Bibliotek

Bibliotek över vetenskapliga artiklar i vilka COPSOQ ingår

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Biblioteket uppdaterades senast i augusti 2022.

Language: English | Svenska
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Relationships of Task–Environment Fit With Office Workers’ Concentration and Team Functioning in Activity-Based Working Environments.

Bäcklander, G., & Richter, A.

Sammanfattning

Task–Environment fit, a special case of Person–Environment fit, has been suggested as the central mechanism through which Activity-Based Working (ABW) Environments support productivity and employee wellbeing, here operationalized as team functioning and concentration troubles. We extend previous work in this space by testing the asymmetric effect (where deficient supply is worse than excess supply) usually assumed, with a new statistical approach—cubic polynomial regression—capable of such tests. The complex models gained only partial support and none for a strict congruence effect. Results are more in line with previous work on P–E fit showing that higher levels of needs met are more valuable, and with previous ABW work showing that the supply of suitable environments has the largest impact on outcomes.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Kontorspersonal

DOI

10.1177/00139165221115181

Referens

Bäcklander, G., & Richter, A. (2022). Relationships of Task–Environment Fit With Office Workers’ Concentration and Team Functioning in Activity-Based Working Environments. Environment and Behavior, 54(6) 971– 1004.

Flexible Work: Opportunity and Challenge (FLOC) for individual, social and economic sustainability. Protocol for a prospective cohort study of non-standard employment and flexible work arrangements in Sweden.

Svensson, S., Hallman, D. M., Mathiassen, S., Heiden, M., Fagerström, A., Mutiganda, J. C., & Bergström, G.

Sammanfattning

Introduction. Flexibility in working life, including non-standard employment (NSE) and flexible work arrangements (FWAs), offers the organisation a better ability to adapt to changing conditions while also posing considerable challenges for organisations as well as workers. The aim of the Flexible Work: Opportunity and Challenge (FLOC) study is to investigate associations between NSE and FWA on the one hand, and individual, social and economic sustainability on the other. Methods and analysis. This prospective open cohort study targets approximately 8000 workers 18–65 years old in 8–10 public and private organisations in Sweden. We will use a comprehensive battery of measurement methods addressing financial performance, physical and psychosocial exposures, and physical and mental health, both at the organisational and the individual level. Methods include valid survey questionnaires and register data, and, in subpopulations, technical measurements, interviews and diaries. Main exposures are type of employment and type of work arrangement. Main outcomes are indicators of social and economic sustainability and, at the individual level, health and well-being. Data, collected over 54 months at approximately 18-month intervals, will be
analysed using multivariate methods considering main effects as well as potential effect modifiers. The analyses will take into account that respondents are nested in organisations, divisions and/or have specific managers. Ethics and dissemination FLOC is approved by the Swedish Ethical Review Authority (decision numbers 2019–06220, 2020–06094 and 2021–02725). Data will be published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at international conferences, and researchers will assist the organisations in improving policies and routines for employment and organisation of work.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1136/bmjopen-2021-057409

Referens

Svensson, S., Hallman, D. M., Mathiassen, S., Heiden, M., Fagerström, A., Mutiganda, J. C., & Bergström, G. (2022). Flexible Work: Opportunity and Challenge (FLOC) for individual, social and economic sustainability. Protocol for a prospective cohort study of non-standard employment and flexible work arrangements in Sweden. BMJ Open, 12(7), e057409.

Psychosocial burden in nurses working in nursing homes during the Covid-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study with quantitative and qualitative data

Schulze, S., Merz, S., Thier, A., Tallarek, M., König, F., Uhlenbrock, G., Nübling M., Lincke H-J., Rapp M.A., Spallek J. & Holmberg, C.

Sammanfattning

Background: The Covid-19 pandemic led to increased work-related strain and psychosocial burden in nurses worldwide, resulting in high prevalences of mental health problems. Nurses in long-term care facilities seem to be especially affected by the pandemic. Nevertheless, there are few findings indicating possible positive changes for health care workers. Therefore, we investigated which psychosocial burdens and potential positive aspects nurses working in long-term care facilities experience during the Covid-19 pandemic. Methods: We conducted a mixed-methods study among nurses and nursing assistants working in nursing homes in Germany. The survey contained the third German version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ III). Using Welch’s t-tests, we compared the COPSOQ results of our sample against a pre-pandemic reference group of geriatric nurses from Germany. Additionally, we conducted semi-structured interviews with geriatric nurses with a special focus on psychosocial stress, to reach a deeper understanding of their experiences on work-related changes and burdens during the pandemic. Data were analysed using thematic coding (Braun and Clarke). Results: Our survey sample (n = 177) differed significantly from the pre-pandemic reference group in 14 out of 31 COPSOQ scales. Almost all of these differences indicated negative changes. Our sample scored significantly worse regarding the scales ‘quantitative demands’, ‘hiding emotions’, ‘work-privacy conflicts’, ‘role conflicts’, ‘quality of leadership’, ‘support at work’, ‘recognition’, ‘physical demands’, ‘intention to leave profession’, ‘burnout’, ‘presenteeism’ and ‘inability to relax’. The interviews (n = 15) revealed six main themes related to nurses’ psychosocial stress: ‘overall working conditions’, ‘concern for residents’, ‘management of relatives’, ‘inability to provide terminal care‘, ‘tensions between being infected and infecting others’ and ‘technicisation of care’. ‘Enhanced community cohesion’ (interviews), ‘meaning of work’ and ‘quantity of social relations’ (COPSOQ III) were identified as positive effects of the pandemic.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1186/s12913-022-08333-3

Referens

Schulze, S., Merz, S., Thier, A., Tallarek, M., König, F., Uhlenbrock, G., Nübling M., Lincke H-J., Rapp M.A., Spallek J. & Holmberg, C. (2022). Psychosocial burden in nurses working in nursing homes during the Covid-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study with quantitative and qualitative data. BMC Health Services Research, 22(1), 1-13.

Do chronic diseases moderate the association between psychosocial working conditions and work exit? Longitudinal results from 55 950 Dutch workers

van Zon, S. K., Ots, P., Robroek, S. J., Burdorf, A., Hengel, K. M. O., & Brouwer, S.

Sammanfattning

Background This study aims to examine whether the presence of chronic diseases or multimorbidity moderates the associations between psychosocial working conditions and work exit through unemployment, work disability or early retirement. Methods Data from Lifelines (n=55 950), a prospective population-based cohort study, were enriched with monthly information on employment status from Statistics Netherlands. Working conditions were measured with the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Work exit was defined as unemployment, work disability and early retirement. Participants were classified as having no chronic disease, one chronic disease or multimorbidity. Cause-specific Cox proportional hazard regression models, adjusted for age, gender, education and partnership status, were used to analyse associations between working conditions and work exit. Interaction terms were used to examine moderation by chronic disease status. Results Higher social support decreased the risk for unemployment, work disability and early retirement. Higher meaning of work decreased the risk of unemployment, and more possibilities for development decreased the risk for work disability. Chronic disease status did generally not moderate associations between working conditions and work exit. Only among workers without a chronic disease, more possibilities for development was associated with a lower risk for unemployment (HR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.85 to 0.94). Conclusion While efforts to retain workers with chronic diseases in the labour market should continue, favourable psychosocial working conditions are important for all workers

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1136/jech-2021-218432

Referens

van Zon, S. K., Ots, P., Robroek, S. J., Burdorf, A., Hengel, K. M. O., & Brouwer, S. (2022). Do chronic diseases moderate the association between psychosocial working conditions and work exit? Longitudinal results from 55 950 Dutch workers. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Selecting flight mode–Risk factors associated with presenteeism among commercial pilots and the role of depressive symptoms

Folke, F., & Melin, M.

Sammanfattning

Objective: The objective of this cross-sectional survey study was to examine psychosocial work factors, work conditions, and individual factors associated in the literature with presenteeism among Swedish Commercial Airline Pilots. Furthermore, depressive symptoms were hypothesized as a mediator between psychosocial work climate and presenteeism. Background: Sickness presenteeism is common among several occupational groups, pilots included. Inappropriate presenteeism, attending work despite feeling inappropriate for reasons other than physical ones, is also prevalent among pilots, even though they are obligated not to work in mentally or physically unfit states. Research has focused on finding risk and protective factors for the act of attending work while ill, as this is associated with both health and safety hazards to employees and organizations. Nonetheless, research on antecedents to pilot sickness and inappropriate presenteeism is scarce. Method: Data from an online self-report questionnaire targeting Swedish Commercial Airline pilots (N = 1128) was analyzed. The questionnaire covered demographics, work conditions (e.g., employment type), perceived psychosocial work climate (e.g., job demands), and depressive symptoms. Results: All psychosocial work factors were associated with both sickness and inappropriate presenteeism. Depressive symptoms acted as a partial mediator between psychosocial work climate and presenteeism. Being directly or atypically employed showed no significant relationship with inappropriate or sickness presenteeism. Conclusion: Perceived psychosocial work factors could transcend the significance of objective working conditions in explaining presenteeism among pilots. This highlights the importance of examining experienced psychosocial work climate regularly to mitigate the risk of presenteeism and, thus, organizational exposure to accidents and errors.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Piloter

DOI

10.1016/j.jairtraman.2022.102254

Referens

Folke, F., & Melin, M. (2022). Selecting flight mode–Risk factors associated with presenteeism among commercial pilots and the role of depressive symptoms. Journal of Air Transport Management, 103, 102254..

Teacher retention through the Job Demands-Resources Theory

Mérida-López, S., Sánchez-Álvarez, N., & Extremera, N.

Sammanfattning

According to the Job Demands-Resources theory, there are diverse psychosocial factors at work (job demands and job resources) that impact on levels of teachers’ work engagement and their work attitudes. Moreover, emotional intelligence is considered as a relevant personal resource with positive effects on teachers’ occupational health. However, to date no integrative studies have been conducted to test simultaneous relationships among these contextual and personal factors and their associations with work engagement and work attitudes among teachers. Therefore, the main goal of this work was to analyze the relationships among antecedents (job demands and job resources) and consequents (work attitudes) of teachers’ work engagement, as well as to test the potential moderating effect of emotional intelligence. The research design is cross-sectional and a structural equation modelling analysis was conducted with a sample of 734 teaching professionals (63.8% women; Mage = 44.38; SD = 9.11) from different teaching levels. Well-validated scales were used to measure the main study variables: aggression against teachers, organisational social support, emotional intelligence, engagement, job satisfaction, and intention to leave. The results have shown direct and interactive associations among emotional intelligence and antecedents and consequences of engagement. These findings point to the development of integrative theoretical models considering the role of teachers’ emotional resources along with other personal and contextual factors. Finally, this research may contribute to the design of programs for developing emotional competencies targeting the improvement of teacher well-being and performance.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Lärare

DOI

10.5944/educxx1.31901

Referens

Mérida-López, S., Sánchez-Álvarez, N., & Extremera, N. (2022). Teacher retention through the Job Demands-Resources Theory. Educación XX1, 25(2), 151-171.

I've Got Enough on My Plate! The Mediating Role of Job Demands in the Relationship between Psychosocial Safety Climate and Job Satisfaction

Rizkina, N. S., & Mahudin, N. M.

Sammanfattning

The promotion of well-being and increased work productivity requires good ergonomics where job demands are aligned with the abilities, characteristics, and needs of the workers. However, a different context of work setting may result in a different role of job demands. Furthermore, the current literature has yet to clarify the potential mediating influence of job demands on psychosocial safety climate and job satisfaction. Results obtained from 387 employees in financial institutions in Aceh, Indonesia, confirmed this relationship, validating the indirect effect of psychosocial safety climate on job satisfaction through job demands. Specifically, the results showed that both psychosocial safety climate (B = .422, p < .001) and job demands (B = -.578, p < .001) significantly predicted job satisfaction, with this relationship mediated by job demands (indirect effect B = .108, Boot SE = .05, CI [.025, .197]. These findings highlight the importance of examining job demands and psychosocial safety climate in relation to job satisfaction within collectivistic cultures. The theoretical, methodological, and practical implications of the study are discussed, along with future research opportunities.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Indonesien

Yrken

Kontorspersonal

Referens

Rizkina, N. S., & Mahudin, N. M. (2022). I've Got Enough on My Plate! The Mediating Role of Job Demands in the Relationship between Psychosocial Safety Climate and Job Satisfaction. Human Factors and Ergonomics Journal, 7 (1): 19 – 37.

Understanding user behavior in activity-based offices

Haapakangas, A., Sirola, P., & Ruohomäki, V.

Sammanfattning

Little is known about the factors that explain the differences in the ways that individuals use activity-based offices (ABOs). The aim of this study was to investigate whether person-related and situational factors are associated with self-reported use of workspaces and the perceived person-environment (P-E) fit in ABOs, independently of job profile. Survey data were gathered in one organization (N = 332) 7–11 months after an office re-design. Younger age, male gender, managerial position, and better work ability were associated with more frequent use of different workspaces. Workspace switching was perceived as more time-consuming by employees who worked at the office less, had a high workload, and were dissatisfied with ergonomics. All variables except gender were associated with the P-E fit. Person-related and situational factors appear relevant to workspace use and P-E fit, independently of job contents. Contextual, cultural and office design differences should be considered when generalizing these results.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Finland

Yrken

Kontorspersonal

DOI

10.1080/00140139.2022.2092654

Referens

Haapakangas, A., Sirola, P., & Ruohomäki, V. (2022). Understanding user behavior in activity-based offices. Ergonomics.

Higher allostatic load in work-related burnout: The Regensburg Burnout Project

Bärtl, C., Henze, G. I., Giglberger, M., Peter, H. L., Konzok, J., Wallner, S., Kreuzpointner, L., Wüst, S. & Kudielka, B. M.

Sammanfattning

Background: Burnout and chronic work stress have been linked to various negative health outcomes. While the mechanisms underlying this interplay are still unclear, the allostatic load (AL) model was suggested to demonstrate a possible biological pathway. However, previous studies provided divergent results regarding the association between burnout and AL, probably also due to the heterogeneity of selected samples. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine differences in AL between a conceptually strictly specified group of individuals suffering from burnout (BO group) and a healthy comparison group (HC group). Methods: After a multi-stage recruitment procedure with strict inclusion criteria based on burnout symptom- atology and pathogenesis, the BO group (n = 56) was compared to the HC group (n = 65) regarding an index of AL. The AL-index included 14 parameters: high-sensitivity c-reactive protein (hsCRP), tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6), fibrinogen, d-dimer, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1), glycosy- lated hemoglobin (HbA1c), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ratio (TC/HDL), dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate (DHEA-S), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), waist-hip ratio (WHR), and body fat percentage. Results: The BO group showed significantly higher AL-scores in comparison to the HC group. This effect remained significant after adjusting for sex, age, and smoking status. Additionally, burnout symptoms (assessed with the Maslach Burnout Inventory; MBI), MBI-subscales emotional exhaustion and depersonalization as well as chronic work stress (assessed with the effort-reward imbalance questionnaire) were significantly associated with higher AL-scores. Conclusions: Consistent with our hypothesis, we detected higher AL-scores in the BO compared to the HC group, indicating a greater cumulative physiological burden in individuals suffering from burnout. Given the high heterogeneity in individuals experiencing burnout symptoms, future studies may focus on well-specified sub- groups, when examining the association between burnout and psychophysiological dysregulations.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1016/j.psyneuen.2022.105853

Referens

Bärtl, C., Henze, G. I., Giglberger, M., Peter, H. L., Konzok, J., Wallner, S., Kreuzpointner, L., Wüst, S. & Kudielka, B. M. (2022). Higher allostatic load in work-related burnout: The Regensburg Burnout Project. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 105853.

Cleaning in Times of Pandemic: Perceptions of COVID-19 Risks among Workers in Facility Services

Dias, I., Lopes, A., Azevedo, J., Maia, A. S., & Baptista, J. S.

Sammanfattning

Cleaning services are a transversal activity that guarantees the proper functioning and conditions of safety, hygiene, and health across all economic sectors. The COVID-19 pandemic increased the need for clean, sanitary spaces, particularly in health services and other areas with a large number of people. The workers in these services were often placed on the frontline without any specific training or information. Their low average schooling aggravated this situation. Therefore, exploring these workers’ perceptions about the COVID-19 pandemic and its potential influence on their mental health was the primary goal of our research. Structured interviews were conducted based on questionnaires in a sample of 436 women. Their characterisation focused on three aspects related to the pandemic. First, to prevent infecting others (85.5%) and that people close to them could die (86.0%) were the dominant concerns; second, the feeling of permanent vigilance was mentioned (56.2%); and third, the fear of not getting medical care (60.7%). Thus, the workers felt there was a need for more dissemination of individual protection measures, as well as more training, better general working conditions, and access to psychological counselling

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Portugal

Yrken

Lokalvårdare

DOI

10.3390/socsci11070276

Referens

Dias, I., Lopes, A., Azevedo, J., Maia, A. S., & Baptista, J. S. (2022). Cleaning in Times of Pandemic: Perceptions of COVID-19 Risks among Workers in Facility Services. Social Sciences, 11(7), 276.

EmotionalexhaustionandfearofCOVID‐19ingeriatricfacilitiesduringtheCOVID‐19pandemic

Altintas, E., El Haj, M., Boudoukha, A. H., Olivier, C., Lizio, A., Luyat, M., & Gallouj, K.

Sammanfattning

Objective: Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare workers, especially those employed in hospital settings, have been exposed to a variety of stressors in the workplace. The aim of this study was to explore the Emotional Exhaustion (EE) of workers in geriatric facilities during the COVID-19 crisis. We accordingly sought to investigate the short-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of the EE experienced by workers in geriatric facilities, and to examine the manner in which psychosocial conditions and fear of COVID-19 in the workplace have affected EE. Methods: Surveys were administered in the midst of the COVID-19 crisis (October to December 2020). The study included 118 French healthcare workers with a mean age of 35.61 ± 0.73 recruited in geriatric facilities. We assessed EE, psychosocial conditions (e.g., demands at work, health and well-being, etc.) and fear of COVID-19 in the workplace. Results: The analysis yielded two main outcomes. First, 34.75% workers (41) reported severe levels of EE. Second, demands at work and the fear of COVD-19 increased EE. Health and well-being were, however, demonstrated to protect against EE. Discussion: Furthermore, fear of COVID-19 was shown to contribute significantly to EE healthcare workers in geriatric facilities. It is likely that Covid-19 indirectly contributes to EE by influencing demands at work.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Frankrike

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1002/gps.5781

Referens

Altintas, E., El Haj, M., Boudoukha, A. H., Olivier, C., Lizio, A., Luyat, M., & Gallouj, K. (2022). EmotionalexhaustionandfearofCOVID‐19ingeriatricfacilitiesduringtheCOVID‐19pandemic. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 37(8), 10.1002/gps.5781.

Effect of Organizational Factors on Psychological Stress and Job Satisfaction

Singh, P., Bhardwaj, P., Sharma, S. K., & Mishra, V.

Sammanfattning

Occupational stress is one of the most critical factors related to the employees’ well-being in any organization. Employees working in managerial positions are more prone to work-related stress because of the nature of the job and the responsibilities associated with the position. There is a lack of research on the effect of organizational factors on the psychological well-being of those working at managerial positions in the Indian context. This research aims to study the impact of workload, job control and support on psychological stress and job satisfaction. Structural equation modelling is used for the analysis. The study results reported no effect of workload on psychological stress and job satisfaction in the employees. The results also suggest that providing more control over the work can result in the better psychological well-being of employees and increase employees’ job satisfaction.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Indien

Yrken

Chefer

DOI

0.1177/09722629221106265

Referens

Singh, P., Bhardwaj, P., Sharma, S. K., & Mishra, V. (2022). Effect of Organizational Factors on Psychological Stress and Job Satisfaction. Vision.

Validation of the medium and short version of CENSOPAS-COPSOQ: a psychometric study in the Peruvian population

Lucero-Perez, M. R., Sabastizagal, I., Astete-Cornejo, J., Burgos, M. A., Villarreal-Zegarra, D., & Moncada, S.

Sammanfattning

Background: The presence of psychosocial risks at work are associated with mental and physical health issues in workers. The study aim was to adapt the COPSOQ-ISTAS21 (Spanish version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire and Union Institute of Work, Environment and Health) Medium-Version to the Peruvian context and to develop a Short-Version of the instrument. Method: Cross-sectional design study. The COPSOQ-ISTAS21 Medium Version was used. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed to determine the internal structure of each subdimension (first-order) and dimension (secondorder) using the Robust Maximum Likelihood estimation method, and classic fit indices in the literature (CFI, SRMR, RMSEA). Internal consistency was evaluated using the alpha and omega coefficients. A short version was developed based on the items with the highest factorial load and that reduce the factorial complexity. Results: A total of 1707 participants were evaluated. In the confirmatory factor analysis, the goodness-of-fit indices for seventeen of the 20 one-dimensional models (subdimensions) were identified; two subdimensions could not be evaluated because they presented only two items. When conducting a multidimensional analysis, we identified that all second-order models presented optimal goodness-of-fit indices, except “psychological demands at work”. Finally, a short version of only 31 items was designed from the items with optimal fit indices. Conclusions: The new adapted versions of COPSOQ-ISTAS21 were renamed CENSOPAS-COPSOQ (National center of occupational health and environment protection for health -in Spanish- and Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire). The CENSOPAS-COPSOQ is an instrument with sufficient evidence of validity and reliability in its medium and short version, which is why its use is recommended in Peruvian work centers to identify the evaluation and prevention of psychosocial risks at work in Peru

År

2022

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Peru

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12889-022-13328-0

Referens

Lucero-Perez, M. R., Sabastizagal, I., Astete-Cornejo, J., Burgos, M. A., Villarreal-Zegarra, D., & Moncada, S. (2022). Validation of the medium and short version of CENSOPAS-COPSOQ: a psychometric study in the Peruvian population. BMC public health, 22:910.

Musculoskeletal pain trajectories of employees working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic

Jodi, O., Subas, N., Saila, K. et al

Sammanfattning

Objectives In March 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic necessitated a rapid public health response which included mandatory working from home (WFH) for many employees. This study aimed to identify different trajectories of multisite musculoskeletal pain (MSP) amongst employees WFH during the COVID-19 pandemic and examined the influence of work and non-work factors. Methods Data from 488 participants (113 males, 372 females and 3 other) involved in the Employees Working from Home (EWFH) study, collected in October 2020, April and November 2021 were analysed. Age was categorised as 18–35 years (n = 121), 36–55 years (n = 289) and 56 years and over (n = 78). Growth Mixture Modelling (GMM) was used to identify latent classes with different growth trajectories of MSP. Age, gender, working hours, domestic living arrangements, workstation comfort and location, and psychosocial working conditions were considered predictors of MSP. Multivariate multinomial logistic regression was used to identify work and non-work variables associated with group membership. Results Four trajectories of MSP emerged: high stable (36.5%), mid-decrease (29.7%), low stable (22.3%) and rapid increase (11.5%). Decreased workstation comfort (OR 1.98, CI 1.02, 3.85), quantitative demands (OR 1.68, CI 1.09, 2.58), and influence over work (OR 0.78, CI 0.54, 0.98) was associated with being in the high stable trajectory group compared to low stable. Workstation location (OR 3.86, CI 1.19, 12.52) and quantitative work demands (OR 1.44, CI 1.01, 2.47) was associated with the rapid increase group. Conclusions Findings from this study offer insights into considerations for reducing MSP in employees WFH. Key considerations include the need for a dedicated workstation, attention to workstation comfort, quantitative work demands, and ensuring employees have influence over their work.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Australien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-022-01885-1

Referens

Jodi, O., Subas, N., Saila, K. et al (2022). Musculoskeletal pain trajectories of employees working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-11.

Association of cumulative traumatic events among Danish police officers with mental health, work environment and sickness absenteeism: protocol of a 3-year prospective cohort study

Hansen, N. B., Møller, S. R., Elklit, A., Brandt, L., Andersen, L. L., & Pihl-Thingvad, J.

Sammanfattning

Introduction Police officers are frequently exposed to potentially traumatic events at work that increases risk of developing mental health problems, in particular post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Individual and organisational factors may influence the detrimental effects of cumulative exposure to traumatic events. Occupational stress and lack of organisational support are associated with increased risk of PTSD among police officers. The Are You All right? (AYA) project is a prospective cohort study investigating the cumulative effect of traumatic events at work on mental health problems and absenteeism among police officers. The study also investigates whether potential risk and protective factors modify the association of traumatic events at work with mental health problems and absenteeism. Method and analysis The AYA-study includes the entire Danish police force. Prospective survey data are collected over a 3-year period beginning in the spring of 2021. Electronic surveys are sent out at baseline with 1-year, 2-year and 3-year follow-up. Further, short surveys are sent out every third month, covering exposure to traumatic events and current mental health status. The survey data are paired with workplace register data on sickness absence. Register data on sickness absence cover the period from 2020 to 2025. Ethics and dissemination This study was presented for evaluation at the National Ethics Committee in Denmark (reference number: 20202000-216), but according to Danish legislation, survey studies do not require approval by official Danish scientific or ethical committees. Participation in the project is based on informed consent, and data are handled in accordance with the Danish data legislation (journal number: 20/41457). Results are published in scientific journals and disseminated at international conferences

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Poliser

DOI

10.1136/bmjopen-2021-049769).

Referens

Hansen, N. B., Møller, S. R., Elklit, A., Brandt, L., Andersen, L. L., & Pihl-Thingvad, J. (2022). Association of cumulative traumatic events among Danish police officers with mental health, work environment and sickness absenteeism: protocol of a 3-year prospective cohort study. BMJ Open, 12:e049769.

Effects of multiple risk factors on upper limb musculoskeletal disorders among workers in inner Brazil.

Lima da Silva I., Machado de Souza E.R., Karine Dias Silva L., Claudino da Silva A.T., Norte da Silva J.M. Effects of multiple risk factors on upper limb musculoskeletal disorders among workers in inner Brazil

Sammanfattning

Background: The literature discussing musculoskeletal diseases of inner northeastern workers is scarce, although 67,559 cases were reported in Brazil between 2007 and 2016. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of multiple risk factors that influence the symptoms of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in wrists, elbows, and shoulders in workers from four different economic sectors. Methods: A sample included 420 workers from the inner regions of the Brazilian states of Alagoas and Bahia. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to capture pain symptoms on both sides of the body (left and right). Sociodemographic variables, items from the biomechanical exposure and organizational conditional, in addition to other questionnaires (JCQ, COPSOQ II, ERI) were used to assess the characteristics and occupational risks of the respondents. Ordinal logistic regression model was using to identify the relationship between symptoms and factors. Results: This study highlights the psychosocial, biomechanical, occupational, and sociodemographic variables contributed to development of WMSDs. Use of hand-vibrating tool increased the likelihood of symptoms manifesting on the body. On the other hand, high job control and high job insecurity reduced the likelihood of developing symptoms. On the other hand, high job control and job satisfaction reduced the likelihood of developing symptoms. Factors such as age, curved spine, high job insecurity and excessive commitment contributed to the development of WMSDs only on one side of the body. Conclusions: The development of WMSDs is multifactorial. Sociodemographic, occupational, biomechanical, and psychosocial factors may commonly contribute to WMSD manifesting only on one side of the body more than on both sides.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Brasilien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3233/WOR-210752

Referens

Lima da Silva I., Machado de Souza E.R., Karine Dias Silva L., Claudino da Silva A.T., Norte da Silva J.M. Effects of multiple risk factors on upper limb musculoskeletal disorders among workers in inner Brazil (2022). Effects of multiple risk factors on upper limb musculoskeletal disorders among workers in inner Brazil. Work.

Impact of Workplace Bullying on Work Performance Moderated by Loneliness: A Case study of Indonesia

Hidayat, M. F., & Ginting, H.

Sammanfattning

The issue of bullying within the workplace is a constant pursuit by scientists. The effect studied regarding the issues varies and has a large list of mediators and moderators. A common result of workplace bullying is its effect on working performance. Being one of the variables that hold a unique position as to cause and cause by, loneliness may introduce an updated perception of what bullying could have. Using a purposive sampling online survey, the data was collected from employees of multiple organizations and state-owned companies in Indonesia, especially West Java and North Sumatera. One hundred twenty-six valid data were gathered and processed for this study. The questionnaire was designed using COPSOQ III to assess the workplace bullying variable, the UCLA loneliness scale for the loneliness variable, and Koopman's individual work performance (IWP) assessment for the work performance variable. The result shows a relationship between workplace bullying and work performance, though it is insignificant, and loneliness elevates bullying's effect on work performance. The implication of these findings is to enrich understanding of workplace bullying within the workplace, but further research is still advised

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Indonesien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.47505/IJRSS.2022.V3.6.1

Referens

Hidayat, M. F., & Ginting, H. (2022). Impact of Workplace Bullying on Work Performance Moderated by Loneliness: A Case study of Indonesia. International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities, 3(6), 1-8.

Goldilocks Work Conditions for All Ages: Age-Conditional Effects of Work Design Profiles on Well-Being

El Khawli, E., Keller, A. C., & Scheibe, S.

Sammanfattning

Work design plays an important role in workers’ job-related well-being, but not every employee responds to work design in the same way. Given trends toward longer working lives and higher age diversity in the workforce, worker age is an important factor to consider. However, knowledge about the interplay between worker age and work design is limited, especially when considering the multitude of job characteristics that people experience at the same time. Integrating the work design and lifespan/career development literatures and adopting a person-centered approach, we investigated how worker age affects membership in work design profiles and the relationship between work design profiles and occupational well-being. Using two independent samples (N = 989; 980), we conducted latent profile analysis to group workers into work design profiles based on 6 age-relevant job characteristics (autonomy, information-processing, workload, social support, emotional demands, and social conflicts). We identified 3 profiles and linked them to well-being: motivating (most favorable), moderately stimulating, and socially taxing (least favorable). Older workers were more likely to be in, and responded better to motivating work design profiles, and less likely to be in, and responded worse to socially taxing profiles. Meanwhile, younger workers seemed more tolerant of socially taxing work design profiles than older workers. Most age-contingent effects were robust after adding organizational tenure as a covariate. Findings qualify lifespan development theories and shed light on workers’ nuanced responses to work design profiles

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1093/workar/waac011

Referens

El Khawli, E., Keller, A. C., & Scheibe, S. (2022). Goldilocks Work Conditions for All Ages: Age-Conditional Effects of Work Design Profiles on Well-Being. Work, Aging and Retirement.

Development and validation of a prediction model for unemployment and work disability among 55 950 Dutch workers

Ots, P., Oude Hengel, K. M., Burdorf, A., Robroek, S. J., Nieboer, D., Schram, J. L., ... & Brouwer, S.

Sammanfattning

Background: This study developed prediction models for involuntary exit from paid employment through unemployment and disability benefits and examined if predictors and discriminative ability of these models differ between five common chronic diseases. Methods: Data from workers in the Lifelines Cohort Study (n¼55 950) were enriched with monthly information on employment status from Statistics Netherlands. Potential predictors included sociodemographic factors, chronic diseases, unhealthy behaviours and working conditions. Data were analyzed using cause-specific Cox regression analyses. Models were evaluated with the C-index and the positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV, respectively). The developed models were externally validated using data from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation. Results: Being female, low education, depression, smoking, obesity, low development possibilities and low social support were predictors of unemployment and disability. Low meaning of work and low physical activity increased the risk for unemployment, while all chronic diseases increased the risk of disability benefits. The discriminative ability of the models of the development and validation cohort were low for unemployment (c¼0.62; c¼0.60) and disability benefits (c¼0.68; c¼0.75). After stratification for specific chronic diseases, the discriminative ability of models predicting disability benefits improved for cardiovascular disease (c¼0.81), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (c¼0.74) and diabetes mellitus type 2 (c¼0.74). The PPV was low while the NPV was high for all models. Conclusion: Taking workers’ particular disease into account may contribute to an improved prediction of disability benefits, yet risk factors are better examined at the population level rather than at the individual level.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1093/eurpub/ckac045

Referens

Ots, P., Oude Hengel, K. M., Burdorf, A., Robroek, S. J., Nieboer, D., Schram, J. L., ... & Brouwer, S. (2022). Development and validation of a prediction model for unemployment and work disability among 55 950 Dutch workers. European Journal of Public Health, ckac045.

A team level participatory approach aimed at improving sustainable employability of long-term care workers: a study protocol of a randomised controlled trial.

Heijkants, C.H., van Hooff, M.L.M., Geurts, S.A.E. et al. BMC Public Health 22, 984 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-13312-8

Sammanfattning

Background. Staff currently working in long-term care experience several difficulties. Shortage of staff and poor working conditions are amongst the most prominent, which pose a threat to staff’s sustainable employability. To improve their sustainable employability it is important to create working conditions that fulfil workers’ basic psychological need for autonomy, relatedness and competence in line with Self-Determination Theory. Since many long-term care organisations work with self-managing teams, challenges exist at team level. Therefore, there is a need to implement an intervention aimed at maintaining and improving the sustainable employability of staff on team level. Methods.We developed a participatory workplace intervention, the Healthy Working Approach. In this intervention teams will uncover what problems they face related to autonomy, relatedness and competence in their team, come up with solutions for those problems and evaluate the effects of these solutions. We will evaluate this intervention by means of a two-arm randomized controlled trial with a follow-up of one year. One arm includes the intervention group and one includes the waitlist control group, each consisting of about 100 participants. The primary outcome is need for recovery as proxy for sustainable employability. Intervention effects will be analysed by linear mixed model analyses. A process evaluation with key figures will provide insight into barriers and facilitators of the intervention implementation. The Ethical Committee Social Sciences of the Radboud University approved the study. Discussion. This study will provide insight in both the effectiveness, and the barriers/facilitators of the implementation process of the Healthy Working Approach. The approach is co-created with long-term care workers, focuses on team-specific challenges, and is rooted in the evidence-based participatory workplace approach and Self-Determination Theory. First results are expected in 2022.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1186/s12889-022-13312-8

Referens

Heijkants, C.H., van Hooff, M.L.M., Geurts, S.A.E. et al. BMC Public Health 22, 984 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-13312-8 (2022). A team level participatory approach aimed at improving sustainable employability of long-term care workers: a study protocol of a randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 22, 984.

Psychosocial risks and their relationship with occupational health in a hospital.

Castro Méndez, N. & Suárez Cretton, X.

Sammanfattning

The jobs are increasingly demanding, complex and put at risk the health and well-being of people when psychosocial conditions, present in organizational contexts, are inadequate. This study aimed to relate occupational disease based with the psychosocial risks present in a hospital, study possible resources that mitigate these risks and study variables associated with well-being. The method included an observational, analytical, cross-sectional design and a total sample of 480 workers who answered the Suseso/Istas21questionnaire. Linear regression analyzes were performed, initially for the surgery unit, which had presented a case of a pathology under study related to occupational risk, and subsequently for the entire hospital. The results show that quantitative requirements, sense of work and indebtedness are major predictors of the reporting of symptoms in surgery, and that sense of work interacts with quantitative requirements attenuating its effects for the entire hospital. Well-being is associated with mental health and emotional demands. It is concluded that psychosocial risk is associated with illness, but it can be attenuated by resources as the sense of work in a hospital.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Chile

Yrken

Sjukhuspersonal

DOI

10.22235/cp.v16i1.2551

Referens

Castro Méndez, N. & Suárez Cretton, X. (2022). Psychosocial risks and their relationship with occupational health in a hospital. Ciencias Psicológicas, 16(1), e-2551.

The Conceptual Model of Role Stress and Job Burnout in Judges: The Moderating Role of Career Calling.

Pereira, S. P. M., Correia, P. M. A. R., Da Palma, P. J., Pitacho, L., & Lunardi, F. C.

Sammanfattning

Judges are the central actors in the organization and functioning of the judicial system. Concerns about work efficiency, driven by the European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice, led countries to adopt a set of reforms in line with private sector ideals applied to the public field to better manage their financial and human resources. In the last decades, the Portuguese judicial system has undergone a reform based on New Public Management principles by adopting the new Law on the Organization of the Judiciary System (LOSJ), significantly altering judges’ duties, who beyond their traditional role of applying the law, perform the additional role of court-of-law judge-manager. The objective of this study is to explore the influence of role conflict and role ambiguity in occupational burnout among judges and to analyze the influence of calling orientation as a moderating variable, so as to present a conceptual model of role-stress management among the judiciary. Theoretically, this work contributes to the literature on role-stress management through its introduction of calling moderation, as well as to the literature on the positive influence of calling on burnout. In terms of its practical implications, the work contributes to a reconsideration of the current organizational structure of judicial work.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Portugal

Yrken

Domare

DOI

10.3390/laws11030042

Referens

Pereira, S. P. M., Correia, P. M. A. R., Da Palma, P. J., Pitacho, L., & Lunardi, F. C. (2022). The Conceptual Model of Role Stress and Job Burnout in Judges: The Moderating Role of Career Calling. Laws, 11(3), 42.

Retaining Social Workers: The Role of Quality of Work and Psychosocial Safety Climate for Work Engagement, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment

Geisler, M., Berthelsen, H. & Muhonen, T.

Sammanfattning

The present study investigated how psychosocial safety climate (PSC), job demands (role conflict and work-family conflict), job resources (social support from superiors and social community at work), and assessments for quality of work relate to social workers’ work engagement, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. The results of the questionnaire study (N = 831) showed that quality of work was strongly related to all three outcomes, whereas PSC was found to be related to social workers’ job satisfaction. The contribution of the study is discussed in relation to understanding the retention of social workers.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Socialsekreterare

DOI

10.1080/23303131.2019.1569574

Referens

Geisler, M., Berthelsen, H. & Muhonen, T. (2019). Retaining Social Workers: The Role of Quality of Work and Psychosocial Safety Climate for Work Engagement, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment. Human Service Organizations: Management, Leadership & Governance, 43(1), 1–15.

Health and Work Environment among Female and Male Swedish Elementary School Teachers-A Cross-Sectional Study

Boström, M., Björklund, C., Bergström, G., Nybergh, L., Schäfer Elinder, L., Stigmar, K., Wåhlin, C., Jensen, I. & Kwak, L.

Sammanfattning

Background and objectives: Changes in teachers' work situation in Sweden since the 1990s may have contributed to an increase in common mental disorders (CMDs) and burnout. However, there is a lack of research in this field. The aim was to describe how Swedish elementary school teachers experience their health, organizational and social work environment, and the psychosocial safety climate at the workplace, and especially differences and similarities between female and male teachers. Materials and methods: Data were collected with the COPSOQ, OLBI, UWES and PSC-12 from 478 elementary teachers, 81.0% of them women, from twenty schools. The response rate was 96.4%. Results: Teachers reported relatively good general health but experienced high stress, high work pace and emotional demands, low influence at work and a poor psychosocial safety climate. These factors were especially prominent among female teachers. Both women and men experienced good development possibilities and high work engagement. Conclusions: The results of this study can help us to develop a more sustainable work environment for female and male teachers. A more sustainable work environment might attract more people to the profession and incentivize existing teachers to remain in the profession.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Lärare

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17010227

Referens

Boström, M., Björklund, C., Bergström, G., Nybergh, L., Schäfer Elinder, L., Stigmar, K., Wåhlin, C., Jensen, I. & Kwak, L. (2020). Health and Work Environment among Female and Male Swedish Elementary School Teachers-A Cross-Sectional Study. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(1), 227.

Full evaluation of the psychometric properties of COPSOQ II. One-year longitudinal study on Polish human service staff

Baka, Ł., Prusik, M., Pejtersen, J.H., Grala, K.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: The aim of the study was the full evaluation of the psychometric properties of the COPSOQ II in one-year longitudinal study on human service staff in Poland. Data were collected from 599 employees representing three occupational groups related to human service work. Methods: CFA was conducted in the structure proposed by the author of the original tool, based on one model, which included 119 observable variables forming 33 latent variables (single item subscales were excluded from analysis). To our knowledge, this was the first complete validation of the entire model using CFA. Reliability analysis was performed using two methods: internal consistency analysis and test-retest analysis. Predictive validity was assessed by correlating COPSOQ II variables with ten criterion variables related to job demands, job resources, work-family conflicts, mental health and well-being. Results: According to the results, CFA supported the original structure of the COPSOQ II. Most of the 33 subscales were characterized by good or very good psychometric parameters. The obtained results confirmed also the fairly high reliability, as well as high convergence validity of all subscales of COPSOQ II. Conclusion: The final conclusion is that COPSOQ II is characterised by satisfactory psychometric properties and could be successfully used to fulfil the demand for reliable and comprehensive assessment methods also in Polish job market settings.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Polen

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0262266

Referens

Baka, Ł., Prusik, M., Pejtersen, J.H., Grala, K. (2022). Full evaluation of the psychometric properties of COPSOQ II. One-year longitudinal study on Polish human service staff. PLoS ONE, 17(1), e0262266.

The burden in palliative care assistance: A comparison of psychosocial risks and burnout between inpatient hospice and home care services workers

Fattori, A., Pedruzzi, M., Cantarella, C., & Bonzini, M.

Sammanfattning

Objective: Literature suggests that home care professionals could be at higher risk of burnout than their colleagues in hospital settings, but research on home-based palliative care is still limited. Our study investigates psychosocial risk factors and burnout among workers involved in palliative care, comparing inpatient hospice, and home care settings. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a single palliative care organization providing inpatient hospice-based and home care-based assistance in a large urban area of Northern Italy. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire collecting socio-demographic and occupational data, psychosocial risk factors, and burnout scales (Psychosocial Safety Climate 4; Conflict and Offensive Behavior — COPSOQ II; Work Life Boundaries; Work-home Interaction; Peer Support — HSE; Copenhagen Burnout Inventory). Results: The study sample included 106 subjects (95% of the overall eligible working population) who were predominantly female (68%) and nurses (57%), with a mean age of 41 years. Compared to inpatient hospice staff, home care workers reported more frequent communications with colleagues (p = 0.03) and patients/caregivers (p = 0.01), while there were no differences in the perception of work intrusiveness. Inpatient hospice workers showed lower peer support (p = 0.08) and lower psychosocial safety climate (p = 0.001) than home care colleagues. The experience of aggressive behaviors was rare, and it was relatively more frequent among inpatient hospice workers, female workers, and health assistants. Average scores of burnout scales were similar for both groups except for caregiver-related burnout, which was higher among inpatient hospice workers compared to home care colleagues (p = 0.008). The number of subjects at risk for work-related burnout was similar for both groups. Significance of results: Our study confirms the presence of psychological and physical fatigue in both home-based and inpatient hospice palliative care. Results suggest that home care assistance may not be characterized by higher psychological burden compared to inpatient hospice setting. Given the general tendency to increase home-based care in our aging population, it is essential to broaden the knowledge of psychosocial risks in this specific context to properly protect workers’ health.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1017/S1478951521001887

Referens

Fattori, A., Pedruzzi, M., Cantarella, C., & Bonzini, M. (2022). The burden in palliative care assistance: A comparison of psychosocial risks and burnout between inpatient hospice and home care services workers. Palliative and Supportive Care, 1–8.

The Portuguese Third Version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire: Preliminary Validation Studies of the Middle Version among Municipal and Healthcare Workers

Cotrim, T. P., Bem-Haja, P., Pereira, A., Fernandes, C., Azevedo, R., Antunes, S., Pinto, J. S., Kanazawa, F., Souto, I., Brito, E., & Silva, C. F.

Sammanfattning

A third version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ III) was developed internationally aiming to respond to new trends in working conditions, theoretical concepts, and international experience. This article aims to present the preliminary validation studies for the Portuguese middle version of COPSOQ III. This is an exploratory cross-sectional study viewing the cross-cultural adaption of COPSOQ III to Portugal, ensuring the contents and face validity and performing field-testing in order to reduce the number of items and to obtain insight into the data structure, through classic test theory and item response theory approaches. The qualitative study encompassed 29 participants and the quantitative one 659 participants from municipalities and healthcare settings. Content analysis suggested that minor re-wording could improve the face validity of items, while a reduced version, with 85 items, shows psychometric stability, achieving good internal consistency in all subscales. The COPSOQ III Portuguese middle version proved to be a valid preliminary version for future validation studies with various populations, able to be used in correlational studies with other dimensions.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Portugal

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3390/ijerph19031167

Referens

Cotrim, T. P., Bem-Haja, P., Pereira, A., Fernandes, C., Azevedo, R., Antunes, S., Pinto, J. S., Kanazawa, F., Souto, I., Brito, E., & Silva, C. F. (2022). The Portuguese Third Version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire: Preliminary Validation Studies of the Middle Version among Municipal and Healthcare Workers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(3), 1167.

Potential of micro-exercise to prevent long-term sickness absence in the general working population: prospective cohort study with register follow-up

Andersen, L.L., Skovlund, S.V., Vinstrup, J. et al.

Sammanfattning

This study assesses the potential of workplace-based micro-exercise (brief and simple exercise bouts) to prevent long-term sickness absence (LTSA) at the population level. In the Work Environment and Health in Denmark Study (2012–2018), we followed 70,130 workers from the general working population, without prior LTSA, for two years in the Danish Register for Evaluation of Marginalisation. We used Cox regression with model-assisted weights and controlled for various confounders. From 2012 to 2018, the percentage of workers in Denmark using workplace-based micro-exercise during and outside of working hours increased from 7.1 to 10.9% and from 0.8 to 1.4%, respectively. The incidence of long-term sickness absence (at least 30 days) was 8.4% during follow-up. The fully adjusted model showed reduced risk of long-term sickness absence from using micro-exercise during working hours, (HR 0.86, 95% CI 0.77–0.96), but not when used outside of working hours. If used by all workers, micro-exercise during working hours could potentially prevent 12.8% of incident long-term sickness absence cases (population attributable fraction). In conclusion, micro-exercise performed during working hours holds certain potential to prevent incident long-term sickness absence in the general working population. Large-scale implementation of workplace-based micro-exercise may represent an unexploited opportunity for public health promotion.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1038/s41598-022-06283-8

Referens

Andersen, L.L., Skovlund, S.V., Vinstrup, J. et al. (2022). Potential of micro-exercise to prevent long-term sickness absence in the general working population: prospective cohort study with register follow-up. Scientific Reports, 12, 2280.

Conflict or connection? A feasibility study on the implementation of a training based on connecting communication in a nursing curriculum

Bakker, E., Dekker-van Doorn, C. M., Kox, J., Miedema, H. S., Francke, A. L., & Roelofs, P.

Sammanfattning

Background: Nursing students frequently experience offensive behaviour and communication problems with patients, clinical supervisors, and nursing and faculty staff. A communication training was developed based on connecting communication to prevent and manage conflict, and build interpersonal trust-based relationships. Objectives: Feasibility study to evaluate the acceptability, demand, implementation, integration, and limited efficacy of a training based on connecting communication within a nursing curriculum. Design: Mixed method design. Participants: Third-year nursing students (n = 24). Setting: A Dutch Bachelor of Nursing degree programme in Rotterdam. Methods: Between November 2019 and March 2020, data were collected from students and trainers, using quantitative and qualitative methods. Feasibility aspects, including limited efficacy testing, were measured with pre- and post-training surveys. Descriptive statistical analyses and (non)parametric tests were used to analyse feasibility aspects and baseline and follow-up scores for empathy, self-compassion, and exposure to violence. In addition, reflection reports of students and two paired interviews with the two trainers were analysed using qualitative content analysis with a deductive approach. Results: The post-training survey and reflection reports showed a positive assessment of the training on acceptability, demand, and integration. Students rated the training as helpful in improving their communication skills and in dealing with conflict situations. Furthermore, they recommended to implement the training in earlier years of the educational programme. According to the trainers, miscommunication, students' lack of preparation for lessons, and the timing of the training prohibited full participation in the training. The pretest-posttest survey results show statistically significant improved self-compassion (3.77 vs. 4.10; p = 0.03) and decreased self-judgement (4.21 vs. 3.50; p = 0.03). Empathy and exposure to violence did not change. Conclusions: From the perspective of nursing students and trainers involved, this 10-week training based on connecting communication is feasible to implement in the Bachelor of Nursing degree programme, preferably before clinical placements.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1016/j.nedt.2022.105302

Referens

Bakker, E., Dekker-van Doorn, C. M., Kox, J., Miedema, H. S., Francke, A. L., & Roelofs, P. (2022). Conflict or connection? A feasibility study on the implementation of a training based on connecting communication in a nursing curriculum. Nurse education today, 111, 105302.

Occupational health, frontline workers and COVID-19 lockdown: new gender-related inequalities?

Utzet,M., Bacigalupe, A., Navarro, A.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: The abrupt onset of COVID-19, with its rapid spread, has had brutal consequences in all areas of society, including the workplace. In this paper, we report the working conditions, health, and tranquilisers and opioid analgesics use of workers during the first months of the ensuing pandemic, according to whether they were frontline workers or not and also according to sex. Methods: Our analysis is based on cross-sectional survey data (collected during April and May 2020) from the wage-earning population in Spain (n=15 070). We estimate prevalences, adjusted prevalence differences and adjusted prevalence ratios by sex and according to whether the worker is a frontline worker or not. Results: Employment and working conditions, exposure to psychosocial risks, as well as health status and the consumption of tranquilisers and opioid analgesics all showed sex and sectoral (frontline vs non-frontline) inequalities, which placed essential women workers in a particularly vulnerable position. Moreover, the consumption of tranquilisers and opioid analgesics increased during the pandemic and health worsened significantly among frontline women workers. Conclusions: The exceptional situation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic provides an opportunity to revalue essential sectors and to dignify such employment and working conditions, especially among women. There is an urgent need to improve working conditions and reduce occupational risk, particularly among frontline workers. In addition, this study highlights the public health problem posed by tranquilisers and opioid analgesics consumption, especially among frontline women.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1136/jech-2021-217692

Referens

Utzet,M., Bacigalupe, A., Navarro, A. (2022). Occupational health, frontline workers and COVID-19 lockdown: new gender-related inequalities?. J Epidemiol Community Health.

Higher Work-Privacy Conflict and Lower Job Satisfaction in GP Leaders and Practice Assistants Working Full-Time Compared to Part-Time: Results of the IMPROVEjob Study

Göbel, J., Schmidt, M., Seifried-Dübon, T., Linden, K., Degen, L., Rind, E., Eilerts, A.-L., Pieper, C., Grot, M., Werners, B., Schröder, V., Jöckel, K.-H., Rieger, M. A., & Weltermann, B. M.

Sammanfattning

Background: Work-privacy conflict (WPC) has become an important issue for medical professionals. The cluster-randomized controlled IMPROVEjob study aimed at improving job satisfaction (primary outcome), with additional outcomes such as examining the work-privacy conflict in German general practice personnel. Using baseline data of this study, the relationship between work-privacy conflict and job satisfaction (JS) was analyzed. In addition, factors associated with higher WPC were identified. Methods: At baseline, 366 participants (general practitioners (GPs) in leadership positions, employed general practitioners, and practice assistants) from 60 German practices completed a questionnaire addressing socio-demographic data and job characteristics. Standardized scales from the German version of the COPSOQ III requested data concerning job satisfaction and work-privacy conflict. Both scores range from 0 (lowest) to 100 (highest). Multilevel analysis accounted for the clustered data. Statistical analyses were performed using IBM SPSS and RStudio software, with a significance level set at p < 0.05. Results: Job satisfaction was 77.16 (mean value; SD = 14.30) among GPs in leadership positions (n = 84), 79.61 (SD = 12.85) in employed GPs (n = 28), and 72.58 (SD = 14.42) in practice assistants (n = 254). Mean values for the WPC-scale were higher for professionals with more responsibilities: GPs in leadership positions scored highest with 64.03 (SD = 29.96), followed by employed physicians (M = 45.54, SD =30.28), and practice assistants (M = 32.67, SD = 27.41). General practitioners and practice assistants working full-time reported significantly higher work-privacy conflict than those working part-time (p < 0.05). In a multilevel analysis, work-privacy conflict was significantly associated with job satisfaction (p < 0.001). A multiple regression analysis identified working hours, as well as and being a practice owner or an employed physician as factors significantly influencing WPC. Discussion: WPC was high among general practice leaders and practice personnel working full-time. Future interventions to support practice personnel should focus on reducing WPC, as there is good evidence of its effects on job satisfaction.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Allmänläkare

DOI

10.3390/ijerph19052618

Referens

Göbel, J., Schmidt, M., Seifried-Dübon, T., Linden, K., Degen, L., Rind, E., Eilerts, A.-L., Pieper, C., Grot, M., Werners, B., Schröder, V., Jöckel, K.-H., Rieger, M. A., & Weltermann, B. M. (2022). Higher Work-Privacy Conflict and Lower Job Satisfaction in GP Leaders and Practice Assistants Working Full-Time Compared to Part-Time: Results of the IMPROVEjob Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(5), 2618.

Work and active aging: is there a relationship between health and meaning in life?

Torres, I., Gaspar, T. and Rodrigues, P.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: This study aims to explain the health impact of work demands and organization, job content, leadership and values in the workplace. It also explores the extent to which health conditions influence the meaning in life in late career. Design/methodology/approach: The sample consisted of 1,330 Portuguese-based individuals aged 55–75 years. The structural equation modeling (SEM) was used for the data analysis and to test the research questions. Findings: The results showed that stress and burnout are influenced by work demands and organization, job content, leadership and values in the workplace. Employment status had no influence. Health status affects the meaning in life. Research limitations/implications: Although participants were asked to answer the questionnaire bearing in mind their last work experience, retirees could have had difficulty reporting on their last work; therefore, in future research, the use of a qualitative methodology could also be equated as to complement richer information regarding past experiences in the work context. Practical implications: Considering the main goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for sustainable development, this study contributes, namely, to the third one – Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. In fact, directing a look at the condition in which older people work and at their health contributes not only to more productive organizations, to less spending of public money on health, but also to a more inclusive society. Bearing in mind workers are progressively retiring later and that the exposure to certain work conditions during the late career is problematic for organizations and for society in general, this study has practical and social implication.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Portugal

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1108/IJWHM-12-2020-0208

Referens

Torres, I., Gaspar, T. and Rodrigues, P. (2022). Work and active aging: is there a relationship between health and meaning in life?. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, Vol. 15 No. 2, 235-253.

Effects of health-promoting leadership, employee health on employee engagement: employability as moderating variable

Liu, L., Zhang, C. and Fang, C.-C.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: Employee health is a major challenge for enterprises. Fostering a healthy work environment and promoting employee engagement are key to addressing this challenge. Health-promoting leadership and employee health are the driving forces of corporate development; at the same time, employability is the core element of employee relations. Based on self-determination theory, this study aims to explore the effects of health-promoting leadership and employee health on employee engagement in light of employee employability. Design/methodology/approach: The data of this study encompass 723 valid questionnaires from employees of MSME in China. This study focuses on health-promoting leadership and employee health, engagement relationship and the above relationship moderating by employability. Findings: Health-promoting leadership plays a key role in the workplace, results show that health-promoting leadership has a positive impact on employee health and employee engagement, while employee health did not have a positive effect on employee engagement. Employability negatively moderated the relationship between employee health and employee engagement. Research limitations/implications: This study is based on cross-sectional survey data collected at the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic rapidly and continuously changed the organizational responses to employee health. Future studies could utilize longitudinal methods or focus on measurement instruments of the culture of health, to create additional insights about health promoting.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Kina

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1108/IJWHM-07-2020-0122

Referens

Liu, L., Zhang, C. and Fang, C.-C. (2022). Effects of health-promoting leadership, employee health on employee engagement: employability as moderating variable. International Journal of Workplace Health Management, Vol. 15 No. 1, 1-18.

Measuring job stress in transportation workers: psychometric properties, convergent validity and reliability of the ERI and JCQ among professional drivers

Useche, S.A., Alonso, F., Cendales, B. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: The accumulated evidence has shown how professional drivers are, in psychosocial terms, among the most vulnerable workforces, and how their crashes (some of them preceded by stressful working conditions) constitute both an occupational and public health concern. However, there is a clear lack of validated tools for measuring stress and other key hazardous issues affecting transport workers, and most of the existing ones, frequently generic, do not fully consider the specific features that properly describe the work environment of professional driving. This study assessed the psychometric properties, convergent validity and consistency of two measures used for researching occupational stress among professional drivers: the Siegrist’s ERI (Effort-Reward Imbalance Inventory) and Karasek’s JCQ (Job Content Questionnaire). Methods: We examined the data collected from 726 Spanish professional drivers. Analyses were performed using Structural Equation Models, thus obtaining basic psychometric properties of both measures and an optimized structure for the instruments, in addition to testing their convergent validity. Results: The results suggest that the abbreviated versions of ERI (10 items) and JCQ (20 items) have clear dimensional structures, high factorial weights, internal consistency and an improved fit to the task’s dynamics and hazards, commonly faced by of professional drivers; a short set of items with low psychometrical adjustment was excluded, and the root structure of the questionnaires was kept. Conclusions: This study supports the value and reliability of ERI-10 and JCQ-20 for measuring job stress among professional drivers. Also, there is a high consistency between both measures of stress, even though they belong to different theoretical conceptions of the phenomenon. In practical settings, these instruments can be useful for occupational researchers and practitioners studying stress-related issues from the perspective of human factors.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Chaufförer

DOI

10.1186/s12889-021-11575-1

Referens

Useche, S.A., Alonso, F., Cendales, B. et al. (2021). Measuring job stress in transportation workers: psychometric properties, convergent validity and reliability of the ERI and JCQ among professional drivers. BMC Public Health, 21, 1594.

More Than Just "Stressful"? Testing the Mediating Role of Fatigue on the Relationship Between Job Stress and Occupational Crashes of Long-Haul Truck Drivers

Useche, S. A., Alonso, F., Cendales, B., & Llamazares, J.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: Recent evidence consistently highlights the adverse work environment of long-haul professional drivers, whose task structure typically involves the performance of extensive shifts, driving under stressful working conditions. In this regard, job stress and fatigue - that are highly prevalent in this workforce - seem to play a crucial role in explaining this group's negative traffic safety outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess whether work-related fatigue is a mechanism that mediates the relationship between job stress, health indicators and occupational traffic crashes of long-haul truck drivers (LHTD). Methods: The data used in this study were collected from 521 Spanish long-haul truck drivers (97% males) from all 17 regions of Spain, with a mean age of 47 years. Results: Utilizing structural equation models (SEM), it was found that work-traffic crashes of long-haul truck drivers could be explained through work-related fatigue that exerts a full mediation between job stress (job strain), health-related factors and traffic crashes suffered during the previous two years. Discussion: Overall, the findings of this research support that a) stressful working conditions and health issues of drivers have significant effects on traffic crashes, and b) fatigue is a mechanism relating stress-related factors and work-traffic crashes of long-haul drivers. This study highlights the need of stress- and fatigue-management policies and interventions, in order to reduce the crash risk of long-haul truck drivers.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Lastbilschaufförer

DOI

10.2147/PRBM.S305687

Referens

Useche, S. A., Alonso, F., Cendales, B., & Llamazares, J. (2021). More Than Just "Stressful"? Testing the Mediating Role of Fatigue on the Relationship Between Job Stress and Occupational Crashes of Long-Haul Truck Drivers. Psychology research and behavior management, 14, 1211–1221.

Association between psychosocial factors in workers and multisite pain: cross-sectional study

Faria, Beatriz Suelen Ferreira, Gonçalves, Josiane Sotrate and Sato, Tatiana de Oliveira

Sammanfattning

Background and objectives: Psychosocial factors may be associated with multisite pain, which is characterized by pain symptoms in more than one part of the body. The aim of the present study was to determine associations between psychosocial factors and multisite pain in a population of workers. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 195 workers (educators, administrative technicians, healthcare workers, cleaners, and zookeepers). Psychosocial factors were evaluated using the short form of the second version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Multisite pain was identified using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. Results: Multisite pain was associated with quantitative demands (OR=1.31; 95% CI: 1.06-1.63), work pace (OR=1.20; 95% CI: 1.01-1.43), emotional demands (OR=1.39; 95% CI: 1.18-1.63), commitment to the workplace (OR=0.75; 95% CI: 0.62-0.91), predictability (OR=0.86; 95% CI: 0.76-0.99), job satisfaction (OR=0.53; 95% CI: 0.32-0.88), work-family conflict (OR=1.37; 95% CI: 1.16-1.62), justice (OR=0.81; 95% CI: 0.69-0.94), general health perception (OR=0.54; 95% CI: 0.38-0.76), burnout (OR=1.41; 95% CI: 1.17-1.69), and stress (OR=1.41; 95% CI: 1.18-1.68). Conclusion: Several psychosocial factors were associated with multisite pain, indicating that these factors could be considered in the multisite pain management.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Brasilien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.5935/2595-0118.20220002

Referens

Faria, Beatriz Suelen Ferreira, Gonçalves, Josiane Sotrate and Sato, Tatiana de Oliveira (2022). Association between psychosocial factors in workers and multisite pain: cross-sectional study. BrJP, 2–7.

Assessment of lifestyle changes during coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia

Kifle, Z.D., Woldeyohanins, A.E., Asmare, B., Atanaw, B., Mesafint, T., Adugna, M.

Sammanfattning

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 has had a global effect on people’s lifestyles. Many people have developed irregular eating patterns and become physically inactive, which leads to an aggravation of lifestyle-related diseases and unhealthier lifestyles; these, subsequently raise the severity of coronavirus disease 2019. This study aimed to assess lifestyle changes during coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in Gondar town, North West, Ethiopia. Method: Community-based cross-sectional study design was conducted among households at Gondar town from June to August 2021. The study participants were selected by a systematic random sampling technique from proportionally allocated kebeles. Data were collected using face-to-face interview techniques and were entered and analyzed by using a statistical package for the social sciences version 24; P-values < 0.05 were considered as statistically significant. Result: Overall, 348 study participants were included in the study. Among those respondents, 52.3% (182) were female study participants and the mean age of the respondents was 30.95±14.4. In this study, there was a significant decrement in non-homemade food from 20.4% to 13.4% at (P = <0.001). Concerning water intake, 11.5% (40) of respondents consumed ≥8 cups/day before the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, and the percentage increased to 14.7% (51) during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic (p = 0.01). Of the participants, 46% participants were reported never engaging in any physical activity before the coronavirus pandemic, and the percentage decreased to 29.9% during the pandemic (P = 0.002). The respondents also exhibited increment tension in large from 4.9% to 22.7% before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, respectively. Furthermore, about 6.3% of the study participants slept badly before the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemics and the effects of sleeping badly and restlessly increased to 25.9% during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic (P = <0.001). Conclusion: The current study demonstrates that there is a noticeable alteration in food consumption, food choices, regular mealtime, sleeping habits, mental exhaustion, and practice of physical activity.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Etiopien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0264617

Referens

Kifle, Z.D., Woldeyohanins, A.E., Asmare, B., Atanaw, B., Mesafint, T., Adugna, M. (2022). Assessment of lifestyle changes during coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia. PLoS ONE, 17(3), e0264617.

The relative importance of various job resources for work engagement: A concurrent and follow-up dominance analysis

Hakanen, J. J., Bakker, A. B., & Turunen, J.

Sammanfattning

Job resources are known to be key drivers of work engagement, but surprisingly, little is known about the relative importance of specific job resources in comparison to one another. We investigated the relative importance of eight job resources both cross-sectionally and over a 3-year time period. We hypothesized that job resources at the task level are “universally” important and contribute relatively more to work engagement than other types of job resources. We employed dominance analyses to a large cross-sectional data set (N=11,468 from 87 organizations), focusing specifically on 11 jobs, and to a two-wave data set (N=2,334). Three job resources emerged as the most important both for concurrent and future work engagement across the jobs and samples: skill discretion, job feedback, and team empowerment. Practically, this study suggests that interventions to enhance work engagement could focus on increasing skill discretion and job feedback and on building team empowerment.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Finland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1177/23409444211012419

Referens

Hakanen, J. J., Bakker, A. B., & Turunen, J. (2021). The relative importance of various job resources for work engagement: A concurrent and follow-up dominance analysis. BRQ Business Research Quarterly, 1– 17.

Prevalence and correlates of physical activity among public healthcare workers in Hungary

Rovo, G., Makai, A., Prémusz, V., Baumann, P., Laczkó, T., Betlehem, J., et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Due to unfavorable working conditions, health professionals often suffer several psychosomatic and somatic symptoms. Although these symptoms could be relieved by physical activity, their lifestyles are often inadequate. We assessed the physical activity levels of workers in the Hungarian healthcare system through the lens of occupational health. Material and methods: We surveyed the physical activity levels of 285 healthcare workers using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ – Long Form). SPSS 24.0 was used to perform statistical analysis. Results: According to their overall MET/minute/week values, participants were divided into 3 groups based on physical activity levels: insufficient, sufficient, and high physical activity. The most populated activity category was the high physical activity category with a result of 90.68%. Occupational activity accounted for one-third (32.01%) of total activity scores while leisure time activity accounted for 11.52% of total activity. Correlation analysis was carried out focused on Body Mass Index (BMI), age, and physical activity (PA). Only leisure time activity showed a significant correlation (p<0.05). Conclusions: Our research acknowledges that physical activity during working hours with respect to the target group does not contribute to physical activity in leisure time.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Ungern

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.5114/hpc.2020.98469

Referens

Rovo, G., Makai, A., Prémusz, V., Baumann, P., Laczkó, T., Betlehem, J., et al. (2020). Prevalence and correlates of physical activity among public healthcare workers in Hungary. Health Prob Civil, 14(3), 221-227.

Discrimination, stress, and well-being in the workplace: A comparison of Australian migrant and nonmigrant workers

Satyen, L., & Becerra, A. F.

Sammanfattning

Research on workplace discrimination and its effects among migrant workers in Australia is limited. This study examined perceived ethnic discrimination in the workplace, levels of occupational stress, and general well-being across Australian migrant and nonmigrant workers with a nationally representative sample of 344 Australian migrant (32%) and nonmigrant (68%) workers. Results showed that migrant workers had higher scores on perceived discrimination and occupational stress, and lower scores on personal well-being. These findings highlight the need to understand the experiences, risks, and needs of culturally diverse workers in Australia to improve their well-being and provide them with culturally relevant support.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Australien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1002/joec.12184

Referens

Satyen, L., & Becerra, A. F. (2022). Discrimination, stress, and well-being in the workplace: A comparison of Australian migrant and nonmigrant workers. Journal of Employment Counseling, 00, 1– 11.

Factors associated with burnout among medical laboratory professionals in Ontario, Canada: An exploratory study during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic

Nowrouzi-Kia, B., Dong, J., Gohar, B., Hoad, M.

Sammanfattning

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine factors associated with burnout among medical laboratory technologists (MLT) in Ontario, Canada during the second wave of coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Methods: We employed a cross-sectional design and used a self-reported questionnaire designed for MLT in Ontario, Canada. Results: There were 441 (47.5% response rate) MLT who were included in the analytic sample. Most of the respondents were women, with a mean age of 43.1 and a standard deviation of 11.7. The prevalence of experiencing burnout was 72.3% for MLT. In the adjusted demographic model, those ≥50 (OR = 0.36, 95% CI: 0.22–0.59) were 0.36 or about one third as likely to experience burnout as those under 50. Similarly, those who held a university degree were less likely to experience burnout compared with high school degree (OR = 0.35, 95% CI: 0.15–0.79). In the adjusted occupational model, high quantitative demands (OR = 2.15, 95% CI: 1.21–3.88), high work pace (OR = 2.21, 95% CI: 1.25–3.98), high job insecurity (OR = 2.56, 95% CI: 1.39– 4.82), high work life conflict (OR = 5.08, 95% CI: 2.75–9.64) and high job satisfaction (OR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.20–0.88), high self-rated health (OR = 0.32, 95% CI: 0.17–0.56) were significant. Conclusion: This study provides preliminary evidence regarding the factors associated with burnout in MLT. Additional research is needed to understand their relationship with workers health and well-being and in the delivery of health services.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Kanada

Yrken

Laboratorietekniker

DOI

10.1002/hpm.3460

Referens

Nowrouzi-Kia, B., Dong, J., Gohar, B., Hoad, M. (2022). Factors associated with burnout among medical laboratory professionals in Ontario, Canada: An exploratory study during the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. The International Journal of Health Planning and Management, 1–15.

Facilitating stress prevention in micro and small-sized enterprises: protocol for a mixed method study to evaluate the effectiveness and implementation process of targeted web-based interventions

Engels, M., Boß, L., Engels, J. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Workplace-related stress is a major risk factor for mental and physical health problems and related sickness absence and productivity loss. Despite evidence regarding the effectiveness of different workplace-based interventions, the implementation of stress prevention interventions is rare, especially in micro and small-sized enterprises (MSE) with fewer than 50 employees. The joint research project “PragmatiKK”+ aims to identify and address the specific barriers to the implementation of stress prevention interventions in MSE. This study protocol describes a mixed method study design to evaluate the effectiveness of adapted stress prevention interventions and the implementation process via an integrated web-based platform (“System P”) specifically targeted at MSE. Methods: First, we develop a web-based intervention, which accounts for the specific working conditions in MSE and addresses stress prevention at a structural and behavioral level. Second, we use common methods of implementation research to perform an effect and process evaluation. We analyze the effectiveness of the web-based stress prevention interventions by comparing depressive symptoms at baseline and follow-up (after 6 months and 12 months). Indicators for a successful implementation process include acceptability, adoption, feasibility, reach, dose, and fidelity, which we will measure with quantitative web-based questionnaires and qualitative interviews. We will also analyze the accumulated usage data from the web-based platform. Discussion: Collecting data on the implementation process and the effectiveness of a web-based intervention will help to identify and overcome common barriers to stress prevention in MSE. This can improve the mental health of employees in MSE, which constitute more than 90% of all enterprises in Germany.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12889-022-12921-7

Referens

Engels, M., Boß, L., Engels, J. et al. (2022). Facilitating stress prevention in micro and small-sized enterprises: protocol for a mixed method study to evaluate the effectiveness and implementation process of targeted web-based interventions. BMC Public Health, 22, Article number: 591.

Structural equation modeling of the influence of primary school teachers' demographics on their psychosocial work hazards

Ugwuanyi, C. S., Okeke, C. C., & Okeke, C. I. O.

Sammanfattning

Most workers, especially teachers experience one form of psychosocial work hazards or the other. In the Nigerian context, there is a high prevalence of psychosocial work hazards and no study has been conducted to ascertain the influence of teachers’ demographics on their psychosocial work hazards. This study explored the influence of primary school teachers’ demographics on their psychosocial work hazards using the structural equation modeling approach. Drawing from the tenets of Job-Demand-Control-Support theory, a correlational survey research design was used, using a sample of 254 primary school teachers, and the study was based on a quantitative research approach. The study's data were gathered utilizing a 28-item questionnaire adapted from the 30-item Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire developed by Kristensen and coworkers in 2005. The internal consistency reliability index of the questionnaire items was 0.74. The data were analyzed using a combination of frequency, percentage, chi-square test of independent samples, hierarchical multiple regression analysis, and structural equation modeling. It was revealed that demographic characteristics of teachers correlated with their psychosocial work hazards. However, it was found that only the age and location of the teachers had significant (p < .05) relationships with their psychosocial work hazards. The age and location of the teachers are significant determinants of their psychosocial work hazards. This our findings call for more research on the subject matter as some recent studies have documented that other demographics of teachers had significant relationships with psychosocial work hazards. It was therefore recommended that teachers’ demographics should be considered as important factors in the recruitment of teachers.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nigeria

Yrken

Lärare

DOI

10.1002/jcop.22857

Referens

Ugwuanyi, C. S., Okeke, C. C., & Okeke, C. I. O. (2022). Structural equation modeling of the influence of primary school teachers' demographics on their psychosocial work hazards. Journal of Community Psychology, 1– 17.

Assessment of psychosocial work hazards and workplace deviant behaviours of teachers in rural community-based schools

Ede, M. O., Aye, E. N., & Okeke, C. I.

Sammanfattning

This is a cross-sectional study that assessed the psychosocial work hazards and workplace deviant behaviours of teachers in rural community-based schools. A total of 254 primary school teachers participated in the study. Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) and Work Deviance Behaviour Scale were employed to elicit the teachers' responses. The descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage), and Pearson's correlation (r) statistical analysis were used to analyse the data. The results showed that the primary school teachers experience elements of psychosocial work hazards. It was also indicated that primary school teachers rarely exhibit work deviant behaviours. There is a significant positive relationship between psychosocial work hazards and workplace deviant behaviours of primary school teachers in Enugu State. In conclusion, it was suggested that teachers experience psychosocial work hazards and exhibit workplace deviant behaviours in primary schools in Enugu State Nigeria. Therefore, professionals in workplaces including schools should design practicable interventions that would help to reduce workplace deviance among employees in different works of life. With this, these should be reflected in decision-making and policies implementations to rural communities and beyond.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nigeria

Yrken

Lärare

DOI

10.1002/jcop.22848

Referens

Ede, M. O., Aye, E. N., & Okeke, C. I. (2022). Assessment of psychosocial work hazards and workplace deviant behaviours of teachers in rural community-based schools. Journal of Community Psychology, 1– 17.

Job satisfaction in midwives and its association with organisational and psychosocial factors at work: a nation-wide, cross-sectional study

Hansson, M., Dencker, A., Lundgren, I. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Midwives report a challenging work environment globally, with high levels of burnout, insufficient work resources and low job satisfaction. The primary objective of this study was to identify factors in the organisational and psychosocial work environment associated with midwives’ job satisfaction. A secondary objective was to identify differences in how midwives assess the organisational and psychosocial work environment compared to Swedish benchmarks. Methods: This nation-wide, cross-sectional web survey study analysed midwives’ assessment of their organisational and psychosocial work environment using the COPSOQ III instrument. A multivariable, bi-directional, stepwise linear regression was used to identify association with job satisfaction (N = 1747, 99.6% women). A conventional minimal important score difference (MID ± 5 as a noticeable difference with clinical importance) were used to compare midwives’ results with Swedish benchmarks. Results: A multivariable regression model with 13 scales explained the variance in job satisfaction (R2 = .65). Five scales, possibilities for development, quality of work, role conflict, burnout and recognition, explained most of the variance in midwives’ job satisfaction (R2 = .63) and had β values ranging from .23 to .10. Midwives had adverse MID compared to Swedish benchmarks with higher difference in mean values regarding quantitative demands (8.3), work pace (6.0) emotional demand (20.6), role conflicts (7.9) and burnout (8.3). In addition, lower organisational justice (-6.4), self-rated health (-8.8), influence (-13.2) and recognition at work (-5.8). However, variation and meaning of work showed a beneficial difference in mean values with 7.9 and 13.7 respectively. Conclusions: Midwives reported high levels of meaningfulness in their work, and meaningfulness was associated with job satisfaction. However, midwives also reported adversely high demands and a lack of influence and recognition at work and in addition, high role conflict and burnout compared to Swedish benchmarks. The lack of organisational resources are modifiable factors that can be taken into account when structural changes are made regarding organisation of care, management and resource allocation. Midwives are necessary to a high quality sexual, reproductive and perinatal health care. Future studies are needed to investigate if job satisfaction can be improved through professional recognition and development, and if this can reduce turnover in midwives.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Barnmorskor

DOI

10.1186/s12913-022-07852-3

Referens

Hansson, M., Dencker, A., Lundgren, I. et al. (2022). Job satisfaction in midwives and its association with organisational and psychosocial factors at work: a nation-wide, cross-sectional study. BMC Health Services Research, 22, 436.

The Swedish HealthPhys Study: Study Description and Prevalence of Clinical Burnout and Major Depression among Physicians

Hagqvist, E., Ekberg, K., Lidwall, U., Nyberg, A., Landstad, B. J., Wilczek, A., Bååthe, F., & Sjöström, M.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: The study purpose was to describe the Swedish HealthPhys cohort. Using data from the HealthPhys study, we aimed to describe the prevalence of clinical burnout and major depression in a representative sample of Swedish physicians across gender, age, worksite, hierarchical position, and speciality in spring of 2021, during the third wave of the Covid-19 pandemic. Method: The HealthPhys questionnaire was sent to a representative sample of practising physicians (n = 6699) in Sweden in February to May of 2021 with a 41.3% response rate. The questionnaire included validated instruments measuring psychosocial work environment and health including measurements for major depression and clinical burnout. Results: Data from the HealthPhys study showed that among practising physicians in Sweden the prevalence of major depression was 4.8% and clinical burnout was 4.7%. However, the variations across sub-groups of physicians regarding major depression ranged from 0% to 10.1%. For clinical burnout estimates ranged from 1.3% to 14.5%. Emergency physicians had the highest levels of clinical burnout while they had 0% prevalence of major depression. Prevalence of exhaustion was high across all groups of physicians with physicians working in emergency departments, at the highest (28.6%) and anaesthesiologist at the lowest (5.6%). Junior physicians had high levels across all measurements. Conclusions: In conclusion, the first data collection from the HealthPhys study showed that the prevalence of major depression and clinical burnout varies across genders, age, hierarchical position, worksite, and specialty. Moreover, many practising physicians in Sweden experienced exhaustion and were at high risk of burnout.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Läkare

DOI

10.1177/24705470221083866

Referens

Hagqvist, E., Ekberg, K., Lidwall, U., Nyberg, A., Landstad, B. J., Wilczek, A., Bååthe, F., & Sjöström, M. (2022). The Swedish HealthPhys Study: Study Description and Prevalence of Clinical Burnout and Major Depression among Physicians. Chronic Stress.

A cross-sectional study on public health nurses' disaster competencies and influencing factors during the COVID-19 pandemic in Korea

Hong, E., Jung, A. & Woo, K.

Sammanfattning

Public health nurses are performing various roles during the COVID-19 pandemic: counseling, surveillance, specimen collection, epidemiological investigation, education, and vaccination. This study investigated their disaster competencies in the context of emerging infectious diseases, and identified their influencing factors based on Deci and Ryan’s self-determination theory. A convenience sample of 242 was selected from public health nurses working in a metropolitan city of South Korea. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation, and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS Statistics ver. 23.0. Results showed that the significant factors influencing disaster competencies included “willingness to respond to a disaster,” “preventive behavior,” “experience of receiving education on emerging infectious diseases response,” “public health center experience,” “job satisfaction,” and “education.” This regression model explained 33.2% of the variance in disaster competencies. “Willingness to respond to a disaster” was the strongest factor affecting disaster competencies. Based on these results, it is concluded that interventions to improve disaster competencies and psychological well-being of public health nurses are needed. Additionally, strategies such as creating a supportive work environment, deploying experienced nurses primarily on the front line, and reducing the tasks of permanent public health nurses should be implemented.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sydkorea

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1186/s12889-022-13091-2

Referens

Hong, E., Jung, A. & Woo, K. (2022). A cross-sectional study on public health nurses' disaster competencies and influencing factors during the COVID-19 pandemic in Korea. BMC Public Health, 22, 731.

Association of perceived work pace and physical work demands with occupational accidents: a cross-sectional study of ageing male construction workers in Denmark

Hansen, P.W., Schlünssen, V., Fonager, K. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Occupational accidents continue to be a significant public health challenge worldwide. Construction workers in particular are at high risk of occupational accidents, and thus it is of major importance to identify possible predictors of occupational accidents among construction workers. We aimed to investigate the association between self-reported work pace and physical work demands and occupational accidents among ageing male construction workers in Denmark. Methods: Data on perceived work pace, physical work demands, and occupational accidents was acquired from questionnaires sent to ageing construction workers in Denmark in 2016 as part of the ALFA project (ALdring og Fysisk Arbejde; Ageing and Physical Work). A sample of 1270 Danish male construction workers above 50 years of age was included in the present study. Multiple logistic regression models were applied, with adjustments for age, smoking, body mass index, musculoskeletal disorders, occupation, work experience, and support at work. Results: Of 1270 construction workers, 166 (13.1%) reported an occupational accident within the last 12 months. There was no significant association between perceived work pace and occupational accidents, but physical work demands were associated with higher odds for occupational accidents, with an odds ratio of 2.27 (95% confidence interval 1.26–4.10) for medium physical work demands and 2.62 (95% confidence interval 1.50–4.57) for high physical work demands. Conclusions: Ageing male construction workers with high physical work demands had statistically significant higher odds of having an occupational accident. By contrast, perceived work pace was not associated with occupational accidents in this large cross-sectional study.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Byggarbetare

DOI

10.1186/s12889-021-12461-6

Referens

Hansen, P.W., Schlünssen, V., Fonager, K. et al. (2022). Association of perceived work pace and physical work demands with occupational accidents: a cross-sectional study of ageing male construction workers in Denmark. BMC Public Health, 22, 18.

P.0715 Sleep, stress, burnout, and depressive symptoms among healthcare workers from COVID-19 services: findings from a cross-sectional study on psychosocial risks European Neuropsychopharmacology

Gouveia P, Moura P, Lopes D, Henriques A, Pires A.

Sammanfattning

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Portugal

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1016/j.euroneuro.2021.10.785

Referens

Gouveia P, Moura P, Lopes D, Henriques A, Pires A. (2021). P.0715 Sleep, stress, burnout, and depressive symptoms among healthcare workers from COVID-19 services: findings from a cross-sectional study on psychosocial risks European Neuropsychopharmacology. Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 53, S523-S523.

The Gutenberg health study: a five-year prospective analysis of psychosocial working conditions using COPSOQ (Copenhagen psychosocial questionnaire) and ERI (effort-reward imbalance)

Nuebling, M., Hegewald, J., Starke, K.R. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Psychosocial working conditions were previously analyzed using the first recruitment wave of the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) cohort (n = 5000). We aimed to confirm the initial analysis using the entire GHS population at baseline (N = 15,010) and at the five-year follow-up. We also aimed to determine the effects of psychosocial working conditions at baseline on self-rated outcomes measured at follow-up. Methods: At baseline, working GHS participants were assessed with either the Effort-Reward-Imbalance questionnaire (ERI) (n = 4358) or with the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) (n = 4322); participants still working after five years received the same questionnaire again (ERI n = 3142; COPSOQ n = 3091). We analyzed the association between working conditions and the outcomes job satisfaction, general health, burnout, and satisfaction with life at baseline, at follow-up and also prospectively from baseline to follow-up using linear regression models. We examined the outcome variance explained by the models (R2) to estimate the predictive performance of the questionnaires. Results: The models’ R2 was comparable to the original baseline analyses at both t0 and t1 (R2 range: ERI 0.10–0.43; COPSOQ 0.10–0.56). However, selected scales of the regression models sometimes changed between assessment times. The prospective analysis showed weaker associations between baseline working conditions and outcomes after five years (R2 range: ERI 0.07–0.19; COPSOQ 0.07–0.24). This was particularly true for job satisfaction. After adjusting for the baseline levels of the outcomes, fewer scales still explained some of the variance in the distribution of the outcome variables at follow-up. The models using only data from t0 or t1 confirmed the previous baseline analysis. We observed a loss of explained variance in the prospective analysis models. This loss was greatest for job satisfaction, suggesting that this outcome is most influenced by short-term working conditions. Conclusions: Both the COPSOQ and ERI instruments show good criterion validity and adequately predict contemporaneously measured self-reported measurements of health and (occupational) well-being. However, the COPSOQ provides a more detailed picture of working conditions and might be preferable for improvment strategies in workplaces. Additional prospective research with shorter follow-up times would be beneficial for estimating dose-response relationships.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12889-021-12240-3

Referens

Nuebling, M., Hegewald, J., Starke, K.R. et al. (2022). The Gutenberg health study: a five-year prospective analysis of psychosocial working conditions using COPSOQ (Copenhagen psychosocial questionnaire) and ERI (effort-reward imbalance). BMC Public Health, 22, 24.

Offensive behaviours against school leaders: Prevalence, perpetrators and mediators in Australian government schools

Arnold, B., Rahimi, M., Riley, P.

Sammanfattning

Offensive behaviour towards school employees is widespread and involves a number of potentially harmful acts. There is evidence that school employees’ experiences of offensive behaviour are shaped by demographic, role and school-based factors that mediate the likelihood of victimisation. However, very few studies have investigated the prevalence and correlates of offensive behaviour against school leaders. This study analysed 13,028 survey responses from the Australia Principal Occupational Health, Safety and Wellbeing survey that were completed between the years 2011 and 2019. The analysis determined the prevalence of bullying, threats of violence and physical violence against government school leaders, the main perpetrators of these offenses and the moderating effects of key socio-demographic factors. Results from the study demonstrated that considerable proportions of Australian government school leaders were subjected to offensive behaviour with an average (pooled) prevalence of 36.2% for bullying, 48.6% for threats of violence and 38.7% for physical violence. School leaders report that students and parents are responsible for most offensive behaviours, but that colleagues also contribute considerably to incidents of bullying. Our findings illustrate that offensive behaviours against Australian school leaders are very high and that particular groups of school leaders are at elevated risk of victimization, especially female school leaders and to a lesser extent assistant principals and those inner or outer regional areas.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Australien

Yrken

Lärare

DOI

10.1177/17411432211057350

Referens

Arnold, B., Rahimi, M., Riley, P. (2021). Offensive behaviours against school leaders: Prevalence, perpetrators and mediators in Australian government schools. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 1–17.

Building perspective awareness as a workplace practice

Andersson, P., Dellve, L., Gillberg, G. and Lindgren, H.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: The present study aims to describe the implementation of a facilitated dialogue model intended to improve communication across professional logics and knowledge boundaries in two units of a large health-care organization in Sweden. Design/methodology/approach: This is a mixed-methods study with interviews, field observations and follow- up questionnaires that were conducted during the implementation process. Findings: The conclusion drawn in this study is that it is possible to change and improve the dialogue between health-care professionals with the help of a tailored, facilitated dialogue model. The authors found that different professional logics can indeed meet and share perspectives if the right conditions are provided. Moreover, an improved dialogue between different professional groups may contribute to work satisfaction, engagement, social cohesion and communication between professionals. Practical implications: This study shows that the right organizational conditions, such as support from managers, must exist if the model’s inherent possibilities are to be used. Inhouse facilitation may be a sustainable model for facilitated workplace dialogue when its implementation is supported by the overall organization. Originality/value: The contribution is an empirically based analysis of a new form of model for mediating perspectives within an organization with distinct professional roles. This study shows how, under the right conditions, the model can contribute to a perspective awareness and thus a more mature work organization.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1108/JWL-06-2021-0076

Referens

Andersson, P., Dellve, L., Gillberg, G. and Lindgren, H. (2022). Building perspective awareness as a workplace practice. Journal of Workplace Learning, Vol. 34 No. 4, 373-387.

Do good psychosocial working conditions prolong working lives? Findings from a prospective study in Sweden

Stengård, J., Leineweber, C., Virtanen, M. et al.

Sammanfattning

Due to an ageing population, governments in European countries are striving to keep older workers longer in the workforce. Remarkably few studies have paid attention to the influence of psychosocial working conditions on timing of retirement for older workers in and beyond normative retirement age. The aim of the present study was to examine whether good psychosocial working conditions contribute to prolonged working lives among older workers (59 years and above). A particular question was whether such conditions increase in importance with age. Seven waves (2006–2018) of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH) were used (N = 6000, observations = 10,632). Discrete-time event history analyses showed that higher levels of job resources (decision authority [OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.06–1.22], skill use [OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.07–1.29], learning opportunities [OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.13–1.31], social support [OR 1.29 (95% CI 1.16–1.42], work-time control [OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.01–1.13], and reward [OR 1.40, 95% CI 1.24–1.57])—but not lower levels of job demands (quantitative and emotional demands or effort)—were associated with working longer (continued work two years later). Also, low effort-reward imbalance (OR 0.84 [95% CI 0.73–0.96]) was associated with working longer. In addition, skill use, work-time control, reward, and low effort-reward imbalance increased in importance with age for continued work. These results suggest that providing older workers with control over their work tasks, giving opportunities for learning and using their skills, as well as rewarding and acknowledging their achievements, may keep them in the workforce longer. Especially, job resources may grow in importance with age.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s10433-021-00672-0

Referens

Stengård, J., Leineweber, C., Virtanen, M. et al. (2021). Do good psychosocial working conditions prolong working lives? Findings from a prospective study in Sweden. European Journal of Ageing.

Gender Differences in the Work and Home Spheres for Teachers, and Longitudinal Associations with Depressive Symptoms in a Swedish Cohort

Stengård, J., Mellner, C., Toivanen, S. et al.

Sammanfattning

The high level of stress among teachers is a frequently reported problem globally but less is known about how demands and resources among teachers affect depressive symptoms, and to what extent gender differences in these conditions can explain potential differences in depressive symptoms. The present study investigated gender differences in teachers’ self-reported depressive symptoms, and differences in their demands and resources in both work and home spheres. Associations between demands and resources, respectively, and depressive symptoms as well as gender differences in these associations were examined. Results from univariate and parallel growth modelling (N = 1,022), using data from six time points (2008 to 2018), found higher levels of depressive symptoms, higher emotional and quantitative work demands, and more time doing unpaid work among female teachers, whereas male teachers reported more time on leisure activities. Emotional and quantitative work demands were associated with depressive symptoms at baseline, and these associations also developed in parallel over time. Leisure time had a negative association with depressive symptoms at baseline. There were no gender differences in the strength of these associations. Findings suggest that gender differences in teachers’ depressive symptoms could be attributable to women’s greater demands in the work sphere and fewer resources in the home sphere than men as opposed to their being more vulnerable to workplace stressors.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Lärare

DOI

10.1007/s11199-021-01261-2

Referens

Stengård, J., Mellner, C., Toivanen, S. et al. (2022). Gender Differences in the Work and Home Spheres for Teachers, and Longitudinal Associations with Depressive Symptoms in a Swedish Cohort. Sex Roles, 86, 159–178.

Exploring systematic and unsystematic change of dynamic leader behaviours: a weekly diary study on the relation between instrumental leadership, stress, and health change

Poethke, U., Klasmeier, K.N., Diebig, M.

Sammanfattning

Diary studies in the leadership literature have linked leader behaviours to several outcomes of followers. As a side effect, they demonstrated that leaders show a certain degree of dynamism of their behaviours across time. Building on conservation of resources theory, we put leader dynamism and its influence on followers into focus and develop a theoretical model integrating two forms of dynamic instrumental leadership – systematic and unsystematic leadership change – to explore how these two forms of leadership dynamism are related to linear change of followers’ stress and health over time. It is also tested whether these relationships are moderated by workload change. We collected data from 234 employees over nine weeks (N = 2,327 measurement points) in a weekly diary study. Results showed that systematic instrumental leadership change was positively related to health change, but not to stress change. Unsystematic instrumental leadership change was neither related to linear change in stress nor health. Different forms of workload change moderated the relation between both components of leadership change with stress and health. Our work provides answers to detrimental effects of dynamic leader behaviours on health-related follower outcomes over time by highlighting the dynamism of these relationships.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Information saknas

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1080/1359432X.2021.2012458

Referens

Poethke, U., Klasmeier, K.N., Diebig, M. (2021). Exploring systematic and unsystematic change of dynamic leader behaviours: a weekly diary study on the relation between instrumental leadership, stress, and health change. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology.

Occupational Profile, Psychosocial Aspects, and Work Ability of Brazilian Workers During COVID-19 Pandemic: IMPPAC Cohort

Andrade, M. A., Castro, C., Batistão, M. V., Mininel, V. A., & Sato, T. O.

Sammanfattning

Background: The IMPPAC cohort (Implications of the COVID-19 pandemic on psychosocial aspects and work ability among Brazilian workers) seeks to understand the impact of the pandemic on Brazilian workers. This article describes the occupational profile, psychosocial aspects, and work ability determined during the baseline and follow-up measurements of the cohort. Methods: Workers were invited to participate through media advertisements, social networks, and e-mails. From June to September 2020, 1211 workers were included in the cohort. Follow-up measurements finished on October 2021 with 633 workers. Data were collected through standardized questionnaires using Google Forms. Psychosocial aspects were assessed using the COPSOQ II-Br. Work ability was assessed using the Work Ability Index (WAI). Results: At baseline and follow-up, high proportion of workers were in the risk zone with regard to work pace, emotional work demands, influence on work, work-family conflict, burnout, and stress. Approximately 75% of the workers reported good to excellent work ability at baseline and follow-up. Conclusion: The occupational profile, psychosocial aspects, and work ability of Brazilian workers from the IMPPAC cohort were described. Psychosocial aspects and WAI were similar at baseline and follow-up.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Brasilien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1016/j.shaw.2021.11.004

Referens

Andrade, M. A., Castro, C., Batistão, M. V., Mininel, V. A., & Sato, T. O. (2022). Occupational Profile, Psychosocial Aspects, and Work Ability of Brazilian Workers During COVID-19 Pandemic: IMPPAC Cohort. Safety and health at work, 13(1), 104–111.

Does social support at home moderate the association between social support at work and work functioning among cancer patients?

Schallig, M.M.T., Bültmann, U., Ranchor, A.V. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: The aims of this study were to examine (1) the longitudinal associations of supervisor and colleague social support with work functioning in cancer patients who have returned to work and (2) the moderating role of social support at home. Methods: Data from the longitudinal Work Life after Cancer study were used (n = 384). Work functioning (low versus moderate to high work functioning) was measured with the validated Work Role Functioning Questionnaire 2.0. Social support at work was measured from both supervisor and colleagues with the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Social support at home was measured with the Social Support List-Discrepancies. Logistic generalized estimating equations were used to analyse associations between supervisor and colleague social support and work functioning, and to examine the possible moderating effect of social support at home. Results: More supervisor (OR: 1.21; 95% CI: 1.10, 1.32) and colleague (1.13; 1.03, 1.24) social support were significantly associated with moderate to high work functioning. The association between colleague social support and work functioning was attenuated for those who did not experience enough social support at home but remained almost significant for supervisor social support (1.17; 1.00, 1.37). Conclusions: Supervisor social support is associated with better work functioning regardless of social support at home, while colleague social support is only associated with better work functioning when cancer patients experience enough social support at home. Implications for Cancer Survivors: Occupational physicians may play a key role in creating awareness that social support at work and at home are beneficial for cancer patients’ work functioning.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s11764-021-01132-5

Referens

Schallig, M.M.T., Bültmann, U., Ranchor, A.V. et al. (2021). Does social support at home moderate the association between social support at work and work functioning among cancer patients?. Journal of Cancer Survivorship.

Psychosocial Risk Factors on Mining Workers Processing Copper and Gold Minerals during Covid-19 Pandemic

Lestari, K. S., Muhamad, A. F., Susanto, A., Putro, E. K., Wilmot, J. C., Savira, Y. M., Listiarini, A., Zulfakar, D., & Sunarno, S. D. A. M.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: In the era of the Covid-19 pandemic, psychosocial issues as part of health and safety have become a popular mental health issue, particularly among gold and copper miners. This situation has led some companies to fire their unskilled and unproductive workers to minimize the production costs. However, there is no specific regulation for the workers that could be a barrier of this unpredicted situation. This condition mostly becomes a negative stressor for the workers at the jobsite. At some point, it develops to a critical health and safety condition known as risky and unhealthy behavior that brings to fatality. The aim of this research is to analyze the psychosocial risk factors that adversely affect the psychology of copper and gold mining workers during the pandemic. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with COPSOQ III, used to identify factors contributing to workers’ psychology, while Dolan & Arsenault’s questionnaire was used to analyze stress symptoms, with a Cronbach α value of 0.83-0.84. Results: Multivariate tests were conducted on the variables of work experience, body mass index, marital status, emotional demands, vertical trust, and organizational justice. Significance values were obtained for the variables of work experience (0.590 body mass index (0.517), marital status (0.122), emotional demands (0.187), vertical trust (0.000), and organizational justice (0.119). Of the six variables, only vertical trusthad a significant value. Conclusion: Psychological risk factors on copper and gold mining workers during the pandemic are only influenced by a vertical trust.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Indonesien

Yrken

Gruvarbetare

DOI

10.20473/ijosh.v10i3.2021.309-315

Referens

Lestari, K. S., Muhamad, A. F., Susanto, A., Putro, E. K., Wilmot, J. C., Savira, Y. M., Listiarini, A., Zulfakar, D., & Sunarno, S. D. A. M. (2021). Psychosocial Risk Factors on Mining Workers Processing Copper and Gold Minerals during Covid-19 Pandemic. The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety and Health, 10(3), 309–315.

Technostress and Digital Competence Among Health Professionals in Swiss Psychiatric Hospitals: Cross-sectional Study

Golz, C., Peter, K.A., Müller, T.J., Mutschler, J., Zwakhalen, S.M.G., Hahn, S.

Sammanfattning

Background: Psychiatric hospitals are becoming increasingly digitized because of the disruptive rise in technical possibilities. This digitization leads to new tasks and demands for health professionals, which can have an impact on technostress. It is unclear whether digital competence reduces technostress and how technostress affects health professionals’ mental and physical health. Objective: This study aims to assess the association between digital competence and technostress, considering individual characteristics and the association between technostress and long-term consequences for health professionals. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 3 Swiss psychiatric hospitals were analyzed using multiple linear regression. The dependent variables for the models were digital competence, technostress, and long-term consequences (intention to leave the organization or the profession, burnout symptoms, job satisfaction, general health status, quality of sleep, headaches, and work ability). One model was calculated for each long-term consequence. The mean scores for technostress and digital competence could range between 0 (fully disagree) and 4 (fully agree), where a high value for technostress indicated high technostress and a high value for digital competence indicated high digital competence. Results: The sample comprised 493 health professionals in psychiatric hospitals. They rated their technostress as moderate (mean 1.30, SD 0.55) and their digital competence as high (mean 2.89, SD 0.73). Digital competence was found to be significantly associated with technostress (β=−.20; P<.001). Among the individual characteristics, age (β=.004; P=.03) and profession were significantly associated with both digital competence and technostress. Technostress is a relevant predictor of burnout symptoms (β=10.32; P<.001), job satisfaction (β=−6.08; P<.001), intention to leave the profession (β=4.53; P=.002), organization (β=7.68; P<.001), general health status (β=−4.47; P<.001), quality of sleep (β=−5.87; P<.001), headaches (β=6.58; P<.001), and work ability (β=−1.40; P<.001). Conclusions: Physicians and nurses who have more interaction with digital technologies rate their technostress higher and their digital competence lower than those in other professions. Health professionals with low interaction with digital technologies appear to overestimate their digital competence. With increasing digitization in psychiatric hospitals, an increase in the relevance of this topic is expected. Educational organizations and psychiatric hospitals should proactively promote the digital competence of health professionals to manage expected disruptive changes.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Schweiz

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.2196/31408

Referens

Golz, C., Peter, K.A., Müller, T.J., Mutschler, J., Zwakhalen, S.M.G., Hahn, S. (2021). Technostress and Digital Competence Among Health Professionals in Swiss Psychiatric Hospitals: Cross-sectional Study. JMIR Ment Health, 8(11, e31408.

COPSOQ III in Germany: validation of a standard instrument to measure psychosocial factors at work

Lincke, HJ., Vomstein, M., Lindner, A. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Over the last almost 20 years COPSOQ (Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire) has become a well-established instrument to measure psychosocial stress at work. In Germany, a first validated version of COPSOQ was introduced in 2005. After the COPSOQ international network took over responsibility for the development of COPSOQ, a new version was published in 2019 (COPSOQ III). The German version of this questionnaire is now to be validated. Methods: Measurement qualities of German COPSOQ III are explored in adherence to the to the usual requirements of a validation study as defined by DIN EN ISO 10075-3. A sample of observations from more than 250,000 participants surveyed with the COPSOQ in Germany is used for univariate and multivariate statistical analysis. Results: With its 84 items the German COPSOQ III includes all psychosocial work factors that are internationally obligatory and is still compatible with almost 70% of the content in the 2005 German version. Typical psychometric properties of the questionnaire (e. g., validity and reliability) are either good or very good for most of the 84 items and 31 scales. Beyond basic results, congruences with widely used theoretical approaches like the Demand-Control(−Support) model or the Job Demands-Resources model are generally satisfactory. Conclusions: With the launch of COPSOQ III in Germany, new workplace psychosocial aspects could be explored. Like the preceding version, the questionnaire is a highly useful instrument for research as well as for risk assessment in enterprises. COSPQO III covers a multitude of theoretical approaches and gives comprehensive information on psychosocial working conditions to deduce actions for their improvement.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12995-021-00331-1

Referens

Lincke, HJ., Vomstein, M., Lindner, A. et al. (2021). COPSOQ III in Germany: validation of a standard instrument to measure psychosocial factors at work. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology, 16, 50.

An approach to employees’ job performance through work environmental variables and leadership behaviours

López-Cabarcos, M.A., Vázquez-Rodríguez, P., Quiñoá-Piñeiro, L.M.

Sammanfattning

This study examines how the combined effects of work environmental factors and leadership behaviours lead to the presence (or absence) of industrial employees job performance by applying fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA). A sample composed of supervisor-subordinate dyads was used to test the propositions of this study. The results show that the most important variables are transformational leadership and social support. Employee empowerment and task significance seem to play a secondary role in leading to employee job performance. These findings support the need for managers to use positive leadership to manage human resources. This paper contributes to the advancement of the knowledge of employee job performance through the identification of the combinations of conditions that can lead to the presence or absence of this important organizational outcome. Directions for future studies are commented on at the end of the paper.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Industripersonal

DOI

10.1016/j.jbusres.2021.11.006

Referens

López-Cabarcos, M.A., Vázquez-Rodríguez, P., Quiñoá-Piñeiro, L.M. (2022). An approach to employees’ job performance through work environmental variables and leadership behaviours. Journal of Business Research, 140, 361-369.

Informal care-giving and the intention to give up employment: the role of perceived supervisor behaviour in a cohort of German employees

Montano, D., Peter, R.

Sammanfattning

Current social policies in the European Union addressing employment, retirement and long-term care are expected to result in increasing employment rates among informal carers. The present investigation contributes to previous research by focusing on how specific work-related factors, in this case supervisor behaviour, may facilitate the fulfilment of the demands arising from paid work and care and ultimately influence the desire to give up employment. To this end, population data from the German Cohort Study on Work, Age, Health and Work Participation conducted in 2011 and 2014 are analysed (n = 3916). Three research hypotheses investigating the associations between care-giving, supervisor behaviour, the intention to give up employment and work-private-life conflict are tested by means of cumulative link models. The results suggest that the intention to give up employment is stronger among employed carers. In addition, the perception that one’s supervisor is considerate towards subordinates and is effective in planning, coordinating work and solving conflicts is found to be negatively related to the desire to give up employment, especially among carers. The statistical analyses reveal that supervisor behaviour mediates the association between the level of work-private-life conflict and the intention to give up employment. It is concluded that the working conditions may exert a substantial influence on the levels of psychosocial load carers experience by facilitating or hindering the extent to which carers are allowed to accommodate their work schedules and job assignments to the conflicting demands of their dual role as workers and carers.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s10433-021-00660-4

Referens

Montano, D., Peter, R. (2021). Informal care-giving and the intention to give up employment: the role of perceived supervisor behaviour in a cohort of German employees. Eur J Ageing.

Migrant domestic workers' character strengths and the role of work-related factors: A strengths-based perspective

Nalipay, M.J.N., King, R.B., Garabiles, M.R., Capio, C.M. and Yeung, S.S.S.

Sammanfattning

Most studies on migrant domestic workers (MDW) focus on their problems and vulnerabilities, whereas not much is known about their positive attributes and character strengths. Hence, this study intends to deviate from the usual deficit-based view of MDW, which portrays them as victims, to a strengths-based perspective, which highlights their character strengths. In this study, we examined MDW's character strengths (i.e. positive human attributes that contribute to the thriving of oneself and others) and work-related factors associated with it. The participants of the study were 631 Filipino female MDW in Hong Kong. We examined how work-related factors (employer support and working conditions) predicted different character strength domains (courage, humanity, justice, moderation, transcendence and wisdom) through strengths use. Results of structural equation modelling revealed that employer support consistently predicted all six domains of character strengths through increased strengths use. These findings highlight the important role of employer support on MDW's character strengths. More importantly, it can raise critical awareness on MDW's strengths and well-being, and provide a platform for future strengths-based programmes and policies.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Hong Kong

Yrken

Hembiträde

DOI

10.1002/ijop.12819

Referens

Nalipay, M.J.N., King, R.B., Garabiles, M.R., Capio, C.M. and Yeung, S.S.S. (2022). Migrant domestic workers' character strengths and the role of work-related factors: A strengths-based perspective. Int J Psychol.

A Mixed Methods Analysis of Case Manager Stress at A Homelessness Services Center

Twis, M., Petrovich, J., Cronley, C., Nordberg, A., Woody, D.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: Extant literature has demonstrated connections between workplace environment and worker stress, as well as between worker stress and direct service provision. Current research on direct service provision to people experiencing homelessness, however, has not established a clear association between the workplace environment and the quality of direct services provided to clients receiving case management. This study extends the existing research by establishing connections between all of these constructs, specifically within the context of case management services to people experiencing homelessness. Method: For this mixed methods study, the authors sampled 16 case managers providing direct services to people experiencing homelessness in one homelessness services organization (HSO) in a large metropolitan area. Through focus group interviews and web-based surveys, the authors collected data on the workplace environment, worker stress, and direct service provision. The authors then analyzed the data using a concurrent nested approach for mixed methods analysis. Results: The results of this study suggest that case managers in homelessness HSOs often experience a stressful workplace environment due to workplace cultural norms, inefficient processes, and high expectations placed upon them by both clients and administrators. The stressful workplace environment can interact with client trauma to produce secondary traumatic stress in direct service providers, which then influences client-case manager rapport development. Discussion: Study findings point toward specific policies and practices that homelessness HSOs ought to adopt in order to mitigate case managers’ workplace stress and secondary traumatic stress, and negative influences of these stressors on rapport development between case managers and clients experiencing homelessness.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

USA

Yrken

Chefer

DOI

10.1080/26408066.2021.1989355

Referens

Twis, M., Petrovich, J., Cronley, C., Nordberg, A., Woody, D. (2021). A Mixed Methods Analysis of Case Manager Stress at A Homelessness Services Center. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 19:1, 19-41.

Online teaching in radiology as a pilot model for modernizing medical education: results of an international study in cooperation with the ESR

Stoehr, F., Müller, L., Brady, A.P. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Due to the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it proved necessary to rapidly change medical education from on-site to online teaching. Thus, medical educators were forced to rethink the purpose of teaching and the best form of transmission of knowledge. In cooperation with the European Society of Radiology (ESR), we investigated the attitudes of radiologists in Europe and North America toward innovative online teaching concepts. Methods: In total, 224 radiologists from 31 different countries participated in our cross-sectional, web-based survey study. On a 7-point Likert scale, participants had to answer 27 questions about the online teaching situation before/during the pandemic, technical and social aspects of online teaching and the future role of online teaching in radiology. Results: An overwhelming majority stated that radiology is particularly well-suited for online teaching (91%), that online teaching should play a more prominent role after the pandemic (73%) and that lecturers should be familiar with online teaching techniques (89%). Difficulties include a higher workload in preparing online courses (59%), issues with motivating students to follow online courses (56%) and the risk of social isolation (71%). Before the pandemic, only 12% of teaching was provided online; for the future, our participants deemed a proportion of approximately 50% online teaching appropriate. Conclusion: Our participants are open-minded about online teaching in radiology. As the best way of transferring knowledge in medical education is still unclear, online teaching offers potential for innovation in radiology education. To support online teaching development, a structured, framework-based “online curriculum” should be established.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Blandat

Yrken

Radiologer

DOI

10.1186/s13244-021-01092-5

Referens

Stoehr, F., Müller, L., Brady, A.P. et al. (2021). Online teaching in radiology as a pilot model for modernizing medical education: results of an international study in cooperation with the ESR. Insights Imaging, 12, 141.

The effects of psychological risk factors at work on cognitive failures through the accident proneness

Abbasi, M., Falahati, M., Kaydani, M. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Various agents such as psychosocial items and accident proneness can affect cognitive failures through different paths. The probable paths are the direct effects of workplace psychosocial items on cognitive failures and their indirect effects on cognitive failures through the mediator variable of accident proneness, which has not yet been studied by others. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate these paths. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 164 male employees of Karoon Sugar Company in 2018. The participants were asked to complete a background and demographic questionnaire, Broadbent cognitive failures scale, accident proneness questionnaire, and Copenhagen psychosocial questionnaire. Obtained data were analyzed and modeled using the statistical descriptive method, ANOVA, independent t-test, Pearson correlation test, and path analysis in the SPSS and AMOS software. Results: The results of the path analysis showed that, not only, some psychosocial risk items had a significant direct effect on cognitive failures, but also, they could affect cognitive failures through the accident proneness, indirectly. Work-family conflict and social support from supervisors by coefficients of 0.188 and – 0.187 had the highest direct effects, respectively. The highest indirect effects belonged to justice and respect, and work-family conflict by coefficients of - 0.220 and 0.199, respectively. The highest total effects were also related to the work-family conflict and justice and respect by coefficients of 0.387 and – 0.381, respectively. Conclusions: In total, our results showed that some psychological items could, directly and indirectly, increase cognitive failure through accident proneness.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Iran

Yrken

Industripersonal

DOI

10.1186/s40359-021-00669-5

Referens

Abbasi, M., Falahati, M., Kaydani, M. et al. (2021). The effects of psychological risk factors at work on cognitive failures through the accident proneness. BMC Psychol, 9, 162.

Multi-level analysis of individual and work environment factors associated with nurses' perceived emotional exhaustion

Clari, M., Gonella, S., Gatti, P., Garzaro, G., Paleologo, M., Cortese, C. G., & Dimonte, V.

Sammanfattning

Background: Several factors at the individual- and work environment-level were suggested to correlate with emotional exhaustion development in nurses. Aim: To explore nurses' perceived emotional exhaustion and associated factors by employing hierarchical modelling techniques. Methods: 1539 nurses completed the cross-sectional survey. Generalized Linear Mixed Model was performed to identify predictors of emotional exhaustion. Results: At the individual level, female gender, high workload and emotional job demands increased the risk of emotional exhaustion; instead, higher education, satisfaction with the role of follower, perceiving nursing profession as meaningful, feeling independent at work, and group closeness were protective factors. At the work environment level, hospital ward type did not affect emotional exhaustion. Conclusions: Emotional exhaustion is largely influenced by ward culture and organizational policies, and to a lower extent by socio-demographic variables. Moreover, it emerges as an intrinsic risk of the nursing profession rather than being associated with the clinical area profile.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1016/j.apnr.2021.151514

Referens

Clari, M., Gonella, S., Gatti, P., Garzaro, G., Paleologo, M., Cortese, C. G., & Dimonte, V. (2021). Multi-level analysis of individual and work environment factors associated with nurses' perceived emotional exhaustion. Applied nursing research, 63, 151514.

Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties of the short version of COPSOQ II-Brazil

Gonçalves, J. S., Moriguchi, C. S., Chaves, T. C., & Sato, T. O.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: Translate and culturally adapt the short version of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II (COPSOQ II) into Brazilian Portuguese (COPSOQ II-Br) and evaluate its psychometric properties. Methods: Translation and cultural adaptation followed the standardized guidelines. Structural validity was assessed using exploratory factorial analysis. Test-retest reliability was evaluated by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC3,1) and internal consistency by Cronbach’s alpha. Floor and ceiling effect was considered acceptable if less than 15% of participants reported the lowest or highest scores. Measurement error was assessed by standard error of measurement (SEM), while construct validity was tested by correlating the COPSOQ II-Br, the Job Content Questionnaire and the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. Results: The study evaluated a total of 211 civil servants and service providers in the test and 157 in the retest. After cross-cultural adaptation, the COPSOQ II-Br structure comprised seven domains and 11 dimensions. Most dimensions showed acceptable floor and ceiling effects, excepting “Work family conflicts” (floor effect of 26.1%), and “Meaning and commitment” and “Job satisfaction,” with ceiling floor of 27.5% and 22.3%, respectively. Cronbach’s alpha values reached the recommended levels (varied between 0.70 and 0.87). Test-retest reliability indicated that all dimensions had ICC between 0.71 and 0.81. SEM ranged from 0.6 to 2.2 and the construct validity showed good results with the tested instruments (significant positive and negative correlations). Conclusions: All psychometric properties of the short version COPSOQ II-Br are suitable for use in Brazil. The instrument is thus validated and can be used by occupational health and human resources professionals to evaluate psychosocial working conditions.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Brasilien

Yrken

Offentliganställda tjänstemän

DOI

10.11606/s1518-8787.2021055003123

Referens

Gonçalves, J. S., Moriguchi, C. S., Chaves, T. C., & Sato, T. O. (2021). Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties of the short version of COPSOQ II-Brazil. Revista de saude publica, 55, 69.

Supporting participation in paid work of cancer survivors and their partners in the Netherlands: protocol of the SusTained Employability in cancer Patients and their partnerS (STEPS) multi-centre randomized controlled trial and cohort study

Zegers, A.D., Coenen, P., Bültmann, U. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Many cancer survivors experience physical and/or psychosocial problems affecting return to work (RTW) and work retention. Current interventions on RTW lack evidence regarding effectiveness, while interventions for work retention are missing. Partners of cancer survivors may also experience work- and health-related outcomes; yet, these consequences are not well understood. Here, the protocol of the STEPS study is described. The study aims are to: 1) evaluate the (cost-)effectiveness of a rehabilitation program for RTW and work retention in cancer survivors, and 2) assess health- and work-related outcomes among cancer survivors’ partners. Methods: In a multicentre Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT), 236 working-age cancer survivors with an employment contract will be randomly allocated to a usual care group or an intervention group receiving a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program, combining occupational therapy facilitating work retention (e.g., energy management and self-efficacy training) and reintegration consultation addressing work-related issues (e.g., RTW planning and discussing workplace or task modifications with the supervisor). Alongside the RCT, a prospective cohort study will be conducted among cancer survivors’ partners (n = 267). Participants in the RCT and cohort study will be asked to complete questionnaires at baseline, and after six and 12 months, assessing work- and health-related outcomes. Generalized estimating equations will be used to assess intervention’s effectiveness, compared to usual care, regarding primary (i.e., working hours per week) and secondary outcomes. Also economic and process evaluations will be performed. For the cohort study, logistic or linear regression modelling will be applied assessing work- and health-related outcomes (primary outcome: working hours) of cancer survivors’ partners, and what factors predict these outcomes. Results: The study is planned to start in September 2021; results are expected in 2023. Conclusion: Compared to usual care, the STEPS intervention is hypothesized to be (cost-)effective and the intervention could be a valuable addition to standard care helping cancer survivors to sustain employment. Further, it is expected that living with a cancer survivor has a substantial impact on work and health of partners, while specific groups of partners that are at particular risk for this impact are likely to be identified. Trial registration: Dutch Trial Register (NTR;NL9094; 15-12-2020).

År

2021

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12889-021-11865-8

Referens

Zegers, A.D., Coenen, P., Bültmann, U. et al. (2021). Supporting participation in paid work of cancer survivors and their partners in the Netherlands: protocol of the SusTained Employability in cancer Patients and their partnerS (STEPS) multi-centre randomized controlled trial and cohort study. BMC Public Health, 21, 1844.

An internet-based compassion course for healthcare professionals: Rationale and protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Bratt, A. S., Johansson, M., Holmberg, M., Fagerström, C., Elmqvist, C., Rusnergh, M., Kaldoai, V.

Sammanfattning

Background: Severe stress is one of the most common causes of sick leave in Sweden. Previous research has shown that compassion interventions for healthcare professionals can decrease work-related stress through the introduction of self-care, self-awareness, and emotion regulation abilities when experiencing difficult situations. Internet-based stress management interventions have hitherto shown promising results in reducing stress. However, further research is needed to examine the effectiveness of internet-based compassion interventions for healthcare professionals. Objective: In the present study protocol, a randomised controlled trial is described, aiming to examine the effects of an internet-based compassion course for healthcare professionals on work-related stress and stress of conscience. Method: Healthcare professionals will be offered an internet-based stress management course of five modules across a period of five weeks. The design is a randomised controlled study consisting of three groups enrolled in one of the following: a compassion course (n = 120), a cognitive behavioural stress management course (n = 120), or placed on a waitlist followed by either the compassion course or the cognitive behavioural stress management course (n = 36). We hypothesise that the internet-based compassion course would reduce the participants’ stress of conscience to a greater degree compared to the other two groups. The secondary hypothesis is that the compassion course would increase the participants’ professional quality of life (i.e., higher job satisfaction and lower empathy fatigue) and self-compassion. In addition, the internet-based compassion course is expected to reduce the participants’ work-related stress and sick leave rates to the same degree (non-inferiority) as the cognitive behavioural stress management course and to a higher degree when compared to the waitlist condition. The primary outcome measure is the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire (SCQ) and the secondary outcome measures are the Professional Quality of Life Scale (PROQOL), the Work-related Stress Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), and the Self-compassion Scale (SCS). Assessments will be performed at baseline, four weekly assessments during treatment, post-treatment (5 weeks), and follow-ups at 10 weeks, 15 weeks, and 6 months. The repeated measures data will be analysed using a generalised estimating equation for repeated measurements to examine whether changes over time differ between the groups and whether the improvements persist over time. Discussion: The clinical trial is expected to provide novel data on the effects of compassion interventions and add to the existing knowledge of internet-based interventions for stress management in healthcare professionals.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1016/j.invent.2021.100463

Referens

Bratt, A. S., Johansson, M., Holmberg, M., Fagerström, C., Elmqvist, C., Rusnergh, M., Kaldoai, V. (2021). An internet-based compassion course for healthcare professionals: Rationale and protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Internet Interventions.

Psychosocial Working Conditions Play an Important Role in the Return-to-Work Process After Total Knee and Hip Arthroplasty

Kamp, T., Brouwer, S., Hylkema, T.H. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: Both personal and work-related factors affect return to work (RTW) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA). Little is known about work-related factors associated with the recovery process. This study aimed to determine which work-related factors are associated with time to RTW for both TKA and THA patients. Methods: A prospective multicenter survey study was conducted that included patients aged 18–63, had a paid job and were scheduled to undergo primary TKA/THA. Surveys were completed preoperatively, 6 weeks, and 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively, and included four domains of work-related factors: work characteristics, physical working conditions, psychosocial working conditions and work adjustments. Control variables included age, sex, education, and comorbidity. Time to RTW was defined as days from surgery until RTW. Multivariate linear regression analyses were conducted separately for TKA/THA patients. Results: Enrolled were 246 patients (n = 146 TKA, n = 100 THA, median age 56 years, 57% female). Median time to RTW was 79 days (IQR 52.0–146.0). Mainly physical tasks (TKA: B 58.2, 95%CI 9.5–106.8; THA: B 52.1, 95%CI 14.1–90.2) and a combination of physical and mental tasks (TKA: B 50.2, 95%CI 6.4–94.0; THA B 54.0, 95%CI 24.2–83.7) were associated with longer time to RTW after both TKA and THA. More possibilities for personal job development (B − 12.8, 95%CI − 25.3–0.4) and more work recognition (B − 13.2, 95%CI − 25.5 to − 0.9) were significantly associated with shorter time to RTW after TKA. Higher quality of supervisor leadership (B − 14.1, 95%CI − 22.2 to − 6.0) was significantly associated with shorter time to RTW after THA. Conclusion: The findings of this study stress the importance of psychosocial working conditions, besides type of job tasks, in RTW after TKA/THA. Further research on work-related factors is needed, as arthroplasty is being performed on an increasingly younger population of knee and hip OA patients for whom participating in work is of critical importance.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s10926-021-10006-7

Referens

Kamp, T., Brouwer, S., Hylkema, T.H. et al. (2021). Psychosocial Working Conditions Play an Important Role in the Return-to-Work Process After Total Knee and Hip Arthroplasty. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation.

Job quality trajectories among baby-boomers in Germany and their consequences for the motivation to work – results from the lidA cohort study

Stiller, M., Garthe, N., & Hasselhorn, H.

Sammanfattning

In light of a large proportion of older workers leaving the German labour market in the near future, policy makers aim to extend working lives to ensure sustainability of the social security system. In this context, safe and healthy working conditions are considered a precondition for encouraging employment participation. To understand better the role of the work environment in pre-retirement years, we draw upon an established model of five job quality profiles for the German ageing workforce. We explored seven-year profile development and linked selected manual and non-manual job quality trajectories to the motivation to work (MTW) using data from the 2011, 2014 and 2018 assessments of the lidA cohort study (valid N = 2,863). We found that older workers shifted to physically less-demanding profiles. Individual profile stability was prevalent among one-third of the workers. In 2018, there was a higher MTW when job quality remained favourable or improved early, while later improvements were associated with lower MTW. Early deterioration of job quality was associated with lower MTW levels among workers with non-manual trajectories only. The results highlight the dynamic job quality situation of the older German workforce and the importance of adopting a person-centred perspective when investigating working conditions and its effects. They further underline the need to consider quality of work when designing and implementing strategies to extend working lives.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1017/S0144686X21001343

Referens

Stiller, M., Garthe, N., & Hasselhorn, H. (2021). Job quality trajectories among baby-boomers in Germany and their consequences for the motivation to work – results from the lidA cohort study. Ageing and Society, 1-23.

Longitudinal Reciprocal Relationships Between the Psychosocial Work Environment and Burnout

Shahidi, F. V., Smith, P. M., Oudyk, J. MSc., Gignac, M. A.M.

Sammanfattning

Objective: To examine longitudinal reciprocal relationships between the psychosocial work environment and burnout. Methods: We used two-wave cross-lagged panel models to estimate associations between a wide range of psychosocial work factors (ie, job demands, job control, job insecurity, coworker support, supervisor support, and organizational justice) and burnout in a broadly representative sample of the general working population in Canada (n = 453). Results: Bidirectional associations between the psychosocial work environment and burnout were observed. Results supported the causal predominance of psychosocial work factors over burnout. Higher job demands, lower job control, higher job insecurity, and lower organizational justice predicted burnout over time. Burnout only predicted lower supervisor support over time. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that stress at work is better understood as a cause rather than a consequence of burnout in the general working population. Our findings highlight the importance of the psychosocial work environment as a structural determinant of burnout. To fully realize their potential benefits, workplace mental health interventions should consider and explicitly address the role that adverse psychosocial working conditions play in the development and maintenance of mental health problems.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Kanada

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1097/JOM.0000000000002396

Referens

Shahidi, F. V., Smith, P. M., Oudyk, J. MSc., Gignac, M. A.M. (2022). Longitudinal Reciprocal Relationships Between the Psychosocial Work Environment and Burnout. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 64(3), 226-235.

The Show Must Go On. The Effects of Crisis on Health-Oriented Leadership and Follower Exhaustion During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Klebe, L., Klug, K., Felfe, J.

Sammanfattning

By disrupting routines at work, the Covid-19 pandemic may have undermined the extent and effectiveness of health-oriented leadership (HoL) in terms of staff-care and self-care. In a survey with two measurement points in the spring of 2020 (Nt1=264; Nt2=123), we examined whether the stronger the crisis the lower HoL is, while becoming more effective in terms of follower health. Crisis severity turned out to be indirectly related to exhaustion via staff-care and self-care. Staff-care was more effective for follower health the stronger the crisis was. The results were largely supported in a subsample when exhaustion was measured 1 week later. Moreover, the Covid-19 pandemic was indirectly related to crisis severity via hindrance stressors. Findings underline that staff-care was jeopardized but gained in importance during the pandemic. By displaying staff-care, leaders can buffer negative crisis effects on followers. Organizations should strengthen HoL to protect the health of both leaders and followers during crises.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1026/0932-4089/a000369

Referens

Klebe, L., Klug, K., Felfe, J. (2021). The Show Must Go On. The Effects of Crisis on Health-Oriented Leadership and Follower Exhaustion During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Zeitschrift für Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie A&O, 65:4, 231-243.

Health outcomes and psychosocial risk exposures among healthcare workers during the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak

Moreno Martínez, M., Fernández-Cano, M. I., Feijoo-Cid, M., Llorens Serrano, C., & Navarro, A.

Sammanfattning

The aim is to describe the health and psychosocial risk factors of Spanish healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A cross-sectional study by means of an online questionnaire (April-May 2020). The data comes from the database resulting from the COTS project "Working conditions, insecurity, and health in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic". The sample consisted of 1989 health care workers. Results: Women, young people (doctors and nurses) and the middle-aged (assistants) had poorer health and greater exposure to psychosocial risks. Geriatric assistants were the most-affected occupational group. Conclusions: gender, occupation, and age are focuses of inequality in the exposure of health care workers to psychosocial risks.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1016/j.ssci.2021.105499

Referens

Moreno Martínez, M., Fernández-Cano, M. I., Feijoo-Cid, M., Llorens Serrano, C., & Navarro, A. (2022). Health outcomes and psychosocial risk exposures among healthcare workers during the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak. Safety science, 145.

Long working hours and risk of 50 health conditions and mortality outcomes: a multicohort study in four European countries

Ervasti, J., Pentti, J., Nyberg, S. T., Shipley, M. J., Leineweber, C., Sørensen, J. K., Alfredsson, L., Bjorner, J. B., Borritz, M., Burr, H., Knutsson, A., Madsen, I., Magnusson Hanson, L. L., Oksanen, T., Pejtersen, J. H., Rugulies, R., Suominen, S., Theorell, T., Westerlund, H., Vahtera, J., … Kivimäki, M.

Sammanfattning

Background: Studies on the association between long working hours and health have captured only a narrow range of outcomes (mainly cardiometabolic diseases and depression) and no outcome-wide studies on this topic are available. To achieve wider scope of potential harm, we examined long working hours as a risk factor for a wide range of disease and mortality endpoints. Methods: The data of this multicohort study were from two population cohorts from Finland (primary analysis, n=59 599) and nine cohorts (replication analysis, n=44 262) from Sweden, Denmark, and the UK, all part of the Individual-participant Meta-analysis in Working Populations (IPD-Work) consortium. Baseline-assessed long working hours (≥55 hours per week) were compared to standard working hours (35-40 h). Outcome measures with follow-up until age 65 years were 46 diseases that required hospital treatment or continuous pharmacotherapy, all-cause, and three cause-specific mortality endpoints, ascertained via linkage to national health and mortality registers. Findings: 2747 (4·6%) participants in the primary cohorts and 3027 (6·8%) in the replication cohorts worked long hours. After adjustment for age, sex, and socioeconomic status, working long hours was associated with increased risk of cardiovascular death (hazard ratio 1·68; 95% confidence interval 1·08-2·61 in primary analysis and 1·52; 0·90-2·58 in replication analysis), infections (1·37; 1·13-1·67 and 1·45; 1·13-1·87), diabetes (1·18; 1·01-1·38 and 1·41; 0·98-2·02), injuries (1·22; 1·00-1·50 and 1·18; 0·98-1·18) and musculoskeletal disorders (1·15; 1·06-1·26 and 1·13; 1·00-1·27). Working long hours was not associated with all-cause mortality. Interpretation: Follow-up of 50 health outcomes in four European countries suggests that working long hours is associated with an elevated risk of early cardiovascular death and hospital-treated infections before age 65. Associations, albeit weak, were also observed with diabetes, musculoskeletal disorders and injuries. In these data working long hours was not related to elevated overall mortality.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Europa

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1016/j.lanepe.2021.100212

Referens

Ervasti, J., Pentti, J., Nyberg, S. T., Shipley, M. J., Leineweber, C., Sørensen, J. K., Alfredsson, L., Bjorner, J. B., Borritz, M., Burr, H., Knutsson, A., Madsen, I., Magnusson Hanson, L. L., Oksanen, T., Pejtersen, J. H., Rugulies, R., Suominen, S., Theorell, T., Westerlund, H., Vahtera, J., … Kivimäki, M. (2021). Long working hours and risk of 50 health conditions and mortality outcomes: a multicohort study in four European countries. The Lancet regional health. Europé, 11.

Burdens, resources, health and wellbeing of nurses working in general and specialised palliative care in Germany – results of a nationwide cross-sectional survey study

Diehl, E., Rieger, S., Letzel, S. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Palliative care in Germany is divided into general (GPC) and specialised palliative care (SPC). Although palliative care will become more important in the care sector in future, there is a large knowledge gab, especially with regard to GPC. The aim of this study was to identify and compare the burdens, resources, health and wellbeing of nurses working in GPC and SPC. Such information will be helpful for developing prevention programs in order to reduce burdens and to strengthen resources of nurses. Methods: In 2017, a nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted. In total, 437 nurses in GPC and 1316 nurses in SPC completed a questionnaire containing parts of standardised instruments, which included parts of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2), the Resilience Scale (RS-13) Questionnaire, a single question about back pain from the health survey conducted by the Robert Koch Institute as well as self-developed questions. The differences in the variables between GPC and SPC nurses were compared. Results: SPC nurses reported higher emotional demands as well as higher burdens due to nursing care and the care of relatives while GPC nurses stated higher quantitative demands, i.e. higher workload. SPC nurses more often reported organisational and social resources that were helpful in dealing with the demands of their work. Regarding health, GPC nurses stated a poorer health status and reported chronic back pain as well as a major depressive disorder more frequently than SPC nurses. Furthermore, GPC nurses reported a higher intention to leave the profession compared to SPC nurses. Conclusions: The findings of the present study indicate that SPC could be reviewed as the best practice example for nursing care in Germany. The results may be used for developing target group specific prevention programs for improving health and wellbeing of nurses taking the differences between GPC and SPC into account. Finally, interventional and longitudinal studies should be conducted in future to determine causality in the relationship of burdens, resources, health and wellbeing.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1186/s12912-021-00687-z

Referens

Diehl, E., Rieger, S., Letzel, S. et al. (2021). Burdens, resources, health and wellbeing of nurses working in general and specialised palliative care in Germany – results of a nationwide cross-sectional survey study. BMC Nurs, 20, 162.

Illegitimate tasks: obstacles to trans equality at work

García Johnson, C.P. and Otto, K.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: This study aims to explore the relationship between the reported frequency of illegitimate tasks undertaken at work (FREQIT) and gender identity among cisgender individuals and persons with a (?) transgender or gender non-conforming (TGNC) identity. Design/methodology/approach: This research combines an experimental approach with a field-study. Study 1 contained a vignette experiment where participants reported their likelihood to assign illegitimate tasks (IT) to either a cisgender or a TGNC employee. Study 2 measured perceptions of tasks-illegitimacy (PERTI), FREQIT, perceptions of organisational gender climate (PGC), burnout and intention to quit among a sample of cisgender and TGNC participants. Findings: In Study 1, individuals in a supervisory position were more likely to assign IT to TGNC than cisgender employees. In Study 2, gender identity influenced burnout, intentions to quit and PGC, serially mediated by PERTI and FREQIT. The results from Study 2 did not support the initial model, which proposed that lower PERTI would lead TGNC employees to report a higher FREQIT, leading to lower occupational well-being scores. Instead, TGNC participants’ burnout, intention to quit and PGC scores improved as a consequence of their lower PERTI. However, when comparing cisgender and TGNC individuals, the latter presented higher levels of burnout, intentions to quit and lower PGC scores. Originality/value: This is the first study measuring the effects of IT on TGNC individuals’ occupational well-being. It underscores the importance to reduce cisgender biases and transphobia and to address IT as obstacles to trans equality in the workplace.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Studenter

DOI

10.1108/GM-04-2020-0118

Referens

García Johnson, C.P. and Otto, K. (2021). Illegitimate tasks: obstacles to trans equality at work. Gender in Management.

Eating habits and lifestyle changes among higher studies students post-lockdown in Bangladesh: A web-based cross-sectional study

Md Mahbubul Alam Shaun, Md Wahidur Rahman Nizum, Shahnaz Munny, Fahmida Fayeza, Sujan Kanti Mali, Mohammad Tazrian Abid, Al- Riaj Hasan

Sammanfattning

Background: The Coronavirus is still exhibiting cases in Bangladesh thus educational institutes are still ceased over one year, it becomes burdens to students at post lockdown period. Objectives: Identifying the changes in eating habits and lifestyles including, physical activity, sleeping hours, and sleep quality after the cancellation of lockdown than the period of restrictions. Methods: A quasi-experimental cross-sectional study was conducted among 394 students in Bangladesh using a structured questionnaire from February 3, 2021, to February 13, 2021. Results: Consuming homemade foods drops by 8.63% at post lockdown than lockdown period. At post lockdown, 26.67% of students gained weight whereas 47.46% of respondents never engaged in any physical works. There has been a significant correlation between weight gain and physical activities (p = 0.007). Not continuing the academic activities from home was significantly associated with weight changes (AOR = 1.73; 95% CI: 1.01, 2.95), meals per day (AOR = 3.25; 95% CI: 1.79, 5.92), screen time for entertainment (AOR = 3.08; 95% CI: 1.78, 5.33), sleeping hours (AOR = 2.23; 95% CI: 1.30, 3.83), and sleep quality (AOR = 2.38; 95% CI: 1.35, 4.23) whereas female gender was related to meals per day (AOR = 1.77; 95% CI: 1.06, 2.95) and sleep quality (AOR = 1.76; 95% CI: 1.09, 2.85). However, 43.91% of respondents never felt any sleep disturbances. The rates of students who always experienced mentally tired, resentment, and sadness at post lockdown was lower than lockdown period. All of these changes were significant (p < 0.000) in terms of the lockdown situation. Conclusions: This study shows notable changes in eating habits and lifestyles after lockdown which may indicate the tendency to adopt normal life than restrictions.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Bangladesh

Yrken

Studenter

DOI

10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07843

Referens

Md Mahbubul Alam Shaun, Md Wahidur Rahman Nizum, Shahnaz Munny, Fahmida Fayeza, Sujan Kanti Mali, Mohammad Tazrian Abid, Al- Riaj Hasan (2021). Eating habits and lifestyle changes among higher studies students post-lockdown in Bangladesh: A web-based cross-sectional study. Heliyon, 7 (8), e07843.

Development and validation of an occupational health triage tool

Steel, J.S., Luyten, J., Godderis, L.

Sammanfattning

Background: As work and health are closely interlinked, it is important to carefully monitor employees. However, limited resources restrict in-depth follow-up. Aims: This study was aimed to develop a low-cost screening instrument for employees’ overall health status, that can be used across industries and that allows triaging workers to in-depth health surveillance in case of indications of health or functioning problems. Methods: We developed a new questionnaire-based algorithm built on multiple predictors to assess the need for further follow-up. We used a systematic review, Delphi panel (n = 9) and focus group (n = 5) to determine the predictors, tested for language pitfalls in a pilot study and evaluated the questionnaire’s validity in two separate studies. Study 1 (n = 60) analysed the discriminatory power of the instrument by comparing it to the assessment of an occupational physician in a sample of employees from diverse occupational settings. Study 2 (n = 869) appraised the factor structure and internal consistency of the screening tool in a sample of employees from the hospital sector. Results: Risk factors, current physical and mental health, functioning, absenteeism, job satisfaction and lifestyle were identified as the most relevant predictors. Study 1 showed the survey had good criterion validity (area under the curve = 0.72). Study 2 (N = 869, 28% response) demonstrated the internal consistency (Cronbach’s α = 0.94), and a factor analysis confirmed a second-order factor structure with adequate model fit (comparative fit index = 0.96, root mean square error of approximation = 0.04 and standardized root mean square residual = 0.07). Conclusions: This questionnaire can be used to triage workers for occupational health follow-up and can, additionally, be useful to describe the epidemiology of work-related illness.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1093/occmed/kqab101

Referens

Steel, J.S., Luyten, J., Godderis, L. (2021). Development and validation of an occupational health triage tool. Occupational Medicine, Vol 71 (6-7), 267–276.

Effects of Work Demand and Changes in Leisure Activity on Postretirement Memory

Zulka, L.E., Thorvaldsson, V., Hansson, I., Hassing, L.B.

Sammanfattning

This study evaluated the interactions between prior cognitive work demands and changes in cognitively stimulating leisure activities during the retirement transition and their relationship to changes in postretirement memory. We drew data (N = 631) from five waves of repeated annual measurements as part of the HEalth, Ageing and Retirement Transitions in Sweden study. We modeled memory trajectories using piecewise growth-curve models. Findings revealed that increased cognitive stimulation from leisure activities had beneficial effects on postretirement memory development among individuals reporting previously low cognitive work demands. Our findings provide partial evidence supporting public health recommendations, stating that retirees from less intellectually demanding occupations will gain from increases in cognitive leisure following retirement.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1024/1662-9647/a000270

Referens

Zulka, L.E., Thorvaldsson, V., Hansson, I., Hassing, L.B. (2021). Effects of Work Demand and Changes in Leisure Activity on Postretirement Memory. GeroPsych.

Association between job satisfaction levels and psychological factors

Chand, R.

Sammanfattning

It is essential that employees at a workplace have adequate job satisfaction levels. However, this remains a highly neglected facet in Pakistan. This study aims to explore the psycho-social wellbeing and job satisfaction of banking sector employees in Hyderabad. It was hypothesized that quantitative demands bring down satisfaction while opportunities for growth, freedom, and social support impact it positively. Data was randomly gathered from the employees of National Bank of Pakistan, United Bank Limited, Habib Bank Limited, Muslim Commercial Bank and Allied Bank Limited, through the Copenhagen psychosocial questionnaire. The results were concurrent with the hypothesis and exhibited that satisfaction levels can be boosted through measures like extra remuneration and less overtime.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Pakistan

Yrken

Bankpersonal

Referens

Chand, R. (2021). Association between job satisfaction levels and psychological factors. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Science, 9(7), 70-75.

Does workplace social capital predict care quality through job satisfaction and stress at the clinic? A prospective study

Berthelsen, H., Owen, M., Westerlund, H.

Sammanfattning

Background: Welfare societies like Sweden face challenges in balancing the budget while meeting the demand for good quality healthcare. The aim of this study was to analyse whether care quality, operationalized as survival of dental fillings, is predicted by workplace social capital and if this effect is direct or indirect (through stress and/or job satisfaction among staff at the clinic), controlling for patient demographics. Methods: The prospective design includes A) work environment data from surveys of 75 general public dental clinics (aggregated data based on 872 individual ratings), and B) register-based survival of 9381dental fillings performed during a 3-month period around the time of the survey, and C) patient demographics (age, gender, income level and birth place). Using a multi-level discrete-time proportional hazard model, we tested whether clinic-level social capital, stress, and job satisfaction could predict tooth-level filling failure, controlling for patient demographics. One direct and two indirect pathways, moderated by filling tooth, location, and filling type, were tested. Results: High workplace social capital reduced the risk of early failure of fillings in molar teeth, mediated by group-perceived job satisfaction (indirect path: OR = 0.93, p < .05, direct path from job satisfaction: OR = 0.89, p < .05). Contrary to expectations, we found no support for a direct effect from social capital on care quality or for the indirect pathway via stress at the clinic level. Conclusions: Workplace social capital boosted the quality of dental fillings through increased levels of job satisfaction. In addition, staff at clinics with higher social capital reported less stress and higher levels of job satisfaction. These results indicate that promotion of social capital may improve both occupational health and care quality.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Tandvårdspersonal

DOI

10.1186/s12889-021-11320-8

Referens

Berthelsen, H., Owen, M., Westerlund, H. (2021). Does workplace social capital predict care quality through job satisfaction and stress at the clinic? A prospective study. BMC Public Health, 21, 1320.

Nurses’ rest breaks and organizational leaving intentions

Wendsche, J., Paridon, H., Blasche, G.

Sammanfattning

Improving nurses’ staff retention is highly needed since risks of turnover are high in this profession. Prior research uncovered job demands as important driver and job resources as protective factor for the development of nurses’ organizational leaving intentions. However, research on beneficial effects of rest break design as an important job resource on nurses’ leaving intentions is sparse and their interactions with present job demands have been widely neglected. Therefore, we aimed to examine if different rest break characteristics (i.e. break length, break disturbances, and social breaks) predict nurses’ organizational leaving intentions while also considering job demands (i.e. quantitative, cognitive, and emotional demands, and social conflicts) and other well-known person-related and work-related turnover antecedents. We conducted a cross-sectional paper-pencil survey study with 167 nurses from Germany. We found a positive relation between rest break disturbances and organizational leaving intentions even after adjusting for person-related and work-related confounders. Rest break length and the frequency of social breaks were no significant predictors when considering all rest break characteristics in combination. Moreover, high quantitative demands and high social conflicts at work related to higher leaving intentions. Fewer rest break disturbances increased the negative relation between cognitive demands and leaving intentions. In order to reduce nurses’ organizational leaving intentions and to improve staff retention, nursing management should prevent disturbances of nurses’ rest breaks in addition to other work design interventions such as reducing quantitative demands and social conflicts and especially when implementing cognitive challenging tasks.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1080/13548506.2021.1950784

Referens

Wendsche, J., Paridon, H., Blasche, G. (2021). Nurses’ rest breaks and organizational leaving intentions. Psychology, Health & Medicine.

Work-related stress and intention to leave among midwives working in Swiss maternity hospitals – a cross-sectional study

Peter, K.A., Meier-Kaeppeli, B., Pehlke-Milde, J. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Health systems around the globe are struggling to recruit qualified health professionals. Work-related stress plays an important role in why health professionals leave their profession prematurely. However, little is known about midwives’ working conditions and intentions to leave their profession, although this knowledge is key to work force retention. Therefore, we aimed to investigate work-related stress among midwives working in Swiss maternity hospitals, as well as differences between midwives and other health professionals and the stressors associated with midwives’ intention to leave the profession. Methods: We conducted a data analysis of two cross-sectional studies encompassing midwives working in labour, postpartum and/or gynaecology wards of 12 public Swiss maternity hospitals. Data was collected by self-report questionnaire assessing potential stressors and long-term consequences of stress at work. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Kruskal Wallis tests and logistic regression modelling. Results: A total of 98 midwives took part in the study and one in three midwives reported doing overtime sometimes-always. Also, the score for work-private life conflicts was significantly higher among midwives than among other health professionals, with the exception of physicians (M = 37.0 versus 50.2, p < .001). Midwives’ meaning of work score (M = 89.4) was significantly higher than that of other health professionals (e.g. nurses (M = 83.0, p < .001) or physicians (M = 82.5, p < .01)). Generation Y midwives showed a significantly higher intention to leave their organisation than did the baby boomers (Mean scores 29.3 versus 10.0, p < .01). Results of the regression model revealed that if midwives could compensate for their overtime in the same month, their intention to leave the profession was lower (OR = 0.23, p < .05). Additionally, the more midwives were affected by work-private life conflicts (OR = 3.01, p < .05) and thoughts about leaving their organisation (OR = 6.81, p < .05), the higher was their intention to leave their profession prematurely. Conclusions: The comparison with other health professions and the higher intention to leave the profession of younger midwife generations are important findings for heads of institutions as well as policy makers, and should stimulate them to develop strategies for keeping midwives on their staff. More extensive studies should implement and test interventions for reducing work-related stress and increasing the job and occupational satisfaction of midwives.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Schweiz

Yrken

Barnmorskor

DOI

10.1186/s12913-021-06706-8

Referens

Peter, K.A., Meier-Kaeppeli, B., Pehlke-Milde, J. et al. (2021). Work-related stress and intention to leave among midwives working in Swiss maternity hospitals – a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res, 21, 671.

Consequences of Managers’ Laissez-faire Leadership During Organizational Restructuring

Lundmark, R., Richter, A., Tafvelin, S.

Sammanfattning

This study draws upon conservation of resources theory to investigate if laissez-faire leadership influences employees’ perceptions of role clarity, and two forms of well-being (job satisfaction and work-related burnout), in the context of organizational restructuring. Moreover, role clarity is studied as a mechanism linking laissez-faire leadership to employee well-being. These relationships were tested using a three-wave time-lagged investigation conducted over a two-year period with a sample of 601 employees working in the Swedish process industry. The results of the structural equation modelling analyses showed that laissez-faire leadership was negatively related to role clarity 9 months later. In turn, role clarity mediated the relationship between laissez-faire leadership and employee well-being. This study contributes to the understanding of how laissez-faire leadership in the context of organizational restructuring may affect employee outcomes. We discuss implications for theories and practices, as well as directions for future research.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Industripersonal

DOI

10.1080/14697017.2021.1951811

Referens

Lundmark, R., Richter, A., Tafvelin, S. (2022). Consequences of Managers’ Laissez-faire Leadership During Organizational Restructuring. Journal of Change Management, 22:1, 40-58.

Health-oriented leadership as a job resource: can staff care buffer the effects of job demands on employee health and job satisfaction?

Krick, A., Felfe, J. and Pischel, S.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: Drawing upon the job-demands resources and the job demands-control-support model, the authors examined the buffering effect of health-oriented leadership (HoL) in terms of staff care on the relationship between job demands and employee health and job satisfaction. Design/methodology/approach: Cross-sectional data from two studies (N1 = 314 and N2 = 260) were analyzed using moderation analyses. Findings: Study 1 showed that staff care mitigates the effect of job demands on strain and health complaints. Study 2 found that staff care also buffered the effect of job demands on general health and job satisfaction. Practical implications: Particularly under high job demands, staff care is an important resource for employees' health and satisfaction. Organizations should promote leaders' staff care. Originality/value: Findings provide further evidence for the beneficial role of leaders in terms of HoL.

År

2022

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1108/JMP-02-2021-0067

Referens

Krick, A., Felfe, J. and Pischel, S. (2022). Health-oriented leadership as a job resource: can staff care buffer the effects of job demands on employee health and job satisfaction?. Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 37 No. 2, 139-152.

Association between psychosocial risks and performance of radiology technicians in emergency context: outcomes of a cross-section study

Paiva, I., Simões, H., Matos, P., Duarte, E., Figueiredo, J.P., Vidal, D., Tavares, O.

Sammanfattning

Background: The workers' demand, the introduction of new technologies and the increase in working hours are some of the main factors that result in the emergence of psychosocial risks. These risks compromise workers mental and physical health, and the well-being, leading to consequences not only at the individual level but also at the organizational level. This work aims to determine the capacity of the radiology technicians to work, the psychosocial risks to which they may be exposed, as well as the possible influence of these on their professional performance. Methods: The Work Ability Index (ICT) and the psychosocial risk scale identified as Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) were applied in a sample of 29 professionals (urgency sector of the University Hospital of Coimbra, Portugal), from a universe of 36 radiology technicians. Results: The ICT did not differ according to gender, age and qualification among the professionals under study. However, single technicians presented better ICT compared to the other groups. Radiology technicians with a bachelor's degree were more exposed to psychosocial risks in terms of job performance, transparency of the work role, professional rewards, justice and respect, as well as professional self-efficacy. Conclusions: Studies on psychosocial risks have shown the importance of understanding how the former directly and indirectly influence the professional performance of workers, but also the need to develop strategies to prevent the same risks by improving working conditions and performance of the workers.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Portugal

Yrken

Sjukhuspersonal

DOI

10.1093/eurpub/ckab120.020

Referens

Paiva, I., Simões, H., Matos, P., Duarte, E., Figueiredo, J.P., Vidal, D., Tavares, O. (2021). Association between psychosocial risks and performance of radiology technicians in emergency context: outcomes of a cross-section study. European Journal of Public Health, 31.

Work ability and psychosocial risk factors among professionals at a higher education institution

Simões, H., Ferreira, A., Figueiredo, J.P., Loureiro, A., Seco, S., Gonçalves, A.

Sammanfattning

Background: Currently, we live in a society that is too competitive and with aggressive physical and social environments, which triggers profound changes in work conditions and requirements. Pressures are constantly being felt that foster the increase in psychosocial risks, altering the psychological, physical and social balance of the human being with serious implications for the health of the worker. Methods: The present study aimed to understand whether the ability of professionals in a Higher Education Institution to work is influenced by sociodemographic variables (age, gender, marital status, educational qualifications, function); whether psychosocial factors are influenced by sociodemographic variables (age, gender, marital status, educational qualifications, function) and whether the ability to work varies depending on psychosocial factors. For data collection, a two parts questionnaire was applied. The first part of the questionnaire was dedicated to collecting sociodemographic data and assessing the perception of workers' ability to work, through the Work Ability Index (WAI). The second part concerned the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), to identify factors of exposure to psychosocial risk factors. Results: The average work capacity was 41.07 points, which corresponded to a ‘good’ work capacity. In the COPSOQ results, no critical values were identified in the subscales. We found that the ability to work varies according to psychosocial risk factors. Conclusions: We conclude that the variable age influences the ability to work. As for the remaining sociodemographic variables, although this study did not show statistically significant differences, they also seem to influence the WAI.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Information saknas

Yrken

Akademisk personal

DOI

10.1093/eurpub/ckab120.018

Referens

Simões, H., Ferreira, A., Figueiredo, J.P., Loureiro, A., Seco, S., Gonçalves, A. (2021). Work ability and psychosocial risk factors among professionals at a higher education institution. European Journal of Public Health, 31.

Psychosocial risk factors and work capacity in health professionals

Pocinho, M., Santos, C., Saraiva, A.

Sammanfattning

Background: Modern societies put enormous pressure on workers by putting their health at risk. Psychosocial risks are considered those related to the conception, organization and management of work, social and environmental factors, which can cause psychological, social or physical damage to the worker and the work capacity expresses the generic evaluation of a worker's productive capacities, worker's health, and their psychological resources. Important factor for maintaining a working life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between work ability and exposure to psychosocial risk factors in health professionals. Methods: The sample consisted of 309 primary health care professionals, and validated instruments were applied to assess the Work Ability Index (WAI) and psychosocial risks in the work contexts (COPSOQ). Results: It was found that female professionals are more exposed to psychosocial risk factors: Offensive Behaviors and Quantitative Requirements (P < 0.05). Mental and physical demands influence work ability (P < 0.05). There was a correlation between psychosocial risk factors and work ability in 11 COPSOQ subscales. Conclusions: Thus, it is pertinent to evaluate and manage psychosocial risks and to take measures that enable a positive combination between psychosocial characteristics and individual resources, in order to minimize psychosocial risks and situations of vulnerability in health professionals.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Information saknas

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1093/eurpub/ckab120.050

Referens

Pocinho, M., Santos, C., Saraiva, A. (2021). Psychosocial risk factors and work capacity in health professionals. European Journal of Public Health, 31.

Psychosocial factors and burnout among oncology nurses in Brunei Darussalam: A pilot study

Jais, F. A., Yan Choo, T., Kahan, H., Shahbudin, S., Abdul-Mumin, K. H., & Rahman, H. A.

Sammanfattning

Background: Existing evidence showed that adverse psychosocial factors contribute to burnout in oncology nurses and impose profound implications to nursing practice. Due to the complexity of this relationship, more studies are still needed. Objective: To investigate the prevalence and relationship between burnout and psychosocial factors among oncology nurses. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was conducted in 2018 using the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire to measure burnout and psychosocial factors, respectively. Descriptive and multivariate regression using maximum likelihood procedures were used for analysis. Results: Out of three burnout variables, emotional exhaustion demonstrated a highly significant relationship towards psychosocial factors, particularly quality of leadership (p <0.001), justice and respect (p <0.001), and rewards (p <0.001) – congruent to a high prevalence of emotional exhaustion reported. Conclusion: Improvement in leadership quality, rewards, justice and respect could minimise emotional exhaustion among oncology nurses. These findings further inform management and policymakers to target these specific psychosocial factors in addition to using other interventions to counter the harmful effects of burnout. A positive psychosocial workplace would consequently decrease the risk of nurses’ intention to leave, reduce nurse shortages, and increase the quality of patient care.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Brunei

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.33546/bnj.1519

Referens

Jais, F. A., Yan Choo, T., Kahan, H., Shahbudin, S., Abdul-Mumin, K. H., & Rahman, H. A. (2021). Psychosocial factors and burnout among oncology nurses in Brunei Darussalam: A pilot study. Belitung Nursing Journal, 7(5), 418–424.

Job strain in German novice physical therapists

Stadelmaier, J., Reichert, B., Räbiger, J.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: International research shows high levels of job demands and psychological resources for physical therapists, and job strain is considered to be moderate. So far, publications are based on therapists with varying length of service. Little is known about job strain during the first year in the profession. Aim: To investigate the level of job strain of German novice physical therapists and to identify common workplace stressors. Methods: We conducted a web-based survey among physical therapists who had been working for 12 month or less. Using a self-administrated questionnaire, job strain was measured by its effects on work commitment, general health, job satisfaction, burnout and turnover intention. Subgroup analyses based on age, sex and rating of professional training were performed. Stressors at work were evaluated by priority and frequency of appearance. Results: Data of 153 physical therapists was analysed. Low levels of job strain were reported. Novice physical therapists showed high levels of workplace commitment and general health, and low levels of turnover. Moderate ratings were recorded for job satisfaction and symptoms of burnout. Inadequate compensation for work, high caseload, time pressure and physical stress were the most common stressors mentioned. Therapists who rated their professional training as positive reported lower levels of job strain. No significant differences between women and men or between therapists of different age were found. Conclusion: Although many workplace stressors are reported, novice physical therapists show low levels of job strain. Vocational training may be one important protective factor with regard to job strain.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Fysioterapeuter

DOI

10.2478/ijhp-2021-0002

Referens

Stadelmaier, J., Reichert, B., Räbiger, J. (2021). Job strain in German novice physical therapists. International journal of health professions, Vol 8 (1), 3–19.

Association of the working environment noise with occupational stress in industrial workers

Aminian, O., Saraie, M., Ahadi, M. et al.

Sammanfattning

Aim: We aimed to investigate the association of the working environment noise with the psychosocial status and occupational stress level of the workers of an industrial company. Subject and methods: In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled all the employees at an industrial company. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire was used to measure the workplace psychosocial factors and stress levels of the participants. Based on the sound level measurements, the company sections were divided into two areas: the areas with noise ≥85 dB (dB) A and the areas with noise <85 dB A. Then the participants were categorized into two groups based on the working area and the study variables were compared between the two groups. Results: We enrolled 401 workers from an industrial company. For 154 (38.4%) workers, the level of noise was equal to or above 85 dB A. According to the results of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, scores of the two groups were significantly different for scales related to cognitive, emotional, and sensory demands, possibilities for development, and predictability as well as workplace demand domain, which showed noise exposure level was significantly associated with perceived workplace demands (P = 0.002). Conclusion: This study showed a slight association between the psychosocial status and the level of noise in the workplace environment.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Iran

Yrken

Industripersonal

DOI

10.1007/s10389-021-01605-y

Referens

Aminian, O., Saraie, M., Ahadi, M. et al. (2021). Association of the working environment noise with occupational stress in industrial workers. J Public Health (Berl.).

Validation of the Arabic Version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II (A-COPSOQ II) among Workers in Oil and Gas Industrial Sector

Osman, N.A., Bedwani, R.N., Shehata, G.M., Emam, M.M., Rabie, A.M.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: The undisputed increase of the relevance of measuring the work-related psychosocial factors is confronted with a lack of qualifi ed well-documented measuring instruments covering all important aspects. Aim: To develop and validate a standardized Arabic version of the COPSOQ II for evaluating the psychosocial environment at the oil and gas workplace. Method: COPSOQ network guidelines for validation studies were followed. The original Danish COPSOQ II (Long version) was meticulously translated and comprehensively validated among an adaptation sample of 500 oil and gas industry workers in the Suez Oil Processing Company in Egypt. Only 438 workers completed the questionnaire in Arabic and English languages with demonstrated sociodemographic data (Yielding a response rate of 87.6%). Psychometric properties of COPSOQ II scale items were depicted in terms of descriptive statistics, feasibility analysis, and internal consistency. Furthermore, A-COPSOQ II was tested for factorial validity using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Results: Mean age of the study participants was 35 ± 6 years. Scales of Arabic COPSOQ depicted a great Concordance and Reliability (C-α > 0.7). Content Validity Index (CVI) was estimated to be 0.87; ranging from 0.7 - 0.9. Models of exploratory factor analyses projected a refl ective working model with reasonable results in 33 out of 41 overall scales. Confi rmatory factor analysis revealed an acceptable fi t (X2 = 745.67, X2/df = 2.09, SRMR = 0.058, CFI = 0.87). Conclusion: Arabic version of COPSOQ II is a relevant and culturally accepted conceptual instrument for tracking psychosocial hazards and promoting a safe environment for all workers.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Egypten

Yrken

Industripersonal

DOI

10.37871/jbres1266

Referens

Osman, N.A., Bedwani, R.N., Shehata, G.M., Emam, M.M., Rabie, A.M. (2021). Validation of the Arabic Version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II (A-COPSOQ II) among Workers in Oil and Gas Industrial Sector. J Biomed Res Environ Sci, 2(6), 496-508.

Off-stage Heroes: The Antecedents and Consequences of Job Passion among Civil Aviation Maintenance Crew

Chen, SC.

Sammanfattning

Objective: The main goals of this study are to identify the possible factors that may affect the level of passion that aircraft technicians have for their job and how job passion may lead to safety motivation. Background: Aircraft maintenance technicians play an essential role in ensuring flight safety since they are obligated to carry out critical responsibilities related to maintaining flight devices. However, the significance and professionalism of civil aircraft technicians tend to be underestimated due to limited academic discussion of job-related issues. In practice, the particular job characteristics and working environment have led to various job demands and requirements for job resources, which may be related to the level of passion of the aircraft maintenance crews. Method: Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze the empirical data collected with the questionnaire survey. The sealable stamped addressed envelopes were attached to guarantee for the innominate approach, and a total of 411 usable samples was returned. Results: Significant relations found between work-family conflict, professional development and job passion in the expected directions, while non-significant results were presented between work-load, social support, and job passion. In addition, job passion significantly and positively related to air technicians’ safety motivation. Conclusion: Aircraft technicians undertake their workload without responding to it in a significantly negative manner, unless the designated work causes work-family conflict. A vision of career development is crucial to continuously elevate job passion in these individuals. Passionate aircraft technicians are motivated to contribute to aviation safety.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Information saknas

Yrken

Flygplanstekniker

DOI

10.1080/24721840.2021.1945928

Referens

Chen, SC. (2021). Off-stage Heroes: The Antecedents and Consequences of Job Passion among Civil Aviation Maintenance Crew. The International Journal of Aerospace Psychology, 32:2-3, 95-113.

Physical and psychosocial working conditions as predictors of 5-year changes in work ability among 2078 employees in Germany

Burr, H., Lange, S., Freyer, M. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objective: To examine 5-year prospective associations between working conditions and work ability among employees in Germany. Methods: A cohort study (2011/2012–2017), based on a random sample of employees in employments subject to payment of social contributions aged 31–60 years (Study on Mental Health at Work; S-MGA; N = 2,078), included data on physical and quantitative demands, control (influence, possibilities for development, control over working time), relations (role clarity and leadership quality) and work ability (Work Ability Index, WAI; subscale ‘subjective work ability and resources’). Data were analysed using linear regression. Results: Physical demands and control were associated with small 5-year changes in work ability (ΔR2 = 1%). Among the subgroup of employees with ≥ 25 sickness days, possibilities for development, control and quality of leadership were associated with changes in work ability (ΔR2 = 8%). Conclusions: The impact of working conditions on long term changes in work ability seems to be negligible. However, in vulnerable subpopulations experiencing poor health, working conditions may be associated to a larger extent to work ability over this time span.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-021-01716-9

Referens

Burr, H., Lange, S., Freyer, M. et al. (2021). Physical and psychosocial working conditions as predictors of 5-year changes in work ability among 2078 employees in Germany. Int Arch Occup Environ Health, 95, 153–168.

Promoting recovery in daily life: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Reis, D., Hart, A., Lehr, D. & Friese, M.

Sammanfattning

Background: Work-related stress shows steadily increasing prevalence rates and has tangible consequences for individual workers, their organizations, and society as a whole. One mechanism that may help offset the negative outcomes of work-related stress on employees’ well-being is recovery. Recovery refers to the experience of unwinding from one's job when not at work. However, employees who experience high levels of work-related stress and are thus particularly in need of recovery tend to struggle to switch-off. Due to the detrimental effects of this prolonged and sustained mental representation of job stressors, interventions promoting recovery may contribute to improvements in employees' mental health. Methods: In this randomized, waitlist controlled trial, we will investigate the effectiveness of two 6-week online training programs (cognitive behavioral and mindfulness-based). The sample will include employees working at least part-time during regular work hours. Besides the pre-post-follow-up assessments, the trial will include measurement bursts with the goal of examining the underlying mechanisms. We expect that both interventions will reduce work-related perseverative thinking (PT) compared with the waitlist control groups (primary outcome). Also, we expect that both interventions will result in similar improvements, but the underlying mechanisms will differ (process outcomes). In the cognitive-behavioral intervention group, we expect that the main mechanism responsible for lower PT levels will be an increase in recovery experiences across time. In the mindfulness-based group, we expect that the main mechanism responsible for lower PT levels will be an increase in facets of mindfulness across time. Discussion: In the present study, we will investigate mechanisms underlying assumed changes in work-related PT in great detail. Besides evaluating the overall effectiveness of the two interventions in terms of pre-post-follow-up changes, we will look at the underlying processes at different levels—that is, within days, within weeks, across weeks, and between individuals. Accordingly, our study will offer a fine-grained approach to investigating potential determinants, mediators, and moderators of the processes that may, in the end, be responsible for work-related strain. From a public health perspective, if effective, the online training programs may offer valuable, low-threshold, and low-intensity interventions for a broad range of occupations.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s40359-021-00591-w

Referens

Reis, D., Hart, A., Lehr, D. & Friese, M. (2021). Promoting recovery in daily life: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychology, 9(1), 91.

Job strain and sense of coherence: Associations with stress-related outcomes among teachers

Ramberg, J., Låftman, S. B., Nilbrink, J., Olsson, G. & Toivanen, S.

Sammanfattning

Background: Teachers constitute an occupational group experiencing high levels of stress and with high sick-leave rates. Therefore, examining potentially protective factors is important. While prior research has mainly focused on the link between teachers’ own experiences of their work environment and stress-related outcomes, it is also possible that colleagues’ perception of the work environment and their possibilities for dealing with work-related stress contribute to influencing individual teachers’ stress. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate how teachers’ reports of high job strain (i.e. high demands and low control) and sense of coherence (SOC), as well as the concentration of colleagues reporting high strain and high SOC, were associated with perceived stress and depressed mood. Methods: The data were derived from the Stockholm Teacher Survey, with information from two cross-sectional web surveys performed in 2014 and in 2016 (N=2732 teachers in 205 school units). Two-level random intercept linear regression models were performed. Results: High job strain at the individual level was associated with higher levels of perceived stress and depressed mood, but less so for individuals with high SOC. Furthermore, a greater proportion of colleagues reporting high SOC was associated with lower levels of perceived stress and depressed mood at the individual level. Conclusions: High SOC may be protective against work-related stress among teachers. Additionally, the proportion of colleagues reporting high SOC was related to less individual stress, suggesting a protective effect of school-level collective SOC.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Lärare

DOI

10.1177/14034948211011812

Referens

Ramberg, J., Låftman, S. B., Nilbrink, J., Olsson, G. & Toivanen, S. (2021). Job strain and sense of coherence: Associations with stress-related outcomes among teachers. Scandinavian journal of public health.

Professional Social Media Usage and Work Engagement: A Four-Wave Follow-Up Study of Finnish Professionals Before and During the COVID-19 Outbreak

Oksa, R., Kaakinen, M., Savela, N., Hakanen, J. J. & Oksanen, A.

Sammanfattning

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has changed work life profoundly and concerns regarding the mental well-being of employees’ have arisen. Organizations have made rapid digital advancements and have started to use new collaborative tools such as social media platforms overnight. Objective: Our study aimed to investigate how professional social media communication has affected work engagement before and during the COVID-19 pandemic and the role of perceived social support, task resources, and psychological distress as predictors and moderators of work engagement. Methods: Nationally representative longitudinal survey data were collected in 2019-2020, and 965 respondents participated in all 4 surveys. Measures included work engagement, perceived social support and task resources, and psychological distress. The data were analyzed using a hybrid linear regression model. Results: Work engagement remained stable and only decreased in autumn 2020. Within-person changes in social media communication at work, social support, task resources, and psychological distress were all associated with work engagement. The negative association between psychological distress and work engagement was stronger in autumn 2020 than before the COVID-19 outbreak. Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic has exerted pressure on mental health at work. Fostering social support and task resources at work is important in maintaining work engagement. Social media communication could help maintain a supportive work environment.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Finland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.2196/29036

Referens

Oksa, R., Kaakinen, M., Savela, N., Hakanen, J. J. & Oksanen, A. (2021). Professional Social Media Usage and Work Engagement: A Four-Wave Follow-Up Study of Finnish Professionals Before and During the COVID-19 Outbreak. Journal of medical Internet research, 23(6), e29036.

Care for health among Polish men, taking into account social and economic factors, as well as the type of work

Hildt-Ciupińska, K. & Pawłowska-Cyprysiak, K.

Sammanfattning

Background: Epidemiological studies show that an inappropriate healthy lifestyle is a major incidence factor, inter alia, for cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, obesity, as well as premature deaths, especially among men. Material and Methods: In order to check the attitudes of men towards health and health behaviors, a questionnaire-based research was carried out among 600 men active on the labor market. Several standard questionnaire tools were used: the Positive Health Behaviors Scale (PHBS), the List of Personal Values for measuring the place of health in the value hierarchy; the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, the Work Ability Index, the Psychological Sex Inventory, and the Work–Life Balance Subscale of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ II). Additionally, an independent questionnaire was developed. Results: In the PHBS, men could score 0–111 pts; the average score was 70.98 pts. A high level of care for health expressed in the scores ranging 80–111 pts was achieved by less than one-third of the respondents. One of the 4 groups (referred to as the “Active”) achieved the best result according to PHBS, with an average score of 77 pts. The worst group (referred to as the “Frustrated”) achieved an average of 54.5 pts. The latter performed physical or mixed work, and half of them worked shifts, including nights. Conclusions: The selected 4 groups were not found to differ from one another as much as the authors had expected, but they pointed to a very important aspect determining health care, namely socio‑‑economic factors. There is a great need to conduct health education among men in Poland, targeted especially at young, low-educated and blue-collar workers. The areas of lifestyle that need to be changed are: nutrition, physical activity and preventive examinations.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Polen

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.13075/mp.5893.01056

Referens

Hildt-Ciupińska, K. & Pawłowska-Cyprysiak, K. (2021). Care for health among Polish men, taking into account social and economic factors, as well as the type of work. Medycyna pracy.

Work-life conflict and cardiovascular health: 5-year follow-up of the Gutenberg Health Study

Hegewald, J., Romero Starke, K., Garthus-Niegel, S., Schulz, A., Nübling, M., Latza, U., Jankowiak, S., Liebers, F., Rossnagel, K., Riechmann-Wolf, M., Letzel, S., Arnold, N., Beutel, M., Gianicolo, E., Pfeiffer, N., Lackner, K., Münzel, T., Wild, P. & Seidler, A.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: Work-life conflicts (WLC) may impact health, but few studies prospectively consider the impact of WLC on objective outcomes such as cardiovascular disease. Using data from the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS), we examined if WLC at baseline was associated with an increased five-year incidence of cardiovascular events (myocardial infarct, stroke, atrial fibrillation, peripheral artery disease, coronary artery disease, chronic heart failure, sudden cardiac death). We also considered if WLC was associated with incident hypertension and arterial stiffness and if the effects of WLC on cardiovascular health differ for men and women. Methods: A working subsample of the 15,010 GHS cohort participants completed the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, which included five "work-privacy conflict" questions at baseline and at the five-year follow-up. Relative risks for incident hypertension due to increased WLC at baseline (WLC scores exceeding 60 out of 100) were estimated with Poisson regression in the subgroup of participants without hypertension at baseline (n = 2426). Categories of WLC at baseline and follow-up were also used to examine the risk of hypertension due to chronic/recurrent WLC. In this subgroup, we also examined the association between WLC as a continuous score ranging from 0 to 100 with change to arterial stiffness after five years using linear regression. Hazard ratios were estimated for incident cardiovascular events in a larger subsample of participants without prevalent cardiovascular disease at baseline (n = 3698) using Cox regression. We used various multivariable regression models to adjust for sex, age, socioeconomic status, occupational, household, and cardiovascular risk factors. Results: We found no association between WLC and incident hypertension or increased arterial stiffness. The fully-adjusted relative risk for WLC >60 at baseline and hypertension was 0.93 (95% 0.74–1.17). The risk of hypertension due to chronic/recurrent WLC >60 was increased but not statistically significant (RR = 1.13, 95% CI 0.83–1.54). Overall, hazard ratios for incident cardiovascular events were also not increased. However, stratifying the results by sex resulted in a hazard ratio of 1.47 (95% CI 0.54–3.98) for incident cardiovascular disease among women in the fully adjusted model. Conclusions: Although our results were not statistically significant, they indicate that WLC is negatively impacting the cardiovascular health of women. While these results need to be confirmed with additional research and a longer follow-up, interventions to prevent WLC will promote health and could be especially beneficial for women.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0251260

Referens

Hegewald, J., Romero Starke, K., Garthus-Niegel, S., Schulz, A., Nübling, M., Latza, U., Jankowiak, S., Liebers, F., Rossnagel, K., Riechmann-Wolf, M., Letzel, S., Arnold, N., Beutel, M., Gianicolo, E., Pfeiffer, N., Lackner, K., Münzel, T., Wild, P. & Seidler, A. (2021). Work-life conflict and cardiovascular health: 5-year follow-up of the Gutenberg Health Study. PloS one, 16(5), e0251260.

The impact of work-place social capital in hospitals on patient-reported quality of care: a cohort study of 5205 employees and 23,872 patients in Denmark

Clark, A., Prætorius, T., Török, E., Hvidtfeldt, U. A., Hasle, P. & Rod, N. H.

Sammanfattning

Background: Decision-makers increasingly consider patient-reported outcomes as important measures of care quality. Studies on the importance of work-place social capital–a collective work-place resource–for the experience of care quality are lacking. We determined the association between the level of work-place social capital and patient-reported quality of care in 148 hospital sections in the Capital Region of Denmark. Methods: This cross-sectional study combined section-level social capital from 5205 health care professionals and 23,872 patient responses about care quality. Work-place social capital encompassed three dimensions: trust, justice and collaboration. Patient-reported quality of care was measured as: overall satisfaction, patient involvement, and medical errors. Linear regression analysis and generalized linear models assessed the mean differences in patient reported experience outcomes and the risk of belonging to the lowest tertile of care quality. Results: A higher level of work-place social capital (corresponding to the interquartile range) was associated with higher patient-reported satisfaction and inpatient and acute care patient involvement. The risk of a section belonging to the lowest tertile of patient involvement was lower in sections with higher social capital providing inpatient (RR = 0.39, 0.19–0.81 per IQR increase) and acute care (RR = 0.53, 0.31–0.89). Patient-reported errors were fewer in acute care sections with higher social capital (RR = 0.65, 0.43 to 0.99). The risk of being in the lowest tertile of patient-reported satisfaction was supported for acute care sections (RR = 0.47, 0.28–0.79). Conclusions: Although we found small absolute differences in the association between patient-reported experience measures and social capital, even a small upward shift in the distribution of social capital in the hospital sector would, at the population level, have a large positive impact on patients’ care experience.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1186/s12913-021-06498-x

Referens

Clark, A., Prætorius, T., Török, E., Hvidtfeldt, U. A., Hasle, P. & Rod, N. H. (2021). The impact of work-place social capital in hospitals on patient-reported quality of care: a cohort study of 5205 employees and 23,872 patients in Denmark. BMC Health Services Research, 21(1), 534.

To teach or not to teach? Junior academics and the teaching-research relationship

Cenamor, J.

Sammanfattning

The global pressure for excellence has boosted the relevance of the teaching–research relationship. Specifically, the management of teaching and research activities represents an important challenge because of time and resource limitations, especially for junior researchers. The traditionally polarized streams in the literature provide arguments to defend three types of relationship between teaching and research: conflicting, complementary, or unrelated. Given the complexity of the phenomenon, an integrative approach may be useful for identifying interdependencies. In this respect, this article provides a holistic approach that includes different teaching and research drivers and distinguishes between direct and indirect relationships. The analysis of data from junior academics in Sweden shows that teaching workload may be negatively linked to perceived success in research, but it can be slightly counteracted via perceived success in teaching. Moreover, the findings also indicate that individual control and a collaborative approach both are positively related to perceived success in research, while only some sources of social support are significant.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Akademiker

DOI

10.1080/07294360.2021.1933395

Referens

Cenamor, J. (2021). To teach or not to teach? Junior academics and the teaching-research relationship. Higher Education Research & Development.

Monitoring trends in psychosocial and physical working conditions: Challenges and suggestions for the 21st century

Burr, H.

Sammanfattning

År

2021

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Ej relevant

DOI

10.5271/sjweh.3973

Referens

Burr, H. (2021). Monitoring trends in psychosocial and physical working conditions: Challenges and suggestions for the 21st century. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 47(5), 329-333.

The impact of nocturnal road traffic noise, bedroom window orientation, and work-related stress on subjective sleep quality: results of a cross-sectional study among working women

Bartels, S., Ögren, M., Kim, J.-L., Fredriksson, S. & Persson Waye, K.

Sammanfattning

Objective: To examine the effect of work-related stress and road noise exposure on self-rated sleep and potential additive interaction effects. Methods: Sleep and predictor variables were surveyed within two subsamples with 2191 and 1764 working women in a cross-sectional study. Sleep was assessed using a single question on general sleep quality and four questions on specific sleep problems and subsequently dichotomized (poor sleep vs. no poor sleep). Work-related stress was operationalized by job strain and effort-reward imbalance. Nocturnal exposure to road traffic noise was assessed as (a) the orientation of the bedroom window to a quiet façade vs. a low-, medium- or high-trafficked street and (b) energy-equivalent sound pressure levels for night-time modelled at the most exposed façade (Lnight). We distinguished between low (< 45 dB(A)), medium (45–50 dB(A)) and high exposure (> 50 dB(A)). Results: Poor sleep was associated with job strain and effort-reward imbalance. The prevalence of poor sleep did not increase with increasing Lnight, but bedroom window orientation showed a non-significant trend. A quiet façade had a protective effect on sleep in each Lnight category. We found a non-significant trend for an additive interaction between bedroom window orientation and job strain. Conclusion: Noise levels modelled for the most exposed façade likely overestimate the actual exposure and thus may not be a precise predictor of poor sleep. Bedroom window orientation seems more relevant. Potential additive interaction effects between bedroom window orientation and job strain should be considered when interpreting epidemiological study results on noise-induced sleep disturbances.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-021-01696-w

Referens

Bartels, S., Ögren, M., Kim, J.-L., Fredriksson, S. & Persson Waye, K. (2021). The impact of nocturnal road traffic noise, bedroom window orientation, and work-related stress on subjective sleep quality: results of a cross-sectional study among working women. International archives of occupational and environmental health, 94, 1523–1536.

Work limitations due to neck-shoulder pain and physical work demands in older workers: cross-sectional study

Bayattork, M., Skovlund, S.V., Sundstrup, E. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: Many older workers are working despite having neck-shoulder pain (NSP), which may give rise to work limitations due to pain, especially among those with high physical work demands. This study investigated the joint association of neck-shoulder pain intensity and physical work demands with work limitations among older workers. Methods: In SeniorWorkingLife, workers ≥ 50 years (n = 11,800) replied to questions about NSP intensity, work limitations due to pain, and physical activity demands at work. The odds ratio for having a higher level of work limitations due to pain in relation to neck-shoulder pain intensity and physical work demands were modeled using logistic regression controlled for various confounders. Results: The results showed that the neck-shoulder pain intensity was associated with work limitations in a dose–response fashion (p < 0.0001). Importantly, a significant interaction existed between neck-shoulder pain intensity and physical activity at work (p < 0.0001), e.g., 77% of workers with high pain and high work demands experienced work limitations due to the pain. Conclusion: Higher neck-shoulder pain intensity and higher physical work demands—and particularly in combination—were associated with higher odds of work limitation due to pain among older workers. Thus, it seems especially important to accommodate work demands through a better work environment for these groups of workers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-020-01594-7

Referens

Bayattork, M., Skovlund, S.V., Sundstrup, E. et al. (2020). Work limitations due to neck-shoulder pain and physical work demands in older workers: cross-sectional study. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

Working conditions and health in Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic: Minding the gap

Salas-Nicás, S., Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Navarro, A.

Sammanfattning

Background: The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic has had major consequences in the workplace, both in terms of the number of cases among the working population and the enormous changes made to cope with it. The objective of this study is to describe the impact of COVID-19 on the working conditions and health of wage-earners in Spain. Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out between the end of April and the end of May 2020 among the wage-earning population. Sample included n = 20,328 participants obtained through an online survey. Results: A situation of high-strain was reported by 44.3% of workers, 42.6% were concerned about possible job loss, 75.6% about finding a new job if they lost the present one, 69.7% were worried about salary reduction, 68% about becoming infected at work and 72.3% of being a transmitter of the virus. Among those who regularly went to work, 13.1% did so with symptoms compatible with COVID-19 and 71.2% stated that they had done so without adequate protection measures. 36.7% of workers believe that their health worsened, 41.6% had severe trouble sleeping during the last month, 55.1% were at risk of poor mental health and consumption more than doubled of tranquilisers and opioid analgesics, compared to the pre-pandemic situation. Conclusion: The impact of COVID-19 on the wage-earning population has been enormous, with high exposures to harmful working conditions and very poor health indicators, which, compared to the pre-pandemic situation, means significant deterioration. Important inequalities are observed according to class, gender, age and wage.

År

2021

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1016/j.ssci.2020.105064

Referens

Salas-Nicás, S., Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Navarro, A. (2021). Working conditions and health in Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic: Minding the gap. Safety Science, 134.

High-performance work practices, employee well-being, and supportive leadership: spillover mechanisms and boundary conditions between HRM and leadership behavior

Hauff, S., Felfe, J. & Klug, K.

Sammanfattning

The aim of this paper is to deepen our understanding of the relationships between high-performance work practices (HPWPs) and employee well-being. In particular, we integrate three employee well-being types, proposing that HPWPs positively affect employee health (i.e. health status, sickness absence, and sleep quality), mediated by job satisfaction and employee engagement. We also analyze the influence of supportive leadership as a key contextual factor. We hypothesize that the positive relationships between HPWPs and employee health via job satisfaction and engagement will be reinforced by supportive leadership, since the relationships between HPWPs and a) job satisfaction and b) work engagement should be stronger when leadership is more supportive. These hypotheses are tested with representative data from German-speaking countries (Austria, Germany, and Switzerland; N = 3325). The results support the mediating roles of job satisfaction and work engagement. Interestingly, the remaining direct relationships between HPWPs and sleep quality are negative, which supports a counteracting effects model. We further find a moderating effect where, in contrast to our assumption, supportive leadership attenuates HPWPs’ effects.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland, Österrike, Schweiz

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1080/09585192.2020.1841819

Referens

Hauff, S., Felfe, J. & Klug, K. (2020). High-performance work practices, employee well-being, and supportive leadership: spillover mechanisms and boundary conditions between HRM and leadership behavior. The International Journal of Human Resource Management.

The Relationship between Empowering Leadership, Work Characteristics, and Work Engagement among Academics: A SEM Mediation Analysis

Helland, E., Christensen, M., & Innstrand, S. T.

Sammanfattning

Using theories of empowering leadership, empowerment and social exchange, this paper aims to add to the literature on leadership in higher education by exploring how and why empowering leadership is linked to academics’ work engagement through mediation of work characteristics that are crucial to academics: job autonomy, social community at work, recognition, and unreasonable tasks. To investigate this, data from a cross-sectional survey of N = 3759 (n = 3059) academics and doctoral research fellows from three major Norwegian universities were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results show that empowering leadership is related to academics’ work engagement through the following work characteristics: job autonomy, social community at work, and unreasonable tasks. Empowering leadership was also related to academics’ recognition, but recognition was not, in turn, associated with work engagement. Future researchers may consider prospective, experimental, and qualitative designs to extend the results of this study.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Norge

Yrken

Akademiker

DOI

10.16993/sjwop.84

Referens

Helland, E., Christensen, M., & Innstrand, S. T. (2020). The Relationship between Empowering Leadership, Work Characteristics, and Work Engagement among Academics: A SEM Mediation Analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 5 (1), 11.

Public managers' role in creating workplace social capital (WSC) and its effect on employees' well-being and health: a protocol of a longitudinal cohort study (PUMA-WSC)

Pihl-Thingvad, S., Hansen, S. W., Winter, V., Hansen, M. S., & Willems, J.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: Workplace social capital (WSC) has been shown to affect employees’ well-being and health, yet it is not clear how public managers can create WSC and which forms of WSC are most important. This study is the first prospective cohort study to examine the relationship between management behaviour, WSC, well-being and sickness absence. It uses a validated and detailed scale on WSC, which can distinguish between bonding, bridging, linking and organisational WSC over time. The study thereby provides rich data giving a much-needed detailed image of how WSC impacts on public employees’ well-being and health. Additionally, the study pays special attention to the fact that these relationships can be different for different types of employees and therefore tests a set of relevant employee and context-related variables. Methods and analysis: Project preparations in terms of agreements and data preparation of existing data started in 2019. This prospective cohort study considers and collects organisational data from 2016 to 2025. Annual employee surveys of more than 8000 employees (in a large Danish municipality) will be combined with register data in all years. This generates a unique cohort of public employees in different professions that are traceable over several years. The annual surveys include information on the management behaviour, WSC and employee outcomes. Fine-grained information on sickness absences will be matched for all employees and years under study. Moreover, confounders and the nested nature of the data will be considered. Ethics and dissemination: Approval has been obtained from The Regional Committee on Health Research Ethics from Southern Denmark and from the University of Southern Denmark. The results will be presented at conferences and published in international peer-reviewed journals and in a practice-oriented monography targeted at public managers. The result will furthermore be disseminated to the involved employees through seminars and workshops in the participating organisations.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039027

Referens

Pihl-Thingvad, S., Hansen, S. W., Winter, V., Hansen, M. S., & Willems, J. (2020). Public managers' role in creating workplace social capital (WSC) and its effect on employees' well-being and health: a protocol of a longitudinal cohort study (PUMA-WSC). BMJ open, 10 (10).

Eating Habits and Lifestyle during COVID-19 Lockdown in the United Arab Emirates: A Cross-Sectional Study

Cheikh Ismail, L. et al.

Sammanfattning

The coronavirus disease is still spreading in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with subsequent lockdowns and social distancing measures being enforced by the government. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of the lockdown on eating habits and lifestyle behaviors among residents of the UAE. A cross-sectional study among adults in the UAE was conducted using an online questionnaire between April and May 2020. A total of 1012 subjects participated in the study. During the pandemic, 31% reported weight gain and 72.2% had less than eight cups of water per day. Furthermore, the dietary habits of the participants were distanced from the Mediterranean diet principles and closer to "unhealthy" dietary patterns. Moreover, 38.5% did not engage in physical activity and 36.2% spent over five hours per day on screens for entertainment. A significantly higher percentage of participants reported physical exhaustion, emotional exhaustion, irritability, and tension "all the time" during the pandemic compared to before the pandemic (p < 0.001). Sleep disturbances were prevalent among 60.8% of the participants during the pandemic. Although lockdowns are an important safety measure to protect public health, results indicate that they might cause a variety of lifestyle changes, physical inactivity, and psychological problems among adults in the UAE.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Förenade Arabemiraten

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3390/nu12113314

Referens

Cheikh Ismail, L. et al. (2020). Eating Habits and Lifestyle during COVID-19 Lockdown in the United Arab Emirates: A Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients, 12(11), 3314.

Intensity Matters: The Role of Physical Activity in the Job Demands-Resources Model

Fodor, P. D., Pohrt, A., Gekeler, S. B., Knoll, N., Heuse, S.

Sammanfattning

Research indicates that physical activity is associated with lower perceived job stress and burnout. Recent literature shows that regular vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity (VPA) may have beneficial effects going well beyond those of regular moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity (MPA). However, research investigating the competing roles of VPA and MPA in the context of deleterious job conditions is scarce. Using data from an online-study with 847 employees, we tested if VPA and MPA relate to lower symptoms of burnout and whether they moderate the relationship of job demands and burnout. Results point towards a negative main effect between MPA and burnout whereas no main effect has been found between VPA and burnout. However, results indicate that VPA moderates the deleterious relationship of high job demands and burnout. Findings suggest that employees may benefit from MPA independently from level of job demand whereas VPA may additionally help coping with high job demands.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.5093/jwop2020a21

Referens

Fodor, P. D., Pohrt, A., Gekeler, S. B., Knoll, N., Heuse, S. (2020). Intensity Matters: The Role of Physical Activity in the Job Demands-Resources Model. Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 36 (3), 223-229.

Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on psychological distress in health workers: A three-arm parallel randomized controlled trial

Errazuriz, A. et al.

Sammanfattning

Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) has shown good efficacy for improving wellbeing in employees experiencing occupational stress. However, comparisons with other interventions, longer-term follow-up, and data from varying sociocultural contexts are lacking. This three-arm, parallel randomised controlled trial (RCT) examined the effects of MBSR on psychological distress in non-physician health workers in direct contact with patients. 105 participants were randomly allocated to either: (1) MBSR (N = 35), (2) Stress Management Course (SMC; N = 34) or (3) wait-list (N = 36). Participants and those assessing outcomes were blinded to group assignment. Participants completed questionnaires pre- and post-intervention and four months after the intervention. Psychological distress was measured using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and Outcome Questionnaire (OQ-45). Secondary outcomes included perceived stress, job satisfaction, mindfulness skills and changes in salivary cortisol. 77 participants completed measures post-intervention and 52 at 4-month follow-up. MBSR showed a post-intervention effect in reducing GHQ-12 (ß = −0.80 [SE = 1.58] p < 0.01) and OQ-45 (ß = −0.72, [SE = 5.87] p < 0.05) psychological distress, compared to SMC and in reducing GHQ-12 (ß = −1.30 [SE = 1.38] p < 0.001) and OQ-45 (ß = −0.71, [SE = 5.58] p < 0.01) psychological distress compared to wait-list condition. In our secondary outcome, only MBSR was associated with a decrease in the cortisol awaking response by 23% (p < 0.05). At follow-up, only effects of MBSR on the psychological distress ‘social role’ subscale (ß = −0.76 [SE = 1.31] p < 0.05) remained significant, compared to SMC. In conclusion, MBSR appears useful in reducing short-term psychological distress in healthcare workers, but these effects were not maintained at follow-up. Trial registration: ISRCTN12039804.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Chile

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1016/j.jpsychires.2020.11.011

Referens

Errazuriz, A. et al. (2020). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on psychological distress in health workers: A three-arm parallel randomized controlled trial. Journal of Psychiatric Research.

Psychological Demands and Health: An Examination of the Role of Core Self-evaluations in the Stress-Coping Process

Pujol-Cols, L., Lazzaro-Salazar, M.

Sammanfattning

This study examined the direct and interactive effects of core self-evaluations (CSEs), psychological demands (i.e., quantitative and emotional demands) and coping strategies on mental and physical health in a sample of Argentinian managers. A total of 112 managers completed an online survey on CSEs, psychological demands, coping strategies, mental health, and physical health. First, the results of the hierarchical regression analyses revealed that both quantitative and emotional demands were significant predictors of individuals’ mental and physical health. Second, CSEs were found to significantly explain individuals’ mental health but not their physical health. Third, the findings showed that CSEs moderated the relationship between emotional demands and physical health, suggesting that the negative effects of emotional demands on physical health are greater for those individuals with less positive CSEs. Fourth, the results demonstrated that CSEs moderated the relationship between problem-solving coping and physical health, which suggests that this strategy is more effective when individuals have more positive CSEs. Finally, practical implications, limitations and future lines of research are discussed in this article.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Argentina

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s12646-020-00569-5

Referens

Pujol-Cols, L., Lazzaro-Salazar, M. (2020). Psychological Demands and Health: An Examination of the Role of Core Self-evaluations in the Stress-Coping Process. Psychol Stud, 65, 408–419.

Prospective cohort study on the social determinants of health: Tehran University of Medical Sciences employees` cohort (TEC) study protocol

Nedjat, S., Mehrdad, R., Yunesian, M. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: In this study, the association between the social determinants of health (SDH) as well as other health risk factors and outcomes will be evaluated at different socioeconomic layers. Methods/design: This is a prospective cohort study that was launched in January 2018 on Tehran University of Medical Sciences’ employees. The initial enrolment phase will continue up to March 2021, or until a sample size of 5500 is reached. In addition to annual phone-calls, the participants will be followed thrice at 5-year intervals. Data are collected through blood and urine samples, complete physical examination, anthropometric evaluation, and the completion of questionnaires related to SDH, such as socioeconomic status and social capital, history of diseases, lifestyle (including, nutrition, physical activity, cigarette and hookah smoking), occupational exposures (including psychosocial factors at work and work-family conflicts), and different aspects of physical, mental and occupational health as health outcomes. The association between independent variables and health (objective or subjective) are examined using multiple models and by controlling the confounding effects. Moreover, the trend in lifestyle changes and its impact on health are evaluated. Discussion: Our study will explore the key social determinants as well as other factors including socioeconomic status and social capital, history of diseases, lifestyle and occupational exposures that affect health. This will provide social and occupational health decision-makers and stakeholders with new and valuable evidence in an era in which we are witnessing huge changes in lifestyle.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Iran

Yrken

Universitetspersonal

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-09798-9

Referens

Nedjat, S., Mehrdad, R., Yunesian, M. et al. (2020). Prospective cohort study on the social determinants of health: Tehran University of Medical Sciences employees` cohort (TEC) study protocol. BMC Public Health, 20, 1703.

A Time-Lagged Examination of the Greenhaus and Allen Work-Family Balance Model

Landolfi, A., Barattucci, M., & Lo Presti, A.

Sammanfattning

The work-family interface is a compelling topic that calls into question labor market dynamics and work processes, together with important social and family composition changes. The present study aimed at examining the antecedents of Work-Family Balance (WFB) in Italy consistent with Greenhaus and Allen’s (2011) conceptual model in which the characteristics of work and family roles have an indirect impact on work-family balance through Work-Family Conflict (WFC) and Work-Family Enrichment (WFE), and where job and family satisfaction are considered as predictors of WFB. A total of 568 workers participated in a time-lagged correlational study, filling a questionnaire. The theoretical model was tested by assessing the mediating role of job and family satisfaction as well as related antecedents, conflict, and enrichment between the family and work contexts, through Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results partially confirmed the theoretical model: work-to-family enrichment and work-to-family conflict predicted family satisfaction, which also mediated their association with WFB. The results in the family-to-work direction did not support the initial research hypotheses. The hypotheses about associations between demands and resources, conflict and enrichment in both directions, and of the moderating role of core self-evaluations were partially confirmed. The results highlighted that organizations need to carry out periodic assessments of WFC and WFE, in order to provide benefits and resources, to reduce conflict, and increase enrichment, through proper interventions (training activities, professional development, mentoring, and forms of flexibility).

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3390/bs10090140

Referens

Landolfi, A., Barattucci, M., & Lo Presti, A. (2020). A Time-Lagged Examination of the Greenhaus and Allen Work-Family Balance Model. Behavioral sciences (Basel, Switzerland), 10(9), 140.

Is low-back pain a limiting factor for senior workers with high physical work demands? A cross-sectional study

Nygaard, P.P., Skovlund, S.V., Sundstrup, E. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Low-back pain (LBP) is highly prevalent among senior workers and may affect work ability, especially among those with hard physical work. This study determined the joint association of LBP intensity and physical work demands with work limitiations due to pain in senior workers. Methods: In the SeniorWorkingLife study (2018), 11,738 senior workers (≥50 years) replied to questions about physical work demands, LBP intensity, and work limitations due to pain. Using logistic regression analyses and controlling for potential confounders, associations between the physical work demands and LBP intensity (interaction) with work limitiations due to pain (outcome) was modeled. Results: Higher LBP intensity, as well as higher physical work demands, significantly increased the odds of experiencing work limitiations due to pain, and these two factors interacted with each other (p < 0.0001). In analyses stratified for LBP intensity, higher physical work demands gradually increased the odds of experiencing work limitiations due to pain. Conclusions: Senior workers with a combination of physically demanding work and LBP are more affected by their pain during everyday work tasks compared to workers with similar LBP-intensity in sedentary occupations. Accommodation of work demands seems especially relevant for this group of workers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12891-020-03643-1

Referens

Nygaard, P.P., Skovlund, S.V., Sundstrup, E. et al. (2020). Is low-back pain a limiting factor for senior workers with high physical work demands? A cross-sectional study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 21, 622.

The Effect of Psychosocial Work Environment on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Health Care Providers

Alshahrani, B., Alumran, A.

Sammanfattning

Background: Psychosocial work environment is a significant factor in the provision of quality health care. Understanding the psychosocial work environment in the Saudi Arabian health care system is critical in opening up new paths for future workplace interventions and the promotion of quality health care practices. We determined the relationship between psychosocial work environment and quality of life of employees in a major Saudi health care setting. Methods: We designed a quantitative cross-sectional study conducted at King Fahad University Hospital using a Web-based, validated survey targeting all hospital employees. Results: The study results showed that males have significantly higher quality of life and psychosocial work environment scores (t = -2.992, p < .001) than females (t = -2.07, p < 0.05). Employees with day shifts only had significantly higher quality of life scores compared to regular rotation shifts (t = 3.228, p < 0.001). Pearson correlation showed a significant association between quality of life and psychosocial work environment (r = .349, p < .001). The multivariable regression model showed a significant effect of psychosocial work environment, gender, and type of shift on quality of life (adjusted r2 = 0.2665, f = 16.26, p < 0.001). Conclusion: We anticipated that with higher quality of life, employees’ productivity increases. Thus, we expected patient care to improve by increasing health care providers’ quality of life scores. This study showed a significant correlation between psychosocial work environment and quality of life.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Saudiarabien

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.21203/rs.3.rs-64779/v1

Referens

Alshahrani, B., Alumran, A. (2020). The Effect of Psychosocial Work Environment on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Health Care Providers. Research Square.

Feeling of insecurity in Khaki: its effects on burnout and allied consequences in Haryana Police officers

Kumar, A., Narula, S.

Sammanfattning

The study aimed to assess feeling of insecurity at job, its association with burnout and the role of burnout in the relationships of feeling of insecurity with certain outcomes in Haryana Police officers. Adopting a cross-sectional design (sample size 1,223), the study observed feeling of insecurity at job in the officers; its positive association with burnout; burnout as a mediator in the relationships of feeling of insecurity with job satisfaction, commitment to the workplace, health, work-family conflict, and feeling to quit. The study identified burnout acting more like a suppressor variable in the relationships of feeling of insecurity with organisational citizenship behaviours, and physical aggression. The study found both feeling of insecurity and burnout as unrelated to verbal aggression. For the police administrators, study findings have key practical implications. The findings highlight feeling of insecurity and burnout as key venues to target with appropriate interventions for attenuating their adverse effects.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Indien

Yrken

Poliser

DOI

10.1504/IJICBM.2020.109358

Referens

Kumar, A., Narula, S. (2020). Feeling of insecurity in Khaki: its effects on burnout and allied consequences in Haryana Police officers. International Journal of Indian Culture and Business Management, vol. 21(1), pages 94-117.

Working conditions of healthcare workers and clients’ satisfaction with care: study protocol and baseline results of a cluster-randomised workplace intervention

Montano, D., Kuchenbaur, M., Geissler, H. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: In the present investigation the study protocol and the results at baseline of a workplace intervention are reported. It is hypothesised that the reduction of the physical and psychosocial workload of healthcare workers increases 1 their self-assessed physical and mental work ability, and 2. clients’ satisfaction with care. Methods: Two-arm, cluster-randomised trial. Outcome data on workers and clients are collected in questionnaires at baseline, and two follow-ups between 2019 and 2021. Participants of the interventions are healthcare workers of 11 healthcare providers in Germany. At baseline, the intervention arm comprised 22 clusters (n = 174 workers); the control arm, 47 clusters (n = 276). The intervention consists of interviews and workshops, in which employees propose measures aiming to reduce the physical and psychosocial load, and strengthen resources at work. The primary outcome is the workers’ physical and mental work ability. The secondary outcome is the clients’ satisfaction with care. Results: There was no evidence of substantial differences between trial arms at baseline concerning the outcomes. The design effect estimates for physical and mental work ability were 1.29 and 1.05, respectively. At the end of the trial, effect sizes of at least 0.30 and 0.27 at the 80% power and 5% significance levels can be attained. Conclusions: The results suggest that the implementation of the study design has been satisfactory. The intervention is expected to provide evidence of relatively small to medium-size effects of the intervention activities on the work ability of healthcare workers and the clients’ satisfaction with care. Trial registration: Registration trial DRKS00021138 on the German Registry of Clinical Studies (DRKS), retrospectively registered on 25 March, 2020.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-09290-4

Referens

Montano, D., Kuchenbaur, M., Geissler, H. et al. (2020). Working conditions of healthcare workers and clients’ satisfaction with care: study protocol and baseline results of a cluster-randomised workplace intervention. BMC Public Health, 20, 1281.

Changing to improve? Organizational change and change-oriented leadership in hospitals

Øygarden, O., Olsen, E. and Mikkelsen, A.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: This paper aims to fill gaps in one’s knowledge of the impact of organizational change on two outcomes relevant to hospital service quality (performance obstacles and physician job satisfaction) and in one’s knowledge of the role of middle manager change-oriented leadership in relation to the same outcomes. Further, the authors aim to identify how physician participation in decision-making is impacted by organizational change and change-oriented leadership, as well as how it mediates the relationships between these two variables, performance obstacles and job satisfaction. Design/methodology/approach: The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design including data from Norwegian hospital physicians (N = 556). A hypothetical model was developed based on existing theory, confirmatory factor analysis was carried out in order to ensure the validity of measurement concepts, and the structural model was estimated using structural equation modelling. Findings: The organizational changes in question were positively related to performance obstacles both directly and indirectly through participation in decision-making. Organizational change was also negatively related to job satisfaction, both directly and indirectly. Change-oriented leadership was negatively related to performance obstacles, but only indirectly through participation in decision-making, whereas it was positively related to job satisfaction both directly and indirectly. Originality/value: The authors developed a theoretical model based on existing theory, but to their knowledge no other studies have tested these exact relationships within one model. These findings offer insights relevant to current and ongoing developments in the healthcare field and to the question of how hospitals may deal with continuous changes in ways that could contribute positively towards outcomes relevant to service quality.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Norge

Yrken

Läkare

DOI

10.1108/JHOM-09-2019-0280

Referens

Øygarden, O., Olsen, E. and Mikkelsen, A. (2020). Changing to improve? Organizational change and change-oriented leadership in hospitals. Journal of Health Organization and Management, Vol. 34 No. 6, 687-706.

Differential Work Design for Different Age Groups? A Systematic Literature Review of the Moderating Role of Age in the Relationship Between Psychosocial Work Characteristics and Health

Mühlenbrock, I., Hüffmeier, J.

Sammanfattning

Aging and the shrinkage of the working population increase the importance of preserving employee health. To analyze how associations between psychosocial work characteristics (e. g., quantitative work demands or social support) and individual health vary across age groups, we systematically reviewed a large sample of relevant published articles. Overall, we included 30 articles that reported 107 associations and found significant evidence of interactions between work characteristics and age for 61 % of these associations. To analyze these interactions further, we formed consistent age groups (younger [≤ 34 years], middle-aged [35 – 49 years], and older employees [≥ 50 years]). While we found differences across these age groups (e. g., a stronger association between low job autonomy and poor health in older employees), we did not identify crossover interactions with contradictory associations between work characteristics and health for different age groups. Implications for future research and an age-sensitive work design are discussed.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Ej relevant

DOI

10.1026/0932-4089/a000330

Referens

Mühlenbrock, I., Hüffmeier, J. (2020). Differential Work Design for Different Age Groups? A Systematic Literature Review of the Moderating Role of Age in the Relationship Between Psychosocial Work Characteristics and Health. Zeitschrift für Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie A&O, 64, 171-195.

What makes them happy? Professional care-givers’ job satisfaction

Höld, J., Späth, J. & Kricheldorff, C.

Sammanfattning

Background: Nurses’ job dissatisfaction can be seen as an early warning indicator of occupational change and (early) termination intentions. A better understanding of job satisfaction and its determinants can help to prevent nurses from leaving their profession. Aim: We assessed the impact of nurses’ perception of job characteristics on their overall job satisfaction in order to identify the most relevant factors. We also investigated the potential mechanisms through which the most relevant factor influences job satisfaction. Method: We used multiple regression analysis based on a standardized survey of about 800 registered nurses (in long-term care facilities) in both inpatient care and outpatient care in Germany as well as qualitative content analysis of about 50 semi-structured interviews with nurses. Results: We found that collaboration with the team and supervisor to be the most relevant factor associated with job satisfaction. A good team can create professional support and ideational support for professional caregivers and enhance their professional development and the quality of care. Discussion: Our results point to the importance of leadership training, team building methods and other measures for establishing and cultivating a pleasant working atmosphere with flexible shift handovers and team meetings.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1007/s00391-020-01759-6

Referens

Höld, J., Späth, J. & Kricheldorff, C. (2020). What makes them happy? Professional care-givers’ job satisfaction. Z Gerontol Geriat, 53, 655–662.

The WHO/ILO report on long working hours and ischaemic heart disease – Conclusions are not supported by the evidence

Kivimäki, M., Virtanen, M., Nyberg, T.S., Batty, G. D.

Sammanfattning

Working hours is a ubiquitous exposure given that most adults are employed, and one that is modifiable via legislative change if not always through individual-level choice. According to a recent report from the World Health Organization (WHO) and International Labour Organization (ILO), there is currently sufficient evidence to conclude that long working hours (i.e., ≥55 h per week) elevate the risk of fatal and non-fatal ischaemic heart disease to a clinically meaningful extent. After assessing the data used by the ILO/WHO, we feel that the expert group has not correctly applied their own framework for assessing the strength of the evidence. In the meta-analysis of observational studies in the report, the association between long working hours and incident heart disease appeared stronger in lower quality cohort studies with a high risk of bias (minimally-adjusted hazard ratio 1.20, 95% CI 1.01–1.41, compared to standard 35–40 weekly hours) than in the superior-quality studies with a lower risk of bias for which the estimate was not significantly different from the null (1.08, 95% CI 0.93–1.25). There was also marked effect modification, such that there was no increase in ischaemic heart disease for those working long hours in high socioeconomic status occupations, a finding also reported in analyses of a recent census-based cohort study which was not included in the report. Our meta-analysis of all these studies confirm that the findings are not consistent but differ between subgroups and that the summary age- and sex-adjusted hazard ratio for long working hours in high socioeconomic status occupations does not support excess risk: 0.85, 95% CI 0.63–1.13 (Pinteraction = 0.005, total N = 451,982). For these and other reasons detailed in this commentary, we advance a more cautious interpretation of the existing evidence. The conclusions should be restricted to low socioeconomic status occupations only and more research is still needed to confirm or refute harmfulness and determine clinical relevance.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Ej relevant

DOI

10.1016/j.envint.2020.106048

Referens

Kivimäki, M., Virtanen, M., Nyberg, T.S., Batty, G. D. (2020). The WHO/ILO report on long working hours and ischaemic heart disease – Conclusions are not supported by the evidence. Environment International, Volume 144.

The mediating role of unhealthy behaviors and body mass index in the relationship between high job strain and self-rated poor health among lower educated workers

van Oostrom, S.H., Nachat, A., Loef, B. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: The objective of this study is to examine the mediating role of unhealthy behaviors and body mass index (BMI) in the relationship between high job strain and self-rated poor health in workers with a low education. Methods: A total of 8369 low educated workers, who participated in the Lifelines cohort study during the period 2012–2017, were included. Self-reported job strain, health behaviors (smoking, physical activity, and fruit and vegetable consumption), and BMI were assessed at baseline, and self-rated health after 2 years. To assess mediation by the health behaviors and BMI, structural equation modeling with logistic and multinomial regression analyses were performed. Results: Workers with high job strain had a higher odds of poor health (OR 1.34; 95% CI 1.13–1.60) compared to those with low job strain. Workers with high job strain were more likely to have a lack of physical activity (OR 1.14; 95% CI 1.01–1.28), but were not more likely to smoke, to be overweight or obese, or to have a low fruit or vegetable consumption. Workers who smoke, have a lack of physical activity or are overweight or obese are more likely to report poor health (OR 1.37; 95% CI 1.16–1.60, OR 1.25; 95% CI 1.08–1.43, OR 1.37; 95% CI 1.16–1.61, OR 2.25; 95% CI 1.86–2.72). Indirect (mediating) effects of unhealthy behaviors and BMI in the relationship between high job strain and poor health were small and not statistically significant. Conclusions: No mediating effects of unhealthy behaviors or BMI were found in the relationship between high job strain and self-rated poor health among workers with a low educational level.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-020-01565-y

Referens

van Oostrom, S.H., Nachat, A., Loef, B. et al. (2020). The mediating role of unhealthy behaviors and body mass index in the relationship between high job strain and self-rated poor health among lower educated workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

The association between supervisor support and ethical dilemmas on Nurses' intention to leave: The mediating role of the meaning of work

Hognestad Haaland, G., Olsen, E., Mikkelsen, A.

Sammanfattning

Aim: To examine the association between supervisor support and ethical dilemmas on nurses' intention to leave health care organisations, both directly and through the mediating role of the meaning of work. Background: The shortage of nurses makes it vital that organisations retain nurses and so reduce the costs associated with replacing experienced nurses. Methods: This cross‐sectional study samples 2,946 registered nurses from a selected health region in Norway. Structural equation modelling was used to test a hypothesized model. Results: Social support from the supervisor and ethical dilemmas is associated with nurses' intention to leave, both directly and indirectly through the mediating role of the meaning of work. Conclusion: Health care organisations should enhance social support from supervisors and the meaning of work, and reduce the level of ethical dilemmas in hospitals. Implications for Nursing Management: Health care organisations should continuously develop and offer training in nurse manager skills, such as being empathic, understanding employees' needs and how to communicate and handle ethical dilemmas. Managers should value staff contributions, encourage staff involvement in ethical questions and highlight the impact of nurses' work on improving the welfare of others.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Norge

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1111/jonm.13153

Referens

Hognestad Haaland, G., Olsen, E., Mikkelsen, A. (2020). The association between supervisor support and ethical dilemmas on Nurses' intention to leave: The mediating role of the meaning of work. J Nurs Manag, 00: 1– 8.

The moderating role of psychosocial working conditions on the long-term relationship between depressive symptoms and work ability among employees from the Baby Boom generation

Weber, J., Hasselhorn, H.M., Borchart, D. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objective: Mental disorders have been identified as a leading cause for reduced work ability in industrialized countries. Identification of workplace factors that can increase the work ability of employees with depressive symptoms from the Baby Boom generation is, therefore, highly relevant. This study thus aims to investigate whether changes in psychosocial working conditions can moderate the negative association between depressive symptoms and work ability. Methods: Two waves with a 3-year time lag of the German lidA cohort study with 3609 participants born in 1959 and 1965 (aged 46 and 52 years at first wave) were analyzed. Self-report data about depressive symptoms at baseline and changes of working conditions from baseline to follow-up were used to calculate main and interaction effects on perceived work ability at follow-up. These analyses were controlled for baseline work ability and working conditions. Results: Depressive symptoms were predictive for an unfavorable course of work ability from baseline to follow-up (B = − 0.173, 95% CI = − 0.219 to − 0.128). However, no interaction effect between depressive symptoms and psychosocial working conditions was found. Instead, independent from the level of depressive symptoms, a decrease in quantitative demands (B = − 0.279, 95% CI = − 0.326 to − 0.232) and increases in leadership quality (B = 0.242, 95% CI = 0.192–0.292) and development opportunities (B = 0.177, 95% CI = 0.127–0.277) were related to a more favorable course of work ability. Only small effects were found for social support (B = 0.057, 95% CI = 0.008–0.106) and job control (B = 0.043, 95% CI = − 0.005–0.091). Conclusions: The results indicate that the lagged and negative effect of depressive symptoms on work ability was not moderated by changes in psychosocial working conditions. However, the promotion of favorable working conditions may contribute to a positive development of work ability among employees from the Baby Boom generation independently from the level of depressive symptoms.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-020-01570-1

Referens

Weber, J., Hasselhorn, H.M., Borchart, D. et al. (2020). The moderating role of psychosocial working conditions on the long-term relationship between depressive symptoms and work ability among employees from the Baby Boom generation. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

Leaving and staying with the employer—Changes in work, health, and work ability among older workers

Garthe, N., Hasselhorn, H.M.

Sammanfattning

Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to examine employer changes among older workers and to relate them to psychosocial work factors, health, and work ability. Four groups of employees as elaborated by Hom et al. (2012) were distinguished: Enthusiastic leavers (EL), reluctant leavers (RL), enthusiastic stayers (ES), and reluctant stayers (RS). Methods: Repeated Measures ANOVA analyses were based on data from the second and third waves (2014, 2018) of the German lidA Cohort Study, a representative study of employees born in 1959 or 1965. Results: The largest proportion of participants was ES (73.3%), 13.2% stayed with their employer although they would have preferred to leave (RS). 7.1% changed employer between 2014 and 2018 voluntarily (EL), 6.4% involuntarily (RL). Analyses confirmed that the four groups already differed in 2014 in terms of health, work ability, and psychosocial work factors and that these outcomes change in different characteristic patterns over time. Most outcomes improved substantially following the change among EL. RS already reported poor outcomes in 2014 and exhibited a further deterioration while staying at the undesired workplace. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that an employer change is followed by improvements of work, health, and work ability. We conclude that an inclusive labor market policy for older workers allowing for high job mobility may have the potential to contribute to considerable improvements of workers’ individual working conditions, health, and work ability, thereby increasing the work participation. Also, the considerable group of RL requires increased political and scientific attention.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-020-01563-0

Referens

Garthe, N., Hasselhorn, H.M. (2020). Leaving and staying with the employer—Changes in work, health, and work ability among older workers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

Working conditions as risk factors for early exit from work—in a cohort of 2351 employees in Germany

d’Errico, A., Burr, H., Pattloch, D. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: We would assess the possible impact of a range of physical and psychosocial working conditions on early exit from paid employment (i.e., before retirement age) in a representative employee population in Germany. Methods: We analysed a cohort from the German Study on Mental Health at Work (S-MGA) with a baseline of 2351 employees in 2011/12, sampled randomly from the register of integrated employment biographies (IEB) at the Institute for Employment Research (IAB). Follow-up ended mid-2015. Early Exit comprised episodes of either pensioning, long-term sickness absence or unemployment ≥ 18 months. Total follow-up years were 8.422. Working conditions were partly assessed by the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). Through Cox regressions, associations of baseline working conditions with time to event of exit were estimated—adjusting for baseline age, gender, poverty, fixed-term contract and socioeconomic position. Results: In multiple regressions, awkward body postures (HR = 1.24; 95% CI = 1.07–1.44), heavy lifting (1.17; 1.00–1.37) and high work pace (1.41; 1.16–1.72) were associated with exit. The estimated attributable fraction of exit for being exposed to less than optimal work environment was 25%. Regarding specific exit routes, repetitive movements (1.25; 1.03–1.53) increased the risk for the long-term sickness absence; work pace (1.86; 1.22–2.86) and role clarity (0.55; 0.31–1.00) were associated to unemployment; and control over working time (0.72; 0.56–0.95) decreased the risk of the early retirement. Conclusions: Work environment seems to be important for subsequent early exit from work. Physical and psychosocial demands seem to be associated to exit to a stronger extent than resources at work.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-020-01566-x

Referens

d’Errico, A., Burr, H., Pattloch, D. et al. (2020). Working conditions as risk factors for early exit from work—in a cohort of 2351 employees in Germany. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

Work profiles of older employees in Germany-results from the lidA-cohort study

Hasselhorn, H.M., Stiller, M., du Prel, JB. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: This study investigates whether a typology of work exposure can be established among older workers in Germany. Work exposure comprises physical work, working time quality, work intensity, skills & discretion, social environment, leadership, continued education, earnings and work prospects. Methods: Latent profile analysis was conducted on a representative sample of the socially insured workforce in Germany born in 1959 or 1965 (N = 6277). Seven year-prospective associations between the typology and work-related outcomes (physical and mental health, work ability and work-privacy-conflict) were investigated to establish the distinctness of the profiles. Results: Five profiles were identified: “Poor Quality” (19%), “Relaxed Manuals” (30%), “Strained non-Manuals” (16%), “Smooth Running” (33%) and “High Flying” (3%). These profiles exhibited diverging patterns of association with the selected outcomes, thus representing qualitatively distinct subgroups of older workers in Germany. Conclusions: We conclude that a typological approach may broaden the understanding of the ageing work force and the complex interplay of the overall work situation with outcomes of high individual and social relevance such as health, work ability and employment. The five work profiles identified in this study may constitute crucial clusters needed to reliably mirror today’s over-all work exposure patterns in the older work force in Germany. They may allow for the comprehensible monitoring of quality of work and personal life among the older work force during their last working years and their transition to retirement in current times of extending working lives.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-09542-3

Referens

Hasselhorn, H.M., Stiller, M., du Prel, JB. et al. (2020). Work profiles of older employees in Germany-results from the lidA-cohort study. BMC Public Health, 20, 1452.

Physical and psychosocial work factors as explanations for social inequalities in self-rated health

Brønholt, R.L.L., Hansen, M.B., Islamoska, S. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objective: We investigated the contribution of physical and psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in self-rated health (SRH) in a sample of Danish 40 and 50 years old occupationally active women and men. Methods: In this longitudinal study, the study population consisted of 3338 Danish women and men. Data were collected by postal questionnaires in 2000 (baseline) and 2006 (follow-up). The independent variable, socioeconomic position (SEP), was assessed by the highest achieved educational level at baseline. We conducted gender-stratified parallel multiple mediation analyses. In the mediation analyses, SEP was categorised as SEP I, II, III, VI and V among men. Among women, SEP was dichotomised into SEP I–IV and V. The outcome, SRH, was assessed at baseline and follow-up. A wide range of physical and psychosocial work factors were included as potential mediators. Results: We found a social gradient in SRH across all levels of SEP among men. Among women, we only found a poorer SRH among those with the lowest SEP. Mediation analyses showed that work factors together accounted for 56% of the social inequalities in SRH among men and 44% among women. In both genders, ergonomic exposures and job insecurity seemed to play the major role for social inequalities in SRH. For women only, we also found noise to contribute to the social inequalities in SRH. Conclusion: Physical and psychosocial work factors partially explained social inequalities in SRH among both genders. Improvement of the working environment can potentially contribute to the reduction of social inequalities in health.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-020-01582-x

Referens

Brønholt, R.L.L., Hansen, M.B., Islamoska, S. et al. (2020). Physical and psychosocial work factors as explanations for social inequalities in self-rated health. Int Arch Occup Environ Health.

Validation Of The Copsoq And Bdjd-24 As A Job Demand Scale For Assessing Taxi Drivers’ Safety Performance: Specific Vs. General Job Demands

Husain, N., & Mohamad, J.

Sammanfattning

Background: The Job Demand – Resource Model (JD-R) is a job-stress model that focuses on assessing the effect of the employees’ health-related outcomes, and their performances due to stress induced by their job demands, and job resources. Different occupations possess different combinations of specific job-related demands, and job resources. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) is an established self-reported tool that has been widely used to measure general job demands through the JD-R model. In contrast, the BDJD-24 is a model that was developed to assess the specific job demands of the bus drivers’ job demands. Objective: This study aims to measure the validity and reliability of the job demand questionnaire by applying it on the taxi drivers of Malaysia so as to assess their safety performance (safety motivation and safety compliance). Method: A sample of 33 (N = 333) taxi drivers from the Klang Valley, Malaysia was recruited. Participants completed the questionnaire in the native language (Malay). To examine the psychometric properties of the COPSOQ and BDJD-24, we used the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) derived from SPSS, and then confirmed it with the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) derived from AMOS. Results: The internal consistency was found to be acceptable, between 0.71 to 0.84. The CFA revealed that the taxi drivers’ job demands, as proposed, had a 5-dimensional influence. The five demands (i.e. emotional, hiding emotion, sensory, time, and safety) were clearly distinguished in the factor analysis. The KMO was adequate, at 0.78, and the variance for the 5-factor structure was 51.97%. The CFA also confirmed the correlation among these demands. Discussion: It is found that the COPSOQ and the BDJD-24 measurement were both reliable and valid for measuring the taxi drivers’ job demands. However, the general vs. specific job demands hypothesis, as proposed by the JD-R model, was not supported. The general job demands (emotional demands) were found to be more strongly associated with safety motivation, and safety compliance. The practical implications and limitations of the present study are further discussed in the paper.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Malaysia

Yrken

Taxichaufförer

Referens

Husain, N., & Mohamad, J. (2020). Validation Of The Copsoq And Bdjd-24 As A Job Demand Scale For Assessing Taxi Drivers’ Safety Performance: Specific Vs. General Job Demands. Journal Of Health And Translational Medicine, 41 - 51.

The Correlation Between Psychosocial Risk Factors And Work Performance In Manufacturing Industry

Nuruzzakiyah, M.I., Ezrin Hani, S., & Hanida, A.A.

Sammanfattning

Nature of psychosocial risk as to the unseen hazards in the working population, potentially exposing the workers towards the adverse effect of mental health. Compromising the well- being of mental health could lead to deterioration of work performance. The objective of this study is to analyze the constructed measure of psychosocial risk factors and work performance of manufacturing workers using statistical analysis. Then, the constructed measure is used to find the correlations between the two factors. A set of the questionnaire is administered to 258 manufacturing workers. The questionnaires were adapted and adopted from Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ III), NIOSH Generic Job Stress Questionnaire, and Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ 1.0) and the instrument were found to be reliable (Cronbach Alpha value = 0.7 ). After conducting Exploratory Factor Analysis by using Principal Component Analysis, the construct validity to conduct data collection in the manufacturing industry is tested. Using eight factors understudy that already extracted using factor analysis, it is found that there are significant psychosocial risk factors present in the manufacturing industry. As for the association between psychosocial and work performance, it is found that there is a significant association between psychosocial risk factors and work performance. This study is essential to explore the presence of psychosocial risk factors that underlies in the manufacturing industry, which might affect worker performance and well-being. For future research, it is recommended so that this study can be replicated to other manufacturing industry or different types of industries to see the robustness of the developed instruments. At the same time, the issue of psychosocial risk factors and workers' performance also can be identified, and the mitigation can be planned.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Malaysia

Yrken

Fabriksarbetare

DOI

10.37268/mjphm/vol.20/no.Special1/art.664

Referens

Nuruzzakiyah, M.I., Ezrin Hani, S., & Hanida, A.A. (2020). The Correlation Between Psychosocial Risk Factors And Work Performance In Manufacturing Industry. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, Special Volume (1): 23-29.

The importance of appraisal in stressor–well-being relationships and the examination of personality traits as boundary conditions

Smith, R.W., DeNunzio, M.M., Haynes, N.J. and Thiele, A.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of appraisals in three stressor–wellbeing relationships: (1) the mediating role of challenge appraisals in the relationship between daily skill demands and daily work engagement, (2) the mediating role of hindrance appraisals in the relationship between daily interruptions and daily depletion and (3) the mediating role of threat appraisals in the relationship between daily emotional demands and daily anxiety. We also examined the moderating influence of conscientiousness on the daily skill demands–challenge appraisal relationship, the moderating role of extraversion on the daily interruptions–hindrance appraisal relationship and the moderating influence of neuroticism on the daily emotional demands–threat appraisal relationship. Supplemental analyses also examined the moderating influence of the aforementioned personality traits on the respective direct effects of stressors on well-being outcomes. Design/methodology/approach: We tested our hypotheses using a 5-days experience sampling design in a sample of 114 working adults and employed multilevel modeling. Findings: All hypothesized mediating mechanisms were supported, however, the majority of moderation hypotheses were not supported. Originality/value: We sought to extend the relatively recent advancement in the challenge–hindrance framework to provide additional evidence of the utility of distinguishing between challenge, hindrance and threat stressors. Although not supported, this is the one of the first papers to test the moderating influence of personality traits on the stressor–appraisal relationship.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

USA

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1108/JMP-11-2019-0649

Referens

Smith, R.W., DeNunzio, M.M., Haynes, N.J. and Thiele, A. (2020). The importance of appraisal in stressor–well-being relationships and the examination of personality traits as boundary conditions. Journal of Managerial Psychology.

Work‐related stress and wellbeing among nurses: Testing a multi‐dimensional model

Vallone, F., Smith, A.P., Zurlo, M.C.

Sammanfattning

Aim: Basing on the Demands‐Resources and Individual‐Effects (DRIVE) Model developed by Mark and Smith in 2008, the study aims to propose and test a multi‐dimensional model that combines work characteristics, individual characteristics, and work–family interface dimensions as predictors of nurses' psychophysical health. Methods: Self‐report questionnaires assessing work characteristics (effort; rewards; job demands; job control; social support), individual characteristics (socio‐demographic characteristics; coping strategies; Type A behavioral pattern; Type D personality), work–family interface dimensions (work–family interrole conflict; job and life satisfaction), and health outcomes (psychological disease; physical disease) were completed by 450 Italian nurses. Logistic regression analyses and Hayes' PROCESS tool were used to test the proposed model by exploring main, moderating and mediating hypotheses. Results: Findings confirmed the proposed theoretical framework including work characteristics, individual characteristics, and work–family interface dimensions as significant predictors of nurses' psychophysical disease. Specific main, moderating and mediating effects were found, providing a wide set of multiple risks and protective factors. Conclusions: The study allowed a broader understanding of nurses' work‐related stress process, providing a comprehensive tool for the assessment of occupational health and for the definition of tailored policies and interventions in public healthcare organizations to promote nurses' wellbeing.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1111/jjns.12360

Referens

Vallone, F., Smith, A.P., Zurlo, M.C. (2020). Work‐related stress and wellbeing among nurses: Testing a multi‐dimensional model. Jpn J Nurs Sci, 17:e12360.

Downsizing and surviving employees' engagement and strain: The role of job resources and job demands

Dlouhy, K., Casper, A.

Sammanfattning

Downsizing is widely assumed to detrimentally affect surviving employees' engagement and health through increased demands and decreased resources. Building on job demands–resources theory, we assess whether these effects occur and whether job demands and resources moderate the detrimental effects of downsizing on employee health and engagement. We conceptualize downsizing as a stressor event, and we explain its relationship with employee health through the job demands work overload and job insecurity are (two) job demands, as well as its relationship with employee engagement through the job resources supervisor support and opportunities for development are job resources. Using data from two large representative samples of German employees, we show that job demands mediate the negative relationship between downsizing and employees' psychological and physical health and that job resources mediate the negative relationship between downsizing and engagement. We find little support for the assumption that job resources alleviate the indirect effects of downsizing on surviving employees' health, or that job demands strengthen the indirect effects of downsizing on surviving employees' engagement. We discuss how these findings expand our understanding of downsizing and outline practical implications for human resource practitioners.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1002/hrm.22032

Referens

Dlouhy, K., Casper, A. (2020). Downsizing and surviving employees' engagement and strain: The role of job resources and job demands. Hum Resour Manage, 1-20.

Comparing perceived psychosocial working conditions of nurses and physicians in two university hospitals in Germany with other German professionals - feasibility of scale conversion between two versions of the German Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ)

Wagner, A., Nübling, M., Hammer, A. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: In 2015, the WorkSafeMed study assessed, amongst others, perceived psychosocial working conditions in nurses (n = 567) and physicians (n = 381) from two German university hospitals using scales from the German standard version of the COPSOQ (Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire). This standard version is based on the international COPSOQ I and II. Since 2017, a further developed version of the German COPSOQ (G-COPSOQ III) has been available and data from this version are stored in the German COPSOQ database. The aim of the present study was to compare scales depicting perceived psychosocial workloads and strain in hospital staff from the WorkSafeMed study with reference data (hospital care nurses, general hospital physicians, reference values across all occupations) from the German COPSOQ database (2012–2017). As preliminary work, we explored whether a conversion of COPSOQ scales based on data from the WorkSafeMed study to the G-COPSOQ III scales was possible. Methods: We applied a multistep approach for conversion. First, we compared 17 COPSOQ scales used in the WorkSafeMed study with the corresponding scales from the G-COPSOQ III according to content and then decided if a conversion was appropriate. If possible, we converted WorkSafeMed scales - the converted scales comprised the same content and number of items as in G-COPSOQ III. An explorative statistical analysis for each original and converted WorkSafeMed scale followed detecting possible statistical and relevant differences between the scales. We then compared converted WorkSafeMed scales with reference data from the German COPSOQ database. Results: Based on the comparison undertaken according to content, a conversion was possible for 16 scales. Using the data from the WorkSafeMed study, the statistical analysis showed only differences between original and converted COPSOQ scales “control over working time” (mean 40.2 vs. 51.8, dCohen = 0.56) and “social relations” (mean 55.6 vs. 41.8, dCohen = − 0.55). Comparing converted WorkSafeMed scales with reference data revealed higher values for “quantitative demands”, “work-privacy-conflict”, and “job satisfaction” in the WorkSafeMed sample. Conclusions: The conversion of WorkSafeMed scales was appropriate, allowed a comparison with three reference values in the German COPSOQ database and revealed some implications for improving psychosocial working conditions of nurses and physicians in university hospitals in Germany.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12995-020-00277-w

Referens

Wagner, A., Nübling, M., Hammer, A. et al. (2020). Comparing perceived psychosocial working conditions of nurses and physicians in two university hospitals in Germany with other German professionals - feasibility of scale conversion between two versions of the German Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). J Occup Med Toxicol, 15, 26.

Meaning of work in a group of school principals: the role of organizational variables

Buonomo, I., Benevene, P. and Fiorilli, C.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: Principals’ beliefs about their profession are of great interest for schools in terms of organizational development and success. Furthermore, as meaning is a dimension of eudaimonic well-being, studying the principal meaning of work allows us to deepen the knowledge about their professional well-being, too. According to studies on non-educational contexts, the meaning of work is influenced by several organizational variables (such as possibilities for professional development and organizational commitment). Despite this, several school workers still lack to recognize the role played in this regard. Trying to fulfill these gaps partially, the purpose of this study is to verify the incremental effect of organizational dimensions and positive feedback from colleagues above and beyond positive beliefs about work. Design/methodology/approach: An Italian version of the COPSOQ II adapted to school principals was administered to 1,616 school principals. Hierarchical multiple regression was conducted, considering three blocks of variables, namely, positive personal beliefs about work (job satisfaction and self-efficacy); organizational dimensions (role clarity, possibilities for development and sense of belonging to the workplace); positive feedback from colleagues. Findings: Overall, the variables explained 45% of the variance of the meaning of work. While organizational variables accounted for an incremental 24% of the variance, above and beyond the personal experience of work (F (5, 1,610) = 267.378, p = 0.000), positive feedback from colleagues did not show a significant effect originality. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study regarding the meaning of work at school with specific reference to school principals. Originality/value: To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study regarding the meaning of work at school and with specific reference to school principals.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Rektorer

DOI

10.1108/JWL-12-2019-0146

Referens

Buonomo, I., Benevene, P. and Fiorilli, C. (2020). Meaning of work in a group of school principals: the role of organizational variables. Journal of Workplace Learning, Vol. 32 No. 6, 389-403.

Assessing Work Stressors in the Health Care Sector by Combining External Observation and Health Professionals’ Self-report in a Cross-sectional Study Design

Peter, K., Hahn, S., Stadelmann, E., Halfens, R.J.G., Schols, J.M.G.A.

Sammanfattning

Objective: Health professionals are particularly affected by work stressors and various methods have already been used to assess them. Linking health professionals’ self-report and external observations can provide a more detailed assessment of stressors, since conclusions for interventions can be derived from their agreement. Since there is a lack of studies in the health sector linking both data sources, the aim of this study is to identify the convergence between health professionals’ self-reports and external observations. Methods: Data were collected in general hospitals, nursing homes, psychiatric institutions and home-care organizations in a cross-sectional study design. 110 health professionals were observed during one entire shift, by one of eight trained external observers. Health professionals and observer separately filled out a questionnaire on work stressors after the observation. For data analysis multiple regression models using bootstrap were calculated considering possible observer effects. Results: Convergent scores for 3 of 9 tested scales on ‘predictability’ of work, ‘social community’ and ‘social relations’ (p>0.05) at work, were identified. However, health professionals rated their ‘quantitative’ (p=0.001), ‘sensorial’ (p=0.001) and ‘physical demands’ (p=0.001) significantly higher than the external observers did. On the contrary, external observers perceived the ‘possibilities for development’ (p=0.007), ‘influence at work’ (p=0.032) and ‘social support at work’ (p=0.002) as lower than did the health professionals. Results also indicate a significant influence of different work settings (p<0.05) on the convergence of self-assessed and observed work stressors. Conclusions: This study reveal that results on work stressors can be influenced by the chosen method for data collection, which should be considered when using one method only. Moreover, differences between the settings indicate that results on work stressors from one health-care setting cannot be easily transferred to another.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Schweiz

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

Referens

Peter, K., Hahn, S., Stadelmann, E., Halfens, R.J.G., Schols, J.M.G.A. (2020). Assessing Work Stressors in the Health Care Sector by Combining External Observation and Health Professionals’ Self-report in a Cross-sectional Study Design. Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs, 8, 1.

Analyzing the effect of social interaction on job demands and health in the example of flexible shiftwork

Niessen, P., Stockinger, C., Zoeller, I.

Sammanfattning

In the literature, shiftwork-related stress is often connected with health complaints. However, it has been shown that these are not equally distributed. Further reasons must exist as to why stress resulting from shiftwork only affects health in some cases. In a study with 653 employees working in highly flexible shiftwork conditions, an examination was made of the factors affecting the relationship between job demands and health status. The results show that satisfaction with leadership influences whether unevenly distributed work and time pressure have a significant impact on health. The factor of other people living in the household significantly influences whether time pressure and emotional stress lead to health complaints. The study concluded that the impact of social interaction as a resource is not limited to the workplace. Social interaction, as a personal resource, can be helpful in both the professional and private spheres.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Skiftarbetare

DOI

10.1080/10803548.2020.1789318

Referens

Niessen, P., Stockinger, C., Zoeller, I. (2020). Analyzing the effect of social interaction on job demands and health in the example of flexible shiftwork. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics.

Social Networks of Nursing Units as Predictors of Organizational Commitment and Intent to Leave of Nurses

Won, H.-J.

Sammanfattning

This study attempted to examine the structural characteristics of the social network of nursing units by dividing them into a job-related advice network and a friendship network, and to analyze the relationship between nurse organizational commitment and intent to leave. The subjects were 420 nurses working in 4 hospitals and 30 nursing units. Data were analyzed using UCINET 6.0, SPSS 20.0 and HLM 7.0. In job-related advice networks, degree centrality of head nurse contributed to organizational commitment. Network density contributed to intent to leave. In friendship networks, closeness centrality of head nurses and betweenness centrality of charge nurse contributed to organizational commitment. Density and betweenness centrality of charge nurses contributed to intent to leave. Accordingly, it is necessary to foster good relationships between nurses and to develop various types of strategies for building effective networks.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sydkorea

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.5392/JKCA.2020.20.06.187

Referens

Won, H.-J. (2020). Social Networks of Nursing Units as Predictors of Organizational Commitment and Intent to Leave of Nurses. The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 20(6), 187–196.

Why busy leaders may have exhausted followers: a multilevel perspective on supportive leadership

Stein, M., Vincent-Höper, S. and Gregersen, S.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: This study of leaders and followers working in day-care centers aims to use a multilevel perspective on supportive leadership to examine its role in linking workload at the leader level and emotional exhaustion at the follower level. Integrating theoretical work on social support with conservation of resources (COR) theory, leaders' workload is proposed to be positively related to followers' feelings of emotional exhaustion through constraining the enactment of supportive leadership. Design/methodology/approach: Multisource survey data from 442 followers and their leaders from 68 teams were collected to test the hypotheses. Findings: Multilevel analyses showed that leader workload was negatively related to followers' perception of supportive leadership, which, in turn, was positively related to followers' levels of emotional exhaustion. Leader workload was indirectly and positively related to follower emotional exhaustion via supportive leadership. Research limitations/implications: This study provides initial support for the idea that work contextual factors at the leader level create boundaries for the extent to which leaders may provide support to their followers and draws attention to the accountability of leaders' work contextual factors for followers' well-being. Practical implications: The findings suggest that organizations must not focus narrowly on training leaders on how to benefit followers but should also aim to optimize leaders' levels of workload to enable them to act in a supportive manner. Originality/value: By considering both the receivers (i.e. followers) and providers (i.e. leaders) of support simultaneously, we take a crossover approach to COR theory and acknowledge that work contextual factors at higher organizational levels may spread to employee well-being at lower levels of the organization.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Förskolelärare

DOI

10.1108/LODJ-11-2019-0477

Referens

Stein, M., Vincent-Höper, S. and Gregersen, S. (2020). Why busy leaders may have exhausted followers: a multilevel perspective on supportive leadership. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Vol. 41 No. 6, 829-845.

Telework in academia: associations with health and well-being among staff

Heiden, M., Widar, L., Wiitavaara, B. et al.

Sammanfattning

As the development of technical aids for telework has progressed, work has become more flexible in time and space. Among academics, the opportunity to telework has been embraced by most, but it is unclear how it relates to their health and well-being. The aim of this study was to determine how frequency and amount of telework is associated with perceived health, stress, recuperation, work-life balance, and intrinsic work motivation among teaching and research academics. An electronic questionnaire was sent to junior lecturers, senior lecturers, and professors at Swedish public universities. It included the General Health Questionnaire, Work Stress Questionnaire, items for assessing recuperation, the Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction at Work scale, and parts of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, as well as questions about the frequency and amount of telework performed. In total, 392 academics responded to the survey. Multivariate analysis of variance showed significant differences between groups of academics with different telework frequency (p < 0.05). Univariate analyses of variance showed that ratings of stress related to indistinct organization and conflicts were higher among academics that telework several times per week or more than among academics that telework less than once per month. In regression analyses of associations between amount of telework (in hours per week) and the dependent variables, no significant effects were found. Although it cannot be concluded whether stress is a cause or an effect of frequent telework, the findings warrant further attention to academics who telework frequently.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Akademiker

DOI

10.1007/s10734-020-00569-4

Referens

Heiden, M., Widar, L., Wiitavaara, B. et al. (2020). Telework in academia: associations with health and well-being among staff. High Educ.

Improving Early Care and Education Professionals’ Teaching Self-Efficacy and Well-Being: A Mixed Methods Exploratory Study

Tanaka, R. N., Boyce, K. L., Chinn, C. C., Murphy, N. K.

Sammanfattning

Research Findings: Early care and education (ECE) professionals experience a myriad of challenges that adversely impact their well-being as well as their ability to have the greatest teaching impact on the children they serve. There is general agreement that Professional Development (PD) can improve teaching practices. The current study examined the impact of a PD experience that included both adaptive work (e.g., addressing educators’ existing strengths, challenges, belief systems, stress levels, and self-care) and technical training (e.g., strategies for addressing children’s challenging behavior). This PD experience was implemented with 62 ECE professionals living on the islands of Hawai’i over 10 weeks and consisted of in-person sessions, web-based sessions, and a community of practice. Findings from this study suggest high ratings of effectiveness of the PD experience and positive improvements in ECE professionals’ ratings of their teaching self-efficacy and well-being. Practice or Policy: The results from this study suggest that PD incorporating adaptive work can improve teaching self-efficacy and could be implemented as part of every PD session. PD that incorporates an emphasis on teachers’ well-being and actively strives to promote their well-being may be as important to ECE professionals as some other strategies targeted to improve work environments and classroom quality.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

USA

Yrken

Förskolelärare

DOI

10.1080/10409289.2020.1794246

Referens

Tanaka, R. N., Boyce, K. L., Chinn, C. C., Murphy, N. K. (2020). Improving Early Care and Education Professionals’ Teaching Self-Efficacy and Well-Being: A Mixed Methods Exploratory Study. Early Education and Development, 31:7, 1089-1111.

Prevalence and predictors of suicidal thoughts and behaviours among Australian police and emergency services employees

Kyron, M.J., Rikkers, W., Page, A.C. et al.

Sammanfattning

Objective: This study presents rates of suicide thoughts and behaviours of police and emergency services personnel around Australia. In addition, it examines personal (i.e. mental health, substance use) and working environment risk and protective factors. Method: A stratified random sample of personnel from 33 Australian emergency services organisations were invited to participate in a mental health and wellbeing survey. In total, 14,868 Australian ambulance, fire and rescue, police and state emergency services employees participated and self-reported any suicidal thoughts, plans and/or attempts in the 12 months prior to the survey or at any stage in their life. Logistic regressions assessed factors associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviours. Results: Employees reported notably higher rates of suicidal thoughts and plans than the general Australian adult population, but not attempts. Male, single/divorced, non-heterosexual or longer-serving employees reported higher rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviours across each sector. Perceptions of stigma regarding mental health conditions from others in the workplace, negative impact of work on one’s private life and low meaning of work were associated with suicidal thoughts, while bullying significantly differentiated who planned and attempted suicide from those who reported suicidal thoughts only. Higher resilience and social support were associated with lower suicidal thoughts, while intermittent explosive anger and illegal drug use were associated with higher rates of suicidal thoughts. Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms significantly differentiated who planned suicide, while misuse of prescription drugs and psychological distress differentiated who attempted suicide from those who only reported suicidal thoughts. Conclusion: Amid inherently stressful occupations, it is important that workplaces function in a way that supports their personnel. Access to mental health services should be promoted and readily available to personnel.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Australien, Nya Zeeland

Yrken

Poliser, Räddningstjänstpersonal

DOI

10.1177/0004867420937774

Referens

Kyron, M.J., Rikkers, W., Page, A.C. et al. (2020). Prevalence and predictors of suicidal thoughts and behaviours among Australian police and emergency services employees. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry.

The Association Between Prosocialness, Relational-Interdependent Self-construal and Gender in Relation to Burnout Among Swedish Clergy

Buratti, S., Geisler, M. & Allwood, C.M.

Sammanfattning

Serving as a clergyperson is a highly variable profession and in recent decades, the role has evolved and expanded even further. Consequently, the demands have increased and with it the risk for stress-related ill-health and absenteeism. The aim of the current study was to evaluate, in a larger sample of Swedish clergy (N = 871), two possible antecedents of burnout, namely prosocialness and relational-interdependent self-construal. A further aim was to explore potential gender differences in the investigated associations. The direct and indirect relationships of prosocialness and relational-interdependent self-construal to two dimensions of burnout, exhaustion, and disengagement were investigated in a structural equation-modelling framework. The results showed that clergy who reported higher prosocialness experienced more stress in their work, in terms of both quantitative and emotional demands, which in turn was associated with higher levels of exhaustion and disengagement. But prosocialness was also found to be directly associated with lower levels of disengagement, as well as indirectly associated with higher levels of role clarity. However, no direct or indirect associations were found between relational-interdependent self-construal and any dimension of burnout. Regarding gender differences, female clergy reported higher levels of prosocialness and job demands, less role clarity, and in turn more exhaustion compared to male clergy. This indicated a more stressful situation for female clergy. Our study contributes new insights into the role that personality plays in different dimensions of burnout in clergy, as well as insights into an understanding of gender differences in burnout among clergy.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Präster

DOI

10.1007/s13644-020-00420-3

Referens

Buratti, S., Geisler, M. & Allwood, C.M. (2020). The Association Between Prosocialness, Relational-Interdependent Self-construal and Gender in Relation to Burnout Among Swedish Clergy. Rev Relig Res, 62, 583–602.

Design and validity of a questionnaire for measuring psychosocial risk factors and burnout

Jacobo-Galicia, G., Máynez-Guaderrama, A. I.

Sammanfattning

In recent years, burnout has emerged as one of the most important work risks. Continuous chronical emotional and interpersonal stressors at the workplace can lead to burnout. Among those, psychosocial risk factors are things, events, or circumstances that may affect workers' health due to their work and workplace conditions and may result in burnout. The purpose of this research was to design and validate a scale to evaluate the relationship between psychosocial risk factors and burnout within the aerospace manufacturing industry. A reliable, valid scale was obtained, which can be applied to operative personnel.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Fabriksarbetare

DOI

10.15446/dyna.v87n214.85187

Referens

Jacobo-Galicia, G., Máynez-Guaderrama, A. I. (2020). Design and validity of a questionnaire for measuring psychosocial risk factors and burnout. DYNA, 87(214), 66-74.

Joint association of physical and psychosocial working conditions with risk of long-term sickness absence: Prospective cohort study with register follow-up

Sundstrup, E., Andersen, L.L.

Sammanfattning

Aims: The interplay between physical and psychosocial working conditions for the risk of developing poor health is not well understood. This study aimed to determine the joint association of physical and psychosocial working conditions with risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in the general working population. Methods: Based on questionnaire responses about physical working conditions and psychosocial working conditions (influence at work, emotional demands, support from colleagues and support from managers) and two-year prospective follow-up in a national register on social transfer payments, we estimated the risk of incident LTSA of >30 days among 9544 employees without previous LTSA from the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study. The analyses were censored for all events of permanent labour market drop-out (retirement, disability pension, immigration or death) and controlled for potential confounders. Results: In the total cohort, more demanding physical working conditions were associated with risk of LTSA in a dose–response fashion (trend test, p<0.0001). The combination of poor overall psychosocial working conditions (index measure of influence at work, emotional demands, support from managers and support from colleagues) and hard physical working conditions showed the highest risk of LTSA. However, poor overall psychosocial working conditions did not interact with physical working conditions in the risk of LTSA (p=0.9677). Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that workplaces should strive to improve both psychosocial and physical work factors in order to ensure the health of workers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1177/1403494820936423

Referens

Sundstrup, E., Andersen, L.L. (2020). Joint association of physical and psychosocial working conditions with risk of long-term sickness absence: Prospective cohort study with register follow-up. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

The relationship between psychosocial characteristics of the work environment and job satisfaction in an Italian public ECE service: A cross-lagged study

Viotti, S., Sottimano, I., Converso, D., Guidetti, G.

Sammanfattning

The present study uses a revised version of the Motivation–Hygiene theory as a theoretical framework to examine the cross-lagged associations in a sample of Italian pre-kindergarten (pre-k) teachers between job satisfaction and two types of psychosocial characteristics of the work environment: motivating factors (i.e., job demands, work meaning, and role clarity) and hygiene factors (i.e., work–family conflict, rewards, peer support, and superior support). In total, 349 pre-k teachers employed in a municipal early childhood education system of a city in Northwest Italy completed a questionnaire at two time points one year apart. Cross-lagged path analysis indicated a positive reciprocal relationship between job satisfaction and work meaning. The paths from job demands and superior support at Time 1 to job satisfaction at Time 2 were found to be significant. Finally, the path from job satisfaction at Time 1 to role clarity at Time 2 was positive and significant. The present study confirms the results of previous literature suggesting that motivating factors are more strictly associated than hygiene factors with job satisfaction. Moreover, it expands current knowledge by highlighting the importance of examining both the directionality of associations between the psychosocial characteristics of the work environment and job satisfaction. From a practical point of view, the study findings are important because they help identify possible interventions to promote the quality of work life and improve the quality of the service provided by Italian pre-k teachers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Förskolelärare

DOI

10.1016/j.ecresq.2020.06.002

Referens

Viotti, S., Sottimano, I., Converso, D., Guidetti, G. (2020). The relationship between psychosocial characteristics of the work environment and job satisfaction in an Italian public ECE service: A cross-lagged study. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, Volume 53, 464-475.

Factors associated with musculoskeletal symptoms and heart rate variability among cleaners – cross-sectional study

Sotrate Gonçalves, J., de Oliveira Sato, T.

Sammanfattning

Background: The professionals who perform cleaning activity constitute a major economic sector in Brazil. Cleaners may develop health problems related to the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems. It is necessary to understand the working and health conditions of cleaners in Brazil. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify factors associated with musculoskeletal symptoms and heart rate variability (HRV) among cleaners. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted at a public higher education institution with 45 outsourced cleaners following approval from the institutional ethics committee. The participants answered a questionnaire addressing sociodemographic, occupational and health data, the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire, the Physical Activity Questionnaire (work and leisure) and the short version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Clinical data (height, body mass, waist-to-hip ratio and blood pressure) and heart rate variability (HRV) were also collected. Logistic and linear regression models were created to identify factors associated with symptoms and HRV. Results: The sample consisted of women (100%) predominantly older than 50 years of age (44%), without a conjugal life (64%), with three or more children (59%), low educational level (58%) and who worked less than 12 months at the company (87%). Systemic arterial hypertension (23%) was the most reported health problem. The highest frequency of musculoskeletal symptoms was identified in the lower limbs (ankles/feet: 31% in the previous 12 months and 24% in the previous 7 days; knees: 31% in the previous 12 months and 20% in the previous 7 days). Moreover, the workers reported not practicing physical activity during leisure time (84%). Psychosocial aspects indicated health risks for the dimensions “influence at work” (74%), “burnout” (59%) and “stress” (52%). Associations were found between ankle/foot symptoms and body mass index, shoulder symptoms and predictability, and knee symptoms and self-rated health and burnout. HRV indices were associated with age. Conclusions: This study outlined the profile of female cleaners and identified risk factors. The workers exhibited musculoskeletal symptoms, which were associated with the body mass index and some psychosocial factors. HRV indices were associated with age. Thus, health promotion and prevention measures should be taken to benefit this population of workers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Brasilien

Yrken

Lokalvårdare

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-08928-7

Referens

Sotrate Gonçalves, J., de Oliveira Sato, T. (2020). Factors associated with musculoskeletal symptoms and heart rate variability among cleaners – cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 20, 774.

The relationship between personality, work, and personal factors to burnout among clinical psychologists: exploring gender differences in Sweden

Allwood, M. C., Geisler, M., Buratti, S.

Sammanfattning

This study investigated the effects of gender, personality (prosocialness, relational-interdependent self-construal, and brooding), job demands, affective work rumination, and personal-to-work conflict on burnout (exhaustion and disengagement), among clinical public-health psychologists in Sweden. The participants answered a self-report questionnaire (n = 828). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed that affective work-rumination, brooding and personal-to-work conflict were most strongly associated with exhaustion, whereas affective work-rumination, brooding, role conflict, and prosocialness most strongly predicted disengagement. Furthermore, in the full models, quantitative job demands and relational-interdependent self-construal related to exhaustion, whereas emotional demands related to disengagement. Interestingly, role conflict had a positive relation and emotional demands a negative relation to disengagement. Women reported higher exhaustion, but not higher disengagement, than men. Women also reported higher levels on most of the independent variables. In sum, the results show that a broad range of factors influence burnout among clinical psychologists.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Psykologer

DOI

10.1080/09515070.2020.1768050

Referens

Allwood, M. C., Geisler, M., Buratti, S. (2020). The relationship between personality, work, and personal factors to burnout among clinical psychologists: exploring gender differences in Sweden. Counselling Psychology Quarterly.

Work factors facilitating working beyond state pension age: Prospective cohort study with register follow-up

Andersen, L.L., Thorsen, S.V., Larsen, M., Sundstrup, E., Boot, C.R., Rugulies, R.

Sammanfattning

Objectives The demographic changes in Europe underline the need for an extension of working lives. This study investigates the importance of physical work demands and psychosocial work factors for working beyond the state pension age (65 years). Methods We combined data from three cohorts of the general working population in Denmark (DWECS 2005 and 2010, and DANES 2008), where actively employed workers aged 55-59 years replied to questionnaires about work environment and were followed until the age of 66 years in the Danish AMRun register of paid employment. Using logistic regression analyses, we calculated prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between physical and psychosocial work factors and working beyond state pension age, adjusted for age, sex, cohort, cohabiting, sector, income, vocational education, working hours, lifestyle, and previous sickness absence. Results Of the 2884 workers aged 55-59 years, 1023 (35.5%) worked beyond the state pension age. Higher physical work demands was associated with a lower likelihood (PR 0.69, 95% CI 0.58-0.82) and a good psychosocial work environment was associated with higher likelihood (average of 7 items: PR 1.81, 95% CI 1.49-2.20) of working beyond state pension age. Stratified analyses did not change the overall pattern, ie, a good overall psychosocial work environment - as well as several specific psychosocial factors - increased the likelihood of working beyond state pension age, both for those with physically active and seated work. Conclusion While high physical work demands was a barrier, a good psychosocial work environment seems to facilitate working beyond state pension age, also for those with physically active work.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.5271/sjweh.3904

Referens

Andersen, L.L., Thorsen, S.V., Larsen, M., Sundstrup, E., Boot, C.R., Rugulies, R. (2020). Work factors facilitating working beyond state pension age: Prospective cohort study with register follow-up. Scand J Work Environ Health, 28:3904.

Burnout and Its Correlates in Research Administrators

Tabakakis, K., Sloane, K., Besch, J., To, Q. G.

Sammanfattning

Aim: To identify the prevalence and correlates of burnout among research administrators. Background: Research administration is characterized by increasing government regulation, hyper-competitiveness, institutional management of growing complexity, and changing economic conditions. However, there is a lack of research on burnout among research administrators. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2,416 research administrators from four associations in Australia, Canada, the U.K, and the U.S. between October 2018 and January 2019. An online questionnaire was used for data collection. Burnout and workplace factors were measured using the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory and Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II. respectively. Results: The prevalence of high personal burnout, work-related burnout, and client-related burnout was 68.3%, 60.0%, and 37.0%, respectively. Gender, considered leaving the profession, average working hours/week, self-rated health, job satisfaction, quantitative demands, tempo (work pace), influence at work, predictability, recognition, role clarity, quality of leadership, work-family conflict, justice and respect, vertical trust, threats of violence, and bullying were associated with all three forms of burnout among research administrators. Conclusion: Burnout is common among research administrators. Research organizations are responsible for providing healthy work environments to ensure positive client, research administrator, and organizational outcomes. Future research is required to examine workplace approaches to improving the psychosocial work environment.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Kanada, Australien, Storbritannien, USA

Yrken

Forskningsadministratörer

Referens

Tabakakis, K., Sloane, K., Besch, J., To, Q. G. (2020). Burnout and Its Correlates in Research Administrators. Research Management Review, 24, 1.

Precarious working conditions and psychosocial work stress act as a risk factor for symptoms of postpartum depression during maternity leave: results from a longitudinal cohort study

Karl, M., Schaber, R., Kress, V. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: The majority of Western women work during their reproductive years, but past research has often neglected the influence of work-related factors on postpartum mental health. Especially postpartum depression (PPD) is an enormous psychological burden for mothers. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the prospective impact of precarious working conditions and psychosocial work stress during pregnancy (such as work-privacy conflict and effort-reward imbalance at the job) on symptoms of maternal PPD. Methods: In the prospective-longitudinal cohort study DREAM (DResdner Studie zu Elternschaft, Arbeit und Mentaler Gesundheit), N = 587 employed women were questioned about their work during pregnancy and their mental health 8 weeks after delivery. Results: Multiple regression analyses revealed that work-privacy conflict, low reward at work, and precarious working conditions significantly predicted symptoms of PPD, even when controlling for lifetime depression, anxiety, education, parity, and age. Conclusion: Our results indicate that psychosocial work stress and precarious working conditions have important implications for maternal peripartum mental health. They might act as prospective risk factors for PPD during the period of maternal leave. Hence, future research should focus on preventative measures targeting work life.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-09573-w

Referens

Karl, M., Schaber, R., Kress, V. et al. (2020). Precarious working conditions and psychosocial work stress act as a risk factor for symptoms of postpartum depression during maternity leave: results from a longitudinal cohort study. BMC Public Health, 20, 1505.

Cardiovascular health outcomes of mobbing at work: results of the population-based, five-year follow-up of the Gutenberg health study

Romero Starke, K., Hegewald, J., Schulz, A. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: The aim of this study was to determine if there is an increased risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) resulting from workplace mobbing measured with two mobbing instruments in the Gutenberg Health Study. Methods: In this prospective study, we examined working persons younger than 65 years for the presence of mobbing at baseline and at a 5-year follow-up using a single-item and a 5-item instrument. We used multivariate models to investigate the association between mobbing and incident CVD, hypertension, and change in arterial stiffness and further stratified the models by sex. Results: After adjustment for confounders, mobbed workers appeared to have a higher risk of incident CVD than those not mobbed (single-item HR = 1.28, 95% CI 0.73–2.24; 5-item HR = 1.57, 95% CI 0.96–2.54). With the 5-item instrument, men who reported mobbing had a higher risk of incident CVD (HR = 1.77, 95% CI 1.01–3.09), while no association was observed for women (HR = 1.05, 95% CI 0.38–2.91). There was no difference in risks between men and women with the single-item instrument. No association between mobbing and incident hypertension and arterial stiffness was seen. Conclusions: Our results show an indication of an increased risk of incident CVD for those mobbed at baseline when using the whole study population. Differences in risks between men and women when using the five-item instrument may be due to the instrument itself. Still, it is essential to detect or prevent workplace mobbing, and if present, to apply an intervention to halt it in order to minimize its adverse effects on CVD.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12995-020-00266-z

Referens

Romero Starke, K., Hegewald, J., Schulz, A. et al. (2020). Cardiovascular health outcomes of mobbing at work: results of the population-based, five-year follow-up of the Gutenberg health study. J Occup Med Toxicol, 15, 15.

On-site multi-component intervention to improve productivity and reduce the economic and personal burden of neck pain in Swiss office-workers (NEXpro): protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial

Aegerter, A.M., Deforth, M., Johnston, V. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Non-specific neck pain and headache are major economic and individual burden in office-workers. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of a multi-component intervention combining workstation ergonomics, health promotion information group workshops, neck exercises, and an app to enhance intervention adherence to assess possible reductions in the economic and individual burden of prevalent and incident neck pain and headache in office workers. Methods/design: This study is a stepped wedge cluster-randomized controlled trial. Eligible participants will be any office-worker aged 18–65 years from two Swiss organisations in the Cantons of Zurich and Aargau, working more than 25 h a week in predominantly sedentary office work and without serious health conditions of the neck. One hundred twenty voluntary participants will be assigned to 15 clusters which, at randomly selected time steps, switch from the control to the intervention group. The intervention will last 12 weeks and comprises workstation ergonomics, health promotion information group workshops, neck exercises and an adherence app. The primary outcome will be health-related productivity losses (presenteeism, absenteeism) using the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire. Secondary outcomes are neck disability and pain (measured by the Neck Disability Index, and muscle strength and endurance measures), headache (measured by the short-form headache impact test), psychosocial outcomes (e.g. job-stress index, Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire), workplace outcomes (e.g. workstation ergonomics), adherence to intervention, and additional measures (e.g. care-seeking). Measurements will take place at baseline, 4 months, 8 months, and 12 months after commencement. Data will be analysed on an intention to treat basis and per protocol. Primary and secondary outcomes will be examined using linear mixed-effects models. Discussion: To the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first that investigates the impact of a multi-component intervention combining current evidence of effective interventions with an adherence app to assess the potential benefits on productivity, prevalent and incident neck pain, and headache. The outcomes will impact the individual, their workplace, as well as private and public policy by offering evidence for treatment and prevention of neck pain and headache in office-workers. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04169646. Registered 15 November 2019 - Retrospectively registered.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Schweiz

Yrken

Kontorspersonal

DOI

10.1186/s12891-020-03388-x

Referens

Aegerter, A.M., Deforth, M., Johnston, V. et al. (2020). On-site multi-component intervention to improve productivity and reduce the economic and personal burden of neck pain in Swiss office-workers (NEXpro): protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial. BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 21, 391.

Health and intention to leave the profession of nursing - which individual, social and organisational resources buffer the impact of quantitative demands? A cross-sectional study

Diehl, E., Rieger, S., Letzel, S. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: The aim of this study was to analyse the buffering effect of individual, social and organisational resources on health and intention to leave the profession in the context of burden due to quantitative job demands. Methods: In 2017, a cross-sectional survey was carried out anonymously among nurses in palliative care in Germany. One thousand three hundred sixteen nurses responded to the questionnaire (response rate 38.7%), which contained, amongst others, questions from the German version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). Moderator analyses were conducted to investigate the buffering effect of different resources on health (‘self-rated health’ and ‘burnout’) and ‘intention to leave’ in the context of quantitative demands. Results: ‘Self-rated health’ was significantly buffered by the resources ‘recognition through salary’ (p = 0.001) and ‘good working team’ (p = 0.004). Additionally, buffering effects of the resources ‘workplace commitment’ and ‘good working team’ on ‘burnout’ (p = 0.001 and p = 0.006, respectively) as well as of the resources ‘degree of freedom’, ‘meeting relatives after death of patients’, ‘recognition from supervisor’ and ‘possibilities for development’ on ‘intention to leave’ (p = 0.014, p = 0.012, p = 0.007 and p = 0.036, respectively) were observed. Conclusions: The results of our study can be used to develop and implement job (re) design interventions with the goal of reducing the risk of burnout and enhancing job satisfaction among nurses in palliative care. This includes for example adequate payment, communication training and team activities or team events to strengthen the team as well as the implementation of some rituals (such as meeting relatives after the death of patients). As our study was exploratory, the results should be confirmed in further studies.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1186/s12904-020-00589-y

Referens

Diehl, E., Rieger, S., Letzel, S. et al. (2020). Health and intention to leave the profession of nursing - which individual, social and organisational resources buffer the impact of quantitative demands? A cross-sectional study. BMC Palliat Care, 19, 83.

A complex view of perceived job insecurity: Relationship between three domains and their respective cognitive and affective components

Salas-Nicás, S., Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Moriña, D., Navarro, A.

Sammanfattning

The aim of this paper is to examine the relationships between three domains of job insecurity, namely job loss insecurity, insecurity regarding working conditions and labor market insecurity, taking into account both their cognitive and affective components. Relationships with other related factors such as worker’s sociodemographic characteristics, household economic circumstances and occupational factors related to job insecurity are also shown. In order to achieve this we have used log-linear models and multiple correspondence analysis. By considering three domains and two components of perceived insecurity simultaneously, relevant aspects not previously observed of the relationships between them and related factors are revealed. This cross-sectional study of the wage-earning population in Spain in 2016 introduces therefore an element of complexity in the discussion on job insecurity which it would be advisable to incorporate in future research.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104796

Referens

Salas-Nicás, S., Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Moriña, D., Navarro, A. (2020). A complex view of perceived job insecurity: Relationship between three domains and their respective cognitive and affective components. Safety Science, Volume 129.

Influence of changing working conditions on exit from paid employment among workers with a chronic disease

Schram JLD, Robroek, S.J.W., Ots, P., et al

Sammanfattning

Objectives: To investigate the relation between changes in working conditions and exit from paid employment among workers with a chronic disease. Methods: Six waves from the longitudinal Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (2010–2016), enriched with tax-based employment information from Statistics Netherlands (2011–2017), were available for 4820 chronically ill workers aged 45–63 years (mean 55.3 years, SD 5.1). A change in working conditions (physical workload, psychological job demands, job autonomy, emotional job demands and social support) was defined as an increase or decrease between two consecutive waves of at least one SD. Discrete-time survival models with repeated measurements were used to estimate the relative risk (RR) of a change in working conditions on exiting paid employment in the following year compared with no change and consecutive favourable working conditions. Results: A favourable change in physical workload lowered the risk to exit paid employment (RR 0.46, 95% CI 0.22 to 0.94). An adverse change in psychosocial working conditions, especially a decrease in social support (RR 2.07, 95% CI 1.52 to 2.81), increased the likelihood to exit paid employment. In contrast, a favourable change in psychological job demands increased the risk to exit paid employment (RR 1.57, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.24). Multiple adverse changes increased the risk to exit paid employment up to six times (RR 6.06, 95% CI 2.83 to 12.98). Conclusions: Changes in working conditions among workers with chronic diseases influence exit from paid employment. Ensuring that working conditions can be adapted to the needs of workers with a chronic disease may help to extend working life.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1136/ oemed-2019-106383

Referens

Schram JLD, Robroek, S.J.W., Ots, P., et al (2020). Influence of changing working conditions on exit from paid employment among workers with a chronic disease. Occup Environ Med, 1-6.

Leaving the Teaching Profession: Examining the Role of Social Support, Engagement and Emotional Intelligence in Teachers’ Intentions to Quit

Mérida-López, S., Sánchez-Gómez, M., & Extremera, N

Sammanfattning

The study aimed to test mediator and moderator factors in the relationship between workplace social support (i.e., perceived support from colleagues and supervisors) and intentions to quit in a sample of teaching professionals. Specifically, utilizing job-demands-resources theory to focus on social support, we examined whether work engagement mediated the relationship between workplace social support and intentions to quit. Moreover, the potential moderator role of emotional intelligence in the proposed model was tested. The study sample comprised 1,297 teaching professionals (64.8% females) working as preschool, primary, and secondary teachers in several centers in eastern and southern Spain. The main results demonstrated that work engagement totally mediated the relationship between social support from colleagues/supervisors and intentions to quit. The findings showed that teachers’ levels of emotional intelligence significantly moderated the indirect paths between perceived support from colleagues/supervisors and intentions to quit. Teachers with the lowest levels of work engagement reported low support from colleagues or supervisors, together with low emotional intelligence. Similarly, highest intentions to quit was reported by those teachers reporting low work engagement and low emotional intelligence. Finally, we discuss the relevance of these findings for basic and applied research seeking to retain a more engaged teaching force.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Lärare

DOI

10.5093/pi2020a10

Referens

Mérida-López, S., Sánchez-Gómez, M., & Extremera, N (2020). Leaving the Teaching Profession: Examining the Role of Social Support, Engagement and Emotional Intelligence in Teachers’ Intentions to Quit. Psychosocial Intervention.

Job insecurity, economic hardship, and sleep problems in a national sample of salaried workers in Spain

Salas-Nicás, S., Sembajwe, G., Navarro, A., Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Buxton, M, O.

Sammanfattning

Objective: To check for associations between various types of job insecurity and self-reported sleeping problems. Design: A population-based, cross-sectional study. Setting: Spain, 2016. Participants: Salaried workers included in the third Psychosocial Risks Survey (n = 1807). Measurements: We investigated the association between 6 subjective and 2 attributed indicators of job insecurity (exposure) with 5 sleep problem variables (difficulty falling sleep, difficulty sleeping through the night, waking up too early, sleeping restlessly, and a composite variable summing all the sleeping problems) using Poisson regression, and controlling for socioeconomic, occupational, and demographic factors. Results: Anticipating a salary decrease or working at a company where staff restructuring had occurred in the preceding year were associated with sleeping problems. Having a temporary or informal employment contract and most domains of perceived job insecurity were not a significant factor in adjusted models. Conclusions: Recent or anticipated economic hardship within a worker's household was the main predictor of sleeping problems. More research is needed to elucidate the exact mechanisms through which the experience of aspects of downsizing might manifest in disruptions to employees’ sleep. Sleep health should be an active part of all employee wellness programs.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Spanien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1016/j.sleh.2020.02.014

Referens

Salas-Nicás, S., Sembajwe, G., Navarro, A., Moncada, S., Llorens, C., Buxton, M, O. (2020). Job insecurity, economic hardship, and sleep problems in a national sample of salaried workers in Spain. Sleep Health, Volume 6, Issue 3.

Psychosocial risks analysis for employees in public administration

Pastare, D., Roja, Z., Kalkis, H., Roja, I

Sammanfattning

Nowadays psychosocial risks at work have a serious impact not only on the health of employees, but also on the economic performance of organisations, and this is the biggest challenge in working environment. In Latvia, employees in public administration comprise 11% of the total population. Hence the aim of this study was to analyse the causes of psychosocial risks and the differences in their prevalence among inspectorate officials employed in the State Administration compared to office staff employed by the State Administration. A modified Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire from the Danish National Research Centre for the Working Environment was used to assess psychosocial risks at work. One public administration organisation was selected for the study, which involved 111 staff (60 inspecting officers and 51 office staff). The analysis of the results of the psychosocial risk assessment shows that there are statistically significant differences in the assessment of four out of 11 psychosocial risks to the working environment. The most common psychosocial work environment risk factor among inspectors is the inadequate attitude of management, but the most common risk factor among office employees is the lack of impact on work. To reduce the spread of psychosocial risks more effectively, an individual approach is required for each worker.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Lettland

Yrken

Tjänstemän inom offentlig sektor

DOI

10.15159/ar.20.076

Referens

Pastare, D., Roja, Z., Kalkis, H., Roja, I (2020). Psychosocial risks analysis for employees in public administration. Agronomy Research, 18(S1), 945–957.

Return-to-work-experts for inpatient treatment of patients with mental illnesses– a proof-of-concept-study (RETURN): the study protocol

Riedl, L., Blank, D., Kohl, M. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Patients with mental illnesses often have massive difficulties returning to work after inpatient treatment at a psychiatric clinic and are often at risk of losing their jobs. The psychosocial support for this patient group at the interface of clinic/outpatient care is often insufficient. Methods/design: The RETURN-study prospectively assesses and surveys 200 patients with mental disorders in a cluster randomized intervention study, i.e. treatment teams and patients from intervention wards receive a return-to-work (RTW) intervention. Patients in control wards obtain treatment as usual (TAU). Pairs of comparable wards (similar patient population, similar staff density) have been identified and then randomized for control and intervention (n = 14 for each condition). On intervention wards return-to-work experts (RTW experts) who focus treatment on the workplace-related needs of patients with mental illnesses have been established. These RTW experts ensure the use of available resources within the framework of work-related discharge management and should lead to a more successful return to the workplace. The days at work in the year after release will be evaluated in a mixed methods approach as well as the return rate in the year after release, disability days in the year after return, relapse rate after 12 months, cost-benefit ratio of the intervention, analysis of the predictors / barriers for a successful return to the workplace (e.g. psychopathology, cognition, stigma, social-psychiatric support, company support, etc.), possibilities to implement the concept of RTW experts in standard psychiatric care (TAU - treatment as usual), the impact of the RTW experts’ approach on the treatment process in standard psychiatric care. Discussion: This approach is already internationally established in the field of somatic rehabilitation and supported employment [Am J Psychiatry 171:1183–90, 2014; Lancet 370:1146–52, 2007; Cochrane Database Syst Rev, doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006237.pub3, 2014]; the innovative aspect of this project is to implement and evaluate it in standard psychiatric care in Germany. This project requires no new interventions to be developed and tested, as the techniques of the case manager/job coach is applied to the field of return to work. Trial registration: The study was registered in Deutsches Register Klinische Studien searchable via its Meta-registry (http://apps.who.int/trialsearch/), Trial registration number: DRKS00016037, Date of registration: 21/12/2018, URL of trial registry record.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12888-020-02504-4

Referens

Riedl, L., Blank, D., Kohl, M. et al. (2020). Return-to-work-experts for inpatient treatment of patients with mental illnesses– a proof-of-concept-study (RETURN): the study protocol. BMC Psychiatry, 20, 177.

Sexually Harassing Behaviors from Patients or Clients and Care Workers’ Mental Health: Development and Validation of a Measure

Vincent-Höper, S., Adler, M., Stein, M., Vaupel, C., Nienhaus, A.

Sammanfattning

Although evidence reveals severe effects of sexual harassment on care workers’ mental health, there is a scarcity of studies that investigate care workers’ experiences of sexually inappropriate behavior from patients or clients. One reason for this lack of research is that validated measures that assess different types of sexual harassment experienced by employees working with patients or clients are lacking. In this study, we seek to establish a conceptual framework for investigating extraorganizational sexual harassment in healthcare work. Based on this theoretical framework, we developed and validated a measure for assessing sexually harassing behaviors from patients or clients. Data were gathered from heterogeneous samples of employees working in a variety of settings in healthcare. To evaluate the factorial structure of the measure, we conducted exploratory factor analysis (EFA) using a calibration sample (N = 179) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using a cross-validation sample (N = 305). The construct validity of the measure was demonstrated by investigating relationships with indicators of care workers’ mental health. EFA revealed three factors, namely, nonverbal, verbal, and physical acts of sexual harassment. Examination of the measure comprising 14 items revealed acceptable internal consistencies and substantial correlations with indicators of care workers’ mental health. This study provides a useful and sound measure for assessing sexual harassment from patients or clients and paves the way for the development of a comprehensive theoretical framework for the assessment of sexual harassment. Furthermore, it facilitates future investigations of risk factors for sexual harassment and protective factors helping healthcare workers cope with sexual harassment from patients or clients.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17072570

Referens

Vincent-Höper, S., Adler, M., Stein, M., Vaupel, C., Nienhaus, A. (2020). Sexually Harassing Behaviors from Patients or Clients and Care Workers’ Mental Health: Development and Validation of a Measure. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 9;17(7):2570.

Leveraging Justice: How Leaders Influence Performance Determinants in the Fire Service

Huntsman, D., Greer, A., Murphy, H.

Sammanfattning

Disasters are increasing in both number and severity. Thus, effective emergency response is becoming increasingly important to lessen human and economic impacts from disasters. Little research has been performed, however, on how leaders influence the attitudes of responders that motivate them toward increased performance and overall effectiveness. Using survey data from two separate fire departments, this study explores the relationships between distributive and procedural justice, and the affective outcomes of organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Perceived organizational support is also tested for mediation using bootstrapping procedures for indirect effects. Overall, the results for both departments show that perceived organizational support mediates the positive and significant relationships between the justice dimensions and affective outcomes. In turn, this suggests that leaders in the fire service may build more successful fire departments by providing fair treatment, procedures, and outcomes to firefighters as favorable treatment is reciprocated to benefit the organization.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Information saknas

Yrken

Brandmän

DOI

10.1002/rhc3.12188

Referens

Huntsman, D., Greer, A., Murphy, H. (2020). Leveraging Justice: How Leaders Influence Performance Determinants in the Fire Service. Risks, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, 11: 270-295.

Vad händer med arbetsmiljön när man inför aktivitetsbaserade kontor inom akademin?

Berthelsen, H., Muhonen, T., Toivanen, S.

Sammanfattning

År

2017

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Akademiker

Referens

Berthelsen, H., Muhonen, T., Toivanen, S. (2017). Vad händer med arbetsmiljön när man inför aktivitetsbaserade kontor inom akademin?. Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, 23:3, 9-23.

Can staff-assessed care quality predict early failure of dental fillings? A prospective study

Berthelsen, H., Owen, M., Wretlind, K., Westerlund, H.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate staff-assessed care quality as an indicator of register-based measures of care quality at dental clinics, more specifically register-based measures of survival of dental fillings and initiation of preventive treatments for caries patients. Methods: This prospective study includes data from cross-sectional workplace psychosocial risk assessment surveys at dental clinics and register data on survival of dental fillings, and initiation of preventive treatment for caries patients obtained from the Swedish Quality Registry for Caries and Periodontal Disease (SKaPa) Demographic background data on the age, gender, income level and place of birth of patients was obtained from Statistics Sweden (SCB). The data were analysed using discrete-time multilevel survival analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. Results: The results showed that staff-assessed care quality rated by the total staff or by dental nurses at the clinic predicted the risk of replacement of dental fillings made due to a caries diagnosis during the 3-year follow-up period, controlling for potential confounding due to patient demographic characteristics (age, sex, income and country of birth). In contrast, the better the staff-assessed care quality at the clinic, the smaller the proportion of the patients received preventive care in addition to operative caries therapy when controlling for potential confounding due to patient demographics. Care quality assessed by dentists at the clinic did not predict either of these outcome measures. Conclusions: Premature failure of dental fillings is costly for both patients and society, which leads to a need for relevant measures for following dental care quality. Our findings indicate that staff-assessed care quality - a cheap and easy measure to collect and follow continuously in dental practice - can be used to monitor aspects of quality in real time in order to facilitate continuous improvement and quickly amend quality problems. Also, it can be used for integrating quality improvement in systematic work environment risk management.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1111/cdoe.12543

Referens

Berthelsen, H., Owen, M., Wretlind, K., Westerlund, H. (2020). Can staff-assessed care quality predict early failure of dental fillings? A prospective study. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 48(5), 387-394.

Benchmarks for Evidence-Based Risk Assessment with the Swedish Version of the 4-Item Psychosocial Safety Climate Scale

Berthelsen, H., Muhonen. T., Bergström, G., Westerlund, H., Dollard, M.F.

Sammanfattning

The purpose of the present study was to validate the short version of The Psychosocial Safety Climate questionnaire (PSC-4, Dollard, 2019) and to establish benchmarks indicating risk levels for use in Sweden. Cross-sectional data from (1) a random sample of employees in Sweden aged 25-65 years (n = 2847) and (2) a convenience sample of non-managerial employees from 94 workplaces (n = 3066) were analyzed. Benchmarks for three PSC risk levels were developed using organizational compliance with Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) regulations as criterion. The results support the validity and usefulness of the Swedish PSC-4 as an instrument to indicate good, fair, and poor OSH practices. The recommended benchmark for indicating good OSH practices is an average score of >12.0, while the proposed cutoff for poor OSH practices is a score of ≤8.0 on the PSC-4. Scores between these benchmarks indicate fair OSH practices. Furthermore, aggregated data on PSC-4 supported its reliability as a workplace level construct and its association with quantitative demands, quality of leadership, commitment to the workplace, work engagement, job satisfaction, as well as stress and burnout. Thus, the Swedish version of PSC-4 can be regarded as a valid and reliable measure for both research and practical use for risk assessment at workplaces.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17228675

Referens

Berthelsen, H., Muhonen. T., Bergström, G., Westerlund, H., Dollard, M.F. (2020). Benchmarks for Evidence-Based Risk Assessment with the Swedish Version of the 4-Item Psychosocial Safety Climate Scale. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 22;17(22) 8675.

Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version III and Establishment of Benchmarks for Psychosocial Risk Management in Sweden

Berthelsen, H., Westerlund, H., Bergström, G., Burr, H.

Sammanfattning

This study presents the Swedish standard version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, COPSOQ III, and investigates its reliability and validity at individual and workplace levels with the aim of establishing benchmarks for the psychosocial work environment. Cross-sectional data from (1) a random sample of employees in Sweden aged 25–65 years (N = 2847) and (2) a convenience sample of non-managerial employees at 51 workplaces (N = 1818) were analysed. Internal consistency reliability was evaluated as well as the effects of sex, work sector and blue/white-collar work. Population benchmarks and mean scores for major occupational groups were computed based on weighted data. ICC(1) and ICC(2) estimates were computed to evaluate aggregation to the workplace level and Pearson inter-correlations to evaluate construct validity at individual and aggregated levels. The reliability and scale characteristics were satisfactory, with few exceptions, at both individual and workplace levels. The strength and direction of correlations supported the construct validity of the dimensions and the amount of variance explained by workplace justified aggregation to the workplace level. The present study thus supports the use of COPSOQ III for measurement at the workplace level and presents benchmarks for risk management as well as for research purposes.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17093179

Referens

Berthelsen, H., Westerlund, H., Bergström, G., Burr, H. (2020). Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire Version III and Establishment of Benchmarks for Psychosocial Risk Management in Sweden. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 17(9), 3179.

The Third Version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire

Burr et al.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: A new third version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ III) has been developed in response to trends in working life, theoretical concepts, and international experience. A key component of the COPSOQ III is a defined set of mandatory core items to be included in national short, middle, and long versions of the questionnaire. The aim of the present article is to present and test the reliability of the new international middle version of the COPSOQ III. Methods: The questionnaire was tested among 23,361 employees during 2016–2017 in Canada, Spain, France, Germany, Sweden, and Turkey. A total of 26 dimensions (measured through scales or single items) of the middle version and two from the long version were tested. Psychometric properties of the dimensions were assessed regarding reliability (Cronbach α), ceiling and floor effects (fractions with extreme answers), and distinctiveness (correlations with other dimensions). Results: Most international middle dimensions had satisfactory reliability in most countries, though some ceiling and floor effects were present. Dimensions with missing values were rare. Most dimensions had low to medium intercorrelations. Conclusions: The COPSOQ III offers reliable and distinct measures of a wide range of psychosocial dimensions of modern working life in different countries; although a few measures could be improved. Future testing should focus on validation of the COPSOQ items and dimensions using both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Such investigations would enhance the basis for recommendations using the COPSOQ III.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Kanada, Spanien, Frankrike, Tyskland, Sverige, Turkiet

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1016/j.shaw.2019.10.00

Referens

Burr et al. (2019). The Third Version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. Safety and Health at Work, Volume 10, Issue 4, 482-503.

Legitimacy of work tasks, psychosocial work environment, and time utilization among primary care staff in Sweden

Anskär, E., Lindberg, M., Falk, M., & Andersson, A.

Sammanfattning

Objective: Primary care staff faces a complex work environment including a heavy administrative work load and perceive some work tasks as illegitimate. This study aimed to elucidate associations between the perceived legitimacy of work tasks, the psychosocial work environment, and the utilization of work time among Swedish primary care staff. Design and setting: The study was designed as a multicenter study involving all staff categories, i.e. registered nurses, primary care physicians, care administrators, nurse assistants and allied professionals, at eleven primary care centers in Sweden. Subjects: Participants completed the Bern Illegitimate Tasks Scale and the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire. They also recorded time spent on all work tasks, day by day during two separate weeks. Main outcome measures and results: More than a quarter (27%) of primary care physicians perceived a high proportion of unnecessary work tasks. After adjusting for profession, age and gender, the perception of having to perform unreasonable work tasks was positively associated with experiencing role conflicts and with the proportion of organization-related administration and service work tasks. Conclusion: Across all staff groups, the perception of unreasonable work tasks was more pronounced among staff with a high proportion of non-patient related administration. Also, the perception of having to perform a large amount of illegitimate work tasks affected the psychosocial work environment negatively, which might influence staffs perception of their professional roles. These results illuminate the importance of decision makers to thoroughly consider the distribution and allocation of non-patient related work tasks among staff in primary care.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Primärvårdspersonal

DOI

10.1080/02813432.2019.1684014

Referens

Anskär, E., Lindberg, M., Falk, M., & Andersson, A. (2019). Legitimacy of work tasks, psychosocial work environment, and time utilization among primary care staff in Sweden. Scandinavian journal of primary health care, 37(4), 476–483..

Study protocol of a co-created primary organizational-level intervention with the aim to improve organizational and social working conditions and decrease stress within the construction industry – a controlled trial

Cedstrand, E., Nyberg, A., Bodin, T. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Within construction industry, physical work exposures have long been recognized as possible determinants for musculoskeletal disorders, but less attention has been given the increasing organizational and social work hazards and stress within this industry. There is to date a lack of knowledge about how to improve organizational and social working conditions and decrease stress within the construction industry. Methods: This paper outlines the design of a controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a co-created organizational-level intervention with the aim to improve role clarity, quantitative demands, staffing, planning, team effectiveness, psychosocial safety climate and stress. Two regions (> 700 employees) within one large construction company in Sweden will participate as intervention and control group. Further we present the design of the process evaluation assessing fidelity, support from managers, readiness for change and contextual factors. We will utilize questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, observations and documentation as means for data collection, hence a mixed methods approach is applied. Discussion: The study is expected to contribute to the understanding of how adverse organizational and social working conditions and stress can be improved within the construction industry. By applying co-creation we wish to develop an intervention and implementation strategies that fit to the context, are in line with the needs of end-users and are supported by all management levels - all of which are highlighted features in successful workplace interventions.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Byggarbetare

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-08542-7

Referens

Cedstrand, E., Nyberg, A., Bodin, T. et al. (2020). Study protocol of a co-created primary organizational-level intervention with the aim to improve organizational and social working conditions and decrease stress within the construction industry – a controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 20, 424.

Employees' perceptions of their own and their supervisor's emotion recognition skills moderate emotional demands on psychological strain

Tucker, MK, Jimmieson, NL, Bordia, P.

Sammanfattning

This research builds on prior studies showing the role of employee emotion recognition in the stress process to be mixed and conflicting. As such, it was proposed that the extent to which employees' emotion recognition skills buffer or exacerbate emotional demands depends on the extent to which employees believe their supervisor also is skilled in emotion recognition. Two samples of Australian employees completed cross‐sectional questionnaires. Sample 1 consisted of 149 employees in a medical research institution, and Sample 2 consisted of 161 government employees in an equipment supplies and logistics service. A three‐way interaction among emotional demands, employee emotion recognition, and perceived supervisor emotion recognition was found on psychological strain in both samples and on job dissatisfaction in Sample 1. As predicted, when employee emotion recognition was high, those who perceived their supervisor to be high in emotion recognition were buffered from emotional demands. In contrast, stress‐exacerbating effects were found when employees were high in emotion recognition, but supervisors were perceived to be low in emotion recognition. Overall, these results highlight the importance of emotion recognition in the stress process, and that the same skill set needs to be perceived in one's supervisor, an interpersonal resource, for this intrapersonal resource to be adaptive for employees.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Australien

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1002/smi.2919

Referens

Tucker, MK, Jimmieson, NL, Bordia, P. (2020). Employees' perceptions of their own and their supervisor's emotion recognition skills moderate emotional demands on psychological strain. Stress Health, 1– 12.

Neck and upper extremity pain in sonographers – a longitudinal study

Gremark Simonsen, J., Axmon, A., Nordander, C. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Sonographers have reported a high occurrence of musculoskeletal pain for more than 25 years. Assessments of occupational risk factors have previously been based on cross-sectional surveys. The aim of this longitudinal study was to determine which factors at baseline that were associated with neck/shoulder and elbow/hand pain at follow-up. Methods: A questionnaire was answered by 248 female sonographers at baseline and follow-up (85% of the original cohort). 208 were included in the analyses. Physical, visual, and psychosocial work-related conditions were assessed at baseline. Pain in two body regions (neck/shoulders and elbows/hands) was assessed at both baseline and follow up. Results: Pain at baseline showed the strongest association with pain at follow-up in both body regions [prevalence ratio (PR) 2.04; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.50–2.76], for neck/shoulders and (PR 3.45; CI 2.29–5.22) for elbows/hands. Neck/shoulder pain at follow-up was associated with inability of ergonomic adjustments at the ultrasound device (PR 1.25; CI 1.05–1.49), a high mechanical exposure index (PR 1.66; CI 1.09–2.52), and adverse visual conditions (PR 1.24; CI 1.00–1.54) at baseline. Moreover, among participants with no neck/shoulder pain at baseline, high job demands (PR 1.78; CI 1.01–3.12), and a high mechanical exposure index (PR 2.0; CI 0.98–4.14) predicted pain at follow-up. Pain in the elbows/hands at follow-up was associated with high sensory demands at baseline (PR 1.63; CI 1.08–2.45), and among participants without pain at baseline high sensory demands predicted elbow/hand pain at follow-up (PR 3.34; CI 1.53–7.31). Conclusion: Pain at baseline was the strongest predictor for pain at follow-up in both body regions. We also found several occupational factors at baseline that were associated with pain at follow-up: inability to adjust equipment, adverse visual conditions, a high MEI, high job demands and high sensory demands. These results point at a possibility to influence pain with better ergonomics.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

DOI

10.1186/s12891-020-3096-9

Referens

Gremark Simonsen, J., Axmon, A., Nordander, C. et al. (2020). Neck and upper extremity pain in sonographers – a longitudinal study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 21, 156.

Provider burnout: Implications for our perinatal patients

Tawfik, S. D., Profit, J.

Sammanfattning

Objective: To describe the syndrome of physician burnout within neonatology, its relation to neonatal quality of care, and outline potential solutions. Findings: Burnout affects up to half of physicians, including up to one-third of neonatologists, at any given time. It is linked to suicidality, substance abuse, and intent to leave practice, and it is strongly associated with reduced quality of care in the published literature. Resilience and mindfulness interventions rooted in positive psychology may reduce burnout among individual providers. Because burnout is largely driven by organizational factors, system-level attention to leadership, teamwork, and practice efficiency can reduce burnout at the level of the organization. Conclusions: Burnout is common among neonatologists and consistently relates to decreased quality of patient care in a variety of dimensions. Personal resilience training and system-wide organizational interventions are needed to reverse burnout and promote high-quality neonatal care.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

USA

Yrken

Läkare

DOI

10.1016/j.semperi.2020.151243

Referens

Tawfik, S. D., Profit, J. (2020). Provider burnout: Implications for our perinatal patients. Seminars in Perinatology.

Association between physical work demands and work ability in workers with musculoskeletal pain: cross-sectional study

Skovlund, S.V., Bláfoss, R., Sundstrup, E. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Musculoskeletal pain is common in the working population and may affect the work ability, especially among those with high physical work demands. This study investigated the association between physical work demands and work ability in workers with musculoskeletal pain. Methods: Workers with physically demanding jobs (n = 5377) participated in the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study in 2010. Associations between physical work ability and various physical work demands were modeled using cumulative logistic regression analyses while controlling for possible confounders. Results: In the fully adjusted model, bending and twisting/turning of the back more than a quarter of the workday (reference: less than a quarter of the workday) was associated with higher odds of lower work ability in workers with low-back pain (OR: 1.38, 95% CI: 1.09–1.74) and neck-shoulder pain (OR: 1.29, 95% CI: 1.01–1.64). When adding up the different types of demands, being exposed to two or more physical work demands for more than a quarter of the workday was consistently associated with lower work ability. Conclusions: Work that involves high demands of the lower back seems especially problematic in relation to work ability among physical workers with musculoskeletal pain. Regardless of the specific type of physical work demand, being exposed to multiple physical work demands for more than a quarter of the workday was also associated with lower work ability.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12891-020-03191-8

Referens

Skovlund, S.V., Bláfoss, R., Sundstrup, E. et al. (2020). Association between physical work demands and work ability in workers with musculoskeletal pain: cross-sectional study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord, 21, 166.

Equal health at work? Protocol for an observational study of work organisation, workload and musculoskeletal complaints among women and men in grocery retail

Mathiassen, S. E., Bolin, M., Olofsdotter, G., Johansson, E.

Sammanfattning

Introduction: Women generally report more work-related musculoskeletal complaints than men and have higher rates of sickness absence, even within occupations. One likely reason is that work tasks within the occupation are gendered, that is, women and men have different tasks, even when sharing the same job title. Retail is an appealing sector for studying working conditions and work environment in a gender context. The prevalence of work-related complaints is high, physical loads may differ considerably between tasks and the distribution of tasks is likely gendered. The overall aim of this study in retail is to examine factors at the organisational and individual level that may, in a gender perspective, explain working conditions, work tasks, workloads and musculoskeletal health. Methods and analyses: Data will be collected in two grocery stores, each with 50–70 workers, at two occasions interspersed by about 1 year. In each of these four waves, data collection will include a web-based questionnaire to all workers addressing, for example, work tasks, psychosocial factors, fatigue and pain; semistructured interviews with managers and approximately 10 workers addressing, for example, competences and decision levels; and technical measurements of postures, movements and heart rate in about 30 workers. The study is novel in combining an organisational gender perspective addressed through qualitative methods with a quantitative analysis of tasks, workload and health. The design allows an examination of both how genders may differ, and why they may differ, as well as analyses of the extent to which gendered working conditions change over time in the two participating stores. Ethics and dissemination: Approval of the study by the Swedish Ethical Review Authority (reference number 2017/404) has been obtained. This work will be disseminated by publication of peer-reviewed papers in scientific journals, presentations at scientific conferences and in meetings with representatives from Swedish retail, including unions and employers’ organisations.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Butiksarbetare

DOI

10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032409

Referens

Mathiassen, S. E., Bolin, M., Olofsdotter, G., Johansson, E. (2020). Equal health at work? Protocol for an observational study of work organisation, workload and musculoskeletal complaints among women and men in grocery retail. BMJ Open, 10(1): e032409.

Development and validation of the Spanish Work-Family Conflict Scale (SP-WFCS): Evidence from two independent samples in Argentina

Pujol-Cols, L.

Sammanfattning

Research on work-family conflict has increased dramatically in recent years. In this study, we developed a Spanish version of the Work-Family Conflict Scale (Carlson et al. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 56(2), 249–276, 2000) and examined its reliability, dimensionality, factor invariance, gender invariance, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and empirical validity. To this end, we analyzed data collected from two independent samples of Argentinian employees (N = 618). The results from the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed that the Spanish Work-Family Conflict Scale (SP-WFCS) displayed a six-dimensional factor structure (CFI ≥ .96, TLI = .96, RMSEA = .06). Furthermore, each dimension showed satisfactory levels of internal consistency (α estimates ranged from .80 to .92), convergent validity (AVE estimates ranged from .59 to .80, and CR estimates ranged from .81 to .92) and discriminant validity (AVE values ≥ shared variance estimates). Moreover, the results from the multi-group confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the six-dimensional model of the SP-WFCS was statistically invariant across samples and gender. Finally, most work-family conflict dimensions displayed significant correlations with three antecedents (i.e., quantitative demands, emotional demands, and core self-evaluations) and two outcomes (i.e., affective job satisfaction and burnout). Taken together, the results provided support to the validity of the SP-WFCS in Argentina, suggesting that it may be a reliable and valid instrument to measure work-family conflict in Spanish-speaking countries. Limitations to the study and opportunities for future research are discussed in this article.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Argentina

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s12144-019-00544-y

Referens

Pujol-Cols, L. (2019). Development and validation of the Spanish Work-Family Conflict Scale (SP-WFCS): Evidence from two independent samples in Argentina. Curr Psychol.

Can work-unit social capital buffer the association between workplace violence and long-term sickness absence? A prospective cohort study of healthcare employees

Török, E., Rod, N.H., Ersbøll, A.K. et al.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: To determine the prospective relation between workplace violence and the risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA), and study if work-unit social capital could buffer this effect. As an explorative analysis, the association between work-unit social capital and workplace violence is also tested. Methods: The study is based on the Well-being in HospitAL Employees (WHALE) cohort, including healthcare employees in Denmark. The study sample consisted of 30,044 employees nested within 2304 work-units. Exposure to workplace violence and threats of violence during the past 12 months was measured by self-report. Work-unit social capital was computed by aggregating the mean individual responses within work-units. LTSA was defined as one or more episodes of ≥ 29 consecutive sickness absence days initiated within 2 years following baseline. Results: Employees experiencing workplace violence had a higher risk of LTSA (OR = 1.55; 95% CI 1.39–1.72), but there was no evidence in support of work-unit social capital buffering the effect of workplace violence on LTSA (RERI = 0.24; 95%CI: − 0.36 to 0.84; p = 0.12 for multiplicative interaction). High compared to low work-unit social capital was associated with a lower prevalence of workplace violence (OR = 0.47; 95% CI 0.36–0.61). Conclusion: There was a prospective association between workplace violence and LTSA, but work-unit social capital did not buffer this effect. Furthermore, the results revealed an inverse association between work-unit social capital and workplace violence. The findings indicate that in order to effectively reduce LTSA, preventive interventions need to both prevent workplace violence and strengthen social capital.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1007/s00420-019-01484-7

Referens

Török, E., Rod, N.H., Ersbøll, A.K. et al. (2019). Can work-unit social capital buffer the association between workplace violence and long-term sickness absence? A prospective cohort study of healthcare employees. Int Arch Occup Environ Health, 93, 355–364.

A Salutogenic Approach to Understanding the Potential of Green Programs for the Rehabilitation of Young Employees With Burnout: Protocol for a Mixed Method Study on Effectiveness and Effective Elements

Pijpker, R., Vaandrager, L., Veen, E.J., Koelen, M.A.

Sammanfattning

Background: Burnout is the leading cause of absenteeism in the Netherlands, with associated sick leave costs amounting to around €1.8 billion. Studies have indicated that burnout complaints increased from almost 14.4% in 2014 to 17.3% in 2018, especially among employees between the ages of 18 and 35 years, and further increases are expected. Although there are many published articles on burnout, not much is known about what constitutes effective rehabilitation (ie, the reduction of burnout complaints and the facilitation of returning to work). At the same time, multiple pilot studies have indicated that green programs are effective in both reducing burnout complaints and facilitating return to work. Green programs have been developed by professionals experienced in using the natural environment to facilitate rehabilitation (eg, through green exercise and healing gardens). The literature nevertheless lacks comprehensive and contextual insight into what works and why. Objective: The overarching aim of this study is to explore the potential of green programs for young employees with burnout. We present the study protocol from an ongoing research project consisting of 2 phases, each composed of 2 research objectives that sequentially build upon each other. Methods: The study is based on a sequential design with 4 research objectives, using both qualitative and quantitative research methods. In the first phase, a systematic literature review (research objective 1) and in-depth interviews (research objective 2) will be used to explore mechanisms underlying the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout. In the second phase, a multicase study will be conducted to examine the extent to which green programs are built on mechanisms identified in the first phase (research objective 3). By employing a pretest and posttest design, a specific green program that captures most of those mechanisms will then be evaluated on its effect and process with regard to the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout (research objective 4). The project started in June 2018 and will continue through June 2022. Results: The first phase (research objectives 1 and 2) is intended to generate information on the mechanisms underlying the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout. The second phase (research objectives 3 and 4) is designed to demonstrate the extent to which and how the selected green program facilitates the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout. Conclusions: Understanding how green programs can facilitate the rehabilitation of young employees with burnout complaints can help to address this societal issue.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.2196/15303

Referens

Pijpker, R., Vaandrager, L., Veen, E.J., Koelen, M.A. (2019). A Salutogenic Approach to Understanding the Potential of Green Programs for the Rehabilitation of Young Employees With Burnout: Protocol for a Mixed Method Study on Effectiveness and Effective Elements. JMIR Res Protoc, 8(10):e15303.

Perceived and content-related emotional demands at work and risk of long-term sickness absence in the Danish workforce: a cohort study of 26 410 Danish employees

Framke E, Sørensen JK, Nordentoft M, et al

Sammanfattning

Objectives: This study aimed to examine whether high emotional demands at work predict long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in the Danish workforce and whether associations differ by perceived and content-related emotional demands. Methods: We included 26 410 individuals from the Work Environment and Health in Denmark Study, a nationwide sample of the Danish workforce. Emotional demands at work were measured with two items: one assessing perceived emotional demands (asking how often respondents were emotionally affected by work) and one assessing content-related emotional demands (frequency of contact with individuals in difficult situations). LTSA was register based and defined as spells of ≥6 weeks. Respondents with LTSA during 2 years before baseline were excluded. Follow-up was 52 weeks. Using Cox regression, we estimated risk of LTSA per one-unit increase in emotional demands rated on a five-point scale. Results: During 22 466 person-years, we identified 1002 LTSA cases. Both perceived (HR 1.20, 95% CI 1.12 to 1.28) and content-related emotional demands (HR 1.07, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.13) predicted risk of LTSA after adjustment for confounders. Further adjustment for baseline depressive symptoms substantially attenuated associations for perceived (HR 1.08, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.16) but not content-related emotional demands (HR 1.05, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.11). Individuals working in occupations with above-average values of both exposures had an increased risk of LTSA (HR 1.32, 95% CI 1.14 to 1.52) compared with individuals in all other job groups. Conclusions: Perceived and content-related emotional demands at work predicted LTSA, also after adjustment for baseline depressive symptoms, supporting the interpretation that high emotional demands may be hazardous to employee’s health.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1136/oemed-2019-106015

Referens

Framke E, Sørensen JK, Nordentoft M, et al (2019). Perceived and content-related emotional demands at work and risk of long-term sickness absence in the Danish workforce: a cohort study of 26 410 Danish employees. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 76:895-900.

Adjusting work conditions to meet the declined health and functional capacity of older construction workers in Hong Kong

Peng, L., Chan, H.S.A.

Sammanfattning

Aging of the workforce in Hong Kong has led to a labor shortage and increased occupational safety risks, particularly for physically demanding occupations. Work conditions should be designed to match the health and functional capacity of older workers to partly address the problems of labor shortage and safety. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted with a sample of 340 older (aged 50 and above) construction workers of Hong Kong in this study. The prevalence of health problems and occupational accidents suffered by older construction workers were investigated. The patterns of occupational accidents characterized by job demands, job resources, physical work capacity, and health conditions of workers were analyzed. Results showed that older construction workers suffered poor physical and mental health. The rate for severe accidents for older construction workers was considerably higher than for the younger workers. Physical work capacity and physical and mental health were critical factors that affected the occupational safety of older construction workers. However, the proper design of job resources and job demands to match individual health-related factors can mitigate the increasing occupational safety risks for older construction workers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Hong Kong

Yrken

Byggarbetare

DOI

10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104711

Referens

Peng, L., Chan, H.S.A. (2020). Adjusting work conditions to meet the declined health and functional capacity of older construction workers in Hong Kong. Safety Science, Vol 127.

Is physical and psychological work stress associated with fatigue in Danish ferry ship employees?

Dohrmann, B.S., Herttua, K., Leppin, A.

Sammanfattning

Background: Fatigue is a recognised risk factor for safety in seafaring. While always dangerous, fatigue in ferry shipping is especially hazardous as it may jeopardise passengers’ safety. To counteract fatigue, knowledge on its determinants is important. Little, however, is known on the influence from physical and psychosocial work environment factors within ferry shipping. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between work stress in terms of physical stressors, perceived job demands and job control and different dimensions of fatigue among ferry ship employees and to test whether a potential effect of work stress was mediated by sleep satisfaction. Materials and methods: The design was cross-sectional. 193 respondents answered to a self-administered questionnaire including standardised scales, i.e. the Swedish Occupational Fatigue Inventory and the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire for job demands and control. The association of risk factors with fatigue was determined using hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses. Results: Physical work stressors were positively associated with only one of five fatigue subscales: lack of energy. Higher levels of demands were related to more lack of energy, lack of motivation, physical exertion and sleepiness, while more control was related to lesser lack of energy, lack of motivation and sleepiness. No demand-control interaction was found. Effects of demand and control were partly mediated by sleep satisfaction. Conclusions: Although limited by its cross-sectional design this study provides support for the independent relevance of demands and control for employee fatigue in ferry shipping and for a mediating role of sleep satisfaction.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Sjömän

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2020.0011

Referens

Dohrmann, B.S., Herttua, K., Leppin, A. (2020). Is physical and psychological work stress associated with fatigue in Danish ferry ship employees?. International Maritime Health, 71(1):46-55.

Lagged versus concurrent changes between burnout and depression symptoms and unique contributions from job demands and job resources

Hatch, D.J., Potter, G.G., Martus, P., Rose, U., Freude, G.

Sammanfattning

Burnout and depression pose significant threats to emotional and occupational functioning; however, questions exist over how these 2 conditions are associated with each other over time, and how these are related to underlying job stressors. The job demands-resources model provides a useful framework for understanding how job demands and job resources may lead to burnout, but questions remain about their distinct association with depression symptoms. The current study examined these questions in a sample of 402 nursing workers. The Exhaustion subscale of the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 depression assessment, and items reflecting job demands and job resources from the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire were assessed at baseline; additionally, Oldenburg Burnout Inventory Exhaustion and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 depression were assessed over 12 monthly follow-ups. Linear mixed models assessed longitudinal bidirectional associations between burnout and depression in both concurrent and lagged models. Longitudinal models found bidirectional relationships between burnout and depression symptoms over time, with relatively stronger associations for concurrent models relative to lagged models. Job demands and job resources each predicted unique variance in burnout and depression symptoms over time. Results provide evidence that burnout and depression symptoms change in the same direction, in tandem, rather than one condition having a distinctly stronger temporal association over the other. Results also indicate that both job demands and job resources are associated with depression symptoms independent from their association with burnout symptoms. Our results highlight the importance of considering burnout symptoms, depression symptoms, and job stressors concurrently in evaluating worker mental health.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1037/ocp0000170

Referens

Hatch, D.J., Potter, G.G., Martus, P., Rose, U., Freude, G. (2019). Lagged versus concurrent changes between burnout and depression symptoms and unique contributions from job demands and job resources. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 24(6):617-628.

Investigating work-related stress among health professionals at different hierarchical levels: A cross-sectional study

Peter, K. A., Schols, J.M.G.A., Halfens, R.J.G., Hahn, S.

Sammanfattning

Aim: To determine the extent of stress at work among health professionals working in upper-, middle- and lower-management positions and those not working in management positions. Design: Cross-sectional design and randomly selected hospitals, nursing homes and home care organizations. Methods: The study sample included nursing staff and midwives, physicians, medical–technical and medical–therapeutic professionals at all hierarchical levels (N = 8,112). Data were collected using self-report questionnaires and analysed using multiple regression models. Results: Health professionals in upper- and middle-management positions reported higher quantitative demands, severe work–private life conflicts (p < .05) as well as less role clarity in middle-management positions (B = −1.58, p < .05). In lower-management positions, health professionals reported higher physical (B = 3.80, p < .001) and emotional demands (B = 1.79, p < .01), stress symptoms (B = 1.81, p < .05) and job dissatisfaction (B = −1.17, p < .05). Health professionals without management responsibilities reported the poorest working conditions in relation to various stressors, job satisfaction (B = −5.20, p < .001) and health-related outcomes (e.g. burnout symptoms: B = 1.89, p < .01).

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Schweiz

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1002/nop2.469

Referens

Peter, K. A., Schols, J.M.G.A., Halfens, R.J.G., Hahn, S. (2020). Investigating work-related stress among health professionals at different hierarchical levels: A cross-sectional study. Nursing Open.

Flexible work arrangements in open workspaces and relations to occupational stress, need for recovery and psychological detachment from work

Mache, S., Servaty, R., Harth, V.

Sammanfattning

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12995-020-00258-z

Referens

Mache, S., Servaty, R., Harth, V. (2020). Flexible work arrangements in open workspaces and relations to occupational stress, need for recovery and psychological detachment from work. J Occup Med Toxicol, 15, 5.

Stress does not appear to negatively affect testicular function in infertile men

Coward, R. M.

Sammanfattning

Although a link between stress and infertility has been well established, most previous studies have focused on female partners. Only a few studies have thoroughly addressed the role of stress for male partners, particularly the direct relationship between stress and male reproductive function. Bräuner et al. (1) should be commended for their well-designed study evaluating male partner stress as a potential cause of gonadal dysfunction. The authors performed a cross-sectional study of 423 Danish men (149 [35.2%] infertile men and 274 [64.8%] fertile control men) recruited from an academic medical center to assess the association between psychological stress, stressful life events (SLEs), and male reproductive function as measured by semen quality, serum reproductive hormones, and erectile dysfunction.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Coward, R. M. (2020). Stress does not appear to negatively affect testicular function in infertile men. Fertility and Sterility, Volume 113, Issue 4, 771.

The Assessment of Psychosocial Work Conditions and Their Relationship to Well-Being: A Multi-Study Report

Kuczynski, I., Mädler, M., Taibi, Y., Lang, J.

Sammanfattning

The aim of this multi-study report is to present a questionnaire that enables researchers and practitioners to assess and evaluate psychosocial risks related to well-being. In Study 1, we conducted a cross-sectional online-survey in 15 German companies from 2016 to 2017 to verify factor- and criterion-related validity. Data consisted of 1151 employee self-ratings. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses resulted in an eight-factor structure (CFI = 0.902, RMSEA = 0.058, and SRMR = 0.070). All scales held to excellent internal consistency values (α = 0.65–0.90) and were related significantly to well-being (r = 0.17–0.35, p < 0.001). A second, longitudinal study in 2018 showed satisfying convergent and discriminant validity (N = 293) to scales from KFZA and COPSOQ. Test-retest reliability (N = 73; α = 0.65–0.88, p < 0.05) was also good. The instrument provides incremental validity above existing instruments since it explains additional variance in well-being.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

Referens

Kuczynski, I., Mädler, M., Taibi, Y., Lang, J. (2020). The Assessment of Psychosocial Work Conditions and Their Relationship to Well-Being: A Multi-Study Report. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 17, 1654.

The Extent of Psychosocial Distress among Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Homecare Nurses — A Comparative cross Sectional Survey

Schilgen, B., Nienhaus, A., Mösko, M.

Sammanfattning

In times of demographic change, most developed countries are increasingly looking to cover the growing domestic demand for healthcare by hiring nurses from abroad. The evidence concerning the health of immigrant care workers is inconsistent since studies report that it is either better or more impaired than that of their non-immigrant counterparts. This study compared the extent of occupational psychosocial stressors and resources affecting immigrant and non-immigrant homecare nurses. The cross-sectional survey was conducted in the homecare nursing service sector in Hamburg. Psychosocial distress, depressive symptomatology, generalized anxiety, somatic symptom burdens, homecare-specific qualitative stressors, as well as resources, have been measured using a standardized questionnaire. There was no significant difference in the extent of psychosocial distress experienced by immigrant and non-immigrant homecare nurses. Somatic symptom burdens most strongly predicted nurses’ psychosocial distress, in general. For immigrant nurses, greater influence and freedom at work, as well as fixed-term employment, was related to increased levels of distress, while age, working full time, and working overtime predicted distress in non-immigrant nurses. A functioning relationship with colleagues and superiors had a declining effect on immigrant nurses’ psychosocial distress, while shift work arrangements benefitted non-immigrant nurses. Even though the extent of psychosocial distress experienced by immigrant and non-immigrant nurses did not significantly differ, the nurse’s individual explanatory model of psychosocial health should be considered in every occupational and political context.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Hemtjänstpersonal

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17051635

Referens

Schilgen, B., Nienhaus, A., Mösko, M. (2020). The Extent of Psychosocial Distress among Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Homecare Nurses — A Comparative cross Sectional Survey. International journal of environmental research and public health.

Stimulated by insight: Exploration of critical care nurses' experience of research participation in a recovery programme for intensive care survivors

Lehmkuhl, L., Egerod, I., Overgaard, D., Bestle, H. M., Jensen, F. J.

Sammanfattning

Aims and objectives: To explore critical care nurses' experiences of research participation during a one‐year recovery programme for intensive care survivors. Background: Nurse‐led postintensive care follow‐up consultations have emerged to help patients to recover and overcome problems related to critical illness and admission at the intensive care unit (ICU). Previous research exploring post‐ICU follow‐up programmes have shown inconclusive evidence of their effectiveness on patient‐reported outcome measurements, and provider evaluation is scarce. The context of this study is the Recovery and Aftercare in Postintensive care Therapy (RAPIT) trial. Design: A qualitative descriptive telephone interview study. Methods: Data were collected after completion of the RAPIT trial. Participants (n = 14) were trained intensive care nurses, who delivered the post‐ICU recovery programme, representing nine out of ten sites from the RAPIT trial. Two focus group discussions were used to construct a semistructured interview guide. A thematic data analysis was performed using Braun and Clark's six‐step method. This study conforms to the COREQ Research Reporting Guidelines for qualitative studies. Results: Our study indicated that nurses considered participation in research as a positive experience. The main finding “Stimulated by insight” described how nurses' engagement and professional growth was gained by reflection, patient feedback and research competencies acquired in the clinical setting. The research programmes stimulated to new knowledge, broaden their perspectives and enhanced critical reflection of ICU nursing practice. Conclusions: The study indicates that nurses developed research competencies and enhanced their job satisfaction by using critical reflection and patient feedback. However, there is still a substantial need for support to strengthen nurses' competencies in collaboration with colleagues, managers and researchers. Relevance to Clinical Practice: This study can contribute to the development of recommendations supporting nurses doing research and to optimise implementation of clinical research.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1111/jocn.15193

Referens

Lehmkuhl, L., Egerod, I., Overgaard, D., Bestle, H. M., Jensen, F. J. (2020). Stimulated by insight: Exploration of critical care nurses' experience of research participation in a recovery programme for intensive care survivors.

The design and development of a hybrid off-job crafting intervention to enhance needs satisfaction, well-being and performance: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Kosenkranius, M.K., Rink, F.A., de Bloom, J. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Employees dealing with job demands such as high workload and permeable work-life boundaries could benefit from bottom-up well-being strategies such as off-job crafting. We have developed a hybrid off-job crafting intervention to promote off-job crafting, a proactive pursuit to adjust one’s off-job time activities to satisfy one’s psychological needs. This hybrid intervention contains both on-site (two trainings) and online elements (smartphone app) to enhance employees’ well-being and performance within different life domains. Methods: The study is designed as a randomized controlled trial with an intervention group and a waitlist control group. The study population will be Finnish knowledge workers. The intervention program focuses on six psychological needs (detachment, relaxation, autonomy, mastery, meaning, and affiliation) proposed by the DRAMMA model. The intervention will consist of the following components: 1) an on-site off-job crafting training, 2) an individual off-job crafting plan for the four-week intervention period, 3) Everydaily smartphone app usage, and 4) a training session for reflection. The study outcomes are assessed with online questionnaires once at baseline, weekly during the intervention period and twice after the intervention (two-week and six-week follow-up). Moreover, during the second training session, participants will participate in a process evaluation to shed light on the mechanisms that can affect the effectiveness of the intervention. Discussion: We expect that the intervention will stimulate off-job crafting behaviors, which may in turn increase well-being and performance in both non-work and work domains during and after the intervention (compared to baseline and to the control group). The intervention may provide employees with additional resources to deal with various stressors in life. Furthermore, this off-job crafting intervention could also offer performance benefits for the employers such as increased organizational citizenship behaviors among employees. Trial registration: The Netherlands Trial Register (NTR): NL8219, December 9, 2019. Registered retrospectively. https://www.trialregister.nl/trial/8219

År

2020

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Finland

Yrken

Kunskapsarbetare

DOI

10.1186/s12889-020-8224-9

Referens

Kosenkranius, M.K., Rink, F.A., de Bloom, J. et al. (2020). The design and development of a hybrid off-job crafting intervention to enhance needs satisfaction, well-being and performance: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 20, 115.

How can evidence-based interventions give the best value for users in social services? Balance between adherence and adaptations: a study protocol

Hasson, H., Gröndal, H., Rundgren, Å.H. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Using evidence-based interventions (EBIs) is a basic premise of contemporary social services (e.g., child and family social services). However, EBIs seldom fit seamlessly into a specific setting but often need to be adapted. Although some adaptions might be necessary, they can cause interventions to be less effective or even unsafe. The challenge of balancing adherence and adaptations when using EBIs is often referred to as the adherence and adaptation dilemma. Although the current literature identifies professionals’ management of this dilemma as problematic, it offers little practical guidance for professionals. This research aims to investigate how the adherence and adaptation dilemma is handled in social services and to explore how structured decision support can impact the management of the dilemma. Methods: The design is a prospective, longitudinal intervention with a focus on the feasibility and usefulness of the structured decision support. The project is a collaboration between academic researchers, embedded researchers at three research and development units, and social service organizations. A multi-method data collection will be employed. Initially, a scoping review will be performed, and the results will be used in the development of a structured decision support. The decision support will be further developed and tested during a series of workshops with social service professionals. Different forms of data—focus group interviews, questionnaires, and documentation—will be used on several occasions to evaluate the impact of the structured decision support. Qualitative and quantitative analysis will be performed and usefulness for practice prioritized throughout the study. Discussion: The study will contribute with knowledge on how the adherence and adaption dilemma is handled and experienced by social service professionals. Most importantly, the study will generate rich empirical data on how a structured decision support impacts professionals’ management of adherence and adaptions. The goal is to produce more strategic and context-sensitive implementation of EBIs in social service, which will increase value for service users.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Annan

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Ej relevant

DOI

10.1186/s43058-020-00005-9

Referens

Hasson, H., Gröndal, H., Rundgren, Å.H. et al. (2020). How can evidence-based interventions give the best value for users in social services? Balance between adherence and adaptations: a study protocol. Implement Sci Commun, 1, 15.

Occupational strain and job satisfaction: The job demand–resource moderation–mediation model in haemodialysis units

Ghanayem, M., Srulovici, E., Zlotnick, C.

Sammanfattning

Aim: To examine whether job resources moderate the relationship between job demands and occupational strain, and whether occupational strain mediates the relationship between job demands and job satisfaction. Background: The job demand–resource model suggests that job demands and job resources are related to occupational strain, and occupational strain is associated with job satisfaction. Methods: In 2018, a cross‐sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 85 nurses from six haemodialysis units. Linear regression with moderation–mediation analysis was conducted using SPSS software. Results: Under low workload levels, no association between autonomy and occupational strain existed, but under high workload levels, a negative relationship was found between autonomy and occupational strain. Under low workload levels, a negative relationship was found between social support and occupational strain, but under high workload levels, a positive relationship was found. Finally, there was no association between occupational strain and job satisfaction. Conclusion: Job resources are moderators of the relationship between job demands and occupational strain. However, there was no significant association between occupational strain and job satisfaction. Implications for Nursing Management: Nurse leaders should strengthen nurses' autonomy, which can reduce occupational strain. Additionally, sources of support are needed to help nurses cope with the workload and occupational strain.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Israel

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1111/jonm.12973

Referens

Ghanayem, M., Srulovici, E., Zlotnick, C. (2020). Occupational strain and job satisfaction: The job demand–resource moderation–mediation model in haemodialysis units. J Nurs Manag, 00: 1– 9.

Job Demands and Job Resources on Job Satisfaction: A Study of Staff Nurses at a General Hospital in Malaysia

Tahir, N. K. M., Hussein, N., & Rahim, A. R. A.

Sammanfattning

The complexity of nursing working environment can adversely affect their satisfaction towards the job. In general, job characteristics can be categorized into job demands and job resources. Job demands can be managed by having sufficient job resources to meet the favourable work outcome. Job satisfaction is much influenced by both job demands and job resources. Therefore, this paper attempts to examine the relationship between job demands and job resources on job satisfaction among staff nurses at a general hospital in Malaysia. A total of 180 staff nurses were randomly selected from a general hospital in Malaysia to determine the relationship. The finding of present study found that there is only one dimension that is emotional demands under job demands was found a significant negative relationship with job satisfaction. Meanwhile, only one dimension that is feedback at work under job resources was found to have a significant positive relationship with job satisfaction among staff nurses in Malaysia.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Malaysia

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

Referens

Tahir, N. K. M., Hussein, N., & Rahim, A. R. A. (2020). Job Demands and Job Resources on Job Satisfaction: A Study of Staff Nurses at a General Hospital in Malaysia. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 10(13), 41–50.

Temporal work stressors and satisfaction with work, life and health among health professionals in Switzerland

Siebenhüner, K., Battegay, E., Hämmig, O.

Sammanfattning

Background: Working in a hospital can be both rewarding and stressful. Whether one or the other is dominant depends on a number of factors ranging from shift work, physical demands, responsibilities and time pressure to job autonomy, work climate and leisure time. Aim: This study aimed to examine associations between temporal work stressors and satisfaction with work, life and health among health professionals in general, and nurses and physicians in particular. Associations were further investigated for possible mediating and intervening factors. Methods: Cross-sectional survey data on 1232 health professionals at three public hospitals and two rehabilitation clinics were collected in 2015/2016. Stepwise multiple linear regression analyses were used to estimate the standardised effects (beta coefficients) of temporal work stressors (overtime and time pressure), and organisational and personal resources (job autonomy, work climate, internal control belief) on general stress as the assumed mediator and finally on satisfaction with work, life and health. Results: Temporal work stressors were found to strongly predict general stress symptoms among health professionals (β = 0.25) and particularly physicians (β = 0.30), independently of the observed stress-buffering effects of organisational resources such as job autonomy (β = −0.09) or work climate (β = −0.22). Associations between temporal work stressors (as predictors) and satisfaction with work, life and health (as outcomes) turned out to be mostly indirect, mediated by general stress. General stress in turn was observed to be the strongest predictor of domain-specific satisfaction (β = −0.17 to −0.34), sometimes only surpassed by resources such as work climate or internal control belief. Explained variance of the three satisfaction outcomes in the fully specified regression or explanatory models ranged between 14% and 45% depending on the (sub-)sample (nurses, physicians, all health professionals) or the outcome. Control belief was revealed to be a strong and independent personal resource, particularly regarding satisfaction with life and health in general (β = 0.25/0.21). Conclusion: Satisfaction and well-being of health professionals are strongly affected by job stressors such as frequent or excessive overtime work or permanent time pressure at work. Negative consequences of temporal work stressors are attenuated by organisational and personal resources such as a high level of job autonomy, a good work climate or a strong internal control belief.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Schweiz

Yrken

Läkare, Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.4414/smw.2020.20175

Referens

Siebenhüner, K., Battegay, E., Hämmig, O. (2020). Temporal work stressors and satisfaction with work, life and health among health professionals in Switzerland. Swiss medical weekly.

Stressors and protective factors among regional and metropolitan Australian medical doctors: A mixed methods investigation

Clough, A. B., Ireland, J. I., Leane, S., March, S.

Sammanfattning

Objective: This study aimed to compare stress, burnout, stressors, and protective factors among regional‐ and metropolitan‐based Australian medical doctors. Method: A mixed methods design was utilized with 252 Australian medical doctors completing an online questionnaire package. A subsample also completed qualitative interviews. Results: Stress was significantly higher among doctors compared with population norms. Over half of doctors reported burnout on one or more dimensions. The strongest unique predictors were being female, working late, and work–family conflict. Qualitatively, 12 stressors (e.g., training and competition, workload, and time management) and 9 protective subthemes (e.g., being well resourced, clinical interest) emerged across system‐level, clinical environment‐level, and individual factor and personal response themes. Conclusions: Stress and burnout among doctors are alarmingly high and both system/organization‐level (e.g., communication systems, workload, flexible work arrangements) and individual‐level (e.g., fostering resilience/coping strategies) predictors are implicated by our results. These may be useful targets for future interventions.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Australien

Yrken

Läkare

DOI

10.1002/jclp.22940

Referens

Clough, A. B., Ireland, J. I., Leane, S., March, S. (2020). Stressors and protective factors among regional and metropolitan Australian medical doctors: A mixed methods investigation. Journal of Clinical Psychology.

Predicting Sustainable Employability in Swedish Healthcare: The Complexity of Social Job Resources

Roczniewska, M., Richter, A., Hasson, H., von Thiele Schwarz, U.

Sammanfattning

Achieving sustainable employability (SE), i.e., when employees are able to continue working in a productive, satisfactory, and healthy manner, is a timely challenge for healthcare. Because healthcare is a female-dominated sector, our paper investigated the role of social job resources in promoting SE. To better illustrate the complexity of the organizational environment, we incorporated resources that operate at different levels (individual, group) and in different planes (horizontal, vertical): trust (individual-vertical), teamwork (group-horizontal), and transformational leadership (group-vertical). Based on the job demands-resources model, we predicted that these resources initiate the motivational process and thus promote SE. To test these predictions, we conducted a 3-wave study in 42 units of a healthcare organization in Sweden. The final study sample consisted of 269 professionals. The results of the multilevel analyses demonstrated that, at the individual level, vertical trust was positively related to all three facets of SE. Next, at the group level, teamwork had a positive link with employee health and productivity, while transformational leadership was negatively related to productivity. These findings underline the importance of acknowledging the levels and planes at which social job resources operate to more accurately capture the complexity of organizational phenomena and to design interventions that target the right level of the environment.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Sverige

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17041200

Referens

Roczniewska, M., Richter, A., Hasson, H., von Thiele Schwarz, U. (2020). Predicting Sustainable Employability in Swedish Healthcare: The Complexity of Social Job Resources. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(4).

High leisure‐time physical activity reduces the risk of long‐term sickness absence

López‐Bueno, R., Sundstrup, E., Vinstrup, J., Casajús, A. J., Andersen, L. L.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: This study examined the association of leisure‐time physical activity (LTPA) with the risk of long‐term sickness absence (LTSA). Methods: A total of 10 427 subjects from the general working population in Denmark answered questions about physical activity habits, health and work environment in the 2010 Danish Work Environment Cohort Study (DWECS). Data on LTSA (≥6 consecutive weeks during 2‐year follow‐up) were obtained from the Danish Register for Evaluation of Marginalization (DREAM). Cox regression analysis censored for competing events and adjusted for potential confounders (age, sex, BMI, smoking habits, depression, cancer, back diseases, previous LTSA, occupational social class, and psychosocial work environment) estimated the association between the predictor (LTPA) and the outcome variable (LTSA). During the 2‐year follow‐up period, 9.2% of the studied population experienced LTSA. Results: In the general working population, moderate LTPA was not associated with LTSA (HR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.72‐1.09), while high LTPA showed a tendency (HR = 0.77, 95% CI: 0.59‐1.01). In subgroup analyses, women below the age of 45 years with high LTPA showed a significantly lower risk of LTSA when compared with their low LTPA counterparts (HR = 0.44, 95% CI: 0.25‐0.78). Conclusion: The results suggest that high levels of physical activity during leisure are associated with a lowered risk of LTSA, especially among younger women.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1111/sms.13629

Referens

López‐Bueno, R., Sundstrup, E., Vinstrup, J., Casajús, A. J., Andersen, L. L. (2020). High leisure‐time physical activity reduces the risk of long‐term sickness absence. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports.

Predictors of well-being and burnout: the case of female professional footballers in the Netherlands

Mason, O.

Sammanfattning

Background: Little is known about well-being and burnout in female professional soccer. Aims and Objectives: This study aimed to delineate and predict these outcomes in female players in the Netherlands. Study design/setting: A cross-sectional study using validated self-report instruments assessed the basic emotional needs, work-life balance, coaching support and wellbeing/burnout in female professional football players. Materials and Methods: 67 players from across all nine Dutch Eredivisie league clubs completed a range of self-report measures. These assessed perceived coach autonomy support, work-life conflict, basic needs (for autonomy, competence and relatedness), subjective vitality and burnout on scales specific to elite athletes. Statistics/Results: These suggested that the environment in terms of coaching is broadly supportive for most individuals and is not leading to burnout and poor wellbeing across the sample. A minority of players were nevertheless identified to have significantly poor wellbeing and high levels of burnout. Conclusion: Consistent with basic need theory, poor wellbeing was predicted by several unmet needs, while burnout was predicted by both work-life conflict and unmet needs. There are clear implications that female professionals frequently experience high levels of work-life conflict.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Fotbollsspelare

Referens

Mason, O. (2019). Predictors of well-being and burnout: the case of female professional footballers in the Netherlands. International Journal of Sport, Exercise and Health Research, 3 (2), 28-32.

Positive Health Behaviors and Their Determinants Among Men Active on the Labor Market in Poland

Hildt-Ciupińska, K., Pawłowska-Cyprysiak, K.

Sammanfattning

This paper reports on results from research conducted on health behaviors undertaken of men. Health behavior is one of the determinants of our health. The way in which people care for their health affects not only their health, but also their well-being, quality of life, and work ability. The lifestyle and health behavior have a significant impact on health, whereas a lack of pro-health behavior may cause the risk of many diseases and mortality, especially among men. The aim of the study was to define the determinants of positive health behaviors among men aged 20–65, active on the labor market. To check the attitudes of men toward health and health behavior, a questionnaire-based research has been carried out among 600 men active on the labor market. Several tools were used: Positive Health Behaviour Scale (Woynarowska-Sołdan & Węziak-Białowolska, 2012), Work Ability Index (Tuomi et al., 1998), work–life balance—with the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (subscale “Work-home conflict”) (Kristensen & Borg, 2005), Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (Wallston & Wallston, 1978, in polish adaptation Juczyński, 2001), Inventory for Psychological Sex Assessment (Kuczyńska, 2012) and Personal Values (Juczyński, 2001), and questionnaire “Work conditions” (developed in CIOPPIB). These studies have shown which factors determine their health behavior. The positive health behaviors of men were associated with good economic status, high self-assessment of care for health, positive opinions about life and work, and masculinity. They were also white-collar workers with good work ability.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Polen

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1177/1557988319899236

Referens

Hildt-Ciupińska, K., Pawłowska-Cyprysiak, K. (2020). Positive Health Behaviors and Their Determinants Among Men Active on the Labor Market in Poland. American Journal of Men's Health, 14 (1).

Stress of Dialysis Nurses—Analyzing the Buffering Role of Influence at Work and Feedback

Kersten, M., Vincent-Höper, S., Nienhaus, A.

Sammanfattning

Dialysis nurses face complex and demanding working conditions. Due to demographic changes, the number of dialysis patients has increased, while the number of skilled personnel is expected to decrease, leading to tremendous increases in quantitative demands in the near future. Against the background of increasing workload, focusing on the provision of job resources is considered a promising approach because resources can buffer the negative effects of job demands. The aim of this study is to investigate whether different job resources—in particular influence at work and feedback—play a buffering role in the relationship between job demands and employee well-being. The study used a cross-sectional paper–pencil survey design. Data were collected from 951 dialysis nurses working in dialysis facilities in Germany between October 2010 and March 2012 using validated measures of quantitative job demands, job-related resources (influence at work and feedback), and cognitive stress symptoms. To test the moderating role of resources, we applied hierarchical regression analyses. The findings indicate that feedback buffers the relationship between quantitative demands and well-being; that is, the positive relationship between quantitative demands and cognitive stress symptoms was weaker when feedback was high. However, we found no buffering role of influence at work. The results suggest that feedback is a promising resource that may buffer the negative impact of quantitative demands on well-being of dialysis nurses. The findings offer new approaches for training nurses and implementing a feedback culture.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.3390/ijerph17030802

Referens

Kersten, M., Vincent-Höper, S., Nienhaus, A. (2020). Stress of Dialysis Nurses—Analyzing the Buffering Role of Influence at Work and Feedback. International journal of environmental research and public health.

Malay Validation of Copenhagen Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire in Context of Second Generation Statistical Techniques

Isha, A. S. N., Javaid, M. U., Zaib Abbasi, A., Bano, S., Zahid, M., Memon, M. A., Rehman, U., Nübling, M., Sabir, A. A., Ur Rehman, S. & Imtiaz, N.

Sammanfattning

Psychosocial hazards present in workplaces are being actively investigated by researchers from multiple domains. More research and resources are required to investigate the debilitating consequences of these hazards in the developing and underdeveloped countries where this issue remains one of grave concern. This study aims at investigating the psychometric properties of Malaysian version of Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire for reliability and validity purpose. The Malaysian version of COPSOQ is a multidimensional questionnaire; it comprises of 7 major formative constructs and 28 variables with an additional inclusion of two variables which are organizational loyalty and physiological health biomarkers (blood pressure and body mass index) that explicate a reflective construct which has 93 items all catering to assess psychosocial determinants present in workplace environments. Each formative second-order construct is further categorized into different reflective first-order constructs. The focus of this study was only on first-order reflective constructs. Probability sampling was used for data collection from 300 respondents working in industries with a response rate of 100%; structural equation modeling technique was applied for data analysis. All psychometric analysis performed on reflective constructs gave reliable results which demonstrate the validity of Bahasa Melayu (BM-COPSOQ) and its comprehensiveness of including relevant dimensions particularly in context to Asian region. The BM-COPSOQ will fill up the knowledge gap and provide a bridge between researchers, work professionals and practitioners, and many other workplaces for the best understanding of psychosocial work environment.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Malaysia

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1155/2020/7680960

Referens

Isha, A. S. N., Javaid, M. U., Zaib Abbasi, A., Bano, S., Zahid, M., Memon, M. A., Rehman, U., Nübling, M., Sabir, A. A., Ur Rehman, S. & Imtiaz, N. (2020). Malay Validation of Copenhagen Psychosocial Work Environment Questionnaire in Context of Second Generation Statistical Techniques. BioMed Research International, Volume 2020.

Global prevalence of burnout symptoms among nurses: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Woo, T., Ho, R., Tang, A., Tam, W.

Sammanfattning

WHO recently declared burnout as a “occupational phenomenon” in the International Classification of Diseases 11th revision (ICD-11), recognizing burnout as a serious health issue. Amongst healthcare workers, nurses are known to struggle with burnout symptoms the most, carrying serious consequences for patients, other healthcare professionals and healthcare organisations. Evidence has suggested that burnout symptoms in nurses is high across specialties and countries, but no meta-analysis have been performed to investigate burnout symptoms prevalence in nurses globally. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine burnout symptoms prevalence in nurses worldwide using 8 academic research databases. Risk of bias, heterogeneity and subgroup analyses were further conducted in the meta-analysis. 113 studies were included for systematic review and 61 studies for the meta-analysis, consisting 45,539 nurses worldwide in 49 countries across multiple specialties. An overall pooled-prevalence of burnout symptoms among global nurses was 11.23%. Significant differences were noted between geographical regions, specialties and type of burnout measurement used. Sub-Saharan African region had the highest burnout symptoms prevalence rate while Europe and Central Asia region had the lowest. Paediatric nurses had the highest burnout symptoms prevalence rates among all specialties while Geriatric care nurses had the lowest. This study is the first study to synthesize published studies and to estimate pooled-prevalence of burnout symptoms among nurses globally. The findings suggest that nurses have high burnout symptoms prevalence warranting attention and implementation. This study serves as an impetus for intervention studies and policy change to improve nurses’ work conditions and overall healthcare quality.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1016/j.jpsychires.2019.12.015

Referens

Woo, T., Ho, R., Tang, A., Tam, W. (2020). Global prevalence of burnout symptoms among nurses: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Psychiatric Research, Vol 123, 9-20.

Worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses: A comprehensive meta‐analysis of observational studies

Lu, L, Dong, M, Lok, GKI, et al.

Sammanfattning

Aims: Sexual harassment towards nurses is a major concern universally, but no meta‐analysis on the worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses has yet been published. This study examined the worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment against nurses and explored its moderating factors. Design: Meta‐analysis of observational studies. Data sources: The PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases from their commencement date to February 2018 were systematically and independently searched by two investigators. Review methods: Data on the prevalence of sexual harassment experienced by nurses were extracted and pooled using the random‐effects model. Results: A total of 43 studies covering 52,345 nurses were included in the analyses. Female nurses accounted for 83.87% of the 32,970 subjects in 25 studies with available data on gender ratio. The prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses in the past 12 months and during nursing career were 12.6% (95% CI: 10.9–14.4%) and 53.4% (95% CI: 23.1–83.7%), respectively. Gender, use of the WHO questionnaires, lower middle‐income and high‐income countries, sample size, survey year, and mean age of subjects were significantly associated with the prevalence of sexual harassment. Conclusion: The high prevalence of sexual harassment against nurses found in this meta‐analysis represents the ongoing sexism and deleterious effects (e.g., poor work quality and efficiency, increased stress and job dissatisfaction) in the profession. Appropriate preventive measures, training, and empowerment of nurses are needed to ensure workplace safety and equality in this profession. Impact: The study addressed the worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment against nurses and its moderating factors. Health authorities and hospital administrators should develop organizational policy and preventive strategies to ensure nurses’ workplace safety and equality.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Litteraturstudie

Land

Ej relevant

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1111/jan.14296

Referens

Lu, L, Dong, M, Lok, GKI, et al. (2019). Worldwide prevalence of sexual harassment towards nurses: A comprehensive meta‐analysis of observational studies. J Adv Nurs., 76: 980-990.

(Un)bounded Social Work?—Analysis of Working Conditions in Refugee and Homeless Aid in Relation to Perceived Job Stress and Job Satisfaction

Robelski, S., Mette, J., Wirth, T., Kiepe, N., Nienhaus, A., Harth, V., Mache, S.

Sammanfattning

Little is known about working conditions of social workers providing help in homeless and refugee aid. Therefore, the present study examined their work-related demands, job and personal resources as well as workplace violence, domain-specific demands, and gender related differences. Job demands and resources were analyzed with regard to their association with job stress and job satisfaction. Two hundred and fifty-three social workers (69.2% female, 30.8% male) from four federal states in Germany (Berlin, Hamburg, Schleswig Holstein, and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania) took part in the cross-sectional quantitative online survey that included validated scales and exploratory items especially developed for the target group. Multiple regression analysis showed that resilience as a personal resource was a significant negative predictor of perceived job stress. Emotional demands were positively related with perceived job stress. Meaning of work and social support were strongly associated with job satisfaction. Language and bureaucratic barriers as well as being affected by clients’ experiences were the domain-specific demands named most often. The study offers insights into the work-related demands and resources and their respective impact on perceived job stress and job satisfaction experienced by social workers in refugee and homeless aid. In order to ensure health and safety for this occupational group, health promotion measures focusing on structural aspects are recommended.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Socialsekreterare

Referens

Robelski, S., Mette, J., Wirth, T., Kiepe, N., Nienhaus, A., Harth, V., Mache, S. (2020). (Un)bounded Social Work?—Analysis of Working Conditions in Refugee and Homeless Aid in Relation to Perceived Job Stress and Job Satisfaction. International journal of environmental research and public health.

“Engaged, Burned Out, or Both?” A Structural Equation Model Testing Risk and Protective Factors for Social Workers in Refugee and Homeless Aid

Mette, J., Robelski, S., Wirth, T., Nienhaus, A., Harth, V., Mache, S.

Sammanfattning

The present study sheds light on social workers’ working conditions in highly demanding settings and examines the associations between their perceived job demands, resources, resilience, personal burnout, and work engagement. A cross-sectional quantitative online survey was conducted with employees in social work institutions of independent and public sponsors providing help for refugees and homeless persons. The study participants were 243 social workers (68.8% female and 31.3% male) from four federal states in Germany. Correlations between social workers’ job demands, resources, burnout, and work engagement were confirmed in accordance with the Job Demands–Resources model. Results of the structural equation modelling revealed significant positive effects of employees’ job demands on their personal burnout, but no significant effects on their work engagement. The meaning of work as a job resource was significantly positively related to work engagement and negatively related to burnout. Although resilience did not moderate the relationship between employees’ job demands and burnout, it had a significant negative effect on burnout and a positive effect on work engagement. The results indicate a need for the development of health promotion measures for social workers in homeless and refugee aid. Structural approaches should target the reduction of employees’ job demands to diminish their potentially health-depleting effects. Of equal importance, behavioural measures should foster employees’ meaning of work and resilience, since both resources showed beneficial effects on their work engagement and were negatively related to burnout.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Socialsekreterare

Referens

Mette, J., Robelski, S., Wirth, T., Nienhaus, A., Harth, V., Mache, S. (2020). “Engaged, Burned Out, or Both?” A Structural Equation Model Testing Risk and Protective Factors for Social Workers in Refugee and Homeless Aid. International journal of environmental research and public health.

Occupation as a Proxy for Job Exposures? Routine Data Analysis Using the Example of Rehabilitation

Brünger, M., Bernert, S., Spyra, K.

Sammanfattning

Aim of the study: Job exposures are associated with health-related outcomes including sick leave and reduction in earning capacity. Rehabilitation of persons in working age aims primarily to secure or restore work capacity. Information concerning job exposures is, however, not directly available in routine data of healthcare payers. Since exposures relate to specific occupations and the current occupation is part of routine data, job exposures may be determined indirectly via job-exposure matrices (JEM). The aim of the study is to describe the possibilities and challenges of the representation of job exposures by the occupation according to routine data using the example of rehabilitation. Methods: The Scientific Use File 'SUFRSDLV15B' of the German Pension Insurance was analysed. We used data from n=1 242 171 persons in work with at least one completed medical rehabilitation between 2008 and 2015 (dataset 1). The occupation is coded according to KldB 88 or KldB 2010 (German Classification of Occupations). In addition, data from a nationwide survey with 2530 rehabilitation patients was available (dataset 2). Job exposures are operationalized by the Job Exposure Index via JEM. The relationship to the return-to-work prognosis at the end of rehabilitation (dataset 1) and to patient reported outcome measures (dataset 2) is described. Results: Information concerning the occupation is available for about 91% of rehabilitation measures of employed patients for the year prior to rehabilitation. At high levels of job exposures, the proportion of persons with a predicted working capacity in the last job of fewer than 3 h per day increased by a factor of 4 compared to low-level job exposures (23.5 vs. 6.1%). On the other hand, there is a low association only to reduced working capacity in the general labour market (2.9 vs. 2.4%). High-level job exposures are associated with self-reported, work-related impairments. Conclusion: The Job Exposure Index may offer a valid approach to depict occupation-related exposures. The index can be used in the analysis of routine data of the pension insurance and other social security funds, as well as in the linkage of individual assessment data with routine data containing the occupation, without any additional data collection effort. Due to its construction based on job classifications, it will not replace the assessment of individual burdens.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1055/a-0965-6777

Referens

Brünger, M., Bernert, S., Spyra, K. (2019). Occupation as a Proxy for Job Exposures? Routine Data Analysis Using the Example of Rehabilitation. Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband der Arzte des Offentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (Germany)).

Predictors of work engagement among Australian non-government drug and alcohol employees: Implications for policy and practice

Duraisingam, V., Roche, M. A., Kostadinov, V., Hodge, S., Chapman, J.

Sammanfattning

Background: The alcohol and other drugs (AOD) workforce faces multiple challenges including stigma, limited resources, ideological conflicts and complex demands. An engaged, supported and stable workforce is essential for optimal service provision, quality care, effective harm reduction implementation and cost efficiency. However little research has examined factors that impact worker engagement in the AOD sector. To inform policy and practice on cost efficient service provision and effective workforce development, this study examined a range of potential predictors of work engagement among Australian AOD non-government workers. Methods: An online, cross-sectional survey of 294 non-government AOD workers measuring demographic, work-related psychosocial, and health and wellbeing variables was conducted in New South Wales, Australia. Multiple hierarchical linear regressions were conducted to identify significant predictors of worker engagement. Results: Most AOD workers demonstrated high work engagement levels. Significant predictors of engagement included role clarity, leadership quality, growth opportunities, resilience and social support, and older age. These workers were likely to be more energised, enthusiastic and dedicated in their jobs. Conclusions: This study is an important initial step in understanding work engagement among AOD workers. It offers valuable insights into ways to foster engagement, which in turn may ensure a more sustainable workforce that can deliver high quality care. Workers with high levels of engagement are more likely remain in their AOD roles over longer periods of time, acquire more skills and experience, and be better equipped to address complex demands. Workforce policies and programs specifically designed to enhance leadership skills and role clarity, while enhancing professional growth, resilience, and social supports, particularly for younger workers, are highlighted as essential strategies to promote engagement among AOD workers.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Australien

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.102638

Referens

Duraisingam, V., Roche, M. A., Kostadinov, V., Hodge, S., Chapman, J. (2020). Predictors of work engagement among Australian non-government drug and alcohol employees: Implications for policy and practice. International Journal of Drug Policy, Volume 76.

Association between work unit prevalence of poor work ability and social capital – a cross-sectional analysis of 63 public sector work units

Kiss, P., Meester De, M., Kristensen, S. T., Clays, E., Braeckman, L.,

Sammanfattning

Purpose: The aim of the study was to explore the association between work unit prevalence of poor work ability and social capital within a public sector population. Methods: 836 subjects belonging to 63 well defined work units (mean response rate per work unit: 84.8%) in seven public sector organizations took part in a cross-sectional questionnaire study. Associations between poor work ability (Work Ability Index <37), physical workload, need for recovery and social capital were explored on work unit level using bivariate correlations and multiple linear regression analysis. Results: Significant correlations were found between work ability, work unit social capital (r: -0.311) and high need for recovery (r: 0.501). In the multivariate analysis need for recovery (standardized β 0.521) and workplace social capital (standardized β -0.321) were significantly associated with work ability at work unit level. Conclusions: The findings of our study are suggestive for an important role of need for recovery and workplace social capital in maintaining work ability in the public sector. Factors that decrease need for recovery and increase workplace social capital need to be considered for improving work ability.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Information saknas

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.33573/ujoh2019.04.299

Referens

Kiss, P., Meester De, M., Kristensen, S. T., Clays, E., Braeckman, L., (2019). Association between work unit prevalence of poor work ability and social capital – a cross-sectional analysis of 63 public sector work units. Ukrainian journal of occupational health.

Effects of a cognitive ergonomics workplace intervention (CogErg) on cognitive strain and well-being: a cluster-randomized controlled trial. A study protocol

Kalakoski, V., Selinheimo, S., Valtonen, T. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: Cognitively straining conditions such as disruptions, interruptions, and information overload are related to impaired task performance and diminished well-being at work. It is therefore essential that we reduce their harmful consequences to individual employees and organizations. Our intervention study implements practices for managing the cognitive strain typical to office work tasks and working conditions in offices. We will examine the effects of a cognitive ergonomics intervention on working conditions, workflow, well-being, and productivity. Methods/design: The study is a stratified cluster randomized trial. The clusters are work units, for example, teams or offices. The four participating organizations entered a total of 36 clusters, and we invited all 1169 knowledge employees of these units to participate. We randomly allocated the clusters into an intervention group (cognitive ergonomics) or an active control group (recovery supporting). We invited an additional 471 participants to join a passive control group only for baseline and follow-up measurements, with no intervention. The study consists of a baseline survey and interviews and observations at the workplace, followed by an intervention. It starts with a workshop defining the specific actions for the intervention implementation stage, during which we send task reminder questionnaires to all employees to support behaviour change at the individual and team levels. The primary outcome measure is perceived frequency of cognitive strain from working conditions; the secondary outcome measures include subjective cognitive load, well-being, workflow/productivity, and cognitive stress symptoms. Process evaluation uses the quantitative and qualitative data obtained during the implementation and evaluation phases. The baseline measurements, intervention phase, and end-of-treatment measurements are now complete, and follow-up will continue until November 2019. Discussion: There is a need to expand the research of cognitive strain, which poses a considerable risk to work performance and employee well-being in cognitively demanding tasks. Our study will provide new information about factors that contribute to such strain. Most importantly, the results will show which evidence-based cognitive ergonomic practices support work performance in knowledge work, and the project will provide concrete examples of how to improve at work. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03573674. Registered 29 June 2018.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Intervention

Land

Finland

Yrken

Kunskapsarbetare

DOI

10.1186/s40359-019-0349-1

Referens

Kalakoski, V., Selinheimo, S., Valtonen, T. et al. (2020). Effects of a cognitive ergonomics workplace intervention (CogErg) on cognitive strain and well-being: a cluster-randomized controlled trial. A study protocol. BMC Psychol, 8, 1.

Psychosocial factors and symptoms of stress in workers of a tire manufacturing company, Jalisco, Mexico

Aranda-Beltrán, C., González-Galindo, L., & Vázquez-García, R.

Sammanfattning

The objective of this study was to increase the knowledge of social and labor stressors that make up one of the main causes of occupational hazards. A census was conducted on the 60 workers of a tire manufacturing company. The study was descriptive, transversal and analytical. The presence of psychosocial factors was expressed by 49.1% of operational workers, the prevalence of stress symptoms in 36.4%. In the results of the relationship between psychosocial factors with the symptoms of stress and being sick, the two highest significant correspondences are observed in “Labor requirements” and “Job role and career development” with being sick, both with a p = 0.007.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Mexiko

Yrken

Fabriksarbetare

Referens

Aranda-Beltrán, C., González-Galindo, L., & Vázquez-García, R. (2020). Psychosocial factors and symptoms of stress in workers of a tire manufacturing company, Jalisco, Mexico. CIENCIA UNEMI, 13(32), 78-86.

Utilisation of rehabilitation services for non-migrant and migrant groups of higher working age in Germany – results of the lidA cohort study

Schröder, C.C., Dyck, M., Breckenkamp, J. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: An ageing and a shrinking labour force implies that the prevention of a premature exit from work due to poor health will become more relevant in the future. Medical rehabilitation is a health service that aims at active participation in working life. The provision of this service will be relevant for an increasing part of the ageing labour force, namely, employees with a migrant background and their different subgroups. Thus, this study examines whether first- and second-generation employees with migrant background differ from non-migrants in their utilisation of rehabilitation services and whether within the subsample of migrant employees, those persons with foreign nationality differ from those with German nationality. Methods: Socially insured employees born in 1959 or 1965 were surveyed nationwide in 2011 as part of the lidA cohort study (n=6303). Survey data of the first study wave were used to identify the dependent variable of the utilisation of rehabilitation (in- and outpatient), the independent variable of migrant status and the covariates of sociodemographic, work- and non-work-related factors. Applying bivariate statistics with tests of independence and block-wise logistic regressions, differences between the groups were investigated. Additionally, average marginal effects were computed to directly compare the adjusted models. Results: The study showed that first-generation migrants had a significantly lower likelihood of utilising outpatient rehabilitation than non-migrants (fully adj. OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.22-0.82) and that average marginal effects indicated higher differences in the full model than in the null model. No significant differences were found between the first- or second-generation migrants and non-migrants when comparing the utilisation of inpatient rehabilitation or any rehabilitation or when analysing German and foreign employees with migrant background (n=1148). Conclusions: Significant differences in the utilisation of outpatient rehabilitation between first-generation migrants and non-migrants were found, which could not be explained by sociodemographic, work- and non-work-related factors. Thus, further factors might play a role. The second-generation migrants resemble the non-migrants rather than their parent generation (first-generation migrants). This detailed investigation shows the heterogeneity in the utilisation of health services such as medical rehabilitation, which is why service sensitive to diversity should be considered.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1186/s12913-019-4845-z

Referens

Schröder, C.C., Dyck, M., Breckenkamp, J. et al. (2020). Utilisation of rehabilitation services for non-migrant and migrant groups of higher working age in Germany – results of the lidA cohort study. BMC Health Serv Res, 20, 31.

Work–family conflict and psychophysical health conditions of nurses: Gender differences and moderating variables

Zurlo, C. M., Vallone, F., Smith, P. A.

Sammanfattning

Aim: This study aims to investigate the associations of perceived work–family conflict with nurses' psychophysical health conditions, exploring gender differences and analyzing the potential moderating effects of perceived job control (skill discretion and decision authority), social support, and job satisfaction. Methods: The study was carried out in five hospitals of the Italian Public Health Service. Participants were 450 nurses (206 men, 244 women). Self‐administered questionnaires were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted. Results: Female nurses perceived significantly higher levels of work–family conflict, anxiety, depression and somatization. Significant gender differences emerged in the associations between work–family conflict and nurses' psychological health conditions and in moderating variables. Work–family conflict was significantly associated with anxiety and depression in male nurses and with somatization in both genders. The associations of work–family conflict with nurses' psychophysical health conditions were moderated by decision authority and job satisfaction, in male nurses, and by social support, in female nurses. Conclusions: Findings suggest including gender‐specific moderating variables for defining tailored policies and interventions within healthcare organizations to reduce perceived work–family conflict and to promote nurses' wellbeing.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Italien

Yrken

Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1111/jjns.12324

Referens

Zurlo, C. M., Vallone, F., Smith, P. A. (2020). Work–family conflict and psychophysical health conditions of nurses: Gender differences and moderating variables. Jpn J Nurs Sci, e12324.

Mobbing and Violence at Work as Hidden Stressors and Work Ability Among Emergency Medical Doctors in Serbia

Nikolić, D., Višnjić, A.

Sammanfattning

Background and Objectives: People employed in emergency medical services represent a professional group which encounters events beyond ordinary human experience, great work demands, the risk of professional disputes, and stressful situations. The goal of this study is to examine the presence of mobbing and violence at work, as well as their influence on work ability of emergency medical doctors. Materials and Methods: The survey is conducted in Emergency Medical Service (EMS) in Niš in the period between December 2017 and January 2018. Using standardized questionnaires on psychosocial conditions in work environment (COPSOQ II) and work ability index (WAI) this study encompasses 79 doctors. For estimation of the examined factors' influence on WAI linear regression analysis was used. Results: EMS doctors were exposed to abuse in 30.4% of the cases. The decline in WAI is significantly related with exposure to violence by patients (β = 0.727), exposure to physical violence (β = 0.896), exposure to abuse several times (β = 0.691) and exposure to ill-treatment by patients (β = 0.750). Conclusion: The results indicate that in the examined doctors mobbing and workplace violence are very much present and have a negative impact on their work, and therefore on the quality of health care.

År

2020

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Serbien

Yrken

Läkare

DOI

10.3390/medicina56010031

Referens

Nikolić, D., Višnjić, A. (2020). Mobbing and Violence at Work as Hidden Stressors and Work Ability Among Emergency Medical Doctors in Serbia. Medicina (Kaunas), 56(1).

Association Between Empathy and Burnout Among Emergency Medicine Physicians

Wolfshohl, J. A., Bradley, K., Bell, C. et al.

Sammanfattning

Background: The association between physician self-reported empathy and burnout has been studied in the past with diverse findings. We aimed to determine the association between empathy and burnout among United States emergency medicine (EM) physicians using a novel combination of tools for validation. Methods: This was a prospective single-center observational study. Data were collected from EM physicians. From December 1, 2018 to January 31, 2019, we used the Jefferson scale of empathy (JSE) to assess physician empathy and the Copenhagen burnout inventory (CBI) to assess burnout. We divided EM physicians into different groups (residents in each year of training, junior/senior attendings). Empathy, burnout scores and their association were analyzed and compared among these groups. Results: A total of 33 attending physicians and 35 EM residents participated in this study. Median self-reported empathy scores were 113 (interquartile range (IQR): 105 - 117) in post-graduate year (PGY)-1, 112 (90 - 115) in PGY-2, 106 (93 - 118) in PGY-3 EM residents, 112 (105 - 116) in junior and 114 (101 - 125) in senior attending physicians. Overall burnout scores were 43 (33 - 50) in PGY-1, 51 (29 - 56) in PGY-2, 43 (42 - 53) in PGY-3 EM residents, 33 (24 - 47) in junior attending and 25 (22 - 53) in senior attending physicians separately. The Spearman correlation (ρ) was -0.11 and β-weight was -0.23 between empathy and patient-related burnout scores. Conclusion: Self-reported empathy declines over the course of EM residency training and improves after graduation. Overall high burnout occurs among EM residents and improves after graduation. Our analysis showed a weak negative correlation between self-reported empathy and patient-related burnout among EM physicians.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Information saknas

Yrken

Läkare

DOI

10.14740/jocmr3878

Referens

Wolfshohl, J. A., Bradley, K., Bell, C. et al. (2019). Association Between Empathy and Burnout Among Emergency Medicine Physicians. Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, 11(7), 532–538.

The role of personal characteristics, work environment and context in working beyond retirement: A mixed-methods study

Van der Zwaan, G. L., Oude Hengel, K. M., Sewdas, R., Wind, A. d., Steenbeek, R., van der Beek, A. J., Boot, C. R. L.

Sammanfattning

Objective: To investigate the role of personal characteristics, work environment and context in working beyond retirement. Methods: In the current study, a mixed-methods design was applied including quantitative survey data and semi-structured telephone interviews. Respondents (N = 568) were selected from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM). Personal characteristics, work characteristics and contextual factors were measured using a questionnaire at baseline. Concurrently, qualitative data of 30 persons aged over 65 years were gathered. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify quantitative associations and thematic analyses were used for qualitative purposes. Results: Quantitative data revealed that being in good physical health (OR = 1.80), developmental proactivity (OR = 1.38), interesting work (OR = 2.02), appreciation (OR = 1.62) and voluntary work (OR = 1.58) were associated with working beyond the statutory retirement age. Additionally, qualitative findings suggested that working beyond retirement was mainly driven by the desire to contribute to society (e.g., mentor younger coworkers), and identified the employers’ willingness to hire an older worker despite existing stereotypes as an important precondition. Conclusions: Working beyond retirement is influenced by physical health and work characteristics, as well as motivational determinants such as the desire to contribute to society. However, to meet the increasing demands for paid jobs by individuals aged over 65 years, the willingness of employers to actually hire them is crucial. Therefore, recognition and utilization of older workers’ potentials is of great importance.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Nederländerna

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s00420-018-1387-3

Referens

Van der Zwaan, G. L., Oude Hengel, K. M., Sewdas, R., Wind, A. d., Steenbeek, R., van der Beek, A. J., Boot, C. R. L. (2019). The role of personal characteristics, work environment and context in working beyond retirement: A mixed-methods study. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 92(4), 535–549.

Do perceived working conditions and patient safety culture correlate with objective workload and patient outcomes: A cross-sectional explorative study from a German university hospital

Sturm, H., Rieger, M. A., Martus, P., Ueding, E., Wagner, A., Holderried, M., Maschmann, J.

Sammanfattning

Background: Workload and demands on hospital staff have been growing over recent years. To ensure patient and occupational safety, hospitals increasingly survey staff about perceived working conditions and safety culture. At the same time, routine data are used to manage resources and performance. This study aims to understand the relation between survey-derived measures of how staff perceive their work-related stress and strain and patient safety on the one hand, and routine data measures of workload and quality of care (patient safety) on the other. Methods: We administered a written questionnaire to all physicians and nurses in the inpatient units at a German university hospital. The questionnaire was an amalgam of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) scale to assess patient-related burnout of and portions of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSPSC). Indicators from administrative data used to assess workload and patient-related work-strain were: amount of overtime worked, work intensity recording of nurses, cost weight, occupancy rate and DRG-related length of stay. Quality of care was assessed using readmission rates and disease-related length of stay. Univariate associations were tested with Pearson correlations. Results: Response rate were 37% (224) for physicians and 39% (351) for nurses. Physicians’ overtime correlated strongly with perceived quantitative demands (.706, 95% CI: 0.634 to 0.766), emotional demands (.765; 95% CI: 0.705 to 0.814), and perceived role conflicts (.655, 95% CI: 0.573 to 0.724). Nurses’ work-intensity measures were associated with decreasing physician job satisfaction and with less favorable perceptions of the appropriateness of staffing (-.527, 95% CI:-0.856 to 0.107). Both professional groups showed medium to strong associations between the morbidity measure (cost weight) and role conflicts; between occupancy rates and role clarity (-.482, 95% CI: -0.782 to -0.02) and predictability of work (-.62, 95% CI: -0.848 to -0.199); and between length of stay and internal team functioning (-.555, 95% CI: -0.818 to -0.101). Higher readmission rates were associated with lower perceived patient safety (-.476, 95% CI: -0.779 to 0.006), inadequate staffing (-.702, 95% CI: -0.884 to -0.334), and worse team functioning (-.520, 95% CI: -0.801 to -0.052). Shorter disease-related length of stay was associated with better teamwork within units (-.555, 95% CI: -0.818 to -0.101) and a lower risk of physician burnout (-.588, 95% CI: -0.846 to -0.108). Conclusion: Perceptions of hospital personnel regarding sub-optimal workplace safety and teamwork issues correlated with worse patient outcome measures. Furthermore, objective measures of overtime work as well as objective measures of workload correlated clearly with subjective work-related stress and strain. This suggests that objective workload measures (such as overtime worked) could be used to indirectly monitor job-related psychosocial strain on employees and, thus, improve not only staff wellbeing but also patient outcomes. On the other hand, listening to their personnel could help hospitals to improve patient (and employee) safety.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Läkare, Sjuksköterskor

DOI

10.1371/journal.pone.0209487

Referens

Sturm, H., Rieger, M. A., Martus, P., Ueding, E., Wagner, A., Holderried, M., Maschmann, J. (2019). Do perceived working conditions and patient safety culture correlate with objective workload and patient outcomes: A cross-sectional explorative study from a German university hospital. PloS One, 14(1).

Depressive Symptoms Following Work-Related Violence and Threats and the Modifying Effect of Organizational Justice, Social Support, and Safety Perceptions

Sønderbo Andersen, L. P., Hogh, A., Andersen, J. H., Biering, K.

Sammanfattning

Work-related threats and violence is a major occupational hazard and the consequences for victims may be a range of physical and psychological symptoms. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between exposure to work-related violence and threats and subsequent risk for depression and to examine whether the associations were modified by social support, organizational justice and safety perceptions. Questionnaire data was collected in 2010, 2011 and in 2015. A total of 5,342 employees from special schools, psychiatric wards, eldercare and the Prison and Probation Services (PPS) participated in the first round in 2010. The analysis was performed by multivariate logistic regression. Staff exposed for work-related threats and violence had an increased risk for depression compared to non-exposed staff. The risk was highest for staff working in PPS. Compared to low levels, there were a tendency for high levels of social support, organizational justice and safety perception to attenuate the associations between work-related threats and violence and depression. However, none of the differences were statistically significant. Many employees working in human service sectors are exposed to work-related threats and violence which increases the risk for depression. The risk for depression following work-related threats and violence may be modified by social support, organizational justice and the perception of safety workplace. It is recommended that workplaces adopt an integrated organizational approach including both prevention of work-related threats and violence and intervention to modify the health consequences of work-related threats and violence.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Kontaktyrken

DOI

10.1177/0886260519831386

Referens

Sønderbo Andersen, L. P., Hogh, A., Andersen, J. H., Biering, K. (2019). Depressive Symptoms Following Work-Related Violence and Threats and the Modifying Effect of Organizational Justice, Social Support, and Safety Perceptions. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Determinants of voluntary early retirement for older workers with and without chronic diseases: A Danish prospective study

Sewdas, R., Thorsen, S. V., Boot, C. R. L., Bjørner, J. B., van der Beek, A. J.

Sammanfattning

Aims: This study explored differences in determinants (i.e. health-related, work-related and social factors) of voluntary early retirement between older workers with and without chronic diseases in Denmark. Methods: Workers aged 56–64 years who were members of a voluntary early retirement scheme were selected from the Danish National Working Environment Survey (2008–2009) and were followed in a public register for four years. Cox regression analyses were performed separately for older workers with and without chronic disease to identify the associations between determinants and voluntary early retirement. To explore the differences between groups, an interaction term between the determinant and having a chronic disease was included in the analyses for the total population. Results: Among 1861 eligible older workers, determinants associated with a higher risk of voluntary early retirement included poorer self-rated health, more depressive symptoms, a higher physical workload, lower job satisfaction and lower influence at work. For older workers with a chronic disease (n=1185), the presence of work–family conflict was also associated with a higher risk of voluntary early retirement, whereas for those with no chronic disease (n=676), a poorer relationship with colleagues was an additional determinant. Higher emotional demands, a higher work pace and higher quantitative demands were not significantly associated with voluntary early retirement for either group. None of the interaction terms was found to be statistically significant (p>0.05). Conclusions: Determinants associated with voluntary early retirement did not significantly differ between older workers with or without a chronic disease in Denmark. We conclude that several health-related, work-related and social factors are important for prolonged labour force participation of older workers (with and without a chronic disease).

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1177/1403494819852787

Referens

Sewdas, R., Thorsen, S. V., Boot, C. R. L., Bjørner, J. B., van der Beek, A. J. (2019). Determinants of voluntary early retirement for older workers with and without chronic diseases: A Danish prospective study. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health.

Crucial Work Environment Factors for Different Generations’Employee – Organisation Fit

Savanevičienė, A., Stankevičiūtė, Ž., Navickas, V., Grėbliūnaitė, M., Okręglicka, M.

Sammanfattning

Recently, the challenges of managing different generations have been increasingly emphasised, arguing that different environmental factors are important for different generations, leading to the employee-organisation fit. Drawing upon the job demands-resources (JD-R) theory, employee-organisation fit approach, and cohort perspective, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the crucial work environment factors for different generations’ employee-organisation fit. While studying this issue, several presumptions were proposed and tested using a linear regression method. The quantitative data were collected from questionnaires distributed in Lithuania using simple random sampling (311 responses). The empirical research findings show that the factors of job resources (autonomy, feedback, trust, and leadership) affect the all different generations’ employee-organisation fit more substantially than job demands factors (workload, work pressure, and emotional demands). Moreover, results confirm that the employee-organisation fit for different generations is ultimately determined by different environmental factors.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Litauen

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.17512/pjms.2019.19.1.28

Referens

Savanevičienė, A., Stankevičiūtė, Ž., Navickas, V., Grėbliūnaitė, M., Okręglicka, M. (2019). Crucial Work Environment Factors for Different Generations’Employee – Organisation Fit. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 19(1), 364–375.

Dispositional and situational factors at work

Pujol-Cols, L., Dabos, G. E.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Core Self-Evaluations Scale (CSES) and the Brief Index of Affective Job Satisfaction (BIAJS) in terms of internal consistency and factor structure and to, subsequently, analyze the influence of a set of dispositional factors (namely, core self-evaluations, CSEs) and situational factors (namely, psychosocial factors) on job satisfaction. Design/methodology/approach: In total, 209 academics from an Argentinian university completed online surveys at two stages, separated in time, to reduce the common method bias. Findings: The Spanish version of the CSES and the BIAJS showed acceptable psychometric properties, which were similar to those previously reported in North-American, European and Asian settings. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that both situational and dispositional factors are significant predictors of job satisfaction. Research limitations/implications: The CSES and the BIAJS seem to be valid and reliable instruments for assessing CSEs and job satisfaction, respectively, in Latin America. The adoption of an interactionist approach that includes both situational and dispositional factors is crucial in future research examining job satisfaction. Practical implications: Managers should carefully evaluate the personality traits of candidates during personnel selection, as well as the working conditions they offer to their employees, since both factors seem to affect job satisfaction. Originality/value: This paper contributes to the validation of two scales that may promote future organizational behavior/psychology research in Latin America. In addition, it provides empirical evidence on the relative influence of a set of situational and dispositional factors on job satisfaction, thus contributing to the resolution of the person-situation debate.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Validering

Land

Argentina

Yrken

Akademiker

DOI

10.1108/ARLA-12-2017-0355

Referens

Pujol-Cols, L., Dabos, G. E. (2019). Dispositional and situational factors at work. Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración, 359.

Complementary and Integrative Medicine in Nursing Homes: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study in Residents and Caregivers

Ortiz, M., Schnabel, K., Binting, S., Fischer, H. F., Teut, M., Suhr, R., Brinkhaus, B.

Sammanfattning

Objective: Some nursing homes for the elderly in Germany integrate complex complementary and integrative medicine interventions in the form of hydrotherapy, herbal and mind-body therapies, physical activities, and healthy eating, known as Kneipp therapy (KT), in care. This pilot study explored health- and work-related characteristics and acceptance of KT amongst residents and caregivers. Methods: Within a mixed-methods cross-sectional study in nursing homes who had integrated KT, we assessed work ability, psychosocial burden at work and health-related quality of life of caregivers, as well as a broad selection of health-related data of residents by questionnaires and assessments. Data were analyzed descriptively. Results: The data from 29 female caregivers (42.0 ± 11.7 years) and 64 residents (83.2 ± 8.1 years) were analyzed. Both caregivers (96%) and residents (89%) considered KT to be beneficial for health and well-being. Ninety percent of the caregivers indicated an improved relationship to residents since implementing KT. Caregivers showed a good work ability and quality of life. Residents attained remarkable ratings in social relation and affect-related aspects of quality of life. Conclusion: The results of this cross-sectional study indicate a high acceptance of integrating KT by residents and caregivers. The effectiveness and safety of KT should be explored in further comparative studies.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Äldreomsorgspersonal

DOI

10.1159/000500515

Referens

Ortiz, M., Schnabel, K., Binting, S., Fischer, H. F., Teut, M., Suhr, R., Brinkhaus, B. (2019). Complementary and Integrative Medicine in Nursing Homes: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study in Residents and Caregivers. Complementary Medicine Research, 1–12.

Critical Incidents of Financial Hardship and Worker Health: A Mixed-Methods Retrospective Study

Odle-Dusseau, H. N., Matthews, R. A., Wayne, J. H., Huang, S.

Sammanfattning

Rooted in Social Cognitive Career theory, we present a mixed-methods analysis of the perceived impacts of a financial hardship on workers’ job outcomes, the work-family interface, and physical and emotional health. We used the Critical Incidents Technique to gather worker perceptions (n = 571) of the most challenging financial hardship they had recently experienced, as well as the effects of this hardship on work, family, and health. Workers’ qualitative responses overwhelmingly indicate health as an outcome of the financial hardship as well as, to a lesser extent, a cause of a financial hardship, suggesting a damaging reciprocal effect among financial hardships and health. Family was often noted in responses as both impacted by and as a source of the hardship, as were negative effects of financial hardships on employment-related outcomes (i.e., underemployment, difficulty finding a new job, job insecurity). Quantitative results suggest a process whereby financial insecurity affects stress and WFB satisfaction which, in turn, negatively relates to health outcomes (sleep disturbances, musculoskeletal pain, and general health perceptions) as well as organizational outcomes (job satisfaction, organizational commitment, organizational justice). Given the potential cost to organizations when worker health and job attitudes are negatively impacted, our results suggest organizations should be mindful of workers’ experiences of financial hardships.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

USA

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.1007/s41542-019-00042-4

Referens

Odle-Dusseau, H. N., Matthews, R. A., Wayne, J. H., Huang, S. (2019). Critical Incidents of Financial Hardship and Worker Health: A Mixed-Methods Retrospective Study. Occupational Health Science, 3(2), 145–165.

An Analysis of the Correlation between Psychosocial Hazard and Work Accidents at Velodrome-Kelapa Gading Light Rail Transit Project by Pt Xyz in 2018

Nina, A. N., Erwandi, D., Djunaidi, Z., Hastiti, L. R.

Sammanfattning

Background: This research examined the field workers in Kelapa Gading LRT project that were susceptible to the psychosocial risk of work stress. Currently, psychosocial hazards raise a concern as this type of workplace hazard along with its significant impact are often unrecognized by workers or management. The number of work accidents also increased due to various factors ranging from physical, chemical, biological, radiological and psychosocial hazards factors. The purpose of this research is to analyze the correlation between psychosocial hazard towards work accident of workers at the Kelapa Gading LRT project by PT XYZ in 2018. Methods: This research employs a quantitative cross-sectional descriptive method by using the COPSOQ II modified questionnaire and research questionnaire from Goldenhar to measure the independent variable; and research questionnaire to measure the moderating variable. There are three variables: independent variable (eight psychosocial factors), moderating variable (psychosocial risk) and the dependent variable (work accident). This research analyzes the independent variable with moderating variable and then analyzes moderating variable's relationship with work accident as the dependent variable using Fisher Exact test. Result: The results show that there is a significant relationship between home-work interface, career development, and job certainty with psychosocial risk; and psychosocial risk has a significant relationship towards work accident. To minimize the adverse impacts of the psychosocial factors, the company should apply a reward system that can be given in material or appreciation of hard work to increase worker motivation and to create active communication between management and workers.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Indien

Yrken

Lantarbetare

DOI

10.5958/0976-5506.2019.01119.7

Referens

Nina, A. N., Erwandi, D., Djunaidi, Z., Hastiti, L. R. (2019). An Analysis of the Correlation between Psychosocial Hazard and Work Accidents at Velodrome-Kelapa Gading Light Rail Transit Project by Pt Xyz in 2018. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 10(5), 1355.

Risk of childhood asthma following prenatal exposure to negative life events and job stressors: A nationwide register-based study in Denmark

Liu, X., Madsen, K. P., Sejbaek, C. S.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: This study aimed to examine the association between negative life events, job stressors (low job control or high psychosocial job demands) and offspring asthma phenotypes (early-onset transient, early-onset persistent and late-onset asthma). Methods: In a population-based cohort study comprising 547 533 liveborn singletons, we determined negative life events and offspring asthma at age six years using data from Danish nationwide registers. We assessed job demands and job control from gender-specific job exposure matrices. Prevalence ratios (PR) of each asthma phenotype were estimated using log-binomial regression. Results: Maternal exposure to negative life events prenatally was not significantly associated with offspring asthma. Among mothers with low job demands, low job control was associated with increased risk for early-onset transient asthma [PR=1.14, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.09–1.19], early-onset persistent asthma (PR=1.17, 95% CI 1.11–1.23), and late-onset asthma (PR=1.06, 95% CI 1.00–1.14). Among mothers with high job demands, low job control was not associated with offspring asthma apart from a reduced risk of early-onset persistent asthma (PR=0.94, 95% CI 0.90–0.97). These associations were independent of child sex and parental atopic history. Conclusions: Maternal stressors in private life do not seem to influence offspring asthma significantly. Low job control is associated with offspring asthma, which is modified by maternal psychosocial job demands. Our findings warrant further exploration.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.5271/sjweh.3785

Referens

Liu, X., Madsen, K. P., Sejbaek, C. S. (2019). Risk of childhood asthma following prenatal exposure to negative life events and job stressors: A nationwide register-based study in Denmark. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 45(2), 174–182.

The Impact of Parental Role Distributions, Work Participation, and Stress Factors on Family Health-Related Outcomes: Study Protocol of the Prospective Multi-Method Cohort "Dresden Study on Parenting, Work, and Mental Health" (DREAM)

Kress, V., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Kopp, M. et al.

Sammanfattning

The Dresden Study on Parenting, Work, and Mental Health (“DResdner Studie zu Elternschaft, Arbeit, und Mentaler Gesundheit”, DREAM) aims to prospectively investigate the relationship between parental work participation, role distribution, stress factors, and their effects on perinatal outcomes and long-term family mental and somatic health in a community sample targeting N = 4,000 individuals, i.e., 2,000 couples, expecting a child and residing in Dresden, Germany (interim sample of N = 1,410 participants, recruitment ongoing). Various questionnaires are completed at four measurement points from pregnancy to 2 years postpartum (prolongation into middle childhood planned). Applying a multi-method approach, long-term endocrinological data (analyses of hair cortisol concentrations and other endogenous hormones, “DREAMHAIR”) and qualitative interview data (regarding gender role attitudes and distribution of domestic work, child care, and paid employment; “DREAMTALK”) are obtained. In this study protocol, the theoretical background, methods, and preliminary results considering sociodemographic characteristics during pregnancy and birth-related factors at 8 weeks postpartum are presented. Additionally, there is a focus on our endocrinological sub-study DREAMHAIR. In this sub-study currently comprising N = 152 participants, i.e., 88 families (recruitment ongoing), we want to gain knowledge on the transgenerational processes of stress regulation and psychopathology in the whole family by analyzing hair cortisol concentrations in both parents and children during the course from pregnancy (or after birth regarding children) to at least 2 years postpartum. By comparing data of the community sample to a clinical sample of mothers with postpartum mental disorders, their children, and their partners during the period between admission and discharge from a mother-baby unit and post-treatment (“DREAMMBU”), the course of mothers' psychopathology, parent-infant interaction, and infant regulation disorders with special regard to long-term endocrine correlates will be examined. With previous studies neglecting the fathers or partners involved, a major advantage of DREAM is the use of a multi-method and multi-level approach by examining the whole family in a longitudinal design. Therefore, the DREAM study will contribute to a better understanding of the role of social, work, and stress factors for mental and somatic health and its long-term endocrine correlates in the natural course of becoming a family.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Tyskland

Yrken

Blandat

DOI

10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01273

Referens

Kress, V., Steudte-Schmiedgen, S., Kopp, M. et al. (2019). The Impact of Parental Role Distributions, Work Participation, and Stress Factors on Family Health-Related Outcomes: Study Protocol of the Prospective Multi-Method Cohort "Dresden Study on Parenting, Work, and Mental Health" (DREAM). Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1273.

Longitudinal associations between organizational change, work-unit social capital, and employee exit from the work unit among public healthcare workers: A mediation analysis.

Jensen, J. H., Flachs, E. M., Skakon, J., Rod, N. H., Bonde, J. P.

Sammanfattning

Objectives: Organizational changes are associated with higher rates of subsequent employee exit from the workplace, but the mediating role of social capital is unknown. We examined the associations between organizational changes and subsequent employee exit from the work unit and mediation through social capital. Methods: Throughout 2013, 14 059 healthcare employees worked in the Capital Region of Denmark. Data on work-unit changes (yes/no) from July‒December 2013 were collected via a survey distributed to all managers (merger, split-up, relocation, change of management, employee layoff, budget cuts). Eight employee-reported items assessing social capital were aggregated into work-unit measures (quartiles: low-high). Data on employee exit from the work unit in 2014 were obtained from company registries. Results: We found a somewhat higher rate of employee exit from the work unit after changes versus no changes [hazard ratio (HR) 1.10, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01–1.19] and an inverse dose‒response relationship between social capital and employee-exit rates (low versus high: HR 1.65, 95% CI 1.46–1.86). We also showed a higher risk of low social capital in work units exposed to changes [low versus high: odds ratio (OR) 2.04, 95% CI 1.86–2.23]. Accounting for potential mediation through social capital seemed slightly to reduce the association between changes and employee-exit rates (HR 1.07, 95% CI 0.98–1.16 versus HR 1.10). Conclusions: Work-unit organizational changes prospectively predict lower work-unit social capital, and lower social capital is associated with higher employee-exit rates. Detection of weak indications of mediation through social capital, if any, were limited by inconsistent associations between changes and employee exit from the work unit.

År

2019

Typ av studie

Arbetsmiljöforskning

Land

Danmark

Yrken

Vårdpersonal

DOI

10.5271/sjweh.3766

Referens

Jensen, J. H., Flachs, E. M., Skakon, J., Rod, N. H., Bonde, J. P. (2019). Longitudinal associations between organizational change, work-unit social capital, and employee exit from the work unit among public healthcare workers: A mediation analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 45(1), 53–62.

Sick leave due to musculoskeletal pain: Determinants of distinct trajectories over 1 year

Hallman, D. M., Holtermann, A., Björklund, M., Gupta, N., Nørregaard Rasmussen, C. D.

Sammanfattning

Purpose: This study aimed to identify sub-groups of workers with different trajectories of sick leave due to musculoskeletal pain over 1 year, and to investigate the extent to which the identified trajectories are associated with personal, occupational, lifestyle, and pain-related factors at baseline. Methods: Data on 981 blue- and white-collar workers were analyzed in the DPH