Health-service use measures should be considered as outcomes and may represent more severe mental health conditions.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Ej relevant

Referens

Milner, A., Scovelle, A. J., King, T. L., Madsen, I. (2019). Exposure to work stress and use of psychotropic medications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Epidemiol Community Health.

Daily emotional demands on traffic crashes among taxi drivers: Fatigue and safety motivation as mediators

Husain, N. A., Mohamad, J., Idris, M. A.

Sammanfattning

Many studies have validated that emotional demands are one of the main stressors that lead to fatigue, decreasing the safety behaviour in services work-related. However, studies to date have relied on long-term emotional demands rather than on the short-term fluctuation in emotional demands. The main aims of this research was to investigate the influence of individuals, as well as the daily levels of emotional demands on self-reported crashes, mainly through daily acute fatigue and safety motivation. The study was conducted among taxi drivers (N = 96) over a period of six days for both, morning and afternoon sessions in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. As expected, it was found that increased levels in an individual's daily emotional demands were related to acute and chronic fatigue, where only acute fatigue had an influence on safety motivation. In addition, safety motivation decreased the rate of self-reported crashes. These results suggest that the increment level of emotional demands has an indirect relationship to traffic crash rates, mainly through fatigue and safety motivation.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Malaysia

Yrken

Taxichaufförer

Referens

Husain, N. A., Mohamad, J., Idris, M. A. (2019). Daily emotional demands on traffic crashes among taxi drivers: Fatigue and safety motivation as mediators. IATSS Research.

Influence of physical and psychosocial working conditions for the risk of disability pension among healthy female eldercare workers: Prospective cohort

Andersen, L., Villadsen, E., Clausen, T.

Sammanfattning

Aim: To investigate the influence of physical and psychosocial working conditions on the risk of disability pension among eldercare workers. Methods: After responding to a questionnaire in 2005, 4699 healthy female eldercare workers – free from chronic musculoskeletal pain, depressive symptoms and long-term sickness absence – were followed for 11 years in the Danish Register for Evaluation of Marginalization. Time-to-event analyses estimated the hazard ratio (HR) for disability pension from physical exertion during work, emotional demands, influence at work, role conflicts, and quality of leadership. Analyses were mutually adjusted for these work environmental factors as well as for age, education, smoking, leisure physical activity and body mass index. Results: During follow-up, 7.6% received disability pension. Physical exertion and emotional demands were associated with risk of disability pension, and both interacted with age. In age-stratified analyses, older eldercare workers (mean age 53 years at baseline) with moderate and high physical exertion (reference: low) were at increased risk with HRs of 1.51, 95% CI [1.06–2.15] and 2.54, 95% CI [1.34–4.83], respectively. Younger eldercare workers (mean age 36 years at baseline) with moderate emotional demands (reference: low) were at decreased risk with an HR of 0.57, 95% CI [0.37–0.85]. Conclusions: While a higher level of physical exertion is a risk factor for disability pension among older female eldercare workers, a moderate level of emotional demands is associated with lower risk among the younger workers. The age of the worker may be an important factor when providing recommendations for promoting a long and healthy working life.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Äldreomsorgspersonal

Referens

Andersen, L., Villadsen, E., Clausen, T. (2019). Influence of physical and psychosocial working conditions for the risk of disability pension among healthy female eldercare workers: Prospective cohort. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

Psychometric properties of a medium version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ II) for southern Brazil

Lima, I.A.X., Parma, G.O.C., Cotrim, T.M.C.P., Moro, A.R.P.

Sammanfattning

Background: The emerging frequency of Behavioural Mental Health Disorders among Brazilian workers and the recent legal demand for analysis of psychosocial risks in the workplace highlight the importance of standardizing measures to assess these risks as a way to allow identification and proper comparison among different populations. Objective: To assess the psychometric properties of the COPSOQ II questionnaire medium version for southern Brazil, based on the Spanish medium-length version of COPSOQ-ISTAS21 II. Methods: A sample of 426 workers from a university in southern Brazil answered the model under study online. Content validity and internal consistency were analyzed through Confirmatory Factor Analysis (AFC) and Exploratory Factor Analysis (AFE) and Cronbach’s α coefficient. Results: The study model presented a response rate of 48.46%. The analyses indicated the possibility of the instrument to present reliability and validity of content. From the AFE, the final model consisted of 13 dimensions and 70 items, and presented a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.82, which is considered a good internal consistency. Conclusions: The results showed that the final model of this study presents acceptable levels of reliability and internal validity for the application in Brazil, along with the groups of workers that resemble the participants of the research, to assess psychosocial risks in the workplace.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Brasilien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3233/WOR-192853

Referens

Lima, I.A.X., Parma, G.O.C., Cotrim, T.M.C.P., Moro, A.R.P. (2019). Psychometric properties of a medium version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ II) for southern Brazil. Work, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 175-184.

Descriptive review of junior OB/GYN physicians’ work task financial compensation in German hospitals

Brüggmann, D. et al.

Sammanfattning

Beginning in the first decade of the 21st centruy, there was a growing disregard for the benefits of the German medical system concerning the junior obstetricians/gynecologists (OB/GYN) job situation. As in other fields of medicine, numerous colleagues left Germany to work in other countries such as the United Kingdom, Noway, Sweden, or Switzerland. According to studies, financial factors represent one of the reasons for the discontent. We here present a practical descriptive approach to assess/review the actual compensation of single work tasks of OB/GYNs on the basis of previously published, existing data. Using the workflow data from the Medical work Assessment in German hospitals (MAGRO) platform of twenty junior OB/GYNs with an average workday of 9:24:35 h (SD = 01:05:07 h), a large scale data analysis of 2,325,556 different time points was performed to calculate the financial valuation of single work tasks. In order to assess the evolution over the past years, different modern and historic (e.g. AiP) pay scales were used and analysed in relation to the actual work on a weekly, monthly and per annum basis. Our review shows that there has been a dramatic increase in the financial reward of the practical work tasks of junior OB/GYN physicians in German hospitals in comparison to the situation of the early 2000s years. In this respect, it can not be further argued that the German system has large disadvantages concerning the payment of junior doctors in comparison to other European countries.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Läkare

Referens

Brüggmann, D. et al. (2019). Descriptive review of junior OB/GYN physicians’ work task financial compensation in German hospitals. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Vol 14.

Depressive Symptoms Following Work-Related Violence and Threats and the Modifying Effect of Organizational Justice, Social Support, and Safety Perceptions

Andersen, L. P. S., Hogh, A., Andersen, J. H., Biering, K.

Sammanfattning

Work-related threats and violence is a major occupational hazard and the consequences for victims may be a range of physical and psychological symptoms. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between exposure to work-related violence and threats and subsequent risk for depression and to examine whether the associations were modified by social support, organizational justice and safety perceptions. Questionnaire data was collected in 2010, 2011 and in 2015. A total of 5,342 employees from special schools, psychiatric wards, eldercare and the Prison and Probation Services (PPS) participated in the first round in 2010. The analysis was performed by multivariate logistic regression. Staff exposed for work-related threats and violence had an increased risk for depression compared to non-exposed staff. The risk was highest for staff working in PPS. Compared to low levels, there were a tendency for high levels of social support, organizational justice and safety perception to attenuate the associations between work-related threats and violence and depression. However, none of the differences were statistically significant. Many employees working in human service sectors are exposed to work-related threats and violence which increases the risk for depression. The risk for depression following work-related threats and violence may be modified by social support, organizational justice and the perception of safety workplace. It is recommended that workplaces adopt an integrated organizational approach including both prevention of work-related threats and violence and intervention to modify the health consequences of work-related threats and violence.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Kontaktyrken

Referens

Andersen, L. P. S., Hogh, A., Andersen, J. H., Biering, K. (2019). Depressive Symptoms Following Work-Related Violence and Threats and the Modifying Effect of Organizational Justice, Social Support, and Safety Perceptions. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

For better or for worse? Psychosocial work environment and direct participation practices

Llorens, C., Navarro, A., Salas, S., Utzet, M., Moncada, S.

Sammanfattning

Aim: To explore the relationship between the psychosocial work environment and labour management practices involving direct participation among salaried workers; to examine whether this relationship varies according to occupational group and sex.Methods: Based on a representative survey of the wage-earning population in Spain (n = 4911) using the Spanish version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ-ISTAS21), ordinal logistic models were fitted in order to assess associations. Results: The psychosocial work environment factors control, social support and rewards were significantly and positively associated with direct participation practices, after adjusting for ten indicators of other labour management practices (working hours, contractual relationship, promotion, salary and staffing) and three socioeconomic characteristics (occupational group, sex and age). No association was observed with the factor demands. When used simultaneously, delegative and consultative direct participation practices obtained more frequent and stronger associations with psychosocial work environment factors than when used separately. Stratifying the salaried population by sex and occupational group, associations were observed in all strata except for supervisors and higher professionals. Conclusions: A better psychosocial work environment is associated with direct participation practices among lower level occupational groups and among women. Direct participation practices appear to be valid components of preventive interventions at the workplace level, and may help to reduce occupational health inequalities.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Llorens, C., Navarro, A., Salas, S., Utzet, M., Moncada, S. (2019). For better or for worse? Psychosocial work environment and direct participation practices. Safety Science, Volume 116, Pages 78-85.

Preretirement Work Motivation and Subsequent Retirement Adjustment: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective

Henning, G., Stenling, A., Tafvelin, S., Hansson, I., Kivi, M., Johansson, B., Lindwall, M.

Sammanfattning

Research grounded in self-determination theory confirms the importance of different types of work motivation for well-being and job performance. Less is known about the role of work motivation at the end of one’s working life and its association with adjustment to retirement. We investigated the association between preretirement work motivation and retirement adjustment in a subsample of the Health, Aging and Retirement Transitions in Sweden (HEARTS) study. We included participants (n = 572) who retired between two annual waves in this longitudinal study. Retirement adjustment was operationalized as change between waves in satisfaction of the three basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness). The association between preretirement work motivation and retirement adjustment varied depending on the subdimension of motivation (intrinsic, identified, introjected, external, or amotivation), type of transition (full vs. partial), and the particular need (autonomy, competence, and relatedness). In line with our expectations, low intrinsic work motivation was associated with gains in autonomy satisfaction for full-time retirees, which may be interpreted as a relief from dissatisfying jobs. Among those who continued to work, high intrinsic motivation was related to increases in relatedness satisfaction, that is, retirees who were intrinsically motivated for their work seem to benefit from continuing to work in retirement. In contrast to our expectations, amotivation before retirement was associated with gains in relatedness satisfaction for those continuing to work. Our results highlight the complexity of retirement and the need to study postretirement adjustment as a multifaceted and multidirectional process.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Henning, G., Stenling, A., Tafvelin, S., Hansson, I., Kivi, M., Johansson, B., Lindwall, M. (2019). Preretirement Work Motivation and Subsequent Retirement Adjustment: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective. Work, Aging and Retirement, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 189–203.

Common mental disorders through the eyes of German employees: attributed relevance of work-related causes and prevention measures assessed by a standardised survey

Burgess, S., Junne, F., Rothermund, E. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: Common mental disorders (CMDs) are becoming increasingly relevant in the working world. Numbers of risk factors have been confirmed by mostly correlative cross-sectional studies. Comprehensive and effective prevention is urgently needed. There is little knowledge about employees’ own perceptions on causes of CMDs and prevention measures. Therefore, a survey was conducted in 2016. Methods: A standardised instrument was developed for an online survey in a commercial access panel, targeted employees in different job types. We assessed two outcomes: perceived relevance of (1) work-related demands to the development of CMDs, and (2) prevention approaches in the workplace and on individual and societal levels. Possible predictive aspects were analysed exploratively by multivariate linear regression analysis. Results: The response rate was 75% (n = 610). Job types were categorised as “blue”, “grey” and “white-collar” workers (n = 193, 169, 248). The majority of respondents rated both outcomes consistently as “quite” or “very relevant”; societal prevention strategies were more relevant for non-white-collar workers. Perceived relevance of individual predisposition to develop a CMD was the strongest predictor for both outcomes, indicating the perception that people with higher personal vulnerability might suffer a higher strain from work-related risk factors than others. Conclusion: We assume that participants in our survey judged the relevance of work-related causes of CMDs independently of their own workload. The perceived relevance of prevention measures in different areas is consistent with official guidelines. A possible selection bias due to characteristics of access panel collectives and own direct or indirect experiences with CMD should be critically questioned.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Burgess, S., Junne, F., Rothermund, E. et al. (2019). Common mental disorders through the eyes of German employees: attributed relevance of work-related causes and prevention measures assessed by a standardised survey. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Volume 92, Issue 6, pp 795–811.

Effects of organizational climate and psychosocial risks on happiness at work

Pincheira, F.J.D, Garcés, M.E.C

Sammanfattning

This study checks factors of work climate and psychosocial risks, and how these affect the happiness at the organizational. For this, we measured three variables (happiness, work climate and psychosocial risks) with their respective dimensions in a sample of 107 workers in the area of education in the city of Los Angeles, Chile. We applied three scales previously validated in the national average and ranked the happiness levels in ranges high and low; also we applied a binomial probit model to establish the relationships between the variables of climate organizational and psychosocial risks. The main results describe that the high levels of organizational happiness are explained by jobs with high performance standards, where workers are positively reinforced and there is flexibility with family needs.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Chile

Yrken

Undervisare

Referens

Pincheira, F.J.D, Garcés, M.E.C (2018). Effects of organizational climate and psychosocial risks on happiness at work. Contaduría y Administración, 63 (4) 1-14.

Healthcare professionals’ perspectives on working conditions, leadership, and safety climate: a cross-sectional study

Wagner, A. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Promoting patient and occupational safety are two key challenges for hospitals. When aiming to improve these two outcomes synergistically, psychosocial working conditions, leadership by hospital management and supervisors, and perceptions of patient and occupational safety climate have to be considered. Recent studies have shown that these key topics are interrelated and form a critical foundation for promoting patient and occupational safety in hospitals. So far, these topics have mainly been studied independently from each other. The present study investigated hospital staffs’ perceptions of four different topics: (1) psychosocial working conditions, (2) leadership, (3) patient safety climate, and (4) occupational safety climate. We present results from a survey in two German university hospitals aiming to detect differences between nurses and physicians. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study using a standardized paper-based questionnaire. The survey was conducted with nurses and physicians to assess the four topics. The instruments mainly consisted of scales of the German version of the COPSOQ (Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire), one scale of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI), scales to assess leadership and transformational leadership, scales to assess patient safety climate using the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSPSC), and analogous items to assess occupational safety climate. Results: A total of 995 completed questionnaires out of 2512 distributed questionnaires were returned anonymously. The overall response rate was 39.6%. The sample consisted of 381 physicians and 567 nurses. We found various differences with regard to the four topics. In most of the COPSOQ and the HSPSC-scales, physicians rated psychosocial working conditions and patient safety climate more positively than nurses. With regard to occupational safety, nurses indicated higher occupational risks than physicians. Conclusions: The WorkSafeMed study combined the assessment of the four topics psychosocial working conditions, leadership, patient safety climate, and occupational safety climate in hospitals. Looking at the four topics provides an overview of where improvements in hospitals may be needed for nurses and physicians. Based on these results, improvements in working conditions, patient safety climate, and occupational safety climate are required for health care professionals in German university hospitals – especially for nurses.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Läkare, Sjuksköterskor

Referens

Wagner, A. et al. (2019). Healthcare professionals’ perspectives on working conditions, leadership, and safety climate: a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Services Research, Vol 19.

Better safe than sorry: Methods for risk assessment of psychosocial hazards

Metzler, Y.A., von Groeling-Müller, G., Bellingrath, S.

Sammanfattning

Psychosocial risk assessment is becoming increasingly important for research and occupational health and safety due to legislative amendments obliging employers to implement psychosocial work factors into general risk assessment. While various sources provide guidance on hazard identification, statistically assessing the risk probability of psychosocial hazards remains poorly understood. In the current study, we investigate the risk potential of psychosocial hazards using the German Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, in a cross-sectional sample of 549 blast furnace workers of a German steel company. We examine and compare established methods for risk evaluation in four occupational groups and in total, reflecting the working area, aiming to determine the utility of these methods for risk assessment: (1) An exposure-based approach using the scales’ average scores, (2) comparing the scales’ average scores with a job-exposure matrix using t-tests, (3) regression analyses, and (4) an approach by Clarke and Cooper (2000) referring to a common risk equation. Analyses show similar results of risk evaluation by each method when used within four occupational groups. Therefore, results on the sample level sufficiently represent results on the job level. Substantial differences, however, appear between the methods. Determining the approach of Clarke and Cooper to be most promising, our findings indicate that the choice of risk evaluation method strongly impacts risk management, as the derived risk minimizing measures are conducted only for those hazards evaluated as risks and according to their level of priority. Future research and policy development must focus stronger on how to best achieve psychosocial risk evaluation.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Masugnarbetare

Referens

Metzler, Y.A., von Groeling-Müller, G., Bellingrath, S. (2019). Better safe than sorry: Methods for risk assessment of psychosocial hazards. Safety Science, Volume 114, Pages 122-139.

Explaining burnout and the intention to leave the profession among health professionals – a cross-sectional study in a hospital setting in Switzerland

Hämmig, O.

Sammanfattning

Background: Burnout and the intention to leave the profession are frequently studied outcomes in healthcare settings that have not been investigated together and across different health professions before. This study aimed to examine work-related explanatory factors or predictors of burnout and the intention to leave the profession among health professionals in general, and nurses and physicians in particular. Methods: Cross-sectional survey data of 1840 employees of six public hospitals and rehabilitation clinics recorded in 2015/16 in German-speaking Switzerland were used. Multiple logistic and stepwise linear regression analyses were performed to estimate the relative risks (odds ratios) and standardized effects (beta coefficients) of different workloads and work-related stressors on these outcomes and to study any possible mediation between them. Results: On average, one in twelve health professionals showed increased burnout symptoms and every sixth one thought frequently of leaving the profession. Temporal, physical, emotional and mental workloads and job stresses were strongly and positively associated with burnout symptoms and thoughts of leaving the profession. However, the relative risks of increased burnout symptoms and frequent thoughts of leaving the profession were highest in the case of effort-reward and work-life imbalances. In fact, these two work-related stress measures partly or even largely mediated the relationships between exposures (workloads, job stresses) and outcomes and were found to be the strongest predictors of all. Whereas a work-life imbalance most strongly predicted burnout symptoms among health professionals (β = .35), and particularly physicians (β = .48), an effort-reward imbalance most strongly predicted thoughts of leaving the profession (β = .31–36). A substantial part of the variance was explained in the fully specified regression models across both major health professions and both outcomes. However, explained variance was most pronounced for burnout symptoms of physicians (43.3%) and for frequent thoughts of leaving the profession among nurses and midwives (28.7%). Conclusions: Reducing workload and job stress, and particularly reward frustration at work, as well as the difficulties in combining work and private lives among health professionals, may help to prevent them from developing burnout and/or leaving the profession and consequently also to reduce turnover, early retirement, career endings and understaffing in healthcare settings.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Schweiz

Yrken

Sjukhuspersonal

Referens

Hämmig, O. (2018). Explaining burnout and the intention to leave the profession among health professionals – a cross-sectional study in a hospital setting in Switzerland. BMC Health Services Research, Vol 18.

Neuropattern, a Translational Tool to Reduce Stress at Work – a Pilot Study

Contreras, C., Hellhammer, J., Gerhards, F. et al.

Sammanfattning

Changing working conditions demand adaptation, resulting in higher stress levels in employees. In consequence, decreased productivity, increasing rates of sick leave, and cases of early retirement result in higher direct, indirect, and intangible costs. The aim of the study was to test the usefulness of a novel translational tool, Neuropattern, for early detection, prevention, and personalized treatment of stress-related disorders. The trial was designed as a pilot study with a wait list control group. In this study, 70 employees of the Forestry Department Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany were block-randomized and either underwent Neuropattern immediately, or after a waiting period of three months. After the diagnostic assessment, they received an explanatory disease model and individualized online counseling while their physicians were provided with diagnostic results and treatment recommendations. In order to assess possible beneficial effects of Neuropattern, questionnaires regarding health (SF-12), stress perception (PSS), emotional exhaustion (MBI), work stress (ERI) and work ability (WAI) as well as questions on health behavior were included at several time points. The application of Neuropattern resulted in significantly higher increase in measures of mental health and sporting activity and a significantly stronger decrease in perceived stress, emotional exhaustion and overcommitment, as compared to the control group. No such differences were found with regard to subjects’ physical health, current work ability, reward, effort-reward ratio and practice of relaxation methods. In addition, we unexpectedly found that subjects of the experimental group became significantly more pessimistic regarding their future work ability and showed higher rates of sick leave than control subjects did. These changes remained consistent during 3 and 6 months of follow-up. The present study encouraged the application of Neuropattern to early intervention in non-clinical populations. However, further research is required to determine the best operating conditions.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Tjänstemän inom offentlig sektor

Referens

Contreras, C., Hellhammer, J., Gerhards, F. et al. (2018). Neuropattern, a Translational Tool to Reduce Stress at Work – a Pilot Study. Occupational Health Science, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 385–407.

Comparison Psychosocial Factors at Work Environment of Nurses in Children’s and Adult’s Wards of Selected Isfahan City Hospitals in 2016

Hesanpour, N., Abdeyazdan, Z., Sadeghi, N.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: The effect of psychosocial work environment on personal and organizational aspects of employees is well-known; and paying no attention to these factors can cause physical and mental diseases and negative attitude to professional activities and reduction of efficacy in the professional activities of nurses. The aim of this study was to evaluate psychosocial factors at work environment and compare them in two groups of children and adults wards’ nurses in the selected Isfahan city hospitals at 2016. Methods: This was a descriptive-comparative study. Subjects were 210 nurses’ adult and pediatric wards of selected hospitals in Isfahan. In this study, sampling was done by multistage random method. The instrument used was a demographic questionnaire and the short version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). Results: Findings showed that the mean score of job satisfaction in adult wards’ nurses was significantly more than children wards’ nurses (P < 0.05), and work-family conflict score in them was significantly less than the children wards’ nurses (P < 0.05). There was significant difference between the mean total score of psychosocial factors in the work environment between the two groups (P < 0.05). There was no significant relationship variables like age, job experience, gender, marital and employment status with psychosocial factors in work environment (P > 0.05). Conclusions: The present study indicated that psychosocial health in pediatric wards’ nurses is less than the nurses in adult wards. Applying new business ideas, team working nurses, participation in hospital affairs, providing educational opportunities, providing managerial support etc., have important effects on the frequency and severity of burnout dimensions and job dissatisfaction in nurses especially in pediatric nurses.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Iran

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.21859/jpen-05014

Referens

Hesanpour, N., Abdeyazdan, Z., Sadeghi, N. (2018). Comparison Psychosocial Factors at Work Environment of Nurses in Children’s and Adult’s Wards of Selected Isfahan City Hospitals in 2016. Iranian Journal of Pediatric Nursing (JPEN), Volume 5, Issue 1.

Musculoskeletal pain in multiple body sites and work ability in the general working population: cross-sectional study among 10,000 wage earners

Bayattork, M., Jakobsen, M.D., Sundstrup, E., Seidi, F., Bay, H., Andersen, L.L.

Sammanfattning

Background and aims: Musculoskeletal pain may negatively affect work ability, especially when work demands are high and/or physical capacity of the worker is low. This study investigated the association between intensity of musculoskeletal pain in multiple body regions and work ability among young and old workers with sedentary and physical demanding jobs. Methods: Currently employed wage earners (n=10,427) replied to questions about pain intensity, work ability, and physical work demands. The odds ratio (OR) for having a lower level of work ability in relation to the physical demands at work were modeled using logistic regression controlled for various confounders. Results: The OR for lower work ability increased with higher pain intensity in all regions among workers with sedentary and physical work. The same pattern was observed among workers <50 years and ≥50 years in both work types. The association was quite consistent across age and work activity groups, although it tended to be more pronounced among those with physically demanding work in some of pain regions. Conclusions: This study shows that increasing pain intensity in multiple sites of the body is associated with lower work ability. This was seen for both younger and older workers as well as those with sedentary and physical work. Implications: Physical workers with multiple-site pain may especially be at increased risk of the consequences of reduced work ability. Therefore, extra attention is needed and this group may benefit from better targeted preventive measures.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Bayattork, M., Jakobsen, M.D., Sundstrup, E., Seidi, F., Bay, H., Andersen, L.L. (2018). Musculoskeletal pain in multiple body sites and work ability in the general working population: cross-sectional study among 10,000 wage earners. Scandinavian Journal of Pain, Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 131–137.

We cannot be “forever young,” but our children are: A multilevel intervention to sustain nursery school teachers’ resources and well-being during their long work life cycle

Sottimano, I., Guidetti, G., Converso, D., Viotti, S.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: The aging of workers generally implies an increased number of workers with health problems or psychological diseases because of the growing distance between personal resources and job demands; the first may decrease, while the second are stable. In the preschool setting, the demands remain constant because children are always aged 0–3 years, while the preschool teacher’s personal resources decrease with age. It is, therefore, necessary to propose multilevel interventions aimed at supporting work sustainability and workers’ resources. Method: This study involved twenty-seven preschools (324 teachers with an average age of 48.7 years): the control group included seventeen schools (190 teachers with an average age of 48.5 years), five schools were assigned to experimental group one (69 teachers with an average age of 48.8), and five schools were assigned to experimental group two (65 teachers with an average age of 49.1). In this context, we proposed two protocols of multilevel intervention comprising three solutions; two of these were common to both experimental groups: psychological counseling and psychosocial intervention. The third solution differed between groups: environmental redefinition (for group one); gymnastic and vocal hygiene (for group two). We hypothesized that the interventions improve teachers’ work abilities, increase well-being, and decrease stress and burnout. Furthermore we hypothesized that there would be an improvement in the organizational climate of trust and in social job resources. Results: Data analysis showed that the interventions were effective. In particular, the experimental groups reported significant decreases in psychological exhaustion (EG2: ß = -1.48; p = .00), indolence (EG1: ß = -1.36; p = .00), and stress (EG2: ß = -0.94; p = .00). Furthermore, the experimental groups significantly increased their enthusiasm towards work (EG2: ß = 1.21; p = .01), vertical trust (EG1: ß = 0.54; p = .01), and the perception of coworker social support (EG2: ß = 0.54; p = .01). The protocol that involved the GC2 was particularly effective. Conclusions: These results demonstrate the effectiveness of the intervention in a particular job setting (preschool classroom), emphasizing the need for implementing solutions aimed at supporting workers’ well-being, especially in light of an aging workforce.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Italien

Yrken

Förskolelärare

Referens

Sottimano, I., Guidetti, G., Converso, D., Viotti, S. (2018). We cannot be “forever young,” but our children are: A multilevel intervention to sustain nursery school teachers’ resources and well-being during their long work life cycle. PLOS ONE, 13(11): e0206627.

Institutional effects on nurses’ working conditions: a multi-group comparison of public and private non-profit and for-profit healthcare employers in Switzerland

Aeschbacher, R., Addor, V.

Sammanfattning

Background: In response to the need for competitive recruitment of nurses resulting from the worldwide nursing shortage, employers need to attract and retain nurses by promoting their competitive strengths in their working conditions (WCS) and by addressing their competitive weaknesses. This study investigated workplace differences between public hospitals (PuHs), private for-profit hospitals (PrHs), socio-medical institutions (SOMEDs), home care services (HCs), private medical offices (PrOs) and non-profit organisations (NPOs), helping to provide a foundation for competition-oriented institutional employer branding and to increase transparency in the labour market for nurses. Methods: Data from the Swiss Nurses at Work study of the career paths of 11 232 nurses who worked in Switzerland between 1970 and 2014 were subjected to secondary analysis, assessing the effect of institutional characteristics on self-reported determinants of job satisfaction (such as WCS) using multivariate linear regression and post hoc tests with Bonferroni-adjusted significance levels. Principal component analysis was used to reduce the number of WCS in the original study. Results: Nurses at PuHs and PrHs were less likely to experience autonomy, flexibility of work hours and participation in decision-making than those at other workplaces. Although PuHs were rated higher than PrHs in terms of satisfaction with salary and advancement opportunities, they were associated with more alienating work factors, such as stress and aggression. SOMED workplaces were significantly more often associated with alienating conditions and low job satisfaction, but were rated higher than the other institutions in terms of participation in decision-making. The nurses’ ratings implied that PrO workplaces were more likely to offer a mild work environment, social support and recognition than other institutions, but that advancement opportunities were limited. NPO workplaces were associated with the highest degree of autonomy, flexibility, participation, recognition, organisational commitment and job satisfaction. In these respects, HC and NPO workplaces received similar ratings, although the HC workplaces were associated with a significantly lower organisational commitment and significantly lower job satisfaction. Conclusions: Due to their structural characteristics, NPOs, SOMEDs and HCs can attract nurses seeking greater self-determination, PuHs can attract career-oriented nurses, and PrOs and PrHs are likely to attract nurses through offering less-stressful working conditions.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Schweiz

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

Referens

Aeschbacher, R., Addor, V. (2018). Institutional effects on nurses’ working conditions: a multi-group comparison of public and private non-profit and for-profit healthcare employers in Switzerland. Human Resources for Health, Vol 16.

What happens to the physical and psychosocial work environment when activity-based offices are introduced into academia?

Berthelsen, H., Muhonen, T., Toivanen, S.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: There is an increased interest for introducing activity-based offices at universities. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the knowledge about the importance of the built environment for the psychosocial work environment within academia by analyzing how staff at a large Swedish university experienced the physical and psychosocial work environment before and after moving to activity-based offices. Design/methodology/approach: A Web-based survey was distributed to all employees at two faculties at a university three months before (2015, n = 217, response rate 51 per cent) and nine months after (2016, n = 200, response rate 47 per cent) relocation to a new activity-based university building. Findings: In the new premises, a vast majority (86 per cent) always occupied the same place when possible, and worked also more often from home. The social community at work had declined and social support from colleagues and supervisors was perceived to have decreased. The participants reported a lower job satisfaction after the relocation and were more likely to seek new jobs. No aspects in the physical or psychosocial work environment were found to have improved after the relocation. Research/limitations implications: The study had a two-wave cross-sectional design, which does not allow establishing causal relations. Practical implications: There is reason to be cautious about relocation to activity-based offices at universities. The potential savings in costs for premises may lead to may be followed by an increase in other costs. The risk that staff cannot concentrate on their work in activity-based university workplaces and lose their sense of community with colleagues are factors, which in the long run may lead to decreased efficiency, more conflicts and poorer well-being. Originality/value: This paper contributes with new knowledge concerning changes in the physical and psychosocial work environment when relocating from cell offices to activity-based offices in a university setting.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Akademiker

Referens

Berthelsen, H., Muhonen, T., Toivanen, S. (2018). What happens to the physical and psychosocial work environment when activity-based offices are introduced into academia?. Journal of Corporate Real Estate, Vol. 20 No. 4, pp. 230-243.

Living with disabling chronic pain: results from a face-to-face cross-sectional population-based study

Cabrera-León, A., Cantero-Braojos, M.Á., Garcia-Fernandez, L. et al

Sammanfattning

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of disabling chronic pain (DCP) in Spanish adults, to analyse its characteristics, to determine its multimorbidity and to identify its associated factors.Settings: 2011 Andalusian Health Survey, a cross-sectional population survey based on face-to-face home interviews. Participants: 6507 people aged 16 years or older and living in Andalusia, Spain. Outcomes: The response variable was disabling chronic pain. Multivariate multinomial logistic regression models were used to analyse the association of factors with disabling chronic pain. The sample design was considered throughout the statistical analysis.Results: The prevalence of disabling chronic pain in the Spanish adult population was 11.36% (95% CI 11.23 to 11.49), while that of non-disabling chronic pain was 5.67% (95% CI 5.57 to 5.77). Disabling chronic pain was associated with high multimorbidity (especially in women (51%) and in the elderly (70%) with three or more additional chronic diseases), as well as with disadvantaged social status (such as female gender (OR=2.12), advanced age (OR10-year increase=1.28), unemployment (OR=1.33), manual work (OR=1.26), low income (OR=1.14) and reduced emotional social support (OR=1.04)). Other influential factors were tobacco consumption (OR=1.42), sleeping ≤7 hours (OR=1.2)], environmental or work conditions (OR=1.16) and quality of life (ORmental=1.21, ORphysical=2.37). Conclusions: The population with disabling chronic pain was associated with multimorbidity, vulnerable social status and an impaired quality of life. In contrast, the population with non-disabling chronic pain showed almost no differences when compared with the population without chronic pain. The association between DCP and mental disorders highlights the need for psychosocial services in the management of chronic pain.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020913

Referens

Cabrera-León, A., Cantero-Braojos, M.Á., Garcia-Fernandez, L. et al (2018). Living with disabling chronic pain: results from a face-to-face cross-sectional population-based study. BMJ Open, 8:e020913.

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence and associations of stress and burnout among staff in long-term care facilities for people with dementia

Costello, H., Walsh, S., Cooper, C., Livingston, G.

Sammanfattning

Background: Care home staff stress and burnout may be related to high turnover and associated with poorer quality care. We systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed studies reporting stress and burnout and associated factors in staff for people living with dementia in long-term care. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Web of Science databases, and CINAHL database from January 2009 to August 2017. Two raters independently rated study validity using standardized criteria. We meta-analyzed burnout scores across comparable studies using a random effects model. Results: 17/2854 identified studies met inclusion criteria. Eight of the nine studies reporting mean Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) scores found low or moderate burnout levels. Meta-analysis of four studies using the 22-item MBI (n = 598) found moderate emotional exhaustion levels (mean 18.34, 95% Confidence Intervals 14.59–22.10), low depersonalization (6.29, 2.39–10.19), and moderate personal accomplishment (33.29, 20.13–46.46). All three studies examining mental health-related quality of life reported lower levels in carer age and sex matched populations. Staff factors associated with higher burnout and stress included: lower job satisfaction, lower perceived adequacy of staffing levels, poor care home environment, feeling unsupported, rating home leadership as poor and caring for residents exhibiting agitated behavior. There was preliminary evidence that speaking English as a first language and working shifts were associated with lower burnout levels. Conclusions: Most care staff for long-term care residents with dementia experience low or moderate burnout levels. Prospective studies of care staff burnout and stress are required to clarify its relationship to staff turnover and potentially modifiable risk factors.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Omsorgspersonal

Referens

Costello, H., Walsh, S., Cooper, C., Livingston, G. (2018). A systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence and associations of stress and burnout among staff in long-term care facilities for people with dementia. International Psychogeriatrics, 31(8), 1203-1216.

Factors Associated with Satisfaction of Hospital Physicians: A Systematic Review on European Data

Domagała, A., Bała, M.M., Storman, D., Peña-Sánchez, J.N., Swierz, M.J., Kaczmarczyk, M., Storman, M.

Sammanfattning

Background: Physician satisfaction is a multidimensional concept related to many factors. Despite the wide range of research regarding factors affecting physician satisfaction in different European countries, there is a lack of literature reviews analyzing and summarizing current evidence. The aimof the article is to synthetize the literature studying the factors associated with physician satisfaction. Methods: We searched: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library from January 2000 to January 2017. The eligibility criteria included: (1) target population: physicians working in European hospitals; (2) quantitative research aimed at assessing physician satisfaction and associated factors; (3) use of validated tools. We performed a narrative synthesis. Results: After screening 8585 records, 368 full text articles were independently checked and finally 24 studies were included for qualitative analysis. The included studies surveyed 20,000 doctors from 12 European countries. The tools and scales used in the analyzed research to measure physician satisfaction varied to a large extent. We extracted all pre-specified factors, reported as statistically significant/non-significant. Analyzed factors were divided into three groups: personal, intrinsic and contextual factors. The majority of factors are modifiable and positively associated with characteristics of contextual factors, such as work-place setting/work environment. In the group of work-place related factors, quality of management/leadership, opportunity for professional development and colleague support have been deemed statistically significant in numerous studies. Conclusions: We identified more studies appraising the effect of contextual factors (such as work environment, work-place characteristics), highlighting a positive association between those factors and physician satisfaction, compared with personal and intrinsic factors. Numerous studies confirmed statistically significant associations between physician satisfaction and quality of management, professional development and colleague support/team climate. Due to the health workforce crisis, knowledge regarding physician satisfaction and associated factors is essential to healthcare managers and policy makers for more stable human resources management.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Europa

Yrken

Läkare

DOI

10.3390/ijerph15112546

Referens

Domagała, A., Bała, M.M., Storman, D., Peña-Sánchez, J.N., Swierz, M.J., Kaczmarczyk, M., Storman, M. (2018). Factors Associated with Satisfaction of Hospital Physicians: A Systematic Review on European Data. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 15, 2546.

The role of personal characteristics, work environment and context in working beyond retirement: a mixed-methods study

van der Zwaan, G.L., Oude Hengel, K.M., Sewdas, R. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objective: To investigate the role of personal characteristics, work environment and context in working beyond retirement. Methods: In the current study, a mixed-methods design was applied including quantitative survey data and semi-structured telephone interviews. Respondents (N = 568) were selected from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM). Personal characteristics, work characteristics and contextual factors were measured using a questionnaire at baseline. Concurrently, qualitative data of 30 persons aged over 65 years were gathered. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify quantitative associations and thematic analyses were used for qualitative purposes. Results: Quantitative data revealed that being in good physical health (OR = 1.80), developmental proactivity (OR = 1.38), interesting work (OR = 2.02), appreciation (OR = 1.62) and voluntary work (OR = 1.58) were associated with working beyond the statutory retirement age. Additionally, qualitative findings suggested that working beyond retirement was mainly driven by the desire to contribute to society (e.g., mentor younger coworkers), and identified the employers’ willingness to hire an older worker despite existing stereotypes as an important precondition. Conclusions: Working beyond retirement is influenced by physical health and work characteristics, as well as motivational determinants such as the desire to contribute to society. However, to meet the increasing demands for paid jobs by individuals aged over 65 years, the willingness of employers to actually hire them is crucial. Therefore, recognition and utilization of older workers’ potentials is of great importance.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

van der Zwaan, G.L., Oude Hengel, K.M., Sewdas, R. et al. (2018). The role of personal characteristics, work environment and context in working beyond retirement: a mixed-methods study. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Volume 92, Issue 4, pp 535–549.

Effects of a Participatory Ergonomics Intervention With Wearable Technical Measurements of Physical Workload in the Construction Industry: Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial

Brandt, M., Madeleine, P., Samani, A., Ajslev, J.Z., Jakobsen, M.D., Sundstrup, E., Andersen, L.L.

Sammanfattning

Background: Construction work frequently involves heavy physical work, and a reduction of the physical workload should have high priority. Technological development has made it possible to obtain field measurements with surface electromyography (sEMG), kinematics measured with inertial measurement units (IMUs), and video recordings. However, no studies have used these methods simultaneously to detect situations with excessive physical workload (events) during a working day. Thus, knowledge about these specific events may combat work-related risk factors. Participatory ergonomics (PE) has shown promising results, but whether it can be used as a tool to reduce the physical workload during construction work remains unknown. Objective: This cluster randomized controlled trial investigated whether a PE intervention with technical measurements consisting of IMUs, sEMG, heart rate monitoring, and video recordings of physical workload could reduce the number of events with excessive physical workload during a working day. Furthermore, other outcomes were obtained from questionnaires. Methods: A total of 80 male full-time construction workers (aged 19 to 67 years) were randomized at the cluster level (gang) to a PE intervention consisting of 3 workshops (7 gangs and 32 workers) or to a control group (8 gangs and 48 workers). The physical workload was recorded by technical measurements, that is, IMUs, sEMG, heart rate monitoring, and video recordings during a full working day at baseline and 3 and 6 months’ follow-up. On the basis of the technical measurements, a custom-made computer program detected the situations (events) where the construction workers were exposed to excessive physical workload and used in the intervention. Differences in the number of events from baseline to follow-up between intervention and control were evaluated using linear mixed models (intention-to-treat), with individual nested in cluster as a random factor. Furthermore, questionnaires were filled out on test days. Results: The results of the primary outcome showed no change in the number of events with excessive physical workload. However, compared with the control group, the other outcomes showed decreased general fatigue after a typical working day (P=.001) and increased influence on own work (P=.04). Conclusions: This PE intervention with technical measurements did not reduce the number of events with excessive physical workload during construction work. However, the intervention led to decreased general fatigue and increased influence on own work.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Byggarbetare

DOI

10.2196/10272

Referens

Brandt, M., Madeleine, P., Samani, A., Ajslev, J.Z., Jakobsen, M.D., Sundstrup, E., Andersen, L.L. (2018). Effects of a Participatory Ergonomics Intervention With Wearable Technical Measurements of Physical Workload in the Construction Industry: Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. J Med Internet Res, Vol 20, No 12:e10272.

Effects of a Multimodal Program Including Simulation on Job Strain Among NursesWorking in Intensive Care Units. A Randomized Clinical Trial

El Khamali, R. et al.

Sammanfattning

Importance: Nurses working in an intensive care unit (ICU) are exposed to occupational stressors that can increase the risk of stress reactions, long-term absenteeism, and turnover. Objective: To evaluate the effects of a program including simulation in reducing work-related stress and work-related outcomes among ICU nurses.Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter randomized clinical trial performed at 8 adult ICUs in France from February 8, 2016, through April 29, 2017. A total of 198 ICU nurses were included and followed up for 1 year until April 30, 2018. Interventions: The ICU nurses who had at least 6 months of ICU experience were randomized to the intervention group (n = 101) or to the control group (n = 97). The nurses randomized to the intervention group received a 5-day course involving a nursing theory recap and situational role-play using simulated scenarios (based on technical dexterity, clinical approach, decision making, aptitude to teamwork, and task prioritization), which were followed by debriefing sessions on attitude and discussion of practices. Main outcomes and measures: The primary outcomewas the prevalence of job strain assessed by combining a psychological demand score greater than 21 (score range, 9 [best] to 36 [worst]) with a decision latitude score less than 72 (score range, 24 [worst] to 96 [best]) using the Job Content Questionnaire and evaluated at 6 months. There were 7 secondary outcomes including absenteeism and turnover. Results: Among 198 ICU nurses who were randomized (95 aged 30 years [48%] and 115 women [58%]), 182 (92%) completed the trial for the primary outcome. The trial was stopped for efficacy at the scheduled interim analysis after enrollment of 198 participants. The prevalence of job strain at 6 months was lower in the intervention group than in the control group (13%vs 67%, respectively; between-group difference, 54%[95%CI, 40%-64%]; P < .001). Absenteeism during the 6-month follow-up period was 1%in the intervention group compared with 8%in the control group (between-group difference, 7% [95%CI, 1%-15%]; P = .03). Four nurses (4%) from the intervention group left the ICU during the 6-month follow-up period compared with 12 nurses (12%) from the control group (between-group difference, 8%[95%CI, 0%-17%]; P = .04). Conclusions and relevance: Among ICU nurses, an intervention that included education, role-play, and debriefing resulted in a lower prevalence of job strain at 6 months compared with nurses who did not undergo this program. Further research is needed to understand which components of the program may have contributed to this result and to evaluate whether this program is cost-effective.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Frankrike

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1001/jama.2018.14284

Referens

El Khamali, R. et al. (2018). Effects of a Multimodal Program Including Simulation on Job Strain Among NursesWorking in Intensive Care Units. A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of the American Medical Association.

Do perceived working conditions and patient safety culture correlate with objective workload and patient outcomes: A cross-sectional explorative study from a German university hospital

Sturm, H., Rieger, M.A., Martus, P., Ueding, E., Wagner, A., et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Workload and demands on hospital staff have been growing over recent years. To ensure patient and occupational safety, hospitals increasingly survey staff about perceived working conditions and safety culture. At the same time, routine data are used to manage resources and performance. This study aims to understand the relation between survey-derived measures of how staff perceive their work-related stress and strain and patient safety on the one hand, and routine data measures of workload and quality of care (patient safety) on the other. Methods: We administered a written questionnaire to all physicians and nurses in the inpatient units at a German university hospital. The questionnaire was an amalgam of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) scale to assess patient-related burnout of and portions of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSPSC). Indicators from administrative data used to assess workload and patient-related work-strain were: amount of overtime worked, work intensity recording of nurses, cost weight, occupancy rate and DRG-related length of stay. Quality of care was assessed using readmission rates and disease-related length of stay. Univariate associations were tested with Pearson correlations. Results: Response rate were 37% (224) for physicians and 39% (351) for nurses. Physicians’ overtime correlated strongly with perceived quantitative demands (.706, 95% CI: 0.634 to 0.766), emotional demands (.765; 95% CI: 0.705 to 0.814), and perceived role conflicts (.655, 95% CI: 0.573 to 0.724). Nurses’ work-intensity measures were associated with decreasing physician job satisfaction and with less favorable perceptions of the appropriateness of staffing (-.527, 95% CI:-0.856 to 0.107). Both professional groups showed medium to strong associations between the morbidity measure (cost weight) and role conflicts; between occupancy rates and role clarity (-.482, 95% CI: -0.782 to -0.02) and predictability of work (-.62, 95% CI: -0.848 to -0.199); and between length of stay and internal team functioning (-.555, 95% CI: -0.818 to -0.101). Higher readmission rates were associated with lower perceived patient safety (-.476, 95% CI: -0.779 to 0.006), inadequate staffing (-.702, 95% CI: -0.884 to -0.334), and worse team functioning (-.520, 95% CI: -0.801 to -0.052). Shorter disease-related length of stay was associated with better teamwork within units (-.555, 95% CI: -0.818 to -0.101) and a lower risk of physician burnout (-.588, 95% CI: -0.846 to -0.108). Conclusion: Perceptions of hospital personnel regarding sub-optimal workplace safety and teamwork issues correlated with worse patient outcome measures. Furthermore, objective measures of overtime work as well as objective measures of workload correlated clearly with subjective work-related stress and strain. This suggests that objective workload measures (such as overtime worked) could be used to indirectly monitor job-related psychosocial strain on employees and, thus, improve not only staff wellbeing but also patient outcomes. On the other hand, listening to their personnel could help hospitals to improve patient (and employee) safety.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Läkare, Sjuksköterskor

Referens

Sturm, H., Rieger, M.A., Martus, P., Ueding, E., Wagner, A., et al. (2019). Do perceived working conditions and patient safety culture correlate with objective workload and patient outcomes: A cross-sectional explorative study from a German university hospital. PLOS ONE, 14(1): e0209487.

The Influence of Personality Traits on Life Satisfaction Through Work Engagement and Job Satisfaction among Academic Faculty Members

Blatný, M., Květon, P., Jelínek, M., Šolcová, I., Zábrodská, K., et al.

Sammanfattning

The aim of this study was to examine both direct and indirect associations of the personality traits of extraversion, neuroticism and conscientiousness with life satisfaction through work engagement and job satisfaction. The study population consisted of 2229 academics (57.1% men) throughout Czech public universities, who completed a questionnaire comprising measures of employee personality traits (BFI-10), work engagement (Utrecht Work Engagement Scale short form), job satisfaction (job satisfaction short scale from the COPSOQ-II) and general life satisfaction (Satisfaction With Life Scale). Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the relationships. The strongest predictor of life satisfaction was neuroticism, the effect of which manifested itself through both direct and indirect pathways. Extraversion and conscientiousness had positive indirect influences on job satisfaction through work engagement, but their direct influences on job satisfaction were negative. While extraversion also had a direct influence on life satisfaction, conscientiousness did not directly influence life satisfaction.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tjeckien

Yrken

Akademiker

Referens

Blatný, M., Květon, P., Jelínek, M., Šolcová, I., Zábrodská, K., et al. (2018). The Influence of Personality Traits on Life Satisfaction Through Work Engagement and Job Satisfaction among Academic Faculty Members. Studia Psychologica, Vol. 60, No. 4, 274-286.

Occupational Stress in Helicopter Emergency Service Pilots From 4 European Countries

Bauer, H., Herbig, B.

Sammanfattning

Objective: Working conditions are known to affect motivation, well-being, and ultimately work performance. Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) pilots’ work is highly demanding and safety critical, but virtually no published data on occupational stress and strain symptoms in HEMS pilots are available. We investigated work stressors and resources and their association with work engagement, subjective well-being, and energy levels in European HEMS pilots. Methods: Cross-sectional questionnaire data were collected consecutively from 72 European HEMS pilots (24 Western European and 48 Eastern European, mean age = 51.9 years). We examined the stressor, resource, and strain symptom levels by age group and region of origin and the association of stressors and resources with work engagement, well-being, and energy. Results: Although the responses differed notably between the Eastern and Western European pilots, their overall profile was quite favorable. At the same time, those stressor/resource variables, which on average had the most favorable ratings, were the most strongly associated with (reduced) well-being and energy. Conclusion: On the whole, the HEMS pilots’ perception of their work situation appears to be positive, and they are highly engaged in their work. The pilots’ strong identification with their work should be taken into account in pilot mental health support systems.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Europa

Yrken

Helikopterpiloter inom räddningstjänst

Referens

Bauer, H., Herbig, B. (2019). Occupational Stress in Helicopter Emergency Service Pilots From 4 European Countries.

Prognostic effects of selection, optimization and compensation strategies on work ability: results from the representative lidA cohort study on work, age, and health in Germany

Weber, J., Müller, A., Stiller, M. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: Regarding the increased need for the retention of older employees in the workforce, this study investigates whether there are main and interactive longitudinal effects of selection, optimization, compensation and working conditions according to the job demand–control model on work ability in older employees. Methods: Longitudinal data of computer-assisted personal interviews with one follow-up after 3 years of 3961 participants (born in 1959 and 1965) of the representative German lidA cohort study was used. Multiple linear regressions were performed, analyzing prospective main and interactive effects of selection, optimization, compensation and working conditions during baseline on perceived work ability at follow-up. Results: Regarding selection, optimization and compensation, only compensation had a positive, but weak effect on work ability. Working conditions were more strongly related to work ability: decision authority and skill discretion had independent positive and job demands had independent negative effects on work ability. One interaction effect was observed between loss-based selection and decision authority, such that they mutually enhanced their positive effects on work ability. Only few and weak interactions among the sub-strategies, selection, optimization and compensation, were observed. Conclusions: Results indicate that especially favorable working conditions in terms of high job control and low job demands, but also compensation might help older employees to maintain work ability.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Weber, J., Müller, A., Stiller, M. et al. (2018). Prognostic effects of selection, optimization and compensation strategies on work ability: results from the representative lidA cohort study on work, age, and health in Germany. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Volume 91, Issue 8, pp 1061–1071.

Work-unit social capital and long-term sickness absence: a prospective cohort study of 32 053 hospital employees

Török, E., Clark, A.J., Jensen, J.H., et al

Sammanfattning

Objective: There is a lack of studies investigating social capital at the workplace level in small and relatively homogeneous work-units. The aim of the study was to investigate whether work-unit social capital predicts a lower risk of individual long-term sickness absence among Danish hospital employees followed prospectively for 1 year. Methods: This study is based on the Well-being in HospitAL Employees cohort. The study sample consisted of 32 053 individuals nested within 2182 work-units in the Capital Region of Denmark. Work-unit social capital was measured with an eight-item scale covering elements of trust, justice and collaboration between employees and leaders. Social capital at the work-unit level was computed as the aggregated mean of individual-level social capital within each work-unit. Data on long-term sickness absence were retrieved from the employers’ payroll system and were operationalised as ≥29 consecutive days of sickness absence. We used a 12-point difference in social capital as the metric in our analyses and conducted two-level hierarchical logistic regression analysis. Adjustments were made for sex, age, seniority, occupational group and part-time work at the individual level, and work-unit size, the proportion of female employees and the proportion of part-time work at the work-unit level. Results: The OR for long-term sickness absence associated with a 12-point higher work-unit social capital was 0.73 (95% CI 0.68 to 0.78). Further, we found an association between higher work-unit social capital and lower long-term sickness absence across quartiles of social capital: compared with the lowest quartile, the OR for long-term sickness absence in the highest quartile was 0.51 (95% CI 0.44 to 0.60). Conclusion: Our study provides support for work-unit social capital being a protective factor for individual long-term sickness absence among hospital employees in the Capital Region of Denmark.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Sjukhuspersonal

Referens

Török, E., Clark, A.J., Jensen, J.H., et al (2018). Work-unit social capital and long-term sickness absence: a prospective cohort study of 32 053 hospital employees. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 75:623-629.

Fear Avoidance Beliefs and Risk of Long-Term Sickness Absence: Prospective Cohort Study among Workers with Musculoskeletal Pain

Kenneth, Jay. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background and Objective: Musculoskeletal pain is common in the population. Negative beliefs about musculoskeletal pain and physical activity may lead to avoidance behavior resulting in absence fromwork. The present study investigates the influence of fear avoidance beliefs on long-term sickness absence. Methods: Workers of the general working population with musculoskeletal pain (low back, neck/shoulder, and/or arm/hand pain; n = 8319) from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study were included. Longterm sickness absence data were obtained from the Danish Register for Evaluation and Marginalization (DREAM). Time-to-event analyses (cox regression) controlled for various confounders estimated the association between fear avoidance beliefs (very low, low, moderate [reference category], high, and very high) at baseline and long-term sickness absence (LTSA; ≥6 consecutive weeks) during a 2-year follow-up. Results: During the 2-year follow-up, 10.2% of the workers experienced long-term sickness absence. In the fully adjusted model, very high-level fear avoidance increased the risk of LTSA with hazard ratio (HR) of 1.48 (95%CI 1.15-1.90). Similar results were seen analyses stratified for occupational physical activity, i.e., sedentary workers (HR 1.72 (95% CI 1.04-2.83)) and physically active workers (HR 1.48 (95% CI 1.10-2.01)). Conclusion: A very high level of fear avoidance is a risk factor for longterm sickness absence among workers with musculoskeletal pain regardless of the level of occupational physical activity. Future interventions should target fear avoidance beliefs through information and campaigns about the benefits of staying active when having musculoskeletal pain.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Kenneth, Jay. et al. (2018). Fear Avoidance Beliefs and Risk of Long-Term Sickness Absence: Prospective Cohort Study among Workers with Musculoskeletal Pain. Pain Research and Treatment, Vol 18.

Physical work demands and psychosocial working conditions as predictors of musculoskeletal pain: a cohort study comparing self-reported and job exposure matrix measurements

Madsen, I.E.H., Gupta, N., Budtz-Jørgensen, E., et al

Sammanfattning

Objectives: Determining exposure to occupational factors by workers’ job titles is extensively used in epidemiological research. However, the correspondence of findings regarding associations to health between job exposure matrices (JEMs) and individual-level exposure data is largely unknown. We set out to examine the prospective associations of physical work demands and psychosocial working conditions with musculoskeletal pain, comparing JEMs with individual-level self-reported exposures. Methods: We analysed data of 8132 participants from the Work Environment and Health in Denmark cohort study. Using random intercept multilevel modelling, we constructed age-specific and sex-specific JEMs estimating predicted exposures in job groups. We analysed associations between working conditions (individual and JEM level) at baseline and musculoskeletal pain at follow-up using multilevel modelling stratified by sex, adjusting for age, education and baseline pain. Results: Any consistent associations present in the individual-level analysis were also found in the JEM-level analysis. Higher pain levels at follow-up was seen for employees with higher baseline physical work demands, women exposed to violence and men with lower decision authority, whether measured at the individual or JEM level. Higher JEM-level quantitative demands were associated with less pain, but no association was seen at the individual level. Conclusions: We found predominately comparable prospective associations between working conditions and pain, whether using JEMs or individual level exposures, with the exception of quantitative demands. The results suggest that, with few notable exceptions, findings obtained using JEMs may be comparable with those obtained when using self-reported exposures.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Madsen, I.E.H., Gupta, N., Budtz-Jørgensen, E., et al (2018). Physical work demands and psychosocial working conditions as predictors of musculoskeletal pain: a cohort study comparing self-reported and job exposure matrix measurements. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 75:752-758.

Long-term sickness absence from combined factors related to physical work demands: prospective cohort study

Andersen, L. L., Thorsen, V. S., Flyvholm, M.-A., Holtermann, A.

Sammanfattning

Background: The working environment plays an important role in public health. This study investigates the risk for long-term sickness absence (LTSA) from the combination of factors related to physical work demands. Methods: Employees (n = 22 740) of the general population (the Danish Work Environment & Health study 2012) were followed for two years in the Danish Register for Evaluation of Marginalisation. Using Cox regression analyses we determined the risk of LTSA from four factors; (i) physical work demands, (ii) physical exertion during work, (iii) fatigue after work and (iv) work-limiting pain. Results: During follow-up 10.2% experienced LTSA. Each of the four factors increased the risk of LTSA with hazard ratios (HR) ranging from 1.30 to 1.57. Scoring high on one (30.3% of the respondents), two (24.4%), three (19.9%) and all four factors (9.2%) gradually increased the risk of LTSA (HR’s of 1.39 [95% CI 1.16–1.66], 1.66 [95% CI 1.39–1.99], 1.90 [95% CI 1.57–2.29] and 3.02 [95% CI 2.47–3.68], respectively). Risk estimates remained robust in stratified analyses of age, sex and socioeconomic position. Population attributable fractions were high across all subgroups; 39% (general population), 36% (younger workers), 45% (older workers), 36% (men), 41% (women), 30% (higher socioeconomic position) and 45% (lower socioeconomic position). Conclusion: The risk of LTSA gradually increased with number of factors related to high physical work demands, underlining the importance of targeting combined factors in risk assessment and preventive interventions.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Andersen, L. L., Thorsen, V. S., Flyvholm, M.-A., Holtermann, A. (2018). Long-term sickness absence from combined factors related to physical work demands: prospective cohort study. European Journal of Public Health, Volume 28, Issue 5, Pages 824–829.

Using the job demands-resources approach to assess employee well-being in healthcare

Tomo, A., De Simone, S.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: The aim of this study is to advance a model to assess the overall level of well-being within healthcare organizations. Design/methodology/approach: The paper employs a job demands-resources approach by considering the multilevel model of employee well-being as theoretical framework, integrated with personal resources and health indicators. A specific case is built in the Italian context, with empirical data gathered from three Italian peadiatric hospitals belonging to the same healthcare organizations. Findings: Results show that the job demand-resource model may well explain differences in the work environment, and that personality enables coping with negative effects of work environment settings. Originality/value: The paper contributes to extending the literature on well-being and the management of healthcare organizations, by providing interesting insights on the multilevel model of employee well-being. It also has interesting academic and practical implications, since it tries to put forward a model to assess employee well-being and provides an empirical application of a well-known theoretical model.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

Referens

Tomo, A., De Simone, S. (2018). Using the job demands-resources approach to assess employee well-being in healthcare. Health Services Management Research, 32(2), 58–68.

Linking quantitative demands to offshore wind workers’ stress: do personal and job resources matter? A structural equation modelling approach

Mette, J., Velasco Garrido, M., Preisser, A. M., Harth, V., Mache, S.

Sammanfattning

Background: Employees in the offshore wind industry are exposed to various job demands, increasing the workers’ risk of experiencing strain reactions. However, personal and job resources might play a role in the stressor-strain context. The aim of this study was (1) to examine the link between offshore employees’ quantitative demands and stress, and (2) to study the role of personal and job resources (psychological detachment from work, social support, and influence at work) in this stressor-strain relationship. Methods: Two hundred fifty offshore wind workers responded to an anonymous web-based survey, assessing the workers’ quantitative demands, social support, influence at work, psychological detachment from work, and stress. Descriptive statistical analyses and structural equation modelling were applied to test the hypotheses. Results: Correlation analyses revealed substantial associations between employees’ quantitative demands, personal and job resources, and stress. Results of structural equation modelling indicated a good fit of the hypothesized model. Quantitative demands were positively related to stress, and psychological detachment from work partially mediated this relationship. Social support was negatively related to stress, while influence at work was not. Neither social support nor influence at work moderated the stressor-strain or stressor-detachment relationship. Conclusions: The results contribute to the current knowledge on the topic. They can be used to design health promotion interventions aimed at reducing offshore employees’ quantitative demands, fostering their ability to mentally detach from work, and enhancing social support at the offshore workplace.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Referens

Mette, J., Velasco Garrido, M., Preisser, A. M., Harth, V., Mache, S. (2018). Linking quantitative demands to offshore wind workers’ stress: do personal and job resources matter? A structural equation modelling approach. BMC Public Health, 18.

Prevalence, associated factors and reasons for sickness presenteeism: a cross-sectional nationally representative study of salaried workers in Spain, 2016

Navarro, A., Salas-Nicás, S., Moncada, S., et al

Sammanfattning

Objectives: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of sickness presenteeism (SP), its associated factors and the reasons given for SP episodes, among the overall salaried population and excluding the ‘healthy’ workers. Design: Population-based cross-sectional study. Setting: Salaried population in Spain. Participants: Data were obtained from the third Spanish Psychosocial Risks Survey (2016), carried out between October and December 2016, n=1615. Main outcome measures: Self-reported episodes of SP and their reasons. Results: 23.0% (95% CI 19.2 to 26.8) of the workers exhibit SP, whereas among those manifesting having had some health problem in the preceding year, the figure was 53.0% (95% CI 46.9 to 59.1). The factors associated with SP when we study all workers are age, seniority, salary structure, working more than 48 hours, the contribution of worker’s wage to the total household income and downsizing; factors among the ‘unhealthy’ workers are working more than 48 hours and not having a contract. The most common reason for SP is ‘did not want to burden my colleagues’, 45.7% (95% CI 37.3 to 54.4), whereas ‘I could not afford it for economic reasons’ ranked third, 35.9% (29.4% to 42.9%), and 27.5% (21.3% to 34.6%) of the workers report ‘worried about being laid off’ as a reason for going to work despite being ill. Conclusions: The estimated frequency of SP in Spain is lower than certain other countries, such as the Scandinavian countries. The factors associated vary depending on the population analysed (all workers or excluding ‘healthy’ workers). The reason ‘I was worried about being laid off’ was much more common than the estimates for Sweden or Norway.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Navarro, A., Salas-Nicás, S., Moncada, S., et al (2018). Prevalence, associated factors and reasons for sickness presenteeism: a cross-sectional nationally representative study of salaried workers in Spain, 2016. BMJ Open, 8:e021212.

Managerial Practices to Reduce Psychosocial Risk Exposure: A Competency‐Based Approach

St‐Hilaire, F., Gilbert, M.‐H., Lefebvre, R.

Sammanfattning

This paper aims to identify the behaviours a manager can use to reduce subordinates' exposure to psychosocial risks. Although leadership appears significant in the prediction of employees' mental health, recent studies tend to emphasize the importance of managers' behaviours without identifying them concretely. To create an inventory of specific management behaviours, two qualitative studies, involving 210 workers (in Quebec and in France) were conducted. Semi‐directed interviews were used with managers and subordinates to identify management behaviours associated with psychosocial risks. Results show a taxonomy of 92 behaviours grouped into 24 competencies and eight broad themes. The results define the role for managers in supporting the mental health of their subordinates more concretely.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Kanada, Frankrike

Yrken

Chefer

Referens

St‐Hilaire, F., Gilbert, M.‐H., Lefebvre, R. (2018). Managerial Practices to Reduce Psychosocial Risk Exposure: A Competency‐Based Approach. Can J Adm Sci, 35: 535– 550.

Increasing return-to-work among people on sick leave due to common mental disorders: design of a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a problem-solving intervention versus care-as-usual conducted in the Swedish primary health care system (PROSA)

Björk Brämberg, E., Holmgren, K. Bültmann, U., Gyllensten, H., Hagberg, J., Sandman, L., Bergström, G.

Sammanfattning

Background: Common mental disorders affect about one-third of the European working-age population and are one of the leading causes of sick leave in Sweden and other OECD countries. Besides the individual suffering, the costs for society are high. This paper describes the design of a study to evaluate a work-related, problem-solving intervention provided at primary health care centers for employees on sick leave due to common mental disorders. Methods: The study has a two-armed cluster randomized design in which the participating rehabilitation coordinators are randomized into delivering the intervention or providing care-as-usual. Employees on sick leave due to common mental disorders will be recruited by an independent research assistant. The intervention aims to improve the employee’s return-to-work process by identifying problems perceived as hindering return-to-work and finding solutions. The rehabilitation coordinator facilitates a participatory approach, in which the employee and the employer together identify obstacles and solutions in relation to the work situation. The primary outcome is total number of sick leave days during the 18-month follow-up after inclusion. A long-term follow-up at 36 months is planned. Secondary outcomes are short-term sick leave (min. 2 weeks and max. 12 weeks), psychological symptoms, work ability, presenteeism and health related quality of life assessed at baseline, 6 and 12-month follow-up. Intervention fidelity, reach, dose delivered and dose received will be examined in a process evaluation. An economic evaluation will put health-related quality of life and sick leave in relation to costs from the perspectives of society and health care services. A parallel ethical evaluation will focus on the interventions consequences for patient autonomy, privacy, equality, fairness and professional ethos and integrity. Discussion: The study is a pragmatic trial which will include analyses of the intervention’s effectiveness, and a process evaluation in primary health care settings. Methodological strengths and challenges are discussed, such as the risk of selection bias, contamination and detection bias. If the intervention shows promising results for return-to-work, the prospects are good for implementing the intervention in routine primary health care.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1186/s12889-018-5816-8

Referens

Björk Brämberg, E., Holmgren, K. Bültmann, U., Gyllensten, H., Hagberg, J., Sandman, L., Bergström, G. (2018). Increasing return-to-work among people on sick leave due to common mental disorders: design of a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a problem-solving intervention versus care-as-usual conducted in the Swedish primary health care system (PROSA). BMC Public Health, 18 (1).

Working conditions, job satisfaction and challenging encounters in dentistry: a cross‐sectional study

Goetz, K., Schuldei, R., Steinhäuser, J.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: The aim was to evaluate job satisfaction, challenging encounters and work‐related outcomes in dentistry and their association with the work‐related outcomes scales ‘burnout inventory’, ‘general life satisfaction’ and ‘cognitive stress symptoms’. Methods: This cross‐sectional study was based on the results of a questionnaire administered to a sample of 1,811 dentists in the German federal state of Schleswig‐Holstein. Besides sociodemographic data and practice characteristics, topics such as challenging patient traits and job satisfaction, and three work‐related outcome scales, were evaluated. Descriptive statistics and linear regression analyses were computed to explore potential associations with the three work‐related outcome scales. Results: A response rate of 35.2% (638/1,811 participants) was observed for this study. Dentists described that 25% of their patients were challenging. The highest rate was found for ‘aggressive patients’ and the lowest rate for ‘anxious patients’. The proportion of challenging patient traits was significantly correlated with the three work‐related outcomes whereby the highest significant correlation was observed for ‘burnout inventory’. Conclusions: As shown by our results, the higher perception of the proportion of anxious patients, the higher the risk of burnout. Therefore, special management of the treatment of anxious patients is necessary, which could have a positive implication on the perceived work‐related stress. A crucial aspect for well‐being at work as a dentist (besides job satisfaction and work‐related aspects) is the evaluation of what kind of patients result in a challenging encounter.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Tandvårdspersonal

DOI

10.1111/idj.12414

Referens

Goetz, K., Schuldei, R., Steinhäuser, J. (2018). Working conditions, job satisfaction and challenging encounters in dentistry: a cross‐sectional study. Int Dent J, 69: 44-49.

Working hours and depressive symptoms: the role of job stress factors

Yoon, Y., Ryu, J., Kim, H., Kang, C., Jung-Choi, K.

Sammanfattning

Background: South Korea is one of the countries with the longest working hours in the OECD countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of working hours on depressive symptoms and the role of job stress factors between the two variables among employees in South Korea. Methods: This study used data from the Korea Working Conditions Survey in 2014. Study subjects included 23,197 employees aged 19 years or older who work more than 35 h per week. Working hours were categorized into 35–39, 40, 41–52, 53–68, and more than 68 h per week. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the WHO’s Well-Being Index with a cut-off score of 13. We calculated prevalence ratios of depressive symptoms according to working hours using log-binomial regression. Through the percentage change in prevalence ratios, we identified the extent of the role of job stress factors that explain depressive symptoms. Results: The risks of depressive symptoms were significantly higher in people who worked 35–39 h per week (PR: 1.09, CI: 1.01–1.18), 53–68 h/week (PR: 1.21, CI: 1.16–1.25), and more than 68 h/week (PR: 1.14, CI: 1.07–1.21) than 40 h/week, after adjusting for confounding variables. Job stress explained the effects of long working hours on depressive symptoms in about 20–40% of the groups working more than 40 h/week. Among the factors of job stress, social support was 10–30%, which showed the highest explanatory power in all working hours. Reward explained 15–30% in the more than 52 h working group, and reward was the most important factor in the working group that exceeded 68 h. Conclusions: We showed the working hours could be an independent risk factor for depressive symptoms in employees. To improve workers’ mental health, it is important to strengthen social support in the workplace, to provide adequate rewards as they work, and ultimately to regulate the appropriate amount of working hours.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sydkorea

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Yoon, Y., Ryu, J., Kim, H., Kang, C., Jung-Choi, K. (2018). Working hours and depressive symptoms: the role of job stress factors. Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Impact of workplace bullying on missed nursing care and quality of care in the eldercare sector

Hogh, A., Baernholdt, M., Clausen, T.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: To analyze the long-term impact of bullying among healthcare providers (T1) on missed nursing care and quality of care 2 years later (T2) and to test the potential mediating effect of affective organizational commitment. Methods: Survey data from healthcare providers in the eldercare sector in 2006 (T1) and 2008 (T2). At T1, 9212 employees participated in the survey and 5202 participated in both T1 and T2. Including only participants who were directly engaged in the provision of care yielded 4000 providers, who were employed in 268 workgroups at T1 and T2. Associations between exposure to bullying (predictor) and the two outcomes (missed nursing care and quality of care) were investigated using multi-level linear regression analysis. Included covariates were age, gender, job position, work place and tenure. Results: We found a significant association between workplace bullying at T1 and missed nursing care at T2 but not for quality of care at T2. Affective organizational commitment did not mediate the association between bullying and the two outcomes. However, affective organizational commitment at T1 was associated with quality of care at T2. Conclusion: Exposure to bullying at work may cause the provider to miss nursing care for clients. To improve, care administrators should consider implementing bullying prevention strategies at three levels: organizational, work group and individual.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

Referens

Hogh, A., Baernholdt, M., Clausen, T. (2018). Impact of workplace bullying on missed nursing care and quality of care in the eldercare sector. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, Volume 91, Issue 8, pp 963–970.

Satisfaction of physicians working in hospitals within the European Union: state of the evidence based on systematic review

Domagała, A., Bała M. M., Peña-Sánchez, J. N., Storman, D., Świerz, J. M., Kaczmarczyk, M., Storman, M.

Sammanfattning

Background: Despite the wide range of studies concerning physician satisfaction in different European countries, there is a lack of literature reviews synthesizing and analyzing current evidence evaluating satisfaction of physicians working in European hospitals. The goal of our research was to provide a general overview of the studies in this area and their results. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library from January 2000 to January 2017 including both MESH/Emtree terms and free text words related to the subject with no language restrictions. The eligibility criteria included: (i) target population: physicians working in European hospitals, (ii) quantitative research aimed at assessing physician satisfaction and (iii) validated tools. We performed a narrative synthesis and meta-analysis. Results: A total of 8585 abstracts and 368 full text articles were independently screened by 2 reviewers against inclusion/exclusion criteria. Finally 61 studies were eligible for qualitative analysis. Included studies enrolled a total of 50 001 physicians from 17 countries. Sample sizes varied between 54 and 7090 participants (median: 336). According to our review ∼59% of physicians working in European hospitals are overall satisfied, 3.54 was the mean satisfaction among studies reporting data on a scale from 1 to 5, 4.81 for studies with a scale from 1 to 7, 6.12 among studies reporting data on a scale from 1 to 10, and 59.65 among studies with a scale from 0 to 100. Conclusions: The level of physician satisfaction in Europe is moderate. There is a large variety of tools and scales used to assess it.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Europa

Yrken

Ej relevant

Referens

Domagała, A., Bała M. M., Peña-Sánchez, J. N., Storman, D., Świerz, J. M., Kaczmarczyk, M., Storman, M. (2018). Satisfaction of physicians working in hospitals within the European Union: state of the evidence based on systematic review. European Journal of Public Health, Volume 29, Issue 2, Pages 232–241.

Stress and Burnout Syndrome Among Nursing Professinals Working in Nephrology: an Integrative Review

Ruback, S.P., Tavares, J.M.A.B., Lins, S.M.S.B., et al.

Sammanfattning

Objective: The chronic work-related stress can lead to burnout syndrome development. Nurses working in nephrology are also predisposed to the occurrence of stress and burnout. Objectives: The study’s goal has been to identify the scientific production related to burnout and stress in nephrology nursing workers; and also, discussing the risk factors with regard to burnout and stress in nephrology nursing. Methods: This is an integrative review. The sampling was composed by 5,253 articles, which after refinement gave 13 complete articles. Results: From those 13 articles, 8 presented high levels of stress and/or burnout among nurses in the hemodialysis sector, and 5 indicated that burnout was either below the average of the origin countries or compared to other health care sectors. Conclusion: Given the results, it is expected to amplify the scientific vision toward the issues of stress and burnout syndrome in nursing professionals working in nephrology by identifying the factors that may influence the health care.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Ej relevant

Referens

Ruback, S.P., Tavares, J.M.A.B., Lins, S.M.S.B., et al. (2018). Stress and Burnout Syndrome Among Nursing Professinals Working in Nephrology: an Integrative Review. Rev Fund Care Online, 10(3):889-899.

I know you are suffering from burnout: The moderated mediation effects of "leisure benefits" and "leisure coping" on the burnout model of flight attendants

Cheng, T.-M., Chang, S.-Y., Chan, Y.-Y.

Sammanfattning

Is leisure the best policy in work? This study explored the moderated mediation effects of the leisure benefit systems organized by airline companies and the leisure coping strategies adopted by the flight attendants themselves on the model of "job demands—burnout—health problems." This study distributed questionnaires to 362 flight attendants and used hierarchical regression analysis and process analysis to verify its hypotheses. The results of this study reveal that the mediation model of "job demands—burnout—health problems" is obvious. The moderated mediation effect on the mediation model implies that leisure benefit systems will weaken the relationship between job demands and burnout and then improve health problems. Leisure coping strategies will ease the relationship between burnout and health problems, while indirectly weakening "job demands—burnout—health problems." Finally, this study proposed several management suggestions for airline companies to promote leisure benefit systems and leisure coping strategies for flight attendants.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Taiwan

Yrken

Flygvärdinnor

Referens

Cheng, T.-M., Chang, S.-Y., Chan, Y.-Y. (2018). I know you are suffering from burnout: The moderated mediation effects of "leisure benefits" and "leisure coping" on the burnout model of flight attendants. Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 71, 119-129.

A Supporting Hand In Dealing With Interpersonal Conflicts: The Role Of Interactional Justice

Abas, N.A.H., Otto, K., Ramayah, T.

Sammanfattning

Studying the styles in managing conflicts is critical in preventing the detrimental effects of interpersonal conflicts on employees’ well-being. In a sample of 390 Malaysian public sector subordinates, the relationships between conflict management styles (bargaining and problem solving) and psychological strain (somatic strain and depressive symptoms) was explored. Based on social exchange theory, it was further expected interactional justice to work as a moderator in this relationship, buffering the negative consequences of bargaining styles for subordinates with supervisors whom are having high rather than low interactional justice. Results indicate that bargaining was positively associated with somatic strain, while problem-solving was negatively associated with both somatic strain and depressive symptoms. As hypothesised, the PLS-SEM product moderator indicator approach analysis revealed that perceived interactional justice buffered the negative consequences of bargaining styles on somatic strain and depressive symptoms. This study’s primary novelty is to highlight interactional justice as a “helping hand” protecting against the negative consequences of bargaining styles among subordinates. Consequently, it has a main practical implication for organisational management aimed at sustaining the wellbeing for their manpower.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Malaysia

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Abas, N.A.H., Otto, K., Ramayah, T. (2018). A Supporting Hand In Dealing With Interpersonal Conflicts: The Role Of Interactional Justice. Asian Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 23, No. 1, 79–99.

965 Social determinants and gender differences in work-life conflict: the effects of age and marriage

Sahan, C., Demiral, Y.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: Work–life conflict (WLC) is defined as ‘…a form of inter-role conflict in which work and family demands are mutually incompatible, meeting demands of both the domains is difficult’ and has become a new topic of research interest. The aim of the study was evaluating social determinants and gender differences in WLC. Methods: The study has been carried out in three workplaces (Call centre, plastic and metal industry) in 807 workers between 01.08.2016 and 01.01.2017. Independent variables were age, gender, maritual status, educational status and occupational class. Dependent variable was WLC. Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire-3 were used to evaluate work life conflict. We analysed the association between social determinants and work life conflict by using chi-square test and logistic regression. Results: Mean age of men and women were 32.1±7.4, 27.2±6.6, respectively. 43.0% were women. WLC was found higher in women (55.9%) than men (42.4%) (p<0.001). White collar, younger and high educated workers had higher risk of having WLC than their reference groups (p<0.05 for all comparisons). Logistic regression analysis revealed that, being younger and married were independently associated with WLC (p<0.05) in women. Being younger was independently associated with WLC (p<0.05) in men. There were no association between educational status or occupational class and WLC in both gender. Conclusion: In this study, an inverse relationship was found between age of the employees and WLC. Marital status is important factor in women but not men in terms of WLC.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Turkiet

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Sahan, C., Demiral, Y. (2018). 965 Social determinants and gender differences in work-life conflict: the effects of age and marriage. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 75:A622-A623.

1300 Working conditions in german hospitals- prevention for young physicians and nursing staff in germany

Koch, P., Nienhaus, A.

Sammanfattning

Background: The implementation of the Diagnose Related Groups-System in Germany has led to substantial work intensification over the years. Due to these structural changes a high dissatisfaction with work and early exit from work especially for nursing staff has been observed in studies. Also physicians working in hospitals complain about their working conditions characterised by not documented overtime, personnel shortage, missing breaks and a perceived lower care quality. With respect to these working conditions, the demographic development of patients and health care workers, young health care workers today are the future potential of the capacity of German hospitals. The following research investigates the working conditions of young physicians and nurses in a joint context. The aim of this study is to detect specific needs for improvement with respect to the collaboration of the two job groups. Methods: The statutory accident insurance of health care workers in Germany (BGW) has the statutory obligation to prevent work- related diseases. In collaboration with two unions and several medical and nursing societies the BGW is performing a large representative survey in September 2017. The study population are young physicians and nurses (≤35 years) working in German hospitals. Access to the field will be attained by the different databases of the union and society members. A randomised sample of 8000 young health care workers will get access to the web-based survey via email. The questionnaire will assess different work-related aspects with the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSQ). Other psychosocial factors will be assessed with the Effort-Reward-Imbalance-Questionnaire (ERI). Especially aspects of collaboration of the two job groups and specific needs for improvement that are asked in the questionnaire, will give essential information to build up new strategies to enhance work satisfaction of young health care workers.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor, Läkare

Referens

Koch, P., Nienhaus, A. (2018). 1300 Working conditions in german hospitals- prevention for young physicians and nursing staff in germany. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 75:A158.

Do Occupational and Patient Safety Culture in Hospitals Share Predictors in the Field of Psychosocial Working Conditions? Findings from a Cross-Sectional Study in German University Hospitals

Wagner, A., Hammer, A., Manser, T., Martus, P., Sturm, H., Rieger, M.A.

Sammanfattning

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Läkare, Sjuksköterskor

Referens

Wagner, A., Hammer, A., Manser, T., Martus, P., Sturm, H., Rieger, M.A. (2018). Do Occupational and Patient Safety Culture in Hospitals Share Predictors in the Field of Psychosocial Working Conditions? Findings from a Cross-Sectional Study in German University Hospitals.

Beyond not bad or just okay: social predictors of young adults’ wellbeing and functioning (a TRAILS study)

Richards, J.S., Hartman, C.A., Jeronimus, B.F., Ormel, J., Reijneveld, S.A., Veenstra, R., Verhulst, F.C., Vollebergh, W.A.M., Oldehinkel, A.J.

Sammanfattning

Background: Various childhood social experiences have been reported to predict adult outcomes. However, it is unclear how different social contexts may influence each other’s effects in the long run. This study examined the joint contribution of adolescent family and peer experiences to young adult wellbeing and functioning. Methods: Participants came from the TRacking Adolescents’ Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS) study (n = 2230). We measured family and peer relations at ages 11 and 16 (i.e. family functioning, perceived parenting, peer status, peer relationship quality), and functioning as the combination of subjective wellbeing, physical and mental health, and socioacademic functioning at age 22. Using structural equation modelling, overall functioning was indicated by two latent variables for positive and negative functioning. Positive, negative and overall functioning at young adulthood were regressed on adolescent family experiences, peer experiences and interactions between the two. Results: Family experiences during early and mid-adolescence were most predictive for later functioning; peer experiences did not independently predict functioning. Interactions between family and peer experiences showed that both protective and risk factors can have contextdependent effects, being exacerbated or overshadowed by negative experiences or buffered by positive experiences in other contexts. Overall the effect sizes were modest at best. Conclusions: Adolescent family relations as well as the interplay with peer experiences predict young adult functioning. This emphasizes the importance of considering the relative effects of one context in relation to the other.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Richards, J.S., Hartman, C.A., Jeronimus, B.F., Ormel, J., Reijneveld, S.A., Veenstra, R., Verhulst, F.C., Vollebergh, W.A.M., Oldehinkel, A.J. (2018). Beyond not bad or just okay: social predictors of young adults’ wellbeing and functioning (a TRAILS study). Psychological Medicine, 49, 1459–1469.

In pursuit of job satisfaction and happiness: Testing the interactive contribution of emotion‐regulation ability and workplace social support

Mérida‐López, S., Extremera, N., Quintana‐Orts, C., Rey, L.

Sammanfattning

The present study focuses on the interplay of emotion‐regulation ability and perceived workplace social support as predictors of job satisfaction and happiness in a Spanish multi‐occupational sample. A total of 494 working adults (39.4% females) took part in this study. Emotion‐regulation ability and perceived support from colleagues and supervisors were positively associated. In addition, emotion‐regulation ability and perceived support from colleagues and supervisors showed positive associations with job satisfaction and happiness. Furthermore, considering results from moderation analyses, when low levels of perceived workplace social support were reported, the relationship between emotion regulation and both job satisfaction and happiness was stronger than in cases of higher perceived workplace support. In line with previous studies, these findings suggest that training in emotion regulation abilities may take into consideration the potential moderating role of job characteristics such as support from colleagues and supervisors. Finally, theoretical and practical implications of the joint study of these factors in line with the Job Demands‐Resources model and the Emotional Intelligence framework are discussed.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Mérida‐López, S., Extremera, N., Quintana‐Orts, C., Rey, L. (2018). In pursuit of job satisfaction and happiness: Testing the interactive contribution of emotion‐regulation ability and workplace social support. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 60, 59– 66.

Employment status transitions in employees with and without chronic disease in the Netherlands

de Boer, A. G. E. M., Geuskens, G. A., Bültmann, U., Boot, C. R. L., Wind, H., Koppes, L. L. J., Frings-Dresen, M. H. W.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: Objectives were to: (1) longitudinally assess transitions in employment status of employees with and without chronic disease; and (2) assess predictors of exit from paid employment. Methods: Transitions in employment status at 1- and 2-year follow-up were assessed in a longitudinal cohort study of employees aged 15–63 years. Generalised estimating equations (GEE) and logistic regression analyses were performed to analyse differences in transitions and identify sociodemographic, health- and work-related predictors. Results: At 1- and 2-year follow-up, 10,038 employees (37% with chronic disease) and 7636 employees responded. Employees with chronic disease had higher probability of leaving paid employment [OR 1.4 (1.1–1.6)] and unemployment, disability pension and early retirement. Employees without chronic disease had higher chance of moving into self-employment or study. At 2-year follow-up, employees with cardiovascular disease (15%), chronic mental disease (11%), diabetes (10%) and musculoskeletal disease (10%), had left paid employment most often. Higher age, poor health, burnout, low co-worker support and chronic disease limitations were predictors for leaving paid employment. Conclusions: Employees with chronic disease leave paid work more often for unfavourable work outcomes.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00038-018-1120-8

Referens

de Boer, A. G. E. M., Geuskens, G. A., Bültmann, U., Boot, C. R. L., Wind, H., Koppes, L. L. J., Frings-Dresen, M. H. W. (2018). Employment status transitions in employees with and without chronic disease in the Netherlands. International Journal of Public Health, Vol 63 (2) 713-722.

The role of resources in the stressor–detachment model

Schulz, A.D., Schöllgen, I., Fay, D.

Sammanfattning

A recent extension of the stressor–detachment model holds that the path running from job stressors via psychological detachment to impairment of well-being is moderated by both personal and job resources (Sonnentag & Fritz, 2015). The aim of the present study was to test this proposition by investigating the moderating role of one personal resource and one job resource (i.e., coworker social support and general self-efficacy, respectively) on the linkage between different job stressors (i.e., workload and role ambiguity), detachment, and well-being. Hypotheses were tested with structural equation modeling using data from a representative survey of the German workforce (N = 3,937 employees, Mage = 46.5 years, 47.5% women). In agreement with previous findings, the results showed that psychological detachment mediated the negative effects of job stressors on well-being. Social support from coworkers buffered the mediation such that the conditional indirect effects of workload and role ambiguity on well-being via detachment were weaker at higher levels of support. General self-efficacy did not moderate the stressor–well-being linkage. These results imply that social support can be considered as a protective factor that helps employees maintain their well-being by alleviating the negative effects of job stressors on their ability to switch off mentally from work.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Schulz, A.D., Schöllgen, I., Fay, D. (2018). The role of resources in the stressor–detachment model. International Journal of Stress Management, Vol 26(3) 306-314.

“Because I am worth it and employable”: A cross-cultural study on self-esteem and employability orientation as personal resources for psychological well-being at work

Lo Presti, A., Törnroos, K., Pluviano, S.

Sammanfattning

Building on the Conservation of Resources (COR) framework (Hobfoll American Psychologist, 44(3), 513–524, 1989), employability can be conceived as a personal resource that, similarly to core self-evaluation concepts such as self-esteem, relates favourably to a wide array of both work-related and more general well-being outcomes. We carried out a survey involving 254 Italian and 254 Finnish employees via a self-report questionnaire to investigate whether employability orientation acted as a mediator on the well-established relationship between self-esteem and psychological well-being. Results indicated that self-esteem was positively associated with employability orientation; moreover, country moderated such relationship, given that the association between these two variables was stronger among Italian than Finnish employees. Furthermore, self-esteem predicted different facets of psychological well-being at work (job satisfaction, vigour, emotional exhaustion, psychological symptoms) in both countries. We investigated both the mediated effect of employability orientation on the association between self-esteem and psychological well-being and the possible moderating effect originated by the country of origin of respondents. In several cases, employability orientation partly mediated the effects of self-esteem on psychological well-being. Findings confirm self-esteem and employability to be personal resources that are likely to affect positively psychological well-being at work.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Finland, Italien

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Lo Presti, A., Törnroos, K., Pluviano, S. (2018). “Because I am worth it and employable”: A cross-cultural study on self-esteem and employability orientation as personal resources for psychological well-being at work. Current Psychology, pp 1-13.

Overview on the burnout rate of Romanian farmers

Zaharia, I., Reissig, L., Fîntîneru, G., Iorga, A. M.

Sammanfattning

Romanian farmers' burnout rate is investigated through a questionnaire for explorative studies to cover the most commune influences on burnout, integrating original items with selective scales from COPSOQ II. The sample (n=241) joins men 65% and women 35% predominantly aged 40-54 years, medium studies, living in partnership, practicing conventional type of farming within rural areas mainly from 5/8 Romanian development regions, surface of farms lower than 10 ha 57% and 50+ha 23%, ownership of the farm "owner" 50% and "both partners owner" 30%; 58% of the respondents are farm manager, 61% work full-time within the farm. Top 5 (agricultural) pressure factors are: extreme weather events, managerial responsibility, economic pressure, heavy financial burden, lack of leisure. Within the burnout rate (8%), by gender females are almost three times more exposed comparing with males; the most exposed age category is 55-65 years; by double-pressure those who are not in this category are higher compromised (9%) than the others (5%) - which could be interpreted as more work, up to a certain level, involves more engagement and motivation so less chances for burnout and/or depression.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Rumänien

Yrken

Lantbrukare

Referens

Zaharia, I., Reissig, L., Fîntîneru, G., Iorga, A. M. (2018). Overview on the burnout rate of Romanian farmers. AgroLife Scientific Journal, Vol.7 No.1 pp.156-166 ref.26.

Hybrid tool for occupational health risk assessment and fugitive emissions control in chemical processes based on the source, path and receptor concept

Yousef, A., Alhamdani, H. M., Hassim, M. S., Shaik, A. J. A.

Sammanfattning

Fugitive emissions are unavoidable releases that occur continuously throughout a process plant or wherever there are connections or seals between the process fluids and the external environment. The daily exposure of workers to such emissions, typically spread across an entire chemical plant, poses a serious threat to their health and safety. Previous works have focused on assessing the occupational health risks in chemical plants through indexes such as the inherent occupational health index and the integrated inherent safety index. The indexes serve as good proxy indicators for potential sources of occupational hazards (chemicals, process conditions) and process equipment. However, by considering the Source-Path-Receptor (SPR) model, the eventual health risk is also dependent on the path and receptor, where a potential leakage and exposure can occur, respectively. Typically, chemical plants are fitted with controls and mitigation measures known as protection layers (PL) to control hazards. Hence, the occupational health risks in chemical plants due to fugitive emissions require a more holistic methodology for assessment and evaluation. Therefore, a hybrid framework for assessing the occupational health risks from fugitive emissions was developed by adopting and integrating the concepts of source-path-receptor, layers of protection and hierarchy of control. The generic protection layers identified were classified according to the traditional hierarchy of controls. At the source, the protection layers identified were hazard elimination/substitution, inherently safer design, and engineering controls. Next, the maintenance and equipment reliability were identified as PL along the exposure path. Finally, at the receptor, worker-exposure was linked to management systems, procedural safety behaviour and culture. Therefore, the proposed methodology can be used for benchmarking and performance tracking of occupational health risk in a chemical plant over time, as the methodology includes the time-varying parameters of plant maintenance, management system compliance, safety behaviour and culture.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Kemisk fabriksarbetare

Referens

Yousef, A., Alhamdani, H. M., Hassim, M. S., Shaik, A. J. A. (2018). Hybrid tool for occupational health risk assessment and fugitive emissions control in chemical processes based on the source, path and receptor concept. Process Safety and Environmental Protection,, Volume 118, 348-360.

A review of the offshore oil and gas safety indices

Tang, K.H.D., Dawal, S.Z.M., Olugu, E.U.

Sammanfattning

Derivation of a performance index demonstrating integrated safety achievement of offshore oil and gas platforms has not been subject to extensive study. The indices proposed and adopted thus far are related to inherent safety and chemicals used in processes, with focus placed on the conceptual and design stages. Safety of offshore installations is a combination of asset integrity and personal safety, driven by organizational culture. Asset integrity covers process safety, structural integrity as well as aspects of safety climate dealing with personnel management such as training and competence. Indicators for various aspects of platform safety have been separately proposed in multiple studies. It would be significant to develop a composite index linking the major aspects of safety including the cultural and climatic factors to provide a more representative picture of platforms’ safety performance. This also facilitates performance benchmarking and continual improvement of safety management on the platforms. The adoption of leading indicators is crucial to drive and monitor inputs into the safety system. For the index to ultimately be meaningful, effective and easily understood, the underlying indicators should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, timely, evaluated and reviewed.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Ej relevant

Referens

Tang, K.H.D., Dawal, S.Z.M., Olugu, E.U. (2018). A review of the offshore oil and gas safety indices. Safety Science, 109, 344-352.

The Power Of Self Or The „Self To Self” Oriented Axis In The Relationship With Professional Balance

Zubenschi, M.

Sammanfattning

This article is devoted to the investigation of human-organization space from an eco-human perspective by maintaining the balance between positive and negative effects, as well as adjusting the own resources and internal careers to the requirements of the professional environment. The general objective of the study was to investigate the relationships between career anchors and psychosocial factors in the professional environment of the "Self" axis. The „Self” axis has an internal meaning, and is made up of the factors that influence it in the professional relationship with the self. The general objective of the study is to examine the specifics of the professional environment, given by the profile of the career anchors. The proposed specific objectives have taken into account the moderator role of the anchors of the careers shown in the researches of scholars: Schein, Bart, Feldman, Bolino, Wills, Brawn, Obi, Yueran, Liu, Öngen, Munir, Nielsen, Jafri and others, as well as a guarantee of professional balance. The consonance of professional psychosocial factors, to the internal and external aspects of the specific careers in service system for humanity, it is play the role of an useful strategy in the design of the career path in the current conditions of life, and the qualitative contribution of the interdisciplinary of the research will contribute to a deeper understanding of the studied phenomenon, in a polyvalent and pragmatic weighted configuration. The sample consisted of 287 participants from three professional fields: medicine, education and social work. Based on the preliminary statistical analysis, by ANOVA method, the high levels of age, professional field, gender, level of education, graduation year and work place where identified p <0.001.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Moldavien

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Zubenschi, M. (2018). The Power Of Self Or The „Self To Self” Oriented Axis In The Relationship With Professional Balance. CSIE Working Papers, Center for Studies in European Integration (CSEI), Academy of Economic Studies of Moldova (ASEM), 9, 6-18.

Job characteristics and experience as predictors of occupational turnover intention and occupational turnover in the European nursing sector

Van der Heijden B.I.J.M., Peeters M.C.W., Le Blanc P.M., Van Breukelen J.W.M.

Sammanfattning

The present study aims to unravel the relationships between job demands and resources, occupational turnover intention, and occupational turnover. To do so, we tested a model wherein associations between nurses' age, tenure in profession and tenure with present employer (experience in the profession), job demands (emotional demands, work-home interference), and job resources (influence at work and opportunities for development) predicted occupational turnover intention, and, subsequently, occupational turnover. A longitudinal survey was conducted among a sample of 753 nurses working in European health care institutions (hospitals, nursing homes, and community/home care). The results supported the hypotheses that job demands are positively related with occupational turnover intention while job resources and experience in the nursing profession are negatively related with occupational turnover intention. We did not find evidence supporting the hypothesis that occupational turnover intention mediates the relationship between job demands and job resources on the one hand, and occupational turnover on the other hand. Experience in the nursing profession had a direct effect on occupational turnover, in addition to the direct effect of occupational turnover intention. The implications of our findings for understanding the process through which health care organizations can affect occupational turnover intention and actual exit behavior, are discussed.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Europa

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

Referens

Van der Heijden B.I.J.M., Peeters M.C.W., Le Blanc P.M., Van Breukelen J.W.M. (2018). Job characteristics and experience as predictors of occupational turnover intention and occupational turnover in the European nursing sector. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 108, 108-120.

Psychosocial Factors That Predict Safety Climate Of Organization In Agricultural Industry

Stelmokienė, A., Gustainienė, L., Kovalčikienė, K.

Sammanfattning

Successful functioning of an organization, especially agricultural one, implies the necessity for a properly organized system of employee health and safety. The system will function properly only when employees perceive organizational safety processes and procedures as a part of their behavior at work. The purpose of this study with reference to scientific literature and empirical research to determine the main factors that predict higher safety climate in organization. 961 employees from a large Lithuanian company of agricultural industry participated in the survey. The study was conducted using Sexton’s Safety Climate Questionnaire and two scales from Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. The analysis of data via Structural Equation Modeling confirmed the theoretical model of psychosocial safety climate antecedents. The findings of the study showed that employee trust in management had higher predictive value as compared to workplace commitment, and that the leader’s role in promoting safety in an organization is more important than employee attitudes or declared safety-related orders and procedures in the organization.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Litauen

Yrken

Industriellt jordbruks arbetare

Referens

Stelmokienė, A., Gustainienė, L., Kovalčikienė, K. (2018). Psychosocial Factors That Predict Safety Climate Of Organization In Agricultural Industry. Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development, 40(2), 254-262.

Physical and mental determinants of dropout and retention among nursing students: protocol of the SPRiNG cohort study

Bakker, J. M. E., Kox, J. H. A. M., Miedema, H. S., Bierma-Zeinstra, S., Runhaar, J., Boot, R. L. C., van der Beek, J. A., Roelofs Pepijn D. D. M.

Sammanfattning

Background: The shortage of nursing professionals is of growing concern. The causes of this include the demanding physical and mental workload, leading to a dropout of nurses that may start during their education. However, it is unclear to what extent nursing students already perceive a physical and mental workload leading to health problems during their nursing education and placement, and to what extent these health problems cause students to dropout from nursing education. Very few prospective cohort studies have investigated protective and risk factors in relation to dropout and retention among nursing students. Methods: Three cohorts of third-year nursing students will be followed for 2.5 years. Students will be enrolled from the Bachelor of Nursing program of the Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences. At baseline, students will receive a self-administered questionnaire. Primary outcome is dropout from nursing education and dropout from the nursing profession. Data on dropout from nursing education will be retrieved from the student administration on a yearly basis. Dropout from the nursing profession will be measured one year after graduation, using the self-reported questionnaire. Secondary outcomes are presenteeism and sick leave (during internship/work). In addition to student characteristics, the questionnaire asks about physical and mental internship/work characteristics, personal and behavioral factors, and experienced physical and mental burden. Main aims of this study are to determine: 1) the prevalence and incidence rates of dropout, 2) the protective and risk factors, and early indicators of dropout, and 3) the interaction between these factors and the indicators. Discussion: Data analysis of a large, prospective cohort study with regard to determinants of dropout and retention of nursing students and newly graduated nurses is in progress. Findings emerging from this study can be used to develop a predictive model to identify the first indicators of dropout from nursing education and nursing profession, for which targeted interventions can be deployed.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Sjuksköterskestudenter

DOI

10.1186/s12912-018-0296-9

Referens

Bakker, J. M. E., Kox, J. H. A. M., Miedema, H. S., Bierma-Zeinstra, S., Runhaar, J., Boot, R. L. C., van der Beek, J. A., Roelofs Pepijn D. D. M. (2018). Physical and mental determinants of dropout and retention among nursing students: protocol of the SPRiNG cohort study. BMC Nursing, 17 (1) 27.

Analysis of Ergonomic Risk Factors in Relation to Musculoskeletal Disorder Symptoms in Office Workers

Dinar A., Susilowati I.H., Azwar A., Indriyani K., Wirawan M.

Sammanfattning

The development of technology has increased the number of activities workers are able to perform while using visual display units (VDUs), as well as the amount of time spent executing those activities; the developing technology, however, has also increased the probability of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), which can decrease a worker's productivity and result in a company's economic loss. Workers at PT. X use VDUs 8 hours per day. This research aimed to analyse the risk factors that are the likely cause of some MSD symptoms experienced by PT. X workers, such as individual and psychological factors, the work environment, VDU, chair and the work patterns. This research was a cross-sectional study that used proportional stratified random sampling with 95 participants. The study found that most of the workers experienced MSD symptoms (78.6%), of which 70.52 percent were chronic complaints, 1.37 percent were acute complaints and 6.71 percent were a combination of both acute and chronic complaints. On the other hand, 16.84 percent of the respondents did not have any MSD complaints. Risk factors that were shown to be related to MSDs include high BMI (p = 0.031), work patterns period (p = 039), job stress perception (p = 0.005) and work posture (p = 0.036). Work posture relates to seat length (p = 0.041) and seat height (p = 0.005). Job stress perception is related to the details of assignments or work (p = 0.047), duration of work (p = 0.04), duration of rest (p = 0.000), work demands (p = 0.018) and job control (p = 0.009). Based on multivariate analysis, the most dominant risk factors associated with MSD complaints were the duration of rest, work posture and job stress perception.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Indonesien

Yrken

Kontorspersonal

DOI

10.18502/kls.v4i5.2536

Referens

Dinar A., Susilowati I.H., Azwar A., Indriyani K., Wirawan M. (2018). Analysis of Ergonomic Risk Factors in Relation to Musculoskeletal Disorder Symptoms in Office Workers. KnE Life Sciences.

Bullying and an unfavourable working environment

Meriläinen, M., Kõiv, K.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to reveal the relationship between perceived bullying and the features of a favourable working environment; and second, to indicate bullying factors that especially worsen the working environment and working environment factors that contribute to the bullying experiences. Design/methodology/approach: In Spring 2014, 864 staff members—including teachers, researchers, administrators, project workers and service staff—from nine Estonian universities answered an e-mail questionnaire. Findings: It was revealed that “professional understating”, “unreasonable work-related demands” and “work-related malpractice” are forms of bullying that negatively affect the working atmosphere. “Appreciation”, “vertical trust”, “predictability” and “quality of leadership” are working environment factors that contribute to the experiences of bullying. Experiences of “professional understating” seem to reduce feelings related to all features of a favourable working atmosphere. A lack of “appreciation” appears to be a key environment feature that also plays a role in workplace bullying. Research limitations/implications: In Estonian universities, first, “professional understating” negatively affects the feelings of “appreciation”; in contrast, a lack of “appreciation” contributes to feelings of “professional understating”. Second, “unreasonable work-related demands” is a sign of a shortage of “vertical trust” and the opposite of “trust” between management and employees, which obviously decreases perceived “workload”. The present results can be applied in at least three contexts: cultural and institutional studies, leadership practices and personal work control. Originality/value: The detailed examination showed that it is possible to reveal certain bullying factors that specifically affect certain environment factors and find out particular working environment features that contribute specifically to certain kinds of bullying.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Estland

Yrken

Universitetspersonal

Referens

Meriläinen, M., Kõiv, K. (2018). Bullying and an unfavourable working environment. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 159-176.

Nurse-work instability and incidence of sick leave – results of a prospective study of nurses aged over 40

Klein, M., Wobbe-Ribinski, S., Buchholz, A., Nienhaus, A., Schablon, A.

Sammanfattning

Background: The Nurse Work Instability Scale (Nurse-WIS) is an occupation-specific instrument that ascertains “work instability,” the interval before restricted work ability or prolonged sick leave occurs. The objective of the study was to assess if nurses with a high risk baseline-score in the Nurse-WIS take longer periods of sick leave due to musculoskeletal diseases and/or psychological impairments than other nurses. Methods: A total of 4500 nurses randomly selected from one of the largest health insurance funds in Germany (DAK-Gesundheit) were invited by letter to participate in the study. The participants answered a questionnaire at baseline and gave consent to a transfer of data concerning sick leave during the twelve months following completion of the questionnaire from the health insurance to the study centre. Sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV) for long-term sick leave were calculated. In order to analyze the association between the Nurse-WIS and sick leave during follow-up, a multiple ordinal logistic model (proportional odds model) was applied. Results: A total of 1592 nurses took part in the study (response 35.6%). No loss of follow-up occurred. The number of nurses with a high score (20–28 points) in the Nurse-WIS was 628 (39.4%), and 639 (40.1%) had taken sick leave due to musculoskeletal diseases or psychological impairment during the follow-up period. The odds ratio for sick leave in nurses with a high Nurse-WIS score was 3.42 (95%CI 2.54–4.60). Sensitivity for long-term sick leave (< 42 days) was 64.1%, specificity 63.4%, PPV 17.0% and NPP 93.8%. Conclusion: The German version of the Nurse-WIS predicts long-term sick leave, but the PPV is rather low. Combining questionnaire data with secondary data from a health insurer was feasible. Therefore further studies employing this combination of data are advisable.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

Referens

Klein, M., Wobbe-Ribinski, S., Buchholz, A., Nienhaus, A., Schablon, A. (2018). Nurse-work instability and incidence of sick leave – results of a prospective study of nurses aged over 40. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, Vol 13.

Assessing the effectiveness of wellbeing initiatives for lawyers and support staff

Poynton, S., Chan, J., Vogt, M., Grunseit, A., Bruce, J.

Sammanfattning

This article reports on the findings of a study on the use and effectiveness of wellbeing initiatives implemented by a large public sector legal service organisation in Australia. The study, which was conducted from 2011 to 2015, employed a mixed-methods approach, consisting of three waves of staff surveys, interviews with key informants and staff, and workplace observation. The article considers the drivers of work stress, the impact of the introduction of certain initiatives on the mental health and wellbeing outcomes of participants, and participants' perceptions of the characteristics necessary for an effective intervention and, more broadly, a supportive work environment. In doing so, the article seeks to inform a more general understanding of the prospects and limitations of wellbeing initiatives for addressing mental health and stress issues in the legal profession.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Australien

Yrken

Tjänstemän inom offentlig sektor

Referens

Poynton, S., Chan, J., Vogt, M., Grunseit, A., Bruce, J. (2018). Assessing the effectiveness of wellbeing initiatives for lawyers and support staff. The University of New South Wales Law Journal, Vol. 41, No. 2, 584-619.

Process of recognition of occupational mental diseases: the Chilean experience

Aranibar, L.A.

Sammanfattning

The changes in the work and employment conditions worldwide, and in Chile in particular, led to the development of new risks at work. Psychosocial risks at work, and their impacts on the health of workers following exposure, have continuously increased in recent years. Prevention against such risks and adequate identification of mental health disorders are some of the main problems for the Chilean occupational safety and health authorities. For this reason, specific guidelines for the process of recognition of mental health diseases at the workplace were formulated. The current regulations include improvements of administrative aspects, professional training and duration of the full process. Nevertheless, there are still deficiencies in legal aspects and in the quality of the process that need to be overcome to improve decisions regarding the recognition of this kind of diseases.

År

2018

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Chile

Yrken

Ej relevant

DOI

10.5327/Z1679443520180189

Referens

Aranibar, L.A. (2018). Process of recognition of occupational mental diseases: the Chilean experience. Rev Bras Med Trab, 16 (1):100-105.